SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the development of babies, toddlers and young children 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244484  Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the development of babies, toddlers and young children 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Early Childhood Development 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 05 - Education, Training and Development Early Childhood Development 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
13850  Facilitate active learning in ECD programmes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  30  Complete 
13851  Facilitate healthy development in ECD programmes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  14  Complete 
12835  Facilitate the learning and development of babies (0-24 months) in ECD settings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12  Complete 
12836  Facilitate the learning and development of toddlers (18-36 months) in ECD settings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12  Complete 
7405  Facilitating Creative Art Activities in ECD Programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
7404  Facilitating Language Development Bilingual/Multilingual ECD Programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
7402  Facilitating Learning Through Play  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12  Complete 
7403  Facilitating Learning Through Stories, Songs and Rhymes  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
12840  Include children experiencing barriers to learning and development in ECD settings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is for people who wish to enter or obtain recognition at an entry level of Early Childhood Development (ECD).

People credited with this Unit Standard are capable of:
  • Demonstrating knowledge and understanding of ways of seeing the development of babies, toddlers and young children.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the development of babies, toddlers and young children within each domain of development. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in Communication at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The term "established theories or literature" refers to theories recognised within the field, as well as established indigenous theories.

    Knowledge and understanding of child development is to be informed by own experiences as a child, own experiences with children, and recognisable "theories" e.g. socio-cultural, behavioural, neuroscience, maturation, attachment and/or theorists e.g. Piaget, Vygotsky, Freud, Erikson, Bandura, Skinner, Ainsworth and Mahler, etc.

    Although the stages referred to in this Unit Standard are not intended to be rigid, we might identify the following stages, with broad overlapping margins as follows:
  • Pre-birth.
  • Young babies.
  • Mobile babies.
  • 12 months - 30 months.
  • 30 months - 5 years.
  • 6 years - 9 years.

    "Domain" refers to:
  • Physical includes gross-motor and fine-motor development, health and nutritional status.
  • Cognitive and language development includes perceiving, remembering, conceiving, judging, reasoning, creativity.
  • Socio-emotional development includes attitudes, personal and social identity, autonomy, attachment, self concept, self esteem, feelings, self-control and relationships with others.

    "Special needs" could be in a variety of areas such as physical, social, psychological, environmental, gifted, disadvantaged, circumstances. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of ways of seeing the development of babies, toddlers and young children. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Own views about the meaning and use of key terms are compared to the views of others, showing how such views influence our ways of seeing and working with children. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Key terms include but are not limited to childhood, development, teaching, well-being, ubuntu and rights, etc.
  • "Views of others" refers to those in the immediate environment as well as a more global or international view.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different ways of seeing the development of young children are compared to highlight key similarities and differences in the theories. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Comparison should include at least two theories and own observations.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the development of babies, toddlers and young children within each domain of development. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Stages in the development of children in each domain are described in line with existing theories. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reference to existing theories is to be limited to key findings of theorists in relation to own observations of child development.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Factors that enable the development of children in each domain are identified in line with relevant existing theories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explanations of how gender, socio-economic background, age, environment and special needs impact on the development of children in each domain are consistent with established theories or literature and the principles of inclusion and anti-bias. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Descriptions are provided to show how development is shaped by socio-cultural influences. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Socio-cultural influences refers to beliefs, values and practices; inter-personal relationships; and relationships with the environment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Descriptions are provided to show how development within each domain is linked to and affected by development in other domains. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • This Unit Standard will be assessed by an assessor and moderated by a moderator, registered with the relevant accredited ETQA responsible for the quality assurance of this Unit Standard.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the appropriate quality assuring ETQA, or Learning Programme approval with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the quality assuring ETQA.
  • Verification (external moderation) of assessment and moderation by the provider, will be conducted by the relevant quality assuring ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant Qualification and the agreed ETQA policy and procedures.
  • An individual wishing to be assessed through RPL against this Unit Standard, may apply to an assessment agency or provider institution accredited by the relevant quality assuring ETQA, or by an ETQA that has a formal agreement/accreditation with the relevant quality assuring ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following areas of knowledge are embedded within the Unit Standard, and will be assessed directly via assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the given assessment criteria:
  • Theories of child development.
  • Domains of development. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
  • Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information in relation to the progress of children in relation to understanding of child development. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual and/or language skills when explaining and describing child development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of inter-related parts of a system, thus explaining the factors that impact on child development. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This Unit Standard replaces the following Unit Standards:
  • 7402: "Facilitating Learning Through Play", Level 2, 12 credits.
  • 7403: "Facilitating Learning Through Stories, Songs and Rhymes", Level 3, 8 credits.
  • 7404: "Facilitating Language Development Bilingual/Multilingual ECD Programmes", Level 3, 8 credits.
  • 7405: "Facilitating Creative Art Activities in ECD Programmes", Level 3, 8 credits.
  • 12835: "Facilitate the learning and development of babies (0-24 months) in ECD settings", Level 3, 12 credits.
  • 12836: "Facilitate the learning and development of toddlers (18-36 months) in ECD settings", Level 3, 12 credits.
  • 12840: "Include children experiencing barriers to learning and development in ECD settings", Level 3, 12 credits.
  • 13850: "Facilitate active learning in ECD programmes", Level 3, 30 credits.
  • 13851: "Facilitate healthy development in ECD programmes", Level 4, 14 credits.

