SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Harness diversity and build on strengths of a diverse working environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
15233  Harness diversity and build on strengths of a diverse working environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Management 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Generic Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2006-05-02  2007-11-28  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-11-28   2011-11-28  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
252043  Manage a diverse work force to add value  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This is a Unit Standard intended for managers in all economic sectors. These managers would typically be second level managers such as a heads of department, section heads or divisional heads, and may have more than one team reporting to them.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Identifying the nature of diversity in the working environment.
  • Identifying the positive consequences of diversity in the working environment.
  • Dealing with diverse individuals and groups.
  • Dealing with disagreements and conflict arising from diversity amongst individuals and groups. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    it is assumed that people learning towards this Unit Standard are competent in:
  • Communication at NQF level 4.
  • Computer Literacy at NQF level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Diversity includes differences in culture, values, race, age, sex, language, education. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the nature of diversity in the working environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Diversity is defined in terms of differences in culture, values, race, age, sex, language, education, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Diversity is explored as a potential source of discrimination. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The implications of diversity for external and internal relationships is explored and explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Cultural biases, stereotypes and perceptions are identified together with the influence they can have on dealing with diversity. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify the positive consequences of diversity in the working environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The benefits of diversity in employees and clients for an organisation are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Ways of utilising the diverse talents, attitudes and values of employees are explored with a view to maximising the productivity of the section/division/department. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Ways of meeting the diverse needs of employees in the section/division/department, within organisational policy and procedures, are explored so as to create a happy and motivated workforce/team. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Ways of meeting the diverse needs of clients with a range of products and services is explored to maximise the profitability/effectiveness of the section/division/department and/or the organisation as a whole. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Diverse viewpoints are encouraged in team/group/section/division/department meetings. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify and utilise commonality in diversity in the workplace to make the group more effective. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Common values and attitudes prevalent amongst employees are identified to use as a basis for work to be performed, communication methods and creation of mutual respect and trust. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Common values agreed to are written into all team documentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Common values which are to be written into the mission, strategies and objectives of the organisation are forwarded to the people responsible for the compilation of the documents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Generation of diverse viewpoints is encouraged in team brainstorming. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Deal with disagreements and conflict arising from diversity amongst individuals and groups. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. All incidents of conflict and disagreement and acts of indignity are recognised and dealt with according to organisation policy and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. All dealings and interaction between employees and with clients demonstrate mutual respect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. All cases of discrimination and discriminatory practices are identified and handled at the appropriate level of authority in the organisation. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Assessment of this Unit Standard should be contextual and practical.
  • Assessors must be registered as an assessor with the Services SETA ETQA or an ETQA that represents the sector in which the learner is employed and which has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Services SETA ETQA.
  • Moderators must be registered as assessors with the Services ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Services ETQA.
  • The mechanisms and requirements for moderation should be applied in accordance with the requirements of the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment should include both formative and summative assessment.
  • Training providers must be accredited by the Services ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Services ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Techniques for effective management of diversity (transformational leadership).
  • Understanding of how values affect leadership style. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems relating to the conflict, disagreements and discrimination. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others when working towards common solutions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities when implementing solutions according to agreements. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, evaluate, organise and critically evaluate information on the nature of diversity in the workplace. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively when dealing with conflict. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
  • In order to contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of society at large, it must be the intention underlying any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts when dealing with diversity in the workplace. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 252043, which is "Manage a diverse work force to add value", Level 5, 6 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58394   National Certificate: Film and Television Production  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  50245   National Certificate: Maintenance Coordination  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-11-11  TETA 
    Core  61594   National Certificate: Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-05-02  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  57631   National Certificate: Radiation Protection  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Core  49745   National Certificate: Value Engineering  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  QCTO 
    Core  57427   National Certificate: Youth Development  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Core  58802   National Diploma: Disability Employment Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2020-07-30  SABPP 
    Core  58473   National Diploma: Freight Handling Logistics  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Core  49023   National Diploma: Liaison Interpreting  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  QCTO 
