|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|National Diploma: Early Childhood Development|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|64650||National Diploma: Early Childhood Development|
|SGB Early Childhood Development|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|The individual Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary for each Learning Programme recorded against this qualification is shown in the table at the end of this report.||HEQSF - Higher Education Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Diploma||Field 05 - Education, Training and Development||Early Childhood Development|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||240||Level 5||NQF Level 05||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
|The purpose of the qualification is to:
1. Provide access to a recognised educator qualification at Level 6 for ECD educators who have a Level 4 or Level 5 certificate in ECD, providing a bridge between non-formal and formal learning programmes.
2. To enable educators/ learners to plan and implement a learning programme which is based on their knowledge of child development from birth to nine years and which helps children in a specific phase work towards achieving the learning outcomes of the national school curriculum (where appropriate).
3. To improve community-based ECD services for young children by raising the level of ECD teaching competence and/or by providing opportunities for training in support and leadership roles.
This qualification provides a substantial qualification for:
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|In order to achieve the exit outcomes of this qualification, learners need the following knowledge and skills equivalent to NQF Level 4:
o the ability to read, write and use written resource material for learning and teaching in at least two South African languages;
o the ability to understand fundamental mathematical/numeracy concepts;
o the applied competence outlined in the core unit standards at Level 4:
Facilitate Active Learning in ECD Programmes,
Facilitate Healthy Development in ECD Programmes, and
Manage the ECD Learning Programme.
Recognition of Prior Learning:
The qualification can be achieved as a whole or in part through the recognition of prior learning. Learners who have completed the Certificate at Level 5 should be able to participate in a learning programme(s) that provides the 120 credits not included in the Certificate, i.e. the Fundamental learning components and additional Electives. The Diploma is also intended to provide direct access to the Degree at Level 6.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|The Fundamental Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 35 credits all of which are compulsory.
The Core Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 72 credits all of which are compulsory.
The Elective Component consists of Unit Standards which learners are to choose to the minimum of 133 credits.
Learners who choose to specialise in Grade R must complete the following Unit Standards totalling a minimum of 36/45 credits. It is preferred that the learners achieve the following replacement Unit Standards which totals 45 credits.
Learners who choose to specialise in Learning Programmes must choose the following Unit Standards for this specialisation totalling a minimum of 47 credits.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|Exit Level Outcomes:
1. Mediate active learning in an integrated and holistic learning programme.
2. Facilitate learning and development of children with barriers to learning and other special needs, including those coping with abuse and violence, within an inclusive anti-bias approach.
3. Promote the safety and healthy development of each child.
4. Work with colleagues, families and community systems to develop each child`s potential as fully as possible.
5. Manage a well-planned and organised learning programme to meet the needs of individual children within the framework of the national school curriculum (where appropriate).
6. Select and use appropriate methods and procedures for assessing children`s progress and reporting on this to parents.
7. Promote the development of high quality ECD programmes and services.
8. Communicate effectively for the purposes of academic study and professional practice.
9. Plan and implement appropriate learning activities and materials or management practices based on knowledge of the principles, processes and content of the chosen specialisation.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcomes:
1.1 The planning and delivery of a developmentally appropriate learning programme is underpinned by the critical understanding of child development and learning theories, including the importance of play in the early years.
1.2 All areas of learning and development are covered, with an appropriate and contextually relevant emphasis on literacy, numeracy and life skills.
1.3 Children`s learning, development and responses to the learning environment are observed and assessed continuously in order to inform practice and planning on an individual basis.
1.4 Interactions with children in a range of situations demonstrate an understanding of theories of `scaffolding` and mediating learning.
1.5 A wide repertoire of skills is used appropriately in working with individuals, small groups and large groups of children.
1.6 Children are encouraged to use their first language(s) for learning, and they are helped to acquire and use another language through meaningful activities and situations.
2.1 The implications for working with children across the whole range of special needs and barriers to learning are identified and explained within the context of child development theory and research.
2.2 Children with barriers to learning are appropriately supported, and specific activities for their learning are planned and provided in association with relevant specialist agencies if possible.
