|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|National Certificate: Power Plant Auxiliary Systems Operations|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|61549||National Certificate: Power Plant Auxiliary Systems Operations|
|SGB Power Plant Operations|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|EWSETA - Energy and Water Sector Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Certificate||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Manufacturing and Assembly|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||120||Level 3||NQF Level 03||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification replaces:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|23677||National Certificate: Power Plant Auxiliary Systems Operation||Level 3||NQF Level 03||122|
This qualification is replaced by:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|103259||Occupational Certificate: Nuclear Power Plant Operator||Not Applicable||NQF Level 05||311|
|103261||Occupational Certificate: Fossil Power Plant Operator||Not Applicable||NQF Level 05||541|
|104458||Occupational Certificate: Hydro Power Plant Operator||Not Applicable||NQF Level 05||340|
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
Learners obtaining this qualification will be able to perform operational activities on power plant auxiliary systems/processes and related equipment as Field Operators on all power utilities in South Africa. The qualification will ensure professionalism, proficiency and excellence in the operating of power plants on the entry level. It will also assist in changing perceptions on the status and functional levels of operators in the work place. The qualification will provide the operators with pride and self worth and enhance their morale.
Worth to the employer will be manifested in the competence of the employee in terms of safe, sound and efficient operations performed by the operator. This qualification will provide for recognition of prior learning of existing operators` competence throughout the industry and allow credits to be obtained in cross-functional learning fields. The qualification will provide the foundational requirements for mobility and vertical progression in various power utilities, (Fossil, Hydro or Nuclear).
A person acquiring this qualification will have skills, knowledge and behavioural competence in the following areas:
This qualification forms the foundation for Power Plant Operations in the Power Generation industry in South Africa and is therefore recommended for all Power utilities. This qualification is based on industry needs in building competences in the workplace for power plant operations. The qualification therefore sets national standards for power plant operators in Auxiliary Plant Operations. This qualification provides the learner with accessibility to be employed within the functional areas that include nuclear, hydro and fossil power plants.
This qualification is a direct outcome of the revision of the National Certificate in Power Plant Auxiliary Systems Operations, NQF Level 3, ID. No. 23677 the demand for which was based on the transformation of the existing qualification into a qualification that meets the needs of the relevant industry, supporting the principles of the NQF and providing the flexibility of bridging into a management type of qualification with a strong customer focus. This qualification aims at providing formal recognition for competencies already obtained and will continue to do so by providing recognition to workers in the Power Plant Operations Industry. In addition, this qualification provides the learner with the opportunity to obtain competencies in power plant operations within the workplace, as well as in power plant safety and quality control. In this way, value is added to worker's employability and competence and the sustainability of the power plant operations industry is improved.
Other considerations in national interest addressed by this qualification are:
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that learners are competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
Access to the Qualification:
Access to the qualification is open to any learner with a related NQF Level 2 qualification and who complies with the learning assumed to be in place.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
Specialization Area 1: Fossil Power Plant Operations:
Learners must choose unit standards totalling a minimum of 51 credits from the Elective Unit Standards listed below:
Specialization Area 2: Nuclear Power Plant Operations:
Learners must choose unit standards totalling a minimum of 79 credits from the Elective Unit Standards listed below:
Specialization Area 3: Hydro Power Plant Operations:
Learners must choose unit standards totalling a minimum of 36 credits from the Elective Unit Standards listed below:
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Solve problems in a variety of contexts.
2. Communicate effectively in the workplace.
3. Demonstrate fundamental knowledge of Power Plant Engineering.
4. Apply safety measures in the workplace.
5. Operate Auxiliary Power Plant Systems.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
This qualification promotes, in particular, the following Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
Organising and managing oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively when:
Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain by:
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
1. Problem solving strategies to deal with problems at hand are applied in accordance with auxiliary systems procedures.
2. Solutions derived at are applied to solve problems.
3. Problem solving approach is communicated in a clear and structured manner using appropriate terminology.
4. Solutions are validated in terms of the problem solving process.
5. Technology is used effectively to assist in problem solving.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
1. Language is applied to accommodate workplace requirements.
2. Communication is clear and structured as per the situation at hand.
3. Media used for communications contributes to effective communication.
4. Communication barriers are identified and addressed as appropriate to the situation.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
1. Power plant engineering concepts are explained and applied within the context of plant operations.
2. Applications of knowledge are suited for problem solving on process plant.
3. Explanations provided of Power Plant Engineering concepts are consistent with established literature and engineering conventions.
4. Applications of knowledge contribute towards the safe and effective operation of plant processes.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
1. Organisational understanding is demonstrated to an extent that the employee can function effectively in the workplace.
