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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe chemical process operations and related process chemistry and technology used in the chemical industry 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14779  Describe chemical process operations and related process chemistry and technology used in the chemical industry 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This standard is aimed at people who work in or intend to work within a chemical industry in general and as applied in a specific chemical environment.

Those learners who acquire the outcomes of this standard will know about and be able to describe chemical process operations and related process chemistry pertaining to the specific site where learning takes place (workplace/living environment) and in the chemical industry

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Describe the role of the chemical industry
  • Demonstrate an understanding of a chemical process operation
  • Identify physical & chemical principles that enable the process to occur
  • Explain how the principles influence the process 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence against numeracy and literacy at ABET Level 3 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • The purpose of chemical operations include processing, manufacturing and distribution to provide a desired product of added value for a customer
  • The variety of chemical operations includes petroleum, base, speciality, glass, fast moving consumables fertilizers, explosives and pharmaceuticals
  • Types of chemical operation include large, medium & small and operations that are classified in accordance with types of chemical used (raw materials), produced (products) and the types of equipment and technology used.
  • The impact of the industry includes financial considerations, social considerations, and environmental impact
  • Principles relevant to a chemical process include the three states of matter (solid, liquid, gas), changes between the three of states of matter and conservation of matter, energy related to the changes of matter (potential, chemical, kinetic, electrical, heat), conversion and conservation of energy.
  • Technical features relating to the principles include size (quantity, work done/ power), chemical (acids, bases, organic, inorganic, metallic substances, combination of elements and reactions, light (reflection parallax, shadows as relevant to safety and reading instruments) and electricity (use of alternating and direct current).
  • Process-variables include pressure, temperature, concentration, quantities used, rate of processing, volumetric, flow and chemical composition
  • Units of measurement needed to describe process variable in accordance with the metric system and any other system used in the specific process where learning takes place
  • The significance of units of measurements includes size and dimensions of measurements
  • The impact of process-variables include both positive and negative consequences and is limited to a single process-variable change at one time 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the role of the chemical industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The concept of processing substances to produce products is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The variety of chemical operations is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Types of chemical operations are stated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The impact of chemical operations is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of a chemical process operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The purpose of a chemical process operation is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The start, steps (unit operations) and end of the chemical process are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The equipment used to achieve steps of the process is identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The state of matter, change of state and the conservation of matter are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The significance of the chemical process is described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify physical/chemical principles that enable the process to occur. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Scientific principles that underpin or influence the changes achieved in the steps of the process are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Scientific principles that underpin or influence the operation of equipment used are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Principles identified are described using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Units of measurement are used to describe quantities of material, energy, processed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Significance of units of measurement used the process are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain how the principles influence the process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The changes of process-variables (parameters that can vary in a step of a process) are identified in broad terms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Changes of the process variables are broadly related to appropriate scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Changes of the performance of the total process are explained in terms of the process-variables identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Limits of the process-variables are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The importance of carrying out each step of the process within the limits identified is explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The Educational Training Quality Assurance Body (ETQA), for the Chemical Industry in consultation with GEN/FETQA will accredit providers offering learning towards this standard and will register assessors. They will also appoint the internal and external moderators. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Units of measurements
  • The purpose of chemical process operations and related activities
  • The sub-sector or workplace specific process
  • Industry specific terminology associated with appropriate process and equipment
  • Operating principles of appropriate equipment
  • Working principles of appropriate equipment
  • Variables associated with to physical / chemical occurrences that take place in a chemical operation
  • Scientific principles relating to matter, mechanics, light, chemistry, electricity as applicable in chemical processing 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems relating to scientific and technological principles applied in the working environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities in applying principles to the safe and efficient use of technology to achieve intended results. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information in order to reconcile the information gained from working environment with scientific principles. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate technical language and terminology that ensures efficient communication in the working environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others during the application of science and technology in a highly technical and potentially hazardous industry. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the chemical working environment as a set of related systems by identifying principles and the effect of variables. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    For the purposes of this unit standard a chemical process operation is understood to be a situation where chemical activities of adequate complexity to enable workplace learning as described above to take place.
    Where appropriate to achieve the desired outcomes additional knowledge relating to matters such as the periodic nature of elements (groups and periods), periodic table (first twenty elements) maybe included in the learning process. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Fundamental  22865   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-10-09  Was CHIETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    2. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    3. Further Education Trade Training 
    4. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    5. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    6. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    7. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    8. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    9. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    10. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    11. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    12. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    13. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.