SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Apply a range of project management tools 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
10140  Apply a range of project management tools 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Project Management 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Project Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2005-02-09  2005-11-30  SAQA 1058/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2006-11-30   2009-11-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
120385  Apply a range of project management tools and techniques  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is a core standard and forms part of the qualification, National Certificate Project Management and is registered at Level 4 on the National Qualifications Framework. Learners accessing this standard will be involved in project management teams or involved in building small project management teams. These projects may be technical projects, business projects or developmental projects and will cut across a range of economic sectors. This standard will also add value to learners who are running their own business and recognise that project management forms an integral component of any business. Learners acquiring this standard will be able to demonstrate an understanding of project management tools and the use of a range of project management tools.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Demonstrating an understanding of project management tools.
  • Using a range of project management tools. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Learners accessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence against standards in project management practices or equivalent of NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Project level will include working as a leader in the context of a small project / sub-project involving few resources and having a limited impact on stakeholders and the environment or working as a contributing team member on a medium to large project when not a leader.
  • Projects will include all projects including technical, developmental and business related projects.
  • The range of project management tools will include: trade off analysis fundamentals (time, cost, performance), work breakdown structure, Gantt charts, network diagramming. Project tools will be limited to projects where only knowledge is required to support a project manager. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of project management tools. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. A range of tools used in project management is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Limitations of a project management tools are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Methods of executing a project are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. How tools can assist in executing a project are described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Use a range of project management tools. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Project management tools are used in accordance with established standards and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Outputs of project management tools meet individual, team and organisational needs/requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The Services SETA, Education Training Quality Assurance Body (ETQA) or the GENFETQA will accredit providers and assessors against this standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    A demonstrated understanding of:
  • The purpose of project management methodologies, tools and techniques
  • The use of various project management methodologies, tools and techniques
  • The various project management tools available.
  • The use of computerised tools for specific applications.
  • Project management processes, techniques, standards and procedures. 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Identify and solve problems relating to the use of a range of project management tools. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Communicate effectively when establishing information needs to support project management tools. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Use science and technology as project management tools. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 120385, which is ' Apply a range of project management tools and techniques ', Level 4, 7 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23433   Further Education and Training Certificate: Micro Finance  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2023-06-30  BANKSETA 
    Core  21160   National Certificate: Generic Project Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-04-10   
    Fundamental  49076   National Diploma: Organisational Transformation and Change Management  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  48884   Further Education and Training Certificate (FETC): Community Facilitation in Society and Environment Interactions  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Elective  61595   Further Education and Training Certificate: Business Administration Services  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  50081   Further Education and Training Certificate: Leadership Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 
    Elective  48664   Further Education and Training Certificate: Mail Supervision  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Elective  48666   Further Education and Training Certificate: Postal Frontline Service  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Elective  48909   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sanitation Project Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Elective  80946   National Certificate: Community Development  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  50205   National Certificate: Municipal Integrated Development Planning  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 
    Elective  48662   National Certificate: Postal Frontline Service Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ABA Sebenzi 
    2. Abetech 
    3. Abongile Computer Co-operative Limited 
    4. Academy of Training and Development 
    5. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    6. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    7. Addskills Computer Training 
    8. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    9. Affirmations Training 
    10. Africa Corporate Training Institute and HR Consulting 
    11. Africa Institute For Public Administration 
    12. AfroXpert Performance Developement cc 
    13. All Access Holdings 
    14. All Connections cc 
    15. ALMENTA 240 
    16. Amabamba Recruitment 
    17. Amadube Investments CC 
    18. AMANDLA OBUNYE TRAINING ACADEMY PTY LTD 
    19. Amitek Business College 
    20. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    21. Angie Technologies 
    22. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    23. Arise Business Centre 
    24. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    25. ASHIKA DEEPCHUND AND ASSOCIATES CC 
    26. Asiphokuhle Training and Research Institute 
    27. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS BLOEMFONTEIN 
    28. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    29. AUM IT Solutions 
    30. AURECON TRAINING ACADEMY 
    31. Awona Technologies cc 
    32. Ayandona Manufacturing and Distribution (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    34. Bantubanye Skills 
    35. Baobab Consulting and Training 
    36. Believers Care Society 
    37. Best Information Solutions 
    38. Beth Horner & Associates 
    39. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    40. Bokamoso Competence (Pty) Ltd 
    41. BOLAND COLLEGE 
    42. Bonalesedi Computer Training 
    43. Boston City Campus and Business College (PTY) Ltd 
    44. Boston Technology Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Break The Chains Development Services 
    46. Broadband College of Technology 
    47. Business Management Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    48. BW Khuzwayo Consulting CC 
    49. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    50. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    51. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    52. CB Willemse Training 
    53. CEDARS ACADEMY FOR TECHNICAL TRAININGPTYLTD 
    54. CENTRE FOR AFRICA CAPACITY BUILDING AND DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD 
    55. Centretech Broadcasting 
    56. Classic Human Capital Solutions 
    57. Clean Heat Academy 
    58. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    59. Come Again Printing Services cc 