2.3 Legal requirements and policies for dealing with abuse, neglect, children with AIDS and violence are understood and implemented.
2.4 The impact on children`s well-being and development of socio-economic factors (poverty, unemployment, inequality, disempowerment), crime and violence, both communal and domestic, substance abuse and addiction is taken into consideration in helping children develop the life skills to cope with abuse, violence or stressful home situations.
2.5 A range of strategies for challenging all types of discriminatory and biased behaviour are described (and demonstrated if appropriate), based on relevant theoretical understanding of oppression and cultural world views.
3.1 Comprehensive written safety and healthy policies which comply with legal requirements are appropriately adapted to the setting in its community context and to the age of the children, and implemented as planned.
3.2 Families and communities are encouraged to participate actively in ensuring the safety and health of children, especially with regard to environmental hazards, AIDS/HIV and other endemic diseases.
3.3 Planned activities appropriate to children`s developmental level allow children to explore safety and health issues in a way that is sensitive to the socio-economic context and to the role of traditional healers/alternative medicine.
3.4 Theories relating to social and emotional development, including indigenous theories underlying traditional child-rearing practices, and their application to practice are critically evaluated.
3.5 The social and emotional development of individual children is observed and assessed as the basis for planning and implementing strategies for facilitating their further development, including helping them to manage their own behaviour.
3.6 Families are helped to understand the attitudes and values underlying children`s rights and relevant protective legislation, and to learn a range of positive strategies for managing children`s behaviour.
4.1 Constructive contributions are made to the development of good practice among those working in the ECD service in ways that are democratic and supportive.
4.2 The community context in which the ECD service operates is analysed to assess family and community needs and the implications for ECD provision and practice.
4.3 The general principles of community development and organisation, processes of social change and transformation underpin the establishment of a meaningful partnership with families and the community.
4.4 Accessible information and resources are provided to help families meet their children`s needs.
4.5 Co-operative relationships with other agencies and practitioners working in the community are established and maintained.
5.1 Programme planning is based on an understanding of key issues and trends in early childhood development and their implications for ECD provision and curriculum development (historical, international, South African).
5.2 The learning programme is planned to help children achieve the specific outcomes of the national school curriculum in developmentally appropriate ways learning at their own pace.
5.3 Creatively developed learning resources are used to ensure a stimulating and effective programme.
5.4 The learning programme is critically evaluated according to specified criteria, both informally on a daily basis and formally at specified times, and modified accordingly.
5.5 Efficient administrative systems for managing the learning programme are are established and maintained.
5.6 ECD policy, legal requirements, regulations and procedures for registration and subsidisation are described, and implemented when applicable.
6.1 The implications of different approaches to assessment for ECD practice, including issues and current trends in assessment practice, are critically analysed.
6.2 The uses of different forms of assessment are understood, and appropriate methods and procedures are selected for assessing children`s progress in all developmental and learning areas.
6.3 Children are encouraged to reflect on what they have learned/achieved and participate in self-evaluation.
6.4 A regular process exists for periodic sharing of information with family members about children`s progress in ways that are fair, valid, reliable and constructive.
6.5 The effectiveness of one`s own assessment practices and reporting skills are evaluated regularly through reflection and peer assessment, and modifications made when necessary.
7.1 Advocacy on behalf of children and ECD provision is based on a comprehensive analysis of the context of ECD in South Africa.
7.2 An effort is made to keep informed about child development practices, research, legislation and other developments affecting young children; useful information and resource materials are kept in an accessible filing system.
7.3 Time and stress are managed efficiently in coordinating work commitments and own needs so that energy and enthusiasm are maintained.
7.4 Legislation and regulations governing the employment of ECD practitioners, the organised teaching profession and one`s role in it are described accurately.
7.5 Responsibility is taken for one`s own professional development, and progress is evaluated regularly as shown in a journal or portfolio.
8.1 Reading skills and strategies are used effectively for academic course work, research and professional development.
8.2 Writing skills and strategies are used effectively for recording observations in learning programmes and for communication purposes in ECD services as well as for academic course work and assessment (e.g. written assignments, reports, essays and examinations).
