SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of Wide Area Computer Networks (WAN`s), comparing them with Local Area Networks (LAN`s) 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114061  Demonstrate an understanding of Wide Area Computer Networks (WAN`s), comparing them with Local Area Networks (LAN`s) 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended
  • To provide fundamental knowledge of the areas covered
  • For those entering the workplace in the area of Data Communications & Networking.
  • As additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered.

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain wide area computer networks (WAN`s)
  • Evaluate a wide area network (WAN)
  • Explain network administrationThe performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3).
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3.).
  • Describe data communications.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of local area computer networks, by installing a networked workstation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain wide area computer networks (WAN`s). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation identifies the components of a WAN and outlines their purpose. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Cables, cards, terminators, connectors, boot ROM, hubs, repeaters, servers. (at least 3).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation identifies the purpose of a WAN. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation identifies and compares WAN configurations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Star, Bus, Ring
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The explanation identifies and compares WAN protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Ethernet, TCP/IP, SNA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The explanation identifies and compares WAN transport media. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Twisted pair; Coaxial cable; Optic fibre; Wireless (at least 2).
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Evaluate a wide area computer network (WAN). 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Network must include multiple sites connected via circuit / packet switching. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The evaluation identifies the method of implementation of the WAN. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The evaluation distinguishes categories of the network components, their functions & examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hardware, software, communications media, carriers.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The evaluation identifies and explains features and constraints of the network from a functional perspective. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The evaluation assesses the suitability of the network for its use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The evaluation proposes and compares alternative network designs. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain Network Administration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation identifies the tasks involved and outlines their requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Technical control, performance monitoring.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation outlines, for a range of factors, how response times are affected. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Speed of devices, bandwidth, routing, queuing, processing time, priorities at host and nodes, message size.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation outlines the principles of network interconnections. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Inter-network protocols, gateways.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The explanation outlines and explains network security administration procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Generation, encryption, keys, passwords, logs, audits.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Network administration documentation is completed. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but is not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of an organisation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:

    1. "LAN" refers to a single network of personal computers within the same areasuch as an office or building.
    2. "WAN" refers to a network of computers that are physically remote from eachother and are connected via third party data communication carriers.
    3. "Current Industry Practice" refers to a practice used and recommended by anan organisation involved in the computer industry.
    4. Where not specified otherwise, all options in the range statement must be covered to confirm that a learner is competent in the specific outcome.

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
    Computer Operations. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  83446   National Certificate: Electronics  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  48573   National Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Support  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  60549   National Diploma: Aeronautical Information Management Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
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    2. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    3. Academy of Training and Development 
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    5. Advanced Assessments and Train 
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    8. Afrika Tikkun 
    9. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    10. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Amilak Training Center 
    12. Angie Technologies 
    13. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    14. APEXEA 
    15. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    16. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    17. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    18. Atvance Academy Pty Ltd 
    19. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
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    37. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
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    39. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
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    41. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    42. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    43. Elchees Software Solutions 
    44. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    45. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    46. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    47. Facilitation Development (PTY) LTD 
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    49. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    50. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Fourways Private College 
    52. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    53. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    54. Gauteng City College 
    55. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    56. Geeks4learning (Pty)Ltd 
    57. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    58. Gert Sibande FET College 
    59. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    60. Global Institute for Capacity 
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    62. Greenview Training and Development Skills Centre 
    63. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    64. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    65. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    66. Heartlines College 
    67. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    68. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    69. Icebolethu Academy 
    70. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    71. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    72. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    73. InfinityTraining Solution Pty Ltd 
    74. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    75. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
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    78. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    79. Isivande Projects 
    80. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    81. iStudent Academy 
    82. IT Academy 
    83. IT Labs Consulting 
    84. Ithemba IT Solution 
    85. ITI 
    86. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    87. Jonda Learning Academy 
    88. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    89. Kgolo Institute 
    90. Khulisa Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    91. KT Mobile Services 
    92. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
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    94. Learning Exchange Pty (Ltd) 
    95. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    96. Lephalale Business & Technical 
    97. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    98. Limptech Computer Training 
    99. LINKINGNOTES 
    100. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    101. MASITHUTHUKE HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 
    102. Matiwane Computer Networks (Pty) Ltd 
    103. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    104. Mecer Inter-ED 
    105. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    106. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    107. MND Training and Projects 
    108. Mo Afrika Ithlokomele Education Projects 
    109. Mogapi Education Group 
    110. MOKALENG IT 
    111. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    112. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    113. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    114. Nashua (Pty)Ltd 
    115. Natfin Holdings Pty Ltd 
    116. NCC - Vereeniging 
    117. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    118. Netcampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    119. New Trend Computers cc 
    120. Nkoka Training Cc 
    121. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    122. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    123. Nyathela Business College 
    124. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    125. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    126. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    127. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    128. Petcon Capacity Building Solut 
    129. PHUTHUMA TEL PTY LTD 
    130. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    131. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    132. Pretoria Technical College 
    133. Progressive School of Business 
    134. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    135. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    136. QUALITATIVE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS 
    137. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    138. RAKGAKALA INSTITUTE OF EDUCATI 
    139. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    140. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    141. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    142. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    143. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    144. Sead Training and Learning Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    145. Sebata Municipal Solutions (Pt 
    146. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    147. SILVER SOLUTIONS 
    148. Siyafunda CTC 
    149. SM SAFETY AND TECHNICAL LEARNI 
    150. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    151. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    152. South African Business and Tec 
    153. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    154. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    155. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    156. Spina Consultancy 
    157. Staffing Logistics 
    158. Star Light Consulting 
    159. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    160. Successors Training Institute 
    161. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    162. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    163. T-SYSTEMS SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    164. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    165. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    166. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    167. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    168. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    169. Terry Computer Services cc 
    170. Thasullulo F.E.T College (Pty) Ltd 
    171. The Cyber Academy 
    172. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    173. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    174. Tholulwazi Training Institutio 
    175. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    176. TIC-IT Telecoms 
    177. Tinotel Communications 
    178. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    179. Titan Trade Technologies 
    180. Tlou Foundation College 
    181. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    182. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    183. TSP COLLEGE 
    184. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    185. Umbusi Consulting Services 
    186. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    187. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    188. Vee 
    189. Visionary Skill Academy 
    190. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    191. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    192. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    193. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    194. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    195. Whitestone College 
    196. Woosh Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    197. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    198. Working Solution International 
    199. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    200. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    201. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    202. Youth Media Movement 
    203. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    204. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.