SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14918  Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide a conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those entering the workplace in the area of systems development
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • describe problem analysis and program design techniques
  • describe different data representations used in computer programs
  • describe basic programming principles
  • described the principles used in designing a computer program
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having the prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End User Computing unit standards up to Level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe problem analysis and program design techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description provides an appreciation of the steps and techniques of program maintenance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Understand problem, devise plan, carry out plan, review solution, apply change, test & implement.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different problem analysis techniques (at least 2). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem definition, Hierarchical (Top-Down) approach, Stepwise refinement, Modularity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies different programming design techniques. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Flow charts, Structured use of language (Pseudo code).
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe different data representations used in computer programs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes between different numeric data types (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal, Octal.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different logical data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Numeric, Alphabetic, Alpha numeric, Boolean
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes between different internal representations of data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bit, Byte, Word.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description identifies different logical operators. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    4. And, Or, Not.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the basic principles of Computer Programming. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies different algorithmic structures of programming languages. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sequential, Selection, Loops.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies good program documentation principles (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    General readability, Meaningful variable names, indentation, program comments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies programming quality assurance (QA) principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Syntax checking, Test data & test plan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description distinguishes between validation and verification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The description explains the relationship between files, records and fields. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the principles used in designing a computer program. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies methods of specifying problems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    program structure diagrams, decision trees, decision tables, use cases, pseudo code.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description explains techniques used to research problems in terms of inputs and outputs. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    HIPO, Object-event diagrams, UML actors.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description includes an evaluation of the viability of developing computer programs to solve problems and it identifies the issues in assessing the viability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description explains the features of a computer program that could solve a given problem. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Batch/online, User Interface Type, Keyboard/mouse driven.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authoriy (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but are not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but are not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify, solve problems and make decisions in relation to the current systems development environments. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and or language skills in the modes of oral and/ or written persuasion when engaging with systems development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • Structured use of language and pseudo code have equal meaning
  • Where not specified otherwise, all options in the range statement must be covered to confirm that a learner is competent in the specific outcome

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):Systems Development 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49627   Further Education and Training Certificate: e Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  20184   National Certificate: Banking  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  BANKSETA 
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy of Training and Development 
    2. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    3. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    4. Act of Grace 97 
    5. Added Advantage Academy (Durban) 
    6. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    7. Affirmations Training 
    8. All Connections cc 
    9. Amitek Business College 
    10. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    12. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Aspirations Communication Training CC 
    14. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    15. AUM IT Solutions 
    16. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    17. Beth Horner & Associates 
    18. Birnam Business College (Pty) Limited 
    19. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    20. Broadband College of Technology 
    21. BTC Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    23. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    24. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    25. Certified Workforce Trainers cc. 
    26. Claas Illustration 
    27. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    29. CompEd IT Training 
    30. Competence computer and business management 
    31. Compuscan Academy 
    32. CTU Training Solutions 
    33. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    34. Daily Training Cc 
    35. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    36. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    37. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    38. Eagle Computer Training 
    39. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    40. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    41. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    42. Elangeni Training Institute 
    43. Fakazani Management Services 
    44. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    46. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    47. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    48. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    49. Gauteng College of Engineering and Technology (PTY) LTD 
    50. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    51. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    52. Goldfields TVET College 
    53. Goodwill Institute Of Technology 
    54. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    55. Hazyview Computer College 
    56. Hectic Productions cc 
    57. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    58. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    59. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    60. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    61. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    62. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    63. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
    64. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    65. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    66. Kezla Investments 
    67. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    68. Kumani Computer College 
    69. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    70. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    71. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    72. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Loja Trading cc 
    74. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    75. Malope IT Solutions 
    76. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    77. Mash Computer Training 
    78. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    79. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    80. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    81. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    82. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    83. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    84. National Computer College Carletonville 
    85. National Computer College Cc 
    86. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    87. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    88. Nedbank Ltd 
    89. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    90. New Era Computer Training Centre (Hidobyte CC) 
    91. Ngubeni Corporation 
    92. Ntamunde Investment 
    93. Ocule IT cc 
    94. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    95. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    96. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    97. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    98. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    99. Protech Business and Computer College Pty Ltd. 
    100. Qhakaza Management Services 
    101. Rand Training College 
    102. Reaithuta Computer Academy 
    103. Regent-Comp 
    104. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    105. Sankin Computer Training Pty Ltd 
    106. Sebata Municipal Solutions (Pty) Limited 
    107. SEDIBENG 
    108. Setlagole Telecentre 
    109. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    110. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    111. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    112. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    114. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    115. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    116. Star Light Consulting 
    117. Success Christian Training Centre 
    118. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    119. Terry Computer Services cc 
    120. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    121. Tira Telecoms 
    122. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    123. Tshwane College of Commerce and Computer 
    124. Tumelo Education and Training 
    125. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    126. Umbuso Training Services (Pty) Ltd. 
    127. Vukani Solutions 
    128. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    129. Waterberg TVET College 
    130. Whitestone College 
    131. Y2K COLLEGE 
    132. Zealot Business College cc 
    133. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.