SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based database application to solve a given problem 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117927  Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based database application to solve a given problem 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Computer Sciences and Information Systems 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
7576  Demonstrate the ability to use a database for business purposes  Level 3  NQF Level 03   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for people who need to plan, produce, use and databases to solve problems using a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based database application either as a user of computers or as basic knowledge for a career needing this competency, like the ICT industry. People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Prepare a database to provide a solution to a given problem.
  • Create a data entry form for a new database table to solve the given problem.
  • Retrieve information from a database.
  • Sort data in a database query.
  • Create a report for a database table.
  • Perform advanced print options for a database.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit standard is calculated assuming a person is competent in:
  • Mathematical literacy and communication skills at least at NQF level 3.
  • Use generic functions in a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-environment (ID 117902 - NQF level 1).
  • Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based database application to work with simple databases (ID 116936 - NQF level 3). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Any database application that operates in a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based environment.

    The database being worked with in this standard is to include, but is not limited to:
  • Two related tables, two select queries (one or more Boolean), one update query (apply a filter and find a record that is to be updated), one report which includes both sections and section totals, forms, and appropriate formatting. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare a database to provide a solution to a given problem. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A working plan is developed to meet the requirements of a supplied brief. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The plan identifies the purpose of the database. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The plan includes a basic outline of the database specifications and/or features required to provide a solution, with reasons for choices made. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Create database tables and data entry forms to solve the given problem. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    One or more database tables are created to solve the given problem. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    At least 5 fields are included in one of the database tables created. The table definition data types needs to include at least the following: text, numeric, date, currency.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A form is created for each database table. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Formats of form fields are modified. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Font style, size and colour, background colour.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A header is added to a form. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A footer is added to a form. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Fields of the form are re-arranged. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A data entry form is saved and closed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Data is entered into a database table using the form. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    A data entry form is deleted. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Retrieve information from a database by applying a filter. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Filter, Query. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A filter is applied to the database table to filter out specific records. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Filter by selection, excluding selection, input, form, form window.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Remove a filter. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Create queries to select specific records to be extracted from a database table. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Single-field query, multi-field query, using the toolbar, using a wizard.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Retrieve information by running a query. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A query is saved. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Modify an existing query. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A field is added to a query. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    A field is removed from a query. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Fields in a query are hidden. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Sort data in a database query. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Ascending, descending. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Query data is sorted. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Create a report for a database table. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A report is designed to address the requirement of the given problem. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A report is created that meets the design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A report is modified. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Header, Footer, font (size, type, colour).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Data is grouped in a report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A selection is resized in a report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    A report is saved. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A report is deleted. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Perform advanced print options for a database. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A database form is printed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A query result is printed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A database report is previewed to check that the presentation is in accordance with the given specification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A database report is printed. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programmes of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of the country operating in, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
  • Performance of all elements is to be completed within the normal range of time and cost that would be expected in a professional environment (e.g. In a commercial or government organisation). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by using a database application to address a given business problem. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively by using a database application to organize information into tables, rows and columns for a specific purpose. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information by using a database application to organize and capture information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when engaging with the subject by using a database application to organize information into tables, rows and columns for a specific purpose. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by using a database application effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has replaced 7576, which was "Demonstrate the ability to use a database for business purposes", Level 3, 5 Credits.

    Supplementary Information:

    Definitions:
  • Database - in this standard the term database refer to a database that contains data in tables, records and fields that relate only to each other, within the same database file, and do not relate to other databases or tables within other databases.
  • A "simple user document" - in this standard this term includes a short description of the purpose of the database, and how to use the database.

