SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.

General Education and Training Certificate: Poultry Production 
49580  General Education and Training Certificate: Poultry Production 
SGB Secondary Agriculture: Processing 
AgriSETA - Agriculture SETA  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
National Certificate  Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation  Secondary Agriculture 
Undefined  134  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
Reregistered  SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 


The qualification provides learners with the opportunity to gain competence in poultry production and will facilitate their securing employment in the industry. For those who are already employed in a poultry production farm, the multi-skilling that the qualification offers will expand their horizons and allow them to follow career paths in other sectors of the industry.

A learner achieving this qualification will be able to work effectively and productively on a poultry production facility. The qualification will allow the learners to:
  • Care for the poultry environment.
  • Feed, rear and care for poultry.
  • Apply bio-security principles on a poultry farm.
  • Perform basic poultry health care tasks.
  • Operate poultry drinkers and drinking systems.
  • Operate poultry feeders and feeding systems.

    The upskilling of the learners at this level will have a positive impact on the efficiency and profitability of a production unit.


    The qualification addresses the urgent need for adopting nationally accepted standards for the industry, especially within the SMME sector. This will allow them to operate on a more professional basis. The observance of strict health, hygiene and bio-security principles will minimize the risks that these role players currently face.

    This qualification and the resultant skills that are learnt will make a positive contribution to the establishment or improvement of poultry farms in the rural areas that can serve their communities and distant markets.

    The qualification embodies the international requirements for poultry handling and care that will ensure the production of high quality poultry. 

    Learners who would like to access this qualification should have demonstrated competency in Communication and Numeracy at ABET Level 3.

    Recognition of prior learning:

    The qualification may be achieved in part or as a whole through the Recognition of Prior Learning. 


    This qualification consists of a minimum number of 134 credits, composed of:
  • Fundamental: 39
  • Core: 70
  • Electives: 25 

    1. Recognize the various sectors within the poultry industry and the career paths that are available.

    2. Identify the principles of health and safety in poultry production and create an awareness of the potential dangers in the workplace.

    3. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the functions of the main external and internal body parts of poultry.

    4. Show an understanding of the raw materials used in poultry diets.

    5. Understand the role and procedures of bio-security and how these are applied in a poultry production facility.

    6. Indicate the necessity of providing poultry with constant clean water for the maintenance of health and growth.

    7. Show an understanding of the effects of environmental conditions on the health and productivity of poultry.

    8. Demonstrate the practices and procedures for the cleaning of poultry buildings and equipment.

    9. Recognise the signs of any abnormal behaviour or condition of poultry as an indication of a disease. 

  • The structures of the poultry egg and meat industries are described.
  • The important role that the poultry industry plays in the provision of meat for the South African population is described.

  • The reasons for the implementation of health and safety in a poultry production facility are explained.
  • The responsibilities of the employer and employee to ensure a safe working environment are described.

  • The functioning and movement of the body parts are explained.
  • The process of blood circulation and breathing are described.
  • The digestion of feed is described.

  • The raw materials that are used in the production of poultry feed are described.
  • The various types of feed and the importance of using the bio-security principles for the prevention of feed wastage are explained.

  • The danger that the microscopic organisms pose to the health of poultry is explained.
  • The bio-security procedures to minimize the occurrence of pathogens on the poultry farm are described.

  • The necessity of water for the body functions and health of poultry is described.
  • The various poultry drinkers, their setting and maintenance is demonstrated.

  • The effect that temperature extremes have on the health and growth of poultry is explained.
  • The importance of ventilation for the health of poultry and the reduction of ammonia formation in the poultry house are described.
  • The effects of photoperiods on the productivity and sexual maturity of poultry are described.

  • The pre-cleaning procedures and removal of all loose equipment are described.
  • The washing and disinfecting of the equipment surfaces in the poultry house are demonstrated.
  • The re-installation of all the loose equipment and the fumigation of the poultry house are explained.

  • The various indications of "disease" and abnormalities in the behaviour of poultry are described.
  • The objectives of vaccination and the various methods of administration are explained.

    Integrated assessment:

    The integrated assessment allows the Learners the opportunity to show that they are able to utilize concepts, ideas and actions across the unit standards. This will allow Learners to achieve competency that is in keeping with the purpose of the qualification.

    An integrated assessment will indicate how theoretical learning is demonstrated in a practical environment in such a way that the application of the work learnt becomes second nature.

