SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Provide risk-based primary emergency care/first aid in the workplace 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120496  Provide risk-based primary emergency care/first aid in the workplace 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Occupational Health and Safety 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2015-07-01  2018-06-30  SAQA 10105/14 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2019-06-30   2022-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
116507  Explain the functional aspects of the human anatomy in the use of primary emergency care terminology  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 
12483  Perform basic first aid  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 
9965  Render basic first aid  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 
113929  Render basic first aid in an office workplace  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard will be useful for employees to enable them to provide primary emergency care (first aid) in response to an occupational risk induced or any health emergency in their specific workplaces.

Qualifying learners are able to:
  • Demonstrate the principles of primary emergency care.
  • Assess and control a single injury emergency scene in the workplace.
  • Demonstrate primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants.
  • Explain and manage shock.
  • Carry out secondary assessment of the sick or injured person and provide appropriate primary emergency care at the scene.
  • Keep records of the incident/accident. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or ABET Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1.

    In order for the learner to achieve this unit standard the learner must already be competent in:
  • Unit Standard ID 14656: "Demonstrate an understanding of sexuality and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS". 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard covers the recognition and management of the following range of emergencies for adults, children and infants according to current and accepted emergency care protocols and principles:
  • Emergency scene management.
  • Rescue breathing, CPR and choking for adults, children and infants.
  • Shock.
  • Bleeding and wounds.
  • Neck and spine immobilization and transportation.
  • Fractures and dislocations.
  • Burns.
  • Thermal stress.
  • Poisoning.
  • Medical emergencies. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate the principles of primary emergency care in the workplace. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    All health emergencies for people of all the ages. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The aims of primary emergency care are identified in the evidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Protection against further injury.
  • Preservation of life.
  • Promotion of recovery.
  • Prevention of injuries for people at any age.
  • Promotion of healthy lifestyles.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Personal protective devices and infectious disease prevention procedures (universal precautions), used during treatment of casualties, are identified and their purpose and application correctly described and demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Personal protective equipment must include; surgical gloves, mouthpieces/respiration devices.
  • Universal precaution procedures must cover the safe management of body fluid spills.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The medico-legal implications of primary emergency care are explained in terms of existing relevant legislation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Occupational health and safety legislation.
  • Common law principles.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Sustain a basic level of preparedness for health emergencies in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The content of the relevant primary emergency care/first aid kit is demonstrated in accordance with the current relevant legislation and associated regulations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The maintenance and storage of the relevant risk based primary emergency care kit is described and demonstrated where relevant in accordance with accepted workplace procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Assess and manage an emergency scene in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principles of emergency scene management are explained and demonstrated in accordance with current accepted emergency care practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Time limitations, golden hour concept, emergency rules.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The primary emergency care process is explained and demonstrated in accordance with current accepted practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Primary assessment.
  • Secondary assessment.
  • Continual care.
  • Recording and reporting.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Assistance is called for according to workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The emergency scene is assessed for safety risks and the specific workplace hazards managed according to accepted safety procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The initial scene assessment identifies emergency requirements and the scene is made safe according to accepted safety procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Triage and primary assessment is explained and demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Priority order must include: airways; breathing; circulation; internal and external injuries and/or medical conditions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Available resources are utilised to the benefit of the sick or injured person(s). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    First responders assigned tasks according to priority and sound primary emergency principles and suitable materials used.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Emergency services are activated according to workplace and area procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Secondary assessment is conducted according and managed according to current protocol. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Continual care is explained and demonstrated according to current protocol. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants according to current international protocols. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Appropriately sized manikins must be used for the purpose of this assessment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The choking person(s) are managed according to accepted protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Foreign bodies, strangulation, suffocation, asphyxia.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rescue breathing is explained and demonstrated according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Recovery position is appropriately utilized. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    One rescuer Cardio-Pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is explained and demonstrated with and without the use of barrier ventilation devices, according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Bleeding is controlled according to current protocols using direct pressure/bandages or suitable materials. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain and manage shock. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    General shock, Anaphylaxis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Shock is identified, explained and managed according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Anaphylactic shock is identified, explained and managed symptomatically according to accepted protocols. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Conduct secondary assessment of the sick and/or injured person and provide appropriate primary emergency care within the workplace. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The learner must be able to identify and manage injuries and/or illnesses specific to his/her particular workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Immobilisation and transporting techniques for persons with neck and/or spinal injuries are demonstrated according to accepted emergency and workplace protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Head injuries and levels of consciousness are recognised, monitored and managed according to accepted protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Fractures, dislocations and sprains immobilized in the position of most comfort to the affected person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Wounds are managed according to current accepted protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Amputations, abrasions, lacerations, punctures, embedded objects, gunshot wounds, hand and eye wounds, human/animal/marine/insect/reptile bites and stings.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Burn wounds are managed according to current accepted practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Classification, causes, infection control.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Thermal stress. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Febrile patient; hyper/hypothermia.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Poisoned patients managed according to current accepted protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Common and workplace accidental poisoning; overdose; animal/marine/insect/reptile bites and stings.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Illnesses common to the workplace are recognised and described according to current accepted practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, stroke, heart attack.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Keep records of the incident/accident. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The scenario and condition of the sick or injured person is communicated to the relevant receiving party during transferral and in accordance with current accepted workplace and emergency care procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The incident/accident is reported in accordance with current and accepted workplace procedures and policies. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Anyone assessing a candidate against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding exists with the relevant ETQA.