    Assessor Notes:

    a. Learners are required to plan, produce, use and evaluate a database to provide a solution to a given problem. The problem may be either part of the learner`s employment tasks (in the case of workplace assessment) or be a set exercise.

    b. The simple user document must be provided to the candidate being assessed, with a clear description of both the desirable outcomes sought and the constraints to be met by the solution. It contains detailed specifications against which the success or otherwise of the database can be evaluated. For the purpose of this unit standard the simple user document can be either created as part of the candidates employment (in the case of workplace assessment) or in response to a set task.

    c. The supplied brief must incorporate requirements to ensure that all assessment criteria are met.

    d. GUI functions like printing, using a pointing device and using the HELP facility are covered in a generic unit standard (ID 117902) and should be assessed as part of the mentioned standard.

    e. Possible laws applicable to this standard could include acts like Access to Information Acts; Copyright Acts, Constitution of the Country being assessed in.

    Abbreviations:
  • PC - Personal computer.
  • CD - Compact disk.
  • GUI - Graphical User Interface. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49627   Further Education and Training Certificate: e Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Elective  58375   National Certificate: Bookkeeping  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  FASSET 
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  57879   National Certificate: Manufacturing of Surface Coatings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  CHIETA 
    Elective  50479   Further Education and Training Certificate: Advertising  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  58376   Further Education and Training Certificate: Bookkeeping  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  FASSET 
    Elective  61450   Further Education and Training Certificate: Film and Television Production Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  77963   Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining/Exploration Geology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  73298   Further Education and Training Certificate: Photography  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  50329   Further Education and Training Certificate: Radiation Protection  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Elective  58337   Further Education and Training Certificate: Trade Union Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  61349   National Certificate: Heritage Resource Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  59387   National Certificate: Intellectual Property Administration  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  57631   National Certificate: Radiation Protection  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    2. Academy Training Group 
    3. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    4. Action for Blind and Disabled 
    5. Action4 
    6. Affirmations Training 
    7. Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Afrika Tikkun NCC 
    9. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality (Pty) Ltd 
    10. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    11. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Amilak Training Center 
    13. Angie Technologies 
    14. Answer The Call Skills and Entrepreneurship 
    15. ASMO INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS AN 
    16. Aspirations Communication Training CC 
    17. Assured Vocational Skill Institute 
    18. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    19. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    20. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    21. Balefile Trading and Services 
    22. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    23. BEE Clinic Pty Ltd 
    24. Bells Technical College 
    25. Birnam Business College (Pty) 
    26. BLC Entertainment 
    27. Bokamoso Skills and Economic Development Centre 
    28. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    29. Breakeven 59(PTY) Ltd 
    30. BTC Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    31. Business Optimization Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    32. Careers IT 
    33. CENTRE FOR EXCELLENCE & PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 
    34. CHILI PEPPER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS 
    35. Claas Illustration 
    36. Clean Heat Academy 
    37. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    39. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    40. COMPUSTEPS COLLEGE (PTY) LTD 
    41. CSL Accountants 
    42. CTU Training Solutions 
    43. CYBAX SYSTEMS 
    44. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    45. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
    46. DC Academy (PTY)LTD 
    47. Decade Pulse (Pty) Ltd 
    48. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    49. Delight Computer Training 
    50. DITSELA WORKERS EDUCATION INSTITUTION 
    51. Eagle Computer Training 
    52. Eagle High IT Training 
    53. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    54. ED-U Options Academy 
    55. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    56. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    57. Elangeni Training Institute 
    58. Elchees Software Solutions 
    59. ELIJAH BARAYI MEMORIAL TRAINING CENTRE 
    60. Emalahleni Institute of Techno 
    61. Enter on Stilts 
    62. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    63. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    64. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    65. FILM Mentorship & Training SA 
    66. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    67. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    68. Fourways Private College 
    69. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    70. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    71. Gert Sibande FET College 
    72. Gigimo Tourism Academy 
    73. Global Institute for Capacity 
    74. Greater Tzaneen Community Foundation 
    75. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    76. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    77. HAVOHEJ CONSULTANCY 
    78. Hazyview Computer College 
    79. Hectic Productions cc 
    80. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    81. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    82. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    83. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    84. iCollege College 