    Glossary:

    Activities - refer to the active involvement of babies, toddlers and young children with a range of resources, materials and actions that contribute towards their development. This includes routine-based and play-based activities.

    Babies, toddlers and young children:
  • Babies - refers to an approximate range of 0-12 months, taking into account individual variations in development.
  • Toddlers - refers to an approximate range of 12-30 months, taking into account individual variations in development.
  • Young children - refers to an approximate range of 30 months to 5 years old, taking into account individual variations in development.

    Developmentally appropriate although it is accepted that there are multiple and contested ways in which the term may be used and understood, at its heart, "developmentally appropriate" is intended to convey the sense that children do develop in recognisable ways, even if at different rates and in line with different models of development. Hence, we may speak of something being developmentally appropriate if it meets the developmental needs of babies, toddlers and young children, supported by justifiable theories will inform the programme.

    Early Childhood Development (ECD) Service - the care, facilitation, observation, reporting and working with families and others in a variety of settings for the development of babies, toddlers and young children.

    Early Childhood Development (ECD) Settings - to any place where a child is or children are, including but not limited to Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres, institutions such as prisons and hospitals, and at home.

    Facilitate - means the use of a range of activities, all of which combine in various ways to contribute to the holistic development of babies, toddlers and young children.

    Framework - guidelines to outline the range of Early Childhood Development (ECD) services, programmes and legal, health and social practices.

    Inclusion - the inclusion of all children including those with special needs.