    In conducting an assessment, the quality of the performance must also be evaluated i.e.: both the performance and the thinking behind the action must be qualitative.

    The assessment should include both formative and summative options and should use various assessment tools i.e.; not by observation only. It is required that a Portfolio of Assessment form part of the summative assessment, with practical outcomes being demonstrated in a simulated or real work place situation.

    A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge being maintained.

    It is recommended that the assessment tools give Learners the opportunity to account for their decision-making and problem solving in line with the specific outcomes and related assessment criteria.

    As a result of this qualification being generic in forming the foundation for a career in poultry processing, Learners should be assessed in occupational contexts and activities. The assessment should ensure that the foundational skills are portable and prepare them for further learning, whatever career path they may choose. 

    For levels 2 and 3, the qualifications are internationally comparable with the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, but at Level 1 no generalist qualification exists in these countries.

    Level 1 is uniquely relevant to South Africa as our workforce has a predominantly lower education entry level than the comparable countries and the introduction at this foundational level will facilitate career pathing more readily than at level 2.

    The following New Zealand poultry qualifications were benchmarked against.

    For poultry production the following qualifications were used:
  • Poultry Production Level 2: Ref. 0886. Core 12 and Elective 11 unit standards.
  • Poultry Husbandry Level 3: Ref. 0330. Core 8 and Elective 14 unit standards.

    For poultry processing, no specific qualification is used. The poultry unit standards form part of the generic meat processing qualifications. The following New Zealand unit standards were used:
  • Ref. 18829, 18843, 18851, 18852, 18853, 18854, 18855.
  • Ref. 16104, 16503, 12624, 13491, 20235, 2504.

    In general, the content is similar but the South African standards contain more detail. Their farm and business personnel structure differs to ours in that we have larger staff complements and lower entry levels in the industry.

    Some of the electives in the level 2 and 3 processing qualifications each cover specific processing areas, not machines, in the poultry abattoirs. The poultry industry specifically requested that these unit standards address the two levels, as there are two distinct occupations in each of these areas. This was borne out in the skills profile study that was conducted prior to the generation of the unit standards.

    The machine operators and carcass handlers reside at level 2. They need to gain knowledge of the function and operational duties within the specific department or processing area.

    The supervisors, who reside at level 3 are responsible for production and require a broader perspective and in-depth knowledge to monitor and manage these operations. A close examination of the unit standards will reveal this intent.

    The Poultry Production level one qualification was compared with the following related United Kingdom certificates:
  • MTC Foundation Certificate in Meat and Poultry Hygiene, Level 1: Ref. 100/1502/4.
  • MTC NVQ in Meat and Poultry Processing, Level 2: Ref. 100/3525/4.
  • MTC NVQ in Meat and Poultry Processing, Level 1: Ref. Q1053892. 

    The qualification is designed to provide a structured learning path for employees in the Poultry Production industry in South Africa, be they in employ of commercial farms or as entrepreneurs.

    The qualification would enable employees to move within the poultry industry, between the fields of Production and Processing.

    This Qualification will articulate vertically with the:
  • National Certificate: Abattoir Slaughtering Processes at NQF Level 2.
  • National Certificate: General Abattoir Processes at NQF Level 2.

    While the Production and Processing qualifications diverge as they progress upwards, there remains sufficient common ground for holders of one qualification to be able to be employed in the other field with minimum additional training. 

    Anyone assessing a learner against these unit standards must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA and have experience or in depth knowledge of the poultry processing industry.

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of these unit standards or will assess these unit standards must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedure.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against these unit standards may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

    Assessors must:
  • Be accredited as assessors by the relevant ETQA.
  • Have experience of the poultry processing industry or in depth knowledge of the poultry processing industry.
  • Meet any other requirements that may be stipulated by the relevant ETQA. 