    85. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    86. Ikusasalethu Youth Development Project NPC 
    87. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    88. Imbizo Training and Development Consultants Cc 
    89. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    90. Inqubeko Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    91. IT Academy 
    92. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    93. Iyam Training Services 
    94. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    95. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    96. K Centre Business Enterprise (PTY) LTD 
    97. Keep The Dream 285 
    98. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    99. KN Training Specialist 
    100. KT Mobile Services 
    101. Kundani Trading 
    102. L and P Computer Academy Pty Ltd 
    103. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    104. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    105. LINDAMAHLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (PTY) LTD 
    106. Loomee Group 
    107. LYFE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES (PTY) LTD 
    108. Makhophila Training 
    109. Malope It Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    110. Masakhane Training and Consult 
    111. Mash Computer Training 
    112. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    113. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    114. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    115. MND Training and Projects 
    116. Mogapi Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    117. Moripe Business Training and C 
    118. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    119. Motheo Training Institute Trust 
    120. Motlhamme Executive Management 
    121. Movietech Film and Television College 
    122. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    123. MP Avuxeni Computer Academy 
    124. Mpande Technologies cc 
    125. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    126. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    127. Musengavhadzimu Media 
    128. Natfin Holdings Pty Ltd 
    129. NBC Technologies 
    130. NCC - Vereeniging 
    131. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    132. Ndulita Solutions 
    133. New Era Computer Training Centre (Hidobyte CC) 
    134. New Link Computer Skills 
    135. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    136. Ntamunde Investment 
    137. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    138. NW Avuxeni Computer Academy 
    139. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    140. Nyathela Business College 
    141. Nyelati Trading Enterprise 
    142. OL Afrika Media 
    143. Olrich Home of Technology 
    144. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    145. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    146. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    147. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    148. Peo Entle HIV Wellness Management and Youth Skills Development NPO 
    149. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    150. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    151. Posh Multimedia 
    152. Presentation Software Training 
    153. Pretoria Technical College 
    154. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    155. Progressive School of Business 
    156. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    157. PRX SCHOOL TEST 
    158. QUALITATIVE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS 
    159. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    160. Ramotec Business College 
    161. Rand Training College 
    162. Redefine Human Capital (PTY) L 
    163. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    164. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    165. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    166. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    167. Sebenzisanane Human Capital 
    168. SED Computer Academy 
    169. Sesk Facilitation Development (PTY) LTD 
    170. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    171. Sisekelo Sustainability Institute 
    172. SIYAFUNDA COMMUNITY TECHNOLOGY CENTRE NPC 
    173. SOUTH AFRICAN CORPORATE TRAINING ASSOCIATION (PTY) LTD 
    174. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    175. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    176. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    177. Success Christian Training Cen 
    178. Succinct Investments (Pty) Ltd 
    179. SUPREME ICT CONSULTANTS 
    180. Synergistic Covenant Network NPO 
    181. T Mabuya & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    182. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    183. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    184. Terrawood 
    185. Terry Computer Services cc 
    186. Thalita Koume Directions (Pty) Ltd 
    187. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    188. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    189. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    190. Titan Trade Technologies 
    191. Tlou Foundation College 
    192. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    193. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    194. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    195. TSP COLLEGE 
    196. TURFLOOP TRAINING SERVICES CC 
    197. Ubuhlanti Sances Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    198. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    199. Umbrella Training and Development 
    200. Umbusi Consulting Services 
    201. UTHINGO BRITE SERVICES 
    202. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    203. Visionary Skill Academy 
    204. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    205. Vukani Solutions 
    206. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    207. Waterberg TVET College 
    208. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    209. Whitestone College 
    210. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    211. Working Solution International 
    212. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    213. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    214. Yonet Training Academy 
    215. Youth Media Movement 
    216. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    217. Zealot Business College 
    218. Zikode Development Trust 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.