    Programme - refers to the routines or schedules that spell out the sequence of daily and weekly events. The schedules may be very loose or highly structured depending on context and preference. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58761   Further Education and Training Certificate: Early Childhood Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  67373   National Diploma: Orientation and Mobility Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 3 At Work Recruitment Agency 
    2. ABASUNGULI TRAINING SPESIALISTS (PTY) LTD 
    3. Access Employment Skills & Development Agency 
    4. Adelaine Training Solutions Pty Ltd 
    5. African Learning & Development Academy (Pty) Ltd (ALDA) 
    6. Amogelang Marketing and Training 
    7. Arden School of Management 
    8. Assessment & RPL College (Pty) Ltd 
    9. Avax Training & Development 
    10. Bangwaketse Trading and Projects 
    11. Barcor Learn to Earn cc 
    12. Bella Onke General Trading Pty LTD 
    13. Berry Rose Project Consultants & Service Providers 
    14. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events cc 
    15. Boitjhorisong Resource Centre 
    16. Bopaditshaba Community Project 
    17. BORDERGATE EVENTS MANAGEMENT AND PROJECTS 
    18. Brain Boosters Business Education (PTY) LTD 
    19. Brainwave Projects 1997 CC 
    20. Browers Entertainment 
    21. Caversham Education Institute 
    22. Changing Lives Community Development Training 
    23. COETZER FIRE SERVICES CC 
    24. Compass Academy of Learning 
    25. Custoda Trust 
    26. D M Management and Consulting 
    27. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
    28. DEVELO CC 
    29. Dintshang Trading 
    30. Directflo 
    31. Early Inspiration 
    32. Early Learning Foundation Montessori Teacher Training 
    33. Early Learning Resource Unit (ELRU) 
    34. EASTCAPE MIDLANDS COLLEGE BUSINESS UNIT (Uitenhage) (WA) 
    35. EBENEZER TRAINING HOUSE FOR EARLY LEARNING 
    36. Edu Experts SA 
    37. Edu P Earl Education For Practitioners in Early Childhood Development (Pty) Ltd 
    38. EDU-Bless College 
    39. Edu-Build Development 
    40. EDUTAK PRE-SCHOOL TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    41. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    42. Enjo Consultants 
    43. Environment and Language Education Trust 
    44. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    46. FALSE BAY TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING COLLEGE 
    47. Faranang Business and Training Solutions PTY(LTD) 
    48. Faranang Marketing 
    49. Future Performance Training and Development 
    50. Future-Teacher (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Gauteng Baobab Early Learning Training Programme 
    52. Golang Kulani ELC 
    53. Goldfields FET College 
    54. Gotsec Skills Training 
    55. Grassroots Adult Education and Training Trust 
    56. Greater Soweto Association for Early Childhood Development 
    57. GWALA TRAINING SERVICES 
    58. Haggai Contractors 
    59. Happy Day Training and Development Services 
    60. HOPE ACADEMIC AND SKILL CENTRE 
    61. ICM t/a Institute for Career Management 
    62. Igugu Training and Investments 
    63. Ikusasa Lothisha t/a ECD Training Provider 
    64. Institute of Professional Studies and Services 
    65. Isamon Integrated 
    66. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
    67. Isibani Skills Academy 
    68. Isibani Soluntu Development Trust 
    69. Itireleng Bokamoso Training and Development 
    70. Jabulani Training & Development 
    71. Josmap Training Institute 
    72. Kainav Conservation Global (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Karabo Info Centre and Trading 
    74. Katiso-kuno Consulting 
    75. Keetileafrika Training Institute 
    76. Keletsong Community Training & Resource Centre 
    77. Kgang-Kgolo Consulting 
    78. Khaas Training Academy 
    79. KHANIMAMBA TRAINING AND RESOURCE CENTRE 
    80. Khathazeka Ngentuthuko Constractors 
    81. Khululeka Community Education Centre 
    82. Kids Academy 
    83. Kitso Bokamoso Training Solution 
    84. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    85. Klein Karoo Resource Centre 
    86. KWAZULU NATAL EXPERIMENTAL COLLEGE 
    87. Lehlabile Emergency Institute 
    88. Leratham Supply Distribution and Enterprise 
    89. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    90. LESEDI EDUCARE ASSOCIATION 
    91. Letlhokoa Management Services CC 
    92. Li Lichule Trading cc 
    93. Little Elephant Training Centre For Early Educationt/a LETCEE 
    94. Loago Business Consulting 
    95. LVK Management Services 
    96. Lynne Hobbs cc 
    97. Mahube Skills Development Academy 
    98. Majahd Educational Services Multi-Purpose Primary Co-operative Limited 
    99. Mapheto Business Enterprises t/a MBE 
    100. Marematlou Training Institute 
    101. MASAKANE TRUST 
