|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|58023||National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting|
|SGB Aerospace Operations|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Diploma||Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences||Physical Sciences|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||240||Level 5||NQF Level 05||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
This qualification enables the learners to develop towards becoming a career-pilot which is achieved by showing critical decision-making, safety, situational awareness, application of resourcefulness, intuition, judgment, competence, reason, ethics, integrity, and responsibility, to the management and operation of safe, efficient and comprehensive national and international aerospace systems. Pilots operate in a complex, highly stressful time-critical environment that demands rapid application of acquired competencies.
The occupations, jobs or areas of activity in which the qualifying learners will typically operate in are as pilots, in flight operations, aviation safety, aviation regulation and accident investigations. The qualification has been designed to allow for the personal development of the pilot and forms part of a progression pathway towards endorsements, licensing and aerospace management and command. This qualification therefore provides a vehicle through which competencies and provision can be standardised. The way in which the pathway can be navigated is through the achievement of clusters of unit standards that facilitate various military endorsements/licences and civilian pilot licences such as Commercial Pilot Licence aeroplane (CPL-A) and Commercial Pilot Licence helicopter (CPL-H).
Qualifying learners will be able to:
> Range: flying includes all phases of flight during day and night, under visual meteorological conditions and as a single pilot or as a member of a crew.
The aerospace industry provides an effective domestic, regional and international mode of transportation. It also provides support efforts in national and regional security as well as support to peace support efforts and foreign aid missions. The aerospace industry is a key role player in the transport sector, search and rescue operations, disaster relief, providing humanitarian aid, environmental management and the promotion of aviation in the Southern African Development and Economic Community (SADC) region. This qualification reflects the need and demand within the aerospace environment for pilots who will be able to perform operational functions involving complex skills and attributes of international processes, procedures and legislation contextualised within the aerospace environment. Learners who have achieved this qualification will contribute to reduction of risk in the aerospace industry.
This qualification provides for learners who are pursuing piloting careers within the aerospace industry and is one of several in a learning pathway that has been created. It provides learners with opportunities for development and career advancement within the broader constituencies of the aerospace community that will contribute to providing a safe, secure and prosperous aerospace environment. This qualification contributes to the South African aerospace industry, which strategically impacts on the Sovereignty of the State, crime prevention and the development of the national and regional economy.
This qualification has been generated in accordance with the international legal framework and also provides a vehicle to bring South African piloting standards in line with international best practice.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
Recognition of Prior Learning
The structure of this qualification makes the Recognition of Prior Learning possible through challenging the associate Exit Level Outcomes. This qualification may therefore be achieved in part or completely through the recognition of prior learning, which includes formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification. If the learner is able to demonstrate competence in the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes implicit in this qualification the appropriate credits should be assigned to the learner. Recognition of Prior Learning will be done by means of Integrated Assessment as mentioned above. Learners are cautioned however that some competencies acquired through some non-formal learning may possibly not be recognised for pilot licensing purposes.
Access to the Qualification
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
Learners must choose either one of two categories of elective streams: Fixed wing or rotary wing. Learners must complete all listed unit standards in one of these two categories:
Thereafter learners must choose additional credits from the remaining electives to complete the credit value of the qualification.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Display airmanship that results in flight operations that comply with national and international aviation standards.
> Range: airmanship includes safety.
2. Fly an aircraft.
> Range: flying includes all phases of flight during day and night, under visual meteorological conditions and as a single pilot or as a member of a crew.
3. Display an understanding of resource management in the context of aircraft operations.
4. Plan and conduct flight operations in order to achieve stated objectives in accordance with national and international aviation standards.
5. Apply knowledge of the physical environment within the aviation context.
> Range: physical environment includes but is not limited to meteorology, physical science principles, aircraft structures and performance.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes
This qualification promotes, in particular, the following critical cross-field outcomes, as listed in the constituent unit standards:
Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
> Range: policies and procedures include but are not limited to the threat and error management principles.
> Range: inform includes but is not limited to communicate, analysis, recognition.
> Range: regulations refer to either Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) or Military Aviation Authority (MAA).
> Range: flight environment includes but is not limited to both the on-board and external influences and resources.