8.3 A well-organised and relevant portfolio is presented for assessment purposes.
8.4 The language of instruction is used appropriately and fluently to facilitate language development and tell stories, explain, describe and mediate learning in the preschool phase.
8.5 A second official language is used correctly and appropriately in bi-lingual learning groups and/or to facilitate the acquisition of a new language in the preschool phase.
9.1 The assumptions underlying the descriptions of competence in a particular specialisation are analysed and explained.
9.2 Understanding of the ways of thinking, doing and learning in a particular specialisation informs the selection and presentation of appropriate learning activities or management practices.
9.3 Relevant content knowledge of a particular specialisation is evident in the planning and presentation of appropriate learning activities or management practices.
9.4 Appropriate assessment practices are used to assess learner progress or to monitor management systems.
9.5 Evaluation of learning programmes or management practices includes critical reflection on own practice.
o A range of assessment methods are recommended including workplace observation, written assignments and examinations, portfolios, structured interviews/discussion, self evaluation, peer assessment, and family evaluation for both formative and summative assessment.
o In each unit standard guidance on assessment methods is given that is appropriate to the competence that needs to be demonstrated in relation to the specific outcomes.
|The Level 5 ECD qualification is comparable with the following qualification:
o Associate degree (2 years) in Early Childhood Education/Child Development in the USA (Level 2 qualification)
No detailed comparison has been undertaken as yet. Outcomes-based standards have apparently been developed by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) in Washington, DC.
|Each unit standard provides more specific guidance regarding moderation of the specific outcomes, but the following general guidelines apply to the qualification:
1. Internal moderation: Training providers offering one or more unit standards towards the achievement of this qualification need to have internal quality assurance mechanisms in place to ensure that:
o the learning programme and learner support provided is sufficient to enable learners to achieve the specific outcomes, and
o all aspects of the assessment of learners are moderated by a suitably qualified person(s) who is not directly involved in the training provision to establish fair and reliable assessment results.
2. External moderation: Appropriate ETQA structures will facilitate the external moderation of learner achievements.
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|This qualification replaces qualification 15983, "National Diploma: Early Childhood Development: Preschool Phase", Level 5, 240 credits.
The qualification is relevant to the following ETD sub-fields and other fields:
o Schooling sub-field regarding the employment of educators in reception year (Grade R) classes in schools. The proposed qualification includes all seven roles defined by the Norms and Standards of Educators, which are integrated through the phase specialisation with further `subject` specialisation in the reception year learning programme as an elective.
o Health Sciences and Social Services (09), which is also concerned with the care and development of young children, and certain components provide for articulation between the two fields. It is generally accepted that the care and education of young children needs to be fully integrated. ECD is located in Field 05 because of its critical role in developing young children as lifelong learners.
The following ECD-specific elective unit standards are available for credit towards a Level 5 Diploma in ECD in the following areas of specialisation:
The following Elective Unit Standards are compulsory for this specialisation:
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||13855||Develop and manage the ECD learning programme||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Core||13853||Mediate active learning in ECD programmes||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||36|
|Core||13854||Promote healthy development in ECD programmes||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Fundamental||8647||Apply workplace communication skills||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Fundamental||14582||Develop and apply academic literacy skills||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||25|
|Elective||115753||Conduct outcomes-based assessment||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||9941||Design and conduct research||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Elective||10290||Evaluate, select and adapt published learning materials and develop, use and evaluate own supplementary learning aids||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||244260||Facilitate a Life Skills Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||244257||Facilitate a Literacy Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||244256||Facilitate a Numeracy Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||10289||Facilitate a programme of learning||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Elective||13856||Facilitate an inclusive educational environment in ECD settings||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||7408||Facilitating a Life Skills Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||7409||Facilitating a Literacy Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||7410||Facilitating a Numeracy Learning Programme in the Reception Year||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||9932||Guide and support learners||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||117874||Guide learners about their learning, assessment and recognition opportunities||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||6|
|Elective||10294||Identify and respond to learners with special needs and barriers to learning||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Elective||7407||Manage a Medium-scale ECD Service||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||18|
|Elective||244478||Manage an Early Childhood Development service||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||5|
|Elective||12842||Manage diversity in ECD settings||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||7400||Managing the Learning Programme||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Elective||10288||Organise a programme of learning||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||7978||Plan and conduct assessment of learning outcomes||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||10295||Promote lifelong learning and development||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||114476||Use multi-media to facilitate and mediate learning||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|LP ID||Learning Programme Title||Originator||Pre-2009
|NQF Level||Min Credits||Learning Prog End Date||Quality
|64696||Diploma: Early Childhood Development||Centre for Creative Education/Iziko Labantu be Afrika||Level 5||Level N/A: Pre-2009 was L5||240||2018-12-31||CHE||HEQSF|
|23118||National Diploma: Early Childhood Development||Generic Provider - Field 05||Level 5||Level N/A: Pre-2009 was L5||240||ETDP SETA||OQSF|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THESE LEARNING PROGRAMMES:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
|LP ID||Learning Programme Title||Accredited Provider|
|64696||Diploma: Early Childhood Development||Centre for Creative Education/Iziko Labantu be Afrika|
