SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply survival techniques for aircrew members 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120155  Apply survival techniques for aircrew members 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to aircrew who are required to apply survival techniques in land and maritime settings if an airplane has crash landed.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Prepare for survival.
  • Manage resources within a survival situation.
  • Conduct emergency procedures.
  • Navigate from point to point using available resources. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Basic first aid NQF Level 3.
  • Execute a parachute landing (parachute landing only applies to aircraft which carries parachutes). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The terms "aircraft" and "aeroplane" are used as synonyms where appropriate.

    This unit standard should be assessed in land and maritime conditions. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare for survival situations. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Survival must be demonstrated in desert, jungle, savannah, sea and coast environments. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The environment is identified in terms of survival implications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Personal and aircraft equipment is selected and packed according to the suitability for the environment and standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of maintaining calm and presence of mind is explained in relation to personal safety, survival and well being of others. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Manage resources within a survival situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Adequate water is located and purified in relation to personal safety, survival and well being of others. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The basic rules of preservation and consumption of water is explained in terms of survival and well-being. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Health risks of impure water are explained in terms of survival and well-being. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Water is preserved and transported in terms of minimising spillage and contamination. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Food resources are identified and prepared for human consumption. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Personal and aircraft survival equipment is used in accordance with manufacturer specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Survival equipment is used to ensure protection from the elements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Conduct emergency procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Parachute descent procedures are conducted in accordance with safe practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Underwater escape procedures are conducted in accordance with safe practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Additional parties are communicated with through available methods and taking environmental conditions into consideration. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Radio Frequency (RF) Verbal, RF non-verbal, visual signals, pyrotechnics, audio.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Techniques of remaining afloat and or moving through water in normal conditions, with or without flotation aids, are demonstrated in accordance with industry accepted standards and methods. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Techniques of remaining afloat includes but are not limited to treading water, paddling with hands, kicking, floating on back, proper use of flotation aids.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Navigate from point to point using available resources. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Navigation must be done during the day and at night. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Current position is determined by means of available resources. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Direction and distance of movement is determined by means of natural and compass navigation within accepted tolerances of an exercise goal. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The destination point is reached within accepted timeframes of an exercise goal. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Evasion techniques are applied in hostile situations in order to minimise the chances of capture in accordance with South African National Defence Force special forces anti-tracking prescripts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Landing and hoisting areas are prepared for extraction in accordance with expected rescue craft requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Learners are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the learner's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • Survival procedures.
  • Types of vegetation.
  • Edible natural resources.
  • Types and uses of safety equipment.
  • How to preserve water. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and / or language skills in the modes of oral and / or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:
  • Terms used in this unit standard are generic to the military and aviation industries.

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Abbreviations:

    RF: Radio Frequency 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49950   National Certificate: Navigation  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  58023   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  50500   National Diploma: Electronic Warfare  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.