    Core  50333   National Diploma: Occupationally Directed Education, Training and Development Practices  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Core  49783   National Diploma: Joint and Multi-National Operations  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Fundamental  49063   National Certificate: Geographical Information Sciences  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Fundamental  49107   National Certificate: Inspection and Enforcement Services  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  PSETA 
    Fundamental  49336   National Certificate: Law Enforcement: Sheriffing  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Fundamental  58624   National Certificate: Library and Information Services  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-03-13  ETDP SETA 
    Fundamental  50419   National Certificate: Port Control and Admissions  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-06-29  Was PSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  58579   National Diploma: Air Traffic Control  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  66489   Further Education and Training Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 
    Elective  57611   National Certificate: 2D Animation  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  50438   National Certificate: Immigration Services  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-06-29  Was PSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59429   National Certificate: Inclusive Education  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  49123   National Certificate: Journalism  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-10-18  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  58978   National Certificate: Journalism  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  36438   National Certificate: Local Economic Development  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 
    Elective  49337   National Certificate: Multi-National Safety and Security Operations Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  50060   National Certificate: Public Administration  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  PSETA 
    Elective  48553   National Diploma: Corrections Science  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2020-07-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  49853   National Diploma: Defensive Mission Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-09-17  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59304   National Diploma: Freight Forwarding and Customs Compliance  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2020-07-30  TETA 
    Elective  58309   National Diploma: Project Management  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Elective  50330   Bachelor: Occupationally Directed Education Training and Development Practices  Level 6  NQF Level 07  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ABVAHO PHANDA GROUP PTY LTD 
    2. Accreditation & Training Services 
    3. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    4. Acorser Corporate and Business Consulting Cc 
    5. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    6. AFRICA COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    7. Akadon Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Akhona Skills Fountain and Trading 
    9. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    10. All Access Holdings 
    11. All Sorts 108 Skills Development PTY (Ltd) 
    12. Amandla Obunye Training Academy Pty Ltd 
    13. Amaqamu Project Management and Consulting 
    14. Amber Tower Training 
    15. Asiphokuhle Training and Research Institute 
    16. ASSESSMENT COLLEGE OF SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    17. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    18. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    19. ATTI Polokwane 
    20. Aubrey Nyiko Business Enterprise cc 
    21. Aubrey Nyiko Business Enterprises 
    22. Audit Campus 
    23. Avenida (Pty) Ltd 
    24. Aviwe Business Development and 
    25. Ayoba Training Institute (Pty)Ltd 
    26. Bantubanye Skills 
    27. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    28. BEST INFORMATION SOLUTIONS 
    29. Big Fish 
    30. BLC Entertainment 
    31. Bohlali Provider Support 
    32. Bokatoka Construction and Projects 
    33. Bono Skills Development (PTY) Ltd 
    34. BORDERGATE EVENTS MANAGEMENT AND PROJECTS 
    35. Bright Intergrated Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    36. Broadmind Leadership Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Career Builders Academy 
    38. CB Willemse Training 
    39. Centre for Africa Capacity Building and Development (Pty) Ltd 
    40. Century Business Academy 
    41. Chartall Business College 
    42. Circleway College 
    43. CLEAR SOLUTIONS 
    44. College of Cape Town 
    45. CREATIVE ARTS COLLEGE 
    46. D and D Lwazi Renaissance Research Development Institute 
    47. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
    48. Dee-Bravo Training Centre 
    49. Department Of Justice (head Office) 
    50. Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) 
    51. Ditlou Solutions 
    52. Divine Inspiration Trading 704 PTY Ltd 
    53. Dotcentre Business Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    54. E-Login Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    55. EDUTEL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD 
    56. Emergence Learning Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    57. Employ and Empower Deaf (Pty) Ltd 
    58. Enjo Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    59. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    60. EXECUTIVE COACHING AND FACILITATION 
    61. Extribyte (Pty) Ltd 
    62. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    63. Fachs Business Consulting and Training 
    64. Falcon Business Institute (PTY 
    65. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    66. FILM Mentorship & Training SA 
    67. Footprint Media academy Pty ltd 
    68. Fort Hare Trading Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    69. Frayintermedia Cc 
    70. Free State Training and Development Institute 
    71. Future Discovery Training Academy CC 
    72. Gatyana Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Genvio cc 
    74. Glicam Trading Enterprise 
    75. Gold Class Group 
    76. Harvitex cc 
    77. Hebron Chrisitan Institute 
    78. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    79. Hlombe and Associates 
    80. ICM t/a Institute for Career Management 
    81. iCollege 
    82. Igugu Training and Investments 
    83. IMVULA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    84. Inafrica General Trading Pty LTD 
    85. Infomage Pty Ltd 
    86. Inkwazi Learning Network 
    87. Innovative Knowlege Worx Trading And Projects 
    88. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
    89. IT Labs Consulting 
    90. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    91. Josmap Training Institute 
    92. Kcobodo Training Centre (KTC) 
    93. Keetileafrika Training Institute 
    94. Khaas Training Academy 
    95. Khongoloti Training Academy 
    96. Kundani Trading 
    97. Le - Mark Training and Development Pty (Ltd) 
    98. Lead Afrika Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    99. Learnership Support Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    100. Legacy Umsebenzi Wethu Training Solution (Pty) Ltd 
    101. Letlhokoa Management Services 
    102. LETZAA Group 
    103. MACCAUVLEI LEARNING ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    104. Majuba Technical Vocational Education and Training College 
    105. Makwedeng Training 
    106. Management College of Southern Africa (MANCOSA) 
    107. MAS SAFE SECURITY CC 
    108. Matprodev Consulting 
    109. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    110. Media Village Training 
