SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Create and maintain a recognised maritime picture 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244650  Create and maintain a recognised maritime picture 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Maritime Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who have completed the introductory courses to warship safety management and bridge watch-keeping within a naval context. These two qualifications are foundational for further progression as an officer into warship operations management, and ultimately to command and control in a maritime surface warfare environment.

This unit standard will give them the opportunity to develop and balance their practical skills in above and below surface sensors with the essential knowledge needed to integrate information and form the recognised maritime picture required for Warfare Operations Management.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Use a range of electronic devices and other resources to gather intelligence information.
  • Classify contacts as friendly, hostile or neutral.
  • Create an real time Recognised Maritime Picture.
  • Disseminate information for decision-making.
  • Evaluate the process of creating and maintaining the integrated picture. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in:
  • Communications at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematics at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria.

    The following scope and context applies to the whole unit standard:
  • Electronic devices include radar; sonar; IFF; EW, electro-optic devices.
  • Other resources include: signals, administrative orders, and instructions. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Use a range of electronic devices to gather intelligence information. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A range of electronic information gathering devices and other resources are directed to gather and integrate information to meet the intelligence requirements of the mission. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Each device is described with reference to its purpose, operation, capabilities and limitations and contribution to the integrated real maritime picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The capabilities and limitations of each device and/or source are factored into the interpretation of information received. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Measures and counter-measures to deal with enemy sensor systems are described with reference to own and enemy system capabilities, and prescribed procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Frequency band availability across the force is managed to optimize individual and force sensor effectiveness. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Personnel are directed so as to maximize skill and experience to the benefit of an effective situational picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Effects of neutral and electronically hostile environmental conditions are described with reference to the impact on data gathered capability and on the emerging picture. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Conditions include: weather, sea conditions, interference from other sensors.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Classify contacts as friendly, hostile or neutral. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Detection and classification activities are accurately located within the five phases of warfare, and described in terms of their importance for the success of the mission. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Phases are: planning; scouting; approach; combat; post-combat.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Own, enemy and neutral assets are described, classified and differentiated in terms of appearance, equipment, profiles and performance. Classification and differentiation is consistent with intelligence gathered in preparation for the mission. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Active and passive systems are used in the identification and classification of targets. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Cross-referencing of information is used to confirm initial detection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Detected contacts are classified in terms of predetermined identification criteria, in accordance with the rules of engagement. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Criteria include: speed, direction, route, time; formations and speeds; violent manoeuvres; hostile radar; visual identification.

    Criteria may be liberal or narrow depending on the rules of engagement.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The importance of positive identification is explained with reference to the combat phase of warfare, the element of surprise, and the possible consequences of incorrect identification. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Create a recognised maritime picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Machine to machine interface is managed so that relevant data from different component parts is delivered to the required destination to build or update the information display. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Emerging pictures from different sensor sources on own vessel are integrated into an overall situational picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The situational picture is supplemented and updated on an ongoing basis, in the light of information drawn from sources across the force. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Effects of equipment, environmental and operator limitations are factored into the construction of the picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Equipment is manipulated to provide the optimal picture within equipment limitations and factors impacting the picture quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Different sources are used to contrast and/or clarify the emerging picture, within established limits. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include: controllable forces (equipment, setting up of search radar, operating of the search radar, enemy counter-measures) and uncontrollable forces (weather, rain, snow, sand; salinity, barometric conditions, seismic activity, sea state, time of day).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Information is displayed in a sensible, de-cluttered and organised manner in the agreed format with the use of jargon, terms and symbols conforming to generally accepted naval use. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Disseminate information for decision-making. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The updated picture is communicated clearly and concisely to all affected personnel for decision-making purposes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The machine-to-machine interface is managed to ensure that weapon systems are programmed and positioned according to the requirements of the situational picture and mission objectives. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Interface includes: radar positioning; tracking for missile launch; tracking incoming threats.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Classification of contacts is consistent with information gathered during detection activities, and matches existing intelligence gathered on friendly and hostile forces during preparation and planning phases. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interpretation of information gathered is accurate in terms of the raw picture, and provides details of the type, behaviour and possible intentions of contacts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Type of contact includes: surface/air; friend/foe/neutral; shape; size.
  • Information includes: underwater: solid/non-solid contacts; differentiation between torpedoes, propellers, floating mines, drums, whales, and ocean noise, above water: ship contact - size, type; direction and speed; closest point of approach; other navigational hazards.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Combat information is relayed to own vessel and the force at large in accordance with established procedures for communication and in a format, which meets requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Own decisions and instructions are appropriate in terms of the designation of contacts, perceived threats, and responses required by the mission objectives, rules of engagement and current naval doctrine. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Evaluate the process of creating and maintaining the integrated picture. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Debriefing sessions are conducted in a positive and constructive manner. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information pertinent to the evaluation is gathered from all relevant sources and involved personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Personnel involved in creating and maintaining the integrated picture are debriefed in accordance with established naval debriefing procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The evaluation report produced complies with format and content requirements and is forwarded to the appropriate authority via approved channels. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Information relating to creating and maintaining the integrated picture is disseminated via approved channels to assist with refinement of equipment, responses and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Debriefs are conducted to validate and/or contribute to the development of effective training evolutions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredit as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies are specified otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • SOLAS Convention (specifically Chapter V).
  • STCW Convention (specifically Chapters II and VIII).
  • Merchant Shipping Notices.
  • Marine Radar Performance Specifications.
  • Automatic Radar Plotting Aids Performance Specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure that evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    The following particular issues should be taken into consideration when assessing against this unit standard:

    Every candidate for certification shall:
  • Be required to demonstrate the competence to undertake, at operational level, the tasks, duties and responsibilities listed in the STCW Code (Table A-II/1).
  • At least hold an appropriate certificate for performing VHF radio-communications in accordance with the requirements of the Radio Regulations.
  • If designated to have primary responsibility for radio-communications during distress incidents, hold an appropriate certificate issued or recognised under the provisions of the Radio Regulations.

    In addition, every candidate for certification shall:
  • Be required to provide evidence of having achieved the required standard of competence in accordance with the methods for demonstrating competence and the criteria for evaluating competence tabulated in STCW Code (Table A-II/1).

    Definition of Terms:

    Terms have been clarified as far as possible through the use of range statements. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58840   National Certificate: Submarine Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  64129   National Certificate: Warship Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.