2. Safety principles are applied in a holistic manner that protects plant and people.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
1. Plant operations are performed safely and efficiently according to operating standards.
2. Out of normal emergency conditions are identified and acted upon using Power Plant Engineering Principles.
3. Interrelation of Auxiliary Systems are interpreted and contextualised within Power Generation.
4. Principles of teamwork are applied according to operational requirements.
The applied competence (practical, foundational and reflective competencies) of this qualification will be achieved if a learner is able to achieve all exit level outcomes of the qualification as per the rules specified.
Applicable critical cross field outcomes must be assessed during any combination of practical, foundational and reflexive competencies. Assessment methods and tools used must determine the whole persons development and integration of applied knowledge and skills.
Certain exit level outcomes are measurable and verifiable through assessment criteria assessed in one application. Applicable assessment tools to assess the foundational, reflective and practical competencies within the power plant operations environment.
A detailed portfolio of evidence is required of the practical, foundational and reflective competencies of the learner. Assessors and moderators should develop and conduct integrated assessment by making use of a range of formative and summative methods.
Assessors should assess and give credit for the evidence of learning that has already been acquired by Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) through any form of learning.
Unit standards associated with this qualification must be used to assess Specific and Critical Cross-Field Outcomes. During integrated assessment, the assessor should make use of formative and summative assessment methods and should assess combinations of practical, foundational and reflective competencies.
Assessment criteria for formative assessment are described in the various unit standards. Formative assessment takes place during the process of learning and assessors should use a range of appropriate assessment methods and tools that assess competence holistically.
These methods include but are not limited to the following: On-the-job observations. Role-play and/or simulations. Knowledge tests, exams, case studies, projects, logbooks, workbooks. Verbal report backs (presentations). Portfolios of Evidence (RPL). Working in teams (360 degrees evaluations). Scenario sketching Incident reports.
The assessment tools and methods used by the assessor must be: Fair, not to hinder or disadvantage the learner in any way, Valid, to measure what is intended to measure, Reliable, consistent and delivers the same output across a range of learners and assessors.
Summative assessment is carried out at the end of each meaningful competence level achieved by the learner. A detailed portfolio of evidence is required to prove the practical, foundational and reflective competencies of the learner.
Assessors and Moderators:
Work place assessors should develop and conduct integrated assessments by using appropriate methods and techniques. Moderation to be done according to laid down requirements.
The Nuclear Power Plant qualifications are based on a study conducted by the Power Plant Standards Generating Body working groups on the qualifications available in various countries with leading power producers. From the countries reviewed it was concluded that the UK model (with minor changes) was the most applicable to the South African context and as such was used as the basis for these qualifications.
This qualification was further reviewed and developed taking into account the USA training programmes and content. A final review was done to ensure that it met the SAQA requirements for registration.
The USA has the most utilities and structured training programmes but they do not have a structured national qualifications network similar to the NQF, however, the same principles apply as far as analysis, design, development and evaluation of the training programs is concerned.
The USA nuclear industry standard is governed by the NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission). The standard of training is ensured by accrediting all training programmes to requirements as set out and evaluated by Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). The Systematic Approach to Training (SAT) is applied throughout all the US nuclear programmes resulting in a structured training curriculum (task list) consisting of main objectives and specific outcomes similar to the core and electives as laid out in this qualification.
The tasks are given a rating based on knowledge and ability required to perform the task and from this the frequency of the training is determined. The task list does not have credits coupled to the learning components.
INPO award accreditation status to a utility based on documented proof of the training programmes meeting the INPO standard. The accreditation status gets renewed every four years based on an evaluation report compiled by an audit team and presented at an accreditation board meeting. INPO award recognition to the candidates completing the nuclear training programmes in a similar fashion by awarding a certificate once an accredited programme is completed by a learner.
It can be concluded that although not the same, the INPO practices are similar to the principles applicable to this qualification.
The core elements are the same for a similar type nuclear facility. The main difference is seen in the elective and fundamental elements. Major differences noted are soft skills and generic fossil elements are not covered in the INPO task list. The USA takes credit for the elective and fundamental elements in the national education system.
Benchmark Matrix: Nuclear Power Plant Operations:
Internationally the USA has the most utilities and the best structured training programmes. It is recommended that the USA should be utilised as the main country to benchmark nuclear qualifications against. The main differences encountered were the fact that the USA does not have a National structured qualification framework similar to South Africa. The South African training programme content was developed, implemented and maintained in accordance with their nuclear training programmes. The programmes were found to be well developed and tested to meet the industry demand and SAQA requirements.
In terms of the qualification model completeness, the UK model was the one chosen and eventually used as the benchmark.