    102. MASIKHULE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT CENTRE 
    103. MATHS CENTRE INCORPORATING SCIENCES 
    104. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    105. MIDLANDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE 
    106. Mochochonono Training Solutions cc 
    107. Mondo Skills and services providers 
    108. Motheo Training Institute Trust 
    109. NATAL EARLY LEARNING RESOURCE UNIT TRUST 
    110. Ndoma Mathodi Trading Enterprise 
    111. Netgrow Training Solutions 
    112. Networx for Career Development 
    113. New Beginnings Training and Development Organisation 
    114. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    115. Noni Community Development 
    116. Northern Cape Urban College: Kimberley Campus 
    117. NORTHLINK COLLEGE 
    118. Northshore Trading 19CC t/a Makakhaunye Training and Development Agency 
    119. Nsovo Learning Academy 
    120. Ntataise Lowveld Trust 
    121. NTATAISE TRUST 
    122. Ntevho-Ketso Training and Recruitement Consultancy cc 
    123. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    124. Nyelati Trading Enterprise 
    125. Omphile Botshelo Trading 
    126. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    127. Organisation Test 1 
    128. ORT SA Cape Trust 
    129. PC Educational Holdings 
    130. Peddie Development Centre 
    131. Peddie Development Culture 
    132. Penreach 
    133. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd 
    134. PHAKAMANI AGENCY CC 
    135. PMA Holding (Pty) Ltd 
    136. PND Academy of Learning cc 
    137. POPUP UPLIFTMENT 
    138. PRO-ACTIVE PUBLIC SERVICES COLLEGE/PTY/LTD 
    139. Pro-Ed Training 
    140. PROFESSIONAL CHILD CARE COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    141. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    142. Rampadise Education Training & Development Centre 
    143. Realeboga Development Services 
    144. Realeboga-Bakubung Training and Development Agency 
    145. Reflections Development Institute 
    146. REGIONAL EDUCARE COUNCIL 
    147. Renaissance Training Services cc 
    148. Retshetse Training Project 
    149. Reyapele Human and Organisational Development 
    150. Rhodes University 
    151. Right 4 u College 
    152. Rinds Investment cc 
    153. Safe and Sound Learning Association 
    154. SANTS College 
    155. Siragelaphambili Abet Skills Development 
    156. Sisazi Consulting 
    157. SITHUTHUKILE TRUST 
    158. Siyahluma Education Institute 
    159. SIYATHELA EARLY LEARNING ASSOCIATION 
    160. Siyathuthuka Nursery School 
    161. South African Congress For Early Childhood Development 
    162. South African Guide-Dogs Association for the Blind 
    163. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL) 
    164. Southern African Youth Movement 
    165. Spotru Training Centre 
    166. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    167. Step Up Training and Skills Development (Pty) Ltd 
    168. Sustainability Institute Trust 
    169. T Mabuya & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    170. Takatso Educare Training and Development Services 
    171. Teachers Learning Centre PTY LTD 
    172. Tekollo Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    173. Tembe Service Providers 
    174. Tendazwau Trading 8 
    175. Thabelanang t/a Thabelanang Trading Enterprise 
    176. The Iscariota Group (Pty) Ltd 
    177. The Port Elizabeth Early Learning Centre 
    178. Thembekile training consulting 
    179. Thobologo Training and Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    180. THUKAKGALADI INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 
    181. THUSANANG TRUST 
    182. Thuto Adult Centre 
    183. Thuto Botshabelo Training Academy 
    184. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    185. Thuto-Botshabelo Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    186. Tiakeni Training Centre 
    187. TLHARIHANI TRAINING CENTRE (PTY) LTD 
    188. TLHOAFALO TRAINING CENTRE 
    189. TMG Quality Services 
    190. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    191. Training and Resources in Early Education (TREE) 
    192. Tshase Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    193. TSHEPANG EDUCARE TRUST 
    194. Tshepo Hope Consulting 
    195. Ubuntu Care and Development 
    196. Umthombo Wolwazi Training and Constructions 
    197. Unathi Training 
    198. UNIVERSAL COLLEGE OUTCOMES SA 
    199. VH Consulting 
    200. Vuselela FET College - Potchefstroom Campus 
    201. Winston Academy 
    202. WonderKids Academy 
    203. Wonderkids Montessori Training Centre 
    204. World Wide Education Providers(Pty)Ltd 
    205. Woz'obona Early Childhood Community Service Group 
    206. Wozabona Early Childhood Community Service Group 
    207. Yellow Media Publishers (Pty) Ltd 
    208. Zisize Educational Trust 
    209. Zuzulwazi Development 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.