|23118||National Diploma: Early Childhood Development||
1. ABASUNGULI TRAINING SPESIALISTS (PTY) LTD
2. ABVAHO PHANDA GROUP PTY LTD
3. Accreditation & Training Services
4. Adelaine Training Solutions Pty Ltd
5. Amogelang Marketing and Training
6. Arden School of Management
7. Ashley Kriel Skills Development Centre
8. Aubrey Nyiko Business Enterprise cc
9. Bambanani Community Development Organisation NPO
10. Bavelile Consultants and Training
11. Berry Rose Project Consultants & Service Providers
12. BOLAND COLLEGE
13. BORDERGATE EVENTS MANAGEMENT AND PROJECTS
14. Botho Ubuntu Contract Cleaning (Pty) Ltd
15. Brainwave Projects 1997 CC
16. Camblish Training Institute (Pty) Ltd
17. Caversham Education Institute
18. College of Cape Town - Athlone Campus
19. College on Hills (Pty) Ltd
20. Compass Academy of Learning
21. D and D Lwazi Renaissance Research and Development Institute
22. DC Academy (PTY)LTD
23. DC DYNAMIC COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND FURTHER TRAINING (PTY)LTD
24. DM Training Consultants
25. Dr Indira Naidoo's Institute of Education Training and Engineering (Pty) Ltd
26. Drewmach Branding Solutions (Pty) Ltd
27. Early Learning Foundation Montessori Teacher Training
28. Edu Funda Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd
29. EDU-Bless College
30. Edu-Build Institute
31. Edu-Prof Training Centre
32. EDUTAK PRE-SCHOOL TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
33. Edzani Community Development and Consultancy
34. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC
35. Elvis Koena Consulting (Pty) Ltd
36. Enjo Consultants
37. Environment and Language Education Trust
38. Fachs Business Consulting and Training
39. FALSE BAY TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING COLLEGE
40. Family Restoration Foundation
41. Footballers Investment (Pty) Ltd
42. Fourways Private College
43. Future Discovery Training Academy CC
44. GATYANA TRAINING ACADEMY
45. George Steven Academy
46. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Central Office
47. Giver of Givers Foundation Organisation
48. Global diagnostics (Pty) Ltd
49. Goldfields TVET College
50. GWALA TRAINING SERVICES
52. HEARTLINES COLLEGE
53. HEIRS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD
54. HLUVUKA TRAINING AND CONSULTING
55. HOPE ACADEMIC AND SKILL CENTRE
56. HUGENOTE COLLEGE
57. HWW Africa Region NPC
58. IKETLENG MO AFRIKA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
59. Imisebeyelanga Services
60. Inafrica General Trading Pty LTD
61. INDABA MONTESSORI INSTITUTE
62. Innovation College (Pty)Ltd
63. Inqaba Yokulinda Youth Organisation
64. Institute for Advancement of Women & Children
65. Institute of Professional Studies and Services
66. Isibani Skills Academy
67. Isibani Soluntu Development Trust
68. Itireleng Bokamoso Trading Development Services and Associates
69. J and N Ikwekwezi Yokusa Development Training
70. Jonglad Trading Enterprise
71. Josmap Training Institute
72. K Boneng Consulting Services Pty Ltd
73. Kairos Training College
74. Karabo Info Centre and Trading
75. Katiso-kuno Consulting
76. Kgaebane Trading
77. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT
78. Klein Karoo Resource Centre
79. Kwa-Thema Stimulation Day Care Centre
80. KWINDLA INSTITUTE OF LEARNING AND CONSULTING