    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 


    Core  119416  Apply bio-security in poultry production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  10 
    Core  119391  Apply environmental management practices in poultry production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  12 
    Core  119434  Apply health and safety practices in poultry production  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119423  Clean a poultry house and its equipment  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119395  Demonstrate an understanding of the basic anatomy and physiology of poultry  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119412  Demonstrate an understanding of the role of water for poultry production  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119488  Demonstrate basic knowledge of the poultry industry  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  12203  Demonstrate knowledge of issues relating to HIV and AIDS  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119431  Maintain the health of poultry  Level 1  NQF Level 01  10 
    Core  15092  Plan and manage personal finances  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119406  Provide feed and nutrition for poultry  Level 1  NQF Level 01  10 
    Fundamental  7464  Analyse cultural products and processes as representations of shape, space and time  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7451  Collect, analyse, use and communicate numerical data  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7449  Critically analyse how mathematics is used in social, political and economic relations  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  14084  Demonstrate an understanding of and use the numbering system  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7463  Describe and represent objects and the environment in terms of shape, space, time and motion  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12462  Engage in a range of speaking and listening interactions for a variety of purposes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12471  Explore and use a variety of strategies to learn (revised)  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12469  Read and respond to a range of text types  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7461  Use maps to access and communicate information concerning routes, location and direction  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7447  Working with numbers in various contexts  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12470  Write for a variety of different purposes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  119448  Brood poultry chicks  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  119404  Care for commercial layers  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  119385  Care for poultry parent stock during production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 
    Elective  119421  Handle eggs for setting at a hatchery  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  119397  Handle the collection and storage of the table eggs on the farm  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  119427  Monitor the incubation process in hatcheries  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 
    Elective  119450  Produce poultry broilers  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 
    Elective  119498  Rear poultry parent stock to sexual maturity after brooding  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 
    Elective  119473  Rear pullets for table egg production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  15 