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding exists with the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The scope of practice of a first responder.
  • Patient consent and recording.
  • Primary and secondary assessment.
  • Principles of primary emergency health care.
  • Universal precautions regarding safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Specific management of sick or injured adults, children or infants in health emergencies. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems regarding the mechanisms of injuries and make decisions, using critical and creative thinking, regarding the prevention of complications, referral systems to use and the treatment to be provided with improvisation where equipment is unavailable. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a first response team, fires, fire services, ambulance and civil defence/disaster services. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage activities responsibly in respect of scene control, establishing the order of treatment (triage) and managing the first response team effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Assess, analyse and critically evaluate information with regards signs and symptoms and explain meanings and results. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations when managing the sick or injured person, the team and when reporting effectively to emergency health personnel indicates proficiency. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically with regard to information and communication systems used to mobilise the emergency services and correctly utilising available emergency equipment responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems as applied to the management of emergency situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standards:
  • 116507, "Explain the functional aspects of the human anatomy in the use of primary emergency care terminology", Level 2, 1 credits.
  • 12483, "Perform basic first aid", Level 2, 4 credits.
  • 9965, "Render basic first aid", Level 2, 3 credits.
  • 113929, "Render basic first aid in an office workplace", Level 2, 4 credits.

    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):

    This Unit Standard can be achieved in part, through recognition of prior learning. Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including previous current (within 2 year period) international or local primary emergency care/first aid qualifications, reports, testimonials, mentoring, functions performed, portfolios, work records and performance records. As such, evidence should be judged according to the general principles of assessment. Learners who have met the requirements of this Unit Standard may apply for recognition of prior learning to the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance (ETQA) body. The applicant must be assessed against the specific outcomes and with the assessment criteria of this Unit Standard.

    Special note:
  • This unit standard can be taken as an alternative to the unit standard: "Provide basic primary emergency care as a citizen first responder", as it builds on that unit standard within the workplace context.

    Credit justification:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes:

    > Activity:

    > Classroom learning: 16 Hours
    > Coaching, on-the-job/scenarios/roll plays: 28 Hours
    > Self directed learning: 6 Hours
    > Total: 50 Hours