81. KYM MANAGEMENT CONSULTING
82. Leronsa Trading Enterprise
83. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd
84. Lesias Educational Services
85. Loago Business Consulting
86. Maab Training Management ( Pty) Ltd
87. Malomini Strategists
88. Marematlou Training Institute
89. MASAKANE TRUST
90. MASIKHULE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
91. Mass Computer Training and Printers
92. MATHS CENTRE INCORPORATING SCIENCES
93. MBAT (PTY) LTD
94. Mgwezane Training and Events Management CC.
95. Molteno Institute for Language and Literacy
96. Montessori Teacher Training Centre South Africa
97. Motheo Training Institute Trust
98. MPIC Projects (Pty) Ltd
99. Ndimeni Construction and Maintenance cc
100. Networx for Career Development
101. Nkqubela Community Developers
102. NOMAKU TRADERS CC
103. Northern Cape Rural TVET College
104. Northern Cape Urban College: Kimberley Campus
105. Northlink College
106. Northshore Trading 19CC t/a Makakhaunye Training and Development Agency
107. Nqowethu Trading
108. Ntevho-Ketso Training and Recruitement Consultancy cc
109. NTI College
110. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD
111. Paradise Institution Training and Learning Centre
112. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd
113. Pineridge Training Centre
114. PMA Holding (Pty) Ltd
115. PNJ TRAINING ACADEMY
116. Premier Recruitment and Training (Pty) LTD
117. Pro-Ed Training
118. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd
119. QT Training (Pty) Ltd
120. Rampadise Education Training & Development Centre
121. Rams Professional Training and Conferencing
122. Redefined Skills Training and Development
123. Renaissance Training Services cc
124. Retshetse Training Project
125. Rhodes University
127. Rousing Varsity College
128. Royalty Edu-Home (Pty) Ltd
129. RSA Institute (Pty) Ltd
130. Seanapyane Resources (Pty) Ltd
131. SERITI INSTITUTE
132. Sherq Global (Pty) Ltd
133. SHIRS VISION COMPLEADEV PTY LTD
134. Siphiwosethu Open Development Initiative Corporation
135. Sisazi Consulting
136. Siyahluma Education Institute
137. South Cape Public FET College - George Campus
138. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL)
139. Starplex 489 cc
140. Sustainability Institute Trust
141. Tembe Service Providers
142. Thabelanang t/a Thabelanang Trading Enterprise
143. Thasha Training and Consulting
144. The College of Modern Montessori
145. The Finishing College (Pty) Ltd
146. The Iscariota Group (Pty) Ltd
147. THINK TWICE
148. Thobologo Training and Education Group (Pty) Ltd
149. THUKAKGALADI INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
150. Thuto-Botshabelo Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd
151. TMG Quality Services
152. Tshase Education Group (Pty) Ltd
153. TSHEPANG EDUCARE TRUST
154. Tshianzi Development
155. Tshwane South College for (ECD Academy)
156. UKHANYISO EBANTWINI PTY LTD
157. Ulwazi Training & Development
158. Umthombo Wolwazi Training and Constructions
159. Umuzi Photo Club - NPO
160. Unathi Training
161. UNIVERSAL COLLEGE OUTCOMES SA
162. Visionary Skill Academy
163. Vuselela TVET College
164. Waterberg TVET College
165. Winston Academy
166. WonderKids Academy
167. World Pace Development and Training Institute
168. World Wide Education Providers(Pty)Ltd
169. Zisize Educational Trust