> Range: human factors include but are not limited to interpersonal communications, interactions, team functions and stress management.
> Range: influencing factors include but are not limited to available resources, time constraints, group, task and individual needs.
> Range: constraints include but are not limited to environmental, physical and regulatory.
> Range: construction includes but is not limited to aircraft structures, components, systems.
> Range: analyses include but are not limited to aircraft capabilities, safety issues, performance and aircraft loading.
> Range: navigation principles include but are not limited to the form of the earth, maps, magnetism, time and distance calculations.
> Range: physical principles must include but are not limited to the principles of flight, relevant theory from physical science.
|Piloting competencies and international qualifications are regulated by legislation and regulations. In order to fly an aircraft one must do so within the parameters of international regulations set by organisations such as the International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO). A pilot will not be able to legitimately fly an aircraft if these international prescripts are not adhered to. Therefore these international standards were used for benchmarking this qualification. A comprehensive comparison has been done with the ICAO Regulations and by implication this qualification has therefore been benchmarked with 186 countries that are all signatories to ICAO.
Certain countries also have national aviation authorities such as the JAA (Joint Aviation Authority), which operates and regulates aviation within Europe. The equivalent body in South Africa is the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) who is regularly audited by ICAO to ensure that licensing of South African pilots are aligned with international prescripts and regulations. The CAA was instrumental in the generation of this qualification and an alignment with licensing requirements has also been completed based on the competencies outlined in the qualifications. This qualification outlines the competencies needed by pilots to align with private pilot's licenses and commercial pilots licences.
Currently ICAO headquarters is housed in Down Town Montreal, Canada and more than 186 Countries are signatories to the Chicago Convention or ICAO. This means that South African pilot training is in line with 186 countries as they all subscribe to the ICAO regulations.
International comparability was conducted with the following countries to provide clear evidence that this qualification meets international standards:
Collectively these bodies determine international standards for aviation and therefore South Africa has to comply with at least these standards and recommended practises. To this end the qualifications and unit standards include at least the requirements of the stated authorities and bodies. This qualification was benchmarked against the ICAO and FAA body of knowledge, ICAO training manuals, selected ICAO programmes, FAA Practical Test Standards, FAA Advisory Circulars, Civil Aviation Medical Institute research findings and FAA Inspector's manuals.
Federal Aviation Authority (FAA)
Mike Monroney Aeronautical Centre
The FAA Academy
Traffic Management. Customers include the Federal Aviation Administrations staff and national and international companies. The FAA Academy has been accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCA). The FAA has international co-operative agreements with: International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), ATNS College, South Africa and TRAINAIR program, hence the alignment with these qualifications.
Civil Aero Medical Institute (CAMI)
The Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) specify the areas in which knowledge and skill must be demonstrated by an applicant before the issuance of a pilot certificate or rating. The FARs provide the flexibility to permit the FAA to publish practical test standards containing specific TASKS (procedures and manoeuvres) in which competency must be demonstrated. Adherence to provisions of the regulations and the practical test standards is mandatory for the evaluation of pilot applicants. The Regulatory Support Division publishes various Practical Test Standards.
The FAA "Practical Test Standards" are well developed, well documented and include; outcomes, assessment criteria and a range statement. Practical test standards form the basis for certification of airmen in the USA and comply with ICAO regulations. In this qualification the following practical test standards was incorporated into identified unit standards:
The following are some of the practical test standards used:
The following Knowledge Test Guides were used:
Advisory Circulars (AC's)
Whereas advisory circulars (AC's) are issued to provide guidance and information in a designated subject area or to show a method acceptable to the Administrator for complying with a Federal Aviation Regulation, where they are in alignment with South African legislation, they were considered for incorporation into identified Unit Standards within this qualification. Specific assessment criteria were written which were based on the following AC's:
Research findings underpin much of the FAA Regulatory process and serve as valuable repository of valid information. The following research findings were considered for incorporation, where relevant, and where it aligns with South African Legislation, in the respective qualifications and unit standards:
International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
The Chicago Convention
Technical Publications relevant to this qualification and considered are:
Personnel licensing and training section
Personnel Licensing and Training section is responsible for:
> Technical Publications relevant to this qualification and considered are:
> Training Manual (Doc 7192); Part B-5 - Integrated Commercial Pilot Course Volume 1 - Course Details Volume 2.