    Credits achieved: 5 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  65789   National Certificate: Construction Plant Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  CETA 
    Core  71491   National Certificate: Equine Studies  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  58433   National Certificate: Fishing Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Core  96402   National Certificate: Hot Water System Installation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  74269   National Certificate: Occupational Health, Safety and Environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  65709   National Certificate: Construction: Steelwork  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  CETA 
    Core  72049   National Certificate: Pharmacist Assistance  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  71751   General Education and Training Certificate: Adult Basic Education and Training  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2018-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  66269   General Education and Training Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2018-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  78944   National Certificate: Autotronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  79408   National Certificate: Polymer Compound Manufacturing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  58577   National Certificate: General Security Practices  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  78323   National Certificate: Lamproom Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  79806   National Certificate: Occupational Hygiene and Safety  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  90656   National Certificate: Mine Ventilation  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  90655   National Certificate: Small Scale Mining  Not Applicable  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A&R ENGINEERING & MINING SUPPLIES PTY LTD 
    2. Aids Foundation of South Africa 
    3. Altra Medical Productions CC 
    4. Amandlolwazi Training Centre 
    5. AMJ Training (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Anglo American Platinum Limited - Mogalakwena Mining Training Centre 
    7. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    8. Applause Training 
    9. ASSMANG LTD 
    10. ASSOCIATED MANGANESE MINES OF SA LTD 
    11. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    12. BPC HR Solutions (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    13. Bravospace 139 cc T/A Metro Skills Academy (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    14. Chamdor Driver Training CC 
    15. Coalition Trading 1238 cc 
    16. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE 
    17. Concor Projects (pty) Ltd 
    18. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    19. DE BEERS CONSOLIDATED MINES 
    20. De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd - Kimberley 
    21. De Beers Voorspoed Mine 
    22. DEKRA Industrial (PTY) Ltd 
    23. DIMENSIONAL & EDU TRAINING 
    24. Dkj Paramedic College Cc 
    25. Dynamikos Training Network 
    26. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Charles Good Year Campus 
    27. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    28. Elizma Goltz 
    29. Emcare 
    30. ENB Training Service 
    31. Exxaro Coal Pty Ltd 
    32. Fundisa Zonke Training Academy 
    33. G T Training Service Provider 
    34. Glen Lilly Outsourcing Serviecs 
    35. HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LIMITED 
    36. Imperial Technical Training Academy (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    37. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    38. Ingelosi Trading 269 cc 
    39. Ingozi Medicals 
    40. Integral Risk Advisors cc 
    41. Kbc Health And Safety (PTY) Ltd 
    42. KUMBA IRON ORE (SISHEN) 
    43. Kumba Sishen HRD Centre 
    44. LICENCE WISE TRAINING SPECIALISTS 
    45. Lomkhethi Trading Enterprise 
    46. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    47. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    48. Mercedes Benz South Africa (Pty) Ltd (EAST LONDON) (TP) 
    49. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    50. MODIKWA PLATINUM MINE 
    51. MOOLMAN BROS CONST CO PTY 
    52. MPACT 
    53. MTL TRAINING AND PROJECTS 
    54. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION PTY LTD 
    55. NOMAKU TRADERS CC 
    56. NSA MultiServicers cc T/A Riverport SHE Training Academy (GONUBIE) (TP 
    57. Orbit FET College - Mankwe Campus 
    58. Palabora Copper Pty Ltd 
    59. PG BISON PTY (LTD) 
    60. Phiwokuhle Projects CC 
    61. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    62. PMC TRAINING CONSULTANTS AND ASSOCIATES (PTY) LTD 
    63. PRETORIA PORTLAND CEMENT CO_LTD (HEAD OFFICE) 
    64. Prisma Training Solutions 
    65. Protrain Solutions 
    66. PUTCO Limited 
    67. RISKCOM RCCT 
    68. SAMU Projects 
    69. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    70. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    71. Sgegede First Aid Training Cc 
    72. SIYEMBA MINING 
    73. SMC Mining and Drilling Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    74. Solly''s SkillsTraining Centre 
    75. South African Fire and Medical Academy ( SAFMA) 
    76. South African Fire and Medical Academy (SAFMA) 
    77. South African First Aid League 
    78. Thamali Trading Enterprise 
    79. The Order of St John for South Africa 
    80. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    81. Trainsure -Tsebo Traiding cc 
    82. Transvaal Training 
    83. TROLLOPE MINING SERVICES (PTY) LTD 
    84. VENETIA MINE 
    85. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    86. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C.C 
    87. Wilbran cc T/A Phoenix Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    88. X-Factor Safety Consultants 
    89. XSTRATA COAL 
    90. Xstrata South Africa t/a CHROME DIVISION-RUSTENBURG PLANT 
    91. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES (PTY) LTD 
    92. ZAAIMAN EXPLORATION DRILLING (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.