    111. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    112. Metro Minds 
    113. Meyiswa Training Academy 
    114. Milpark Education (Pty) Ltd 
    115. Mintirho Development Services 
    116. Mission Point Consulting 
    117. MJ Mafunisa Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    118. Mmanape Private Technical Coll 
    119. MML Consulting CC. 
    120. MOD - MOSH Projects and Consulting 
    121. Mohlaje Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    122. Motheo Training Institute Trust 
    123. Movietech Film and Television College 
    124. Mowils Consultants 
    125. Musengavhadzimu Media 
    126. N MAHARAJ ATTORNEYS 
    127. Nare Training and Development 
    128. Neolebongi Trading Enterprise 
    129. Next Step Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    130. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    131. NTI College 
    132. OL Afrika Media 
    133. OMNI HR CONSULTING PTY LTD 
    134. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    135. Orbit TVET College 
    136. Peo Entle HIV Wellness Management and Youth Skills Development NPO 
    137. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd 
    138. Phunda Maria Consulting 
    139. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    140. Pitt Institute T/A Imithombo Institute 
    141. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    142. Posh Multimedia 
    143. Poshido Training 
    144. Positive Thinking Consultants cc 
    145. Pracical Audio Solution 
    146. Practicon Training 
    147. Pretoria Technical College 
    148. Primeserv Corporate Solutions 
    149. PRIOR LEARNING CENTRE 
    150. Pro-Active Public Services College (Pty) Ltd 
    151. PRX SCHOOL TEST 
    152. PTDEV (Pty) Ltd 
    153. QT Training (Pty) Ltd 
    154. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    155. Ramazwi Security Service and Training Agency (Pty) Ltd 
    156. Rams Professional Training and Conferencing 
    157. Rand Training College 
    158. Reflections Development Institute 
    159. Regen Institute of Leadership and Management Education 
    160. Regenesys Management (Pty) Ltd 
    161. Regenesys School of Public Management 
    162. Regent Business School (Pty) Ltd t/a Regent Business School 
    163. Resonance Institute of Learning 
    164. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    165. Ritepath HR Solutions 
    166. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    167. SA Maritime School and Transport College 
    168. Saint Colonel Graduate Institute 
    169. Saint Colonel Graduate Institute (PTY) Ltd 
    170. Sebenzisanane Human Capital 
    171. SEOPOSENGOE TRAINING CONSULTANCY CC 
    172. Shirs Vision Compleadev 
    173. Silver Streak Trading 649 CC 
    174. SIZA NESU TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    175. Sizanesu Consulting 
    176. Skills Share Africa Institute 
    177. SOMANDLA ENTREPRENEURSHIP ACADEMY 
    178. South African Business and Tec 
    179. SOUTH AFRICAN CORPORATE TRAINI 
    180. SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL WAR COLLEGE 
    181. South West Gauteng College - Molapo Campus 
    182. South West Gauteng Tvet College 
    183. Southern African Institute of Learning 
    184. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL) 
    185. SSD Consultants 
    186. Step Ahead Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    187. T Mabuya & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    188. Talent Emporium Academy (PTY) Ltd 
    189. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    190. Tembe Service Providers 
    191. Thasha Training and Consulting 
    192. The Brokers Learning Centre 
    193. The Camera Academy 
    194. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    195. The Institute of People Development 
    196. Thobologo Training and Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    197. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    198. Thuto Adult Centre 
    199. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    200. Thuto-Boswa Education and Training Solution 
    201. TMG Quality Services 
    202. Together Lifestyle Resort Pty Ltd 
    203. Trainers Without Borders 
    204. Training Answers 
    205. Training Consultant and SD College 
    206. Tshepang Consulting & Project 
    207. Tshisimani Holdings (PTY) Ltd. 
    208. TSP COLLEGE 
    209. Ukwakhile Projects (PTY) Ltd 
    210. Ukwakhile Training 
    211. Ulwazi Training & Development 
    212. Umfolozi College for TVET 
    213. Universal Knowledge Software 
    214. UNIVERSITY OF BUSINESS EXCELLENCE(PTY)LTD 
    215. University of Johannesburg 
    216. Vala Nge Bhetshu Human Capital Development (Pty) Ltd 
    217. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    218. VERYCOOLIDEAS 
    219. VEZOKUHLE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 
    220. Vicmat Consultants 
    221. Visionary Skill Academy 
    222. Vusheni Learning Academy 
    223. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    224. WARRANT OFFICER ACADEMY 
    225. Weinvest Investments 
    226. Whitestone College 
    227. Youth Media Movement 
    228. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.