Standards and recommended practises
ICAO International Standards and Recommended Practices are adopted by the Council in accordance with Articles 54, 37 and 90 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and are designated, for convenience, as Annexes to the Convention. The uniform application by Contracting States of the specifications contained in the International Standards is recognized as necessary for the safety or regularity of international air navigation while the uniform application of the specifications in the Recommended Practices is regarded as desirable in the interest of safety, regularity or efficiency of international air navigation.
The ICAO Standards was adopted as the minimum base line and the ICAO recommendations as guidance to further develop the relevant unit standards. In this regard unit standards, where relevant, reflect the ICAO standards as purpose and range statement.
The following sections of ICAO documentation were considered:
> General Rules Concerning Pilot Licences and Ratings- Annex 1; Rules of The Air - Introduction - Annex 2; Rules of The Air - General - Annex 2; Distress and Urgency Signals - Annex 2 ;Interception of Civil Aircraft- Annex 2; Meteorological Service - Definitions and Introduction - Annex 3; Aircraft Observations and Reports - Annex 3; Operation of Aircraft- Definitions and Introduction - Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft - Flight Operations - Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft- Operating Limits - Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft- Flight Crew - Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft - Cabin Crew- Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft- Operations Manual- Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft - Extended Range Operations- Annex 6; Operation of Aircraft - Flight Preparations- Annex 6 Part II; Operation of Aircraft- Carriage of Oxygen - Annex 6; Operations Manual- Annex 6 Part III; Communication Procedures - Definitions And Introduction - Annex 10 Vol II; Communication Procedures - Aeronautical Fixed Service - Annex 10 Vol II; Communication Procedures- Mobile Service -Annex 10 Vol II; Communication Procedures- Data Link - Annex 10 Vol II.
> Use of ICAO standards
> A minimum required unit standard matrix for the respective qualifications.
> A human factors, minimum unit standard matrix for the respective qualifications.
> Identify relevant outcomes for the respective unit standards.
> Range statements.
> Reference to embedded knowledge.
> The respective Training Manuals used are:
> Training Manual - Integrated Commercial Pilot Course; Training Manual - Human Factors.
ICAO Manuals that normally supplement the respective sections within ANNEXES and that serve as guidance material to comply with ICAO standards and recommendations were considered to:
The respective manuals are:
Joint Aviation Training Authority (JAA)
The JAA's work started in 1970 (when it was known as the Joint Airworthiness Authorities). Originally its objectives were only to produce common certification codes for large aeroplanes and for engines. This was in order to meet the needs of European industry and particularly for products manufactured by international consortia (e.g. Airbus). Since 1987 its work has been extended to operations, maintenance, licensing and certification/design standards for all classes of aircraft. The JAA publishes detailed syllabi and standards for Pilots and airline crew. These standards were incorporated in this qualification.
|This Qualification articulates horizontally with the following registered qualification(s):
This Qualification articulates vertically with the following registered learning programmes:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|For an applicant to register as an assessor, the applicant needs:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) requires that all applicants for a pilots licences, all current pilot licence holders, Air Traffic Controllers and Station Operators Licences shall demonstrate, in a manner acceptable to the licensing authority, the ability to speak and understand the English language used for radiotelephony communications in compliance with the holistic descriptions contained in the ICAO Operational level (level 4) of the ICAO Language Proficiency Rating Scale Document.
ICAO operational Level 4 English
Airmanship: Airmanship is the application of the principles of skill, proficiency and discipline. It includes but is not limited to: knowledge of equipment, knowledge of self, knowledge of the environment, risks associated with flight operations, appropriate situational awareness and judgment.
Situational Awareness: The perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future.
Safe practice in flight operations: Safety practice in flight operations means a systematic and proactive process that minimises risks to aviation and the public whilst integrating flight operations, technical systems and resource management.
A small aeroplane refers to an aeroplane with a maximum certificated take-off mass not exceeding 5700 kg.
In the fundamental unit standards of this qualification the term aeroplane includes reference to the term aircraft and vice versa where applicable.