The role of Operator is defined as the person performing duties as a field operator. The role of Controller is the person controlling integrated, interrelated processes from a control room. The only country using the operator to perform maintenance duties is Germany. In the nuclear field the maintenance duties are normally not performed by the operating staff but by specialist maintenance personnel.
Qualifications obtained in this learning field for Nuclear, Fossil and Hydro Power Plants consist of five certificates, three diplomas and one first degree.
NQF/NVO levels and credits:
NQF Level 3 - 209 credits, NQF Level 4 - 293 credits and NQF Level 5 - 380 credits.
In South Africa with Eskom as the only Nuclear utility, Koeberg power station achieved a fully fledged INPO accreditation. Quality in terms of best practices is assured worldwide by the International Organisation, World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO).
In conclusion it was decided that in terms of the qualification model completeness, the UK model was regarded as the best to benchmark this qualification against, with the content of the United States of America (USA) qualifications also playing a prominent role in it.
|This qualification provides the learner with the flexibility to pursue different careers in the power generation industry. The level of flexibility within the range of elective utilities (hydro, nuclear, fossil and electrical control) will allow the individual to pursue further learning within those development areas.
This Qualification allows for both horizontal and vertical articulation.
Vertical Articulation can occur with:
Horizontal Articulation can occur with:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|The assessor must be:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|This qualification replaces qualification 23677, "National Certificate: Power Plant Auxiliary Systems Operation", Level 3, 122 credits.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||13962||Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding of The Organisation||Level 2||NQF Level 02||2|
|Core||13963||Demonstrate Knowledge and Understanding Towards Occupational health and safety Regulatory Requirements||Level 2||NQF Level 02||2|
|Core||13961||Demonstrate Knowledge and Use of Hand Operated Fire Fighting Equipment||Level 2||NQF Level 02||4|
|Core||10195||Apply Engineering Principles and concepts in a Power Generation Process Plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||10585||Describe bearing types, designs and application theories associated with process plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Core||10582||Describe lubrication methods and applications associated with process plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Core||14036||Describe plant instrumentation and process measurement used on Power Generation plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||10613||Describe power transmission designs and application theories associated with process plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||10587||Describe the working principle of compressed air systems associated with process plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Core||10598||Differentiate between valve designs and application theories associated with process plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Core||10488||Interpret liquid transfer theories in a process plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||14038||Interpret the operation of internal combustion engines used in power plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||114463||Operate Cooling Water Systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||11|
|Core||255974||Operate fire water systems on fossil power plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||13703||Perform operational communicational activities||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9010||Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Fundamental||9013||Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9012||Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||7456||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||114464||Operate nuclear reactor building air lock system||Level 2||NQF Level 02||2|
|Elective||14102||Apply Radiation Requirements for Activities in Radiologically Controlled Zones at a Nuclear Power Plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||14037||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of heat exchange equipment used in a process plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||13704||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Hydro power generation concepts and theories||Level 3||NQF Level 03||15|
|Elective||10522||Interpret solid transfer system theories in a process plant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||114462||Operate bulk flue gas conditioning systems on fossil fired steam generators||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||114458||Operate bulk fuel oil systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||14217||Operate Bulk Lubrication Oil Systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||114456||Operate coal handling systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||11|
|Elective||114465||Operate Compressed Air Systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||12096||Operate Demineralised Water Systems on Fossil Power Plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||12023||Operate hydrogen production plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||9|
|Elective||114459||Operate liquid petroleum gas systems on fossil power plants||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Elective||13712||Operate nuclear liquid waste monitoring and discharge systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||13711||Operate nuclear support plant gas production and supply systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||114455||Operate nuclear support plant steam production system||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||13959||Operate nuclear support plant system chlorination system||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Elective||114469||Operate Nuclear Support Plant Water Supply Systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Elective||13726||Operate support plant compressed air systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||13713||Operate Support Plant Water Supply Systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Elective||11957||Operate Waste Handling Systems Associated with Power Plant Processes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||16|
|Elective||13708||Apply engineering principles related to the operation of demineralisers and ion exchangers in nuclear power generating plant||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Elective||13707||Describe the operation and application of electrical equipment as required for nuclear power plant||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Elective||13725||Operate Support Plant Electrical Systems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||14113||Operate support plant fire extinguishing systems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
|1.||ESKOM DRANKENSBURG PUMP STORAGE (PEAKING)|
|2.||ESKOM INGULA PUMP STORAGE SCHEME (PEAKING)|
|3.||ESKOM KOMATI POWER STATION|
|4.||ESKOM KUSILE POWER STATIONS OPERATIONS|
|5.||ESKOM PALMIET POWER STATION (PEAKING)|