SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Manage and conduct operations in a multi-threat environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244642  Manage and conduct operations in a multi-threat environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Maritime Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who have completed the introductory courses to warship safety management and bridge watch keeping within a naval context. These two qualifications are foundational for further progression as an officer into warship operations management, and ultimately to command and control in a maritime surface warfare environment.

This unit standard will give them the opportunity to develop and balance their practical skills with the essential knowledge needed to earn a formal qualification in Warfare Operations Management.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Support the command aim and priority.
  • Anticipate and develop responses to threats in a multi-threat environment.
  • Drive the combat direction organisation in a multi-threat environment.
  • Evaluate operations in a multi-threat environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in:
  • Communications at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematics at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Support the command aim and priority. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The command aim is clarified with the Commanding Officer, before communication to relevant officers in own team. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Communication to own team is clear, concise, and promotes effective information transfer as required to team members. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Own responsibilities for the support of the command aim for a particular mission are described and explained in specific, realistic and measurable terms. The explanation includes details of delivery of force capability and time parameters for delivery, in line with overall mission objectives. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Command aims are evaluated against key ship system capabilities and limitations, and contingencies and scenarios developed for possible breakdowns and/or damage sustained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Information demands are established, and information communicated to Command ensures that knowledge of the capacity of the vessel to deliver to the command aim is accurate and up-to-date at all times. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The vessel's fighting capability is evaluated and updated in the light of damage reports and damage control and repair operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Responses to threats and/or firing solutions for targets are made that are consistent with current capability and adjusted command aim. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Planning for joint maritime exercises and operations is thorough, and provides clear outlines for force preparation and assigns staff duties to those under tactical command. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Joint operations include:
  • Individual unit; force level (Red Lion); joint (includes other service arms); combined (includes foreign).
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Anticipate and develop responses to threats in a multi-threat environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Decisions on the viability of the vessel as a fighting force are consistent with available information on damage and/or expenditure of weapons and ammunition. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Recommendations to fight, move or float are in line with a realistic appreciation of current state of ship structures and systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Relevant SAN and multi-national publications for multi-threat environments are identified and described in terms of their content and the guidance provided for manoeuvring, coordinating and detaching forces to deal with multiple threats. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Knowledge of tactics, procedures and factors influencing procedures, promotes confident and effective responses to multiple threats. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Tactics and procedures are used alone or in combination to optimise the defensive and/or offensive responses. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Intelligence on possible threats is drawn from all relevant and available sources and provides comprehensive insight into enemy capability. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Intelligence includes information gathered throughout planning, scouting and approach phases.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Possible defensive responses are developed to multiple threats that are appropriate in terms of intelligence on enemy capability, as well as own current capability and state of readiness. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Options prioritise threats, and promote the safety of the main force by providing for long-range engagement, where possible. Priorities are: air, helicopters, submarines, surface.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Possible offensive options are developed in a multi-threat environment appropriate in terms of intelligence on enemy capability, as well as own current capability and state of readiness. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Options prioritise targets, and promote the safety of the main force by providing for long range strikes, where possible.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Preparation for the employment of naval gunfire in support of land operations is based on a clearly articulated fire mission. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Planning is done to provide for optimum deployment within considerations and limitations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Considerations and limitations include:
  • Own position; spotter position; platform stability; gun range; position of own forces; coastal features; weather; enemy forces.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
    Advice to Command is given that provides optimal response options in terms of demands of the situation, vessel capability and naval doctrine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
    Options are prepared ready for execution. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Drive the combat direction organisation in a multi-threat environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Knowledge of force vessels and systems capabilities and limitations facilitates accurate, confident and effective decisions on defensive and offensive weapon and systems deployment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Options presented to Command and/or executed are appropriate to the fighting capability and manoeuvrability of own vessel and consorts, and optimise weapons delivery for defensive and offensive purposes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Communication and interaction is performed with personnel in the combat organisation clear, decisively and calmly to promote the confidence and trust of personnel in command structures, and the effective use of their equipment in a coordinated effort. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Stress levels of the team are monitored carefully to ensure the optimum functioning of the team. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Team members are replaces and/or rotated as required to maintain overall effectiveness. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Interpersonal skills are employed effectively to promote team effectiveness and cooperation, and limit dysfunctional conflict. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Dysfunctional conflict includes:
  • Inter-personal conflict; gender conflict; breakdown of relationships.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Situational awareness throughout the combat period enables effective tracking of multiple threats to the force, and coordination of responses from multiple assets across the wider force. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The ship's sensors, weapons and defence systems are coordinated in the multi-threat environment towards achieving the battle aim. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The vessel's fighting capability is evaluated and updated on an ongoing basis and responses to threats and/or firing solutions for targets are consistent with current capability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Decisions are taken on the viability of the vessel as a fighting force using available information on damage and/or expenditure of weapons and ammunition. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Evaluate operations in a multi-threat environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Debriefing sessions are conducted in a positive and constructive manner. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information pertinent to the evaluation is gathered from all relevant sources and involved personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Personnel involved in operations in a multi-threat environment are debriefed in accordance with established naval debriefing procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The evaluation report produced complies with format and content requirements and is forwarded to the appropriate authority via approved channels. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Information relating to operations in a multi-threat environment is disseminated via approved channels to assist with refinement of equipment, responses and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Debriefs are conducted to validate and/or contribute to the development of effective training evolutions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredit as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies are specified otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • SOLAS Convention (specifically Chapter V).
  • STCW Convention (specifically Chapters II and VIII).
  • Merchant Shipping Notices.
  • Marine Radar Performance Specifications.
  • Automatic Radar Plotting Aids Performance Specifications.
  • Reports of Courts of Marine Enquiry relevant to safe navigation.
  • Marine Accident Investigation Bureau reports relevant to safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure that evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    The following particular issues should be taken into consideration when assessing against this unit standard:

    Every candidate for certification shall:
  • Be required to demonstrate the competence to undertake, at operational level, the tasks, duties and responsibilities listed in the STCW Code (Table A-II/1).
  • At least hold an appropriate certificate for performing VHF radio-communications in accordance with the requirements of the Radio Regulations.
  • If designated to have primary responsibility for radio-communications during distress incidents, hold an appropriate certificate issued or recognised under the provisions of the Radio Regulations.

    In addition, every candidate for certification shall:
  • Be required to provide evidence of having achieved the required standard of competence in accordance with the methods for demonstrating competence and the criteria for evaluating competence tabulated in STCW Code (Table A-II/1).

    Definition of Terms:

    Terms have been clarified as far as possible through the use of range statements. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64129   National Certificate: Warship Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  58840   National Certificate: Submarine Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.