    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
    1. Abanguni College of South Africa 
    2. Abingoni Trading 141 
    3. Adonai Capital and Farming 
    4. Agri Skills Transfer (PTY) Ltd 
    5. Agriventions Consulting 
    6. Akhona Skills Fountain and Trading 
    7. Amahlabangani Catering and Projects 
    8. Amphi SA Pty Ltd 
    9. Badiri Training Institute 
    10. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    11. Basenogi Business Consultancy 
    12. Bazofunda Training and Development 
    13. Better Best Agri Development 
    14. Bintjus Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Bodav Consultancy & Business Enterprise 
    16. Bogelang Trading Enterprise Cc 
    17. Bokamoso Basechaba Professional Solutions Pty Ltd 
    18. Chilogo Agricultural Supplies 
    19. Cobelakufalaza Agricultural Services 
    20. College on Hills (Pty) Ltd 
    21. D.T Nkwane Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    23. Dicla Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    24. Dieketseng Training Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Dioka Business Consultants 
    26. Diphetogo Consultancy and Projects 
    27. Dynamic Training Centre 
    28. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    29. Evcob Business Enterprise 
    30. Fair Deal Agricultural Training Centre 
    31. Farm Africa (SA) 
    32. Farmers Hope Co-operate Limited 
    33. Farmers Hope Pty Ltd 
    34. Fhumu Skills Development and Consultant 
    35. Geomase Services Pty Ltd 
    36. Green Identity (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Hanong Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Higherway Institute of Learning 
    39. Hlumelelisa 
    40. Hope Nutrition Business Consultancy 
    41. Hymike Trading Enterprise CC 
    42. Ignite Trading and Projects Pty Ltd 
    43. Ikhaya Lokukhusela NPC 
    44. Ikhono Community Training 
    45. Ikhwezi Drakensburg Rural & Urban Development Chamber 
    46. Image Uplifters Trading Enterprise cc 
    47. Imbalenhle Learning Academy cc 
    48. Ingcali Agricultural Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    49. Ingomso Women Wealth Pty Ltd 
    50. Inhle Skills Dynamics (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Innovation College (Pty)Ltd 
    52. Insika Business and Skills Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    53. Insika Foundation 
    54. Intando ka Tata Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    55. Inyapa Vhusiku Consulting Pty Ltd 
    56. Isiphephelo Industries (Pty) Ltd 
    57. Itsoseng Training Academy 
    58. Jukat Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    59. Kairos Open Learning College 
    60. Kalewe Investment Group 
    61. Kamzila Phezi (Pty) Ltd 
    62. Kara Heritage Institute 
    63. Kenmab Training Centre 
    64. Khanimambo Innovative Solutions Cc 
    65. Khazimlani Trading cc 
    66. Khulisa Training Providers 
    67. Khutakhu Trading cc 
    68. Knowledge For Ever 
    69. KT Mills cc 
    70. KwaZulu Natal Poultry Institute 
    71. Lablab Agri Professionals 
    72. Langalezulu (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Langalomso Civil Construction 
    74. Learning at Work 
    75. Lithala Financial Education NPC 
    77. Luzoza Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    78. Ma Vela Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    79. Mahlasenola Youth Development Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    80. Mamelloletlotlo Business Solutions 
    81. Mangweni Skills and Training Projects 
    82. Matotomana Training & General Trading 
    83. Mbimbini Training and Community Development 
    84. McKenna Golf 
    85. Mentowell (Pty) Ltd 
    86. Metropolitan Engineering College Pty Ltd 
    87. Mlasimbi Catering Primary Cooperative Limited 
    88. Modirisiwa Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    89. Molasba Corporate Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    90. Mopani Training Centre 
    91. Morenas Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    92. Mortarboard Training Solutions 
    93. Moshita Family Agric Primary Co-Operative Limited 
    94. Motheo FET College - Central Office 
    95. Mponeng Projects Pty Ltd 
    96. MSD Machaba Accountants Pty Ltd 
    97. Mthombo Agri-Business Institute 
    98. Mvelo Consultant 
    99. Mxonothem Construction and Trading Cc 
    100. Mzansi Farming Pty Ltd 
    101. Mzanzi Training Institute 
    102. Nematodzi Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    103. New Heights 1082 
    104. Ngwato Wa Mphela Agriculture Training Services 
    105. Nkoanapula Trading & Projects 
    106. NTF Electrical and Training 
    107. Ntombazi Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    108. Omiya Training and Projects 
    109. Omuso Pty Ltd 
    110. Perfect Positions Investment 20 
    111. Peritum Agri Institute 
    112. Phokophela Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Phophi Na Tshikaho Trading Enterprise 
    114. Pontsana Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    115. Potchefstroom College of Agriculture 
    116. Poultry Harvest 
    117. Prempie Business Solutions Pty Ltd 
    118. Preverving Thought Trading and Projects 
    119. Prove Alone Agricultural Development Services (Pty) Ltd 
    120. Qhakaza Academy 
    121. Rams Training and Consultancy 
    122. Re Simolotse (Pty) Ltd 
    123. Redeeming Time Multi Skills Training Services 
    124. Redefined Skills Training & Development (Pty) Ltd 
    125. Rekopane Training Centre CC 
    126. Ruach Management Consulting Pty Ltd 
    127. SA Agri Academy 
    128. Saycool Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    129. SBJ Shadikamang Agriculture 
    130. Scientific Roets (Pty) Ltd 
    131. Sego Hludi Trading Enterprise 
    132. Shitakani Trading and Projects 
    133. Sifikile Business Enterprise 
    134. Signa Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    135. Silver Falls Scientific 
    136. Siphumezulwazi Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    137. SNNB Trading & Projects 
    138. South African Advanced Skills Institute 
    139. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    140. Stecor Farming (Pty) Ltd 
    141. Sure Leyo (Pty) Ltd 
    142. Sxazululo Enterprise 
    143. TCEP (Pty) Ltd 
    144. TDMK's 
    145. Thabolwenkosi Investments (pty) Ltd 
    146. Thambalanga Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    147. The Renaissance National Skills Development Centre 
    148. Thembeni Skills Development Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    149. Tian Civils and Costruction Pty Ltd 
    150. Tirisano Ya Bakwena Consultants Cc 
    151. Tloumogale Business Development & Consulting 
    152. Toutele Agriculture College South Africa Pty Ltd 
    153. TPLR and Training Services (PTY) LTD 
    154. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    155. Tran Atlantic Construction 
    156. Tripple 000 Trading Cc 
    157. Tripple R Training Provider 
    158. Tshitwamulomoni Trading and Projetcs (Pty) Ltd 
    159. Tsolo Agriculture and Rural Development Institute 
    160. Twoline Training Skills For Africa Pty Ltd 
    161. Ubuntu Farm College 
    162. Ukundiza Development Institute NPC 
    163. Ulwazolubanzi Skills Development Initiatives (Pty) Ltd 
    164. Umgqomo Trading 
    165. Vuyani Agri (Pty) Ltd 
    166. VV & Mashona Projetcts 
    167. Womiwu Rural Development 
    168. Yazini Leadership Consultants 
    169. Zabusa Trading Cc 
    170. Zazi's Productions 
    171. Zetalogix cc 
    172. Zilungisele Business Enterprise cc 
    173. Zodwa Skills Development and Projects 
    174. Zwavhumbwa Trading Enterprises 

    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.