    60. Commerce and Computer College of South Africa 
    61. CompEd IT Training 
    62. Competence computer and business management 
    63. Computer Technology Dev Institute 
    64. Continuing Education Programme 
    65. Cre8ive Organisational Development 
    66. Critical Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    67. CTC College(PTY) LTD. 
    68. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    69. Daily Training Cc 
    70. Damelin 
    71. Damelin Correspondence College (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Dean Institute Of Learning (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    74. Delcom Training Institute 
    75. Delight Computer Training 
    76. Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) 
    77. Didintle Training Services 
    78. DIGMAC PTY LTD 
    79. Dimension Development Network 
    80. Ditirelo Skills Development Services 
    81. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    82. Ditlou Solutions 
    83. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    84. Eagle High IT Training 
    85. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    86. EDU POWER SKILLS ACADEMY 
    87. Edutraining Business College 
    88. Egsibit Training and Development 
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    90. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    91. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    92. Elchees Software Solutions 
    93. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    94. Enviroparks Riverlea 
    95. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    96. Ethekwini Corporate and Human Resources Skills Development Unit 
    97. EXECU PRIME TRAINING 
    98. Express Model 405 
    99. Fakazani Management Services 
    100. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    101. False Bay College 
    102. Far North Youth Development Initiative 
    103. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    104. Fire Protection Association of Southern Africa 
    105. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    106. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    107. Fosuitektel Computer Training Institute 
    108. Frugatrax Consultants 
    109. FURNITURE BEDDING UPHOLSTERY INDUSTRY BARGAINING COUNCIL 
    110. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    111. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    112. Gauteng Central College PTY LTD 
    113. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    114. Giga Skills Training 
    115. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    116. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    117. Global Softech Skills Academy 
    118. Go Computer Cash and Carry 
    119. GOBELA CONSULTING 
    120. Goitsikitso Enterprise Trading 
    121. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    122. Gotsec Skills Training 
    123. Growth Management Consulting 
    124. Gudlhuza Development Solutions cc 
    125. Hazyview Computer College 
    126. Hectic Productions cc 
    127. HEIRS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD 
    128. HGG NPO SUSTAINABILITY SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    129. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    130. Hlombe and Associates 
    131. I.C.E Computer College 
    132. IKHWEZI MANAGEMENT AND TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    133. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    134. Imbalenhle Learning Academy 
    135. IMITHENTE DEVELOPMENT HOLDINGS 
    136. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
    137. Imvana Training College 
    138. In Excess Trading 22 T/A ATTI Polokwane 
    139. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    140. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    141. Institute for Local Government and Housing 
    142. Intec College 
    143. INTELLICIG PTY LTD 
    144. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
    145. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    146. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    147. IT Certification Academy 
    148. IT Schools Innovation (Pty) Ltd 
    149. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    150. Jobafrik Consulting 
    151. Johannesburg Institute of Engineering & Technology 
    152. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    153. Jonda Learning Academy 
    154. Josmap Training Institute 
    155. JTM Empowered 
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    157. Kaelo Computer Training cc 
    158. KAHANI TRAINING AND CONSULTING PTY LTD 
    159. Kalideen Management 
    160. Kamanga Skills Projects 
    161. Karabo Ya Karabo 
    162. Kernel Management and Consulting (PTY) LTD. 
    163. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    164. Kezla Investments 
    165. Kgolo Institute 
    166. Kgopotso Computer Training 
    167. Kgotla Trading Enterprise 
    168. Khosithi Training 
    169. Khula Nonke Training & Development 
    170. KHULISANE ACADEMY 
    171. Khuphulanani Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    172. Kia Chuma 
    173. Kingsway College of Computing and Business Studies Pty (Ltd) 
    174. Kondi Computer Training 
    175. Kumani Computer College 
    176. Kundi Computer Training Centre 
    177. Kwahlwa Kwasa Multimedia Centre 
    178. LA Gomme Training Centre 
    179. Lagnita Skills Solutions 
    180. Leading Edge Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    181. Leanco Business Services & Training Centre CC 
    182. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    183. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    184. Lesedi Consulting 
    185. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    186. Letlhokoa Management Services CC 
    187. Lewerb Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    188. LFP TRAINING CONSULTANTS 
    189. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    190. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    191. Limptech Computer Training Centre 
    192. LMoss Trading cc 
    193. Loxtion Server CC 
    194. Lwazi Lwethu Training Centre and Trading Enterprise 
    195. M-cot Corporate Training 
    196. M.I.C. Training and Development 
    197. Madzahisi College 
    198. Magnifica (Pty) Ltd 
    199. Magnitude College of education 
    200. Makau Tours and Skills Development 
    201. Makhophila Business Enterprise 
    202. Management College of Southern Africa (MANCOSA) 
    203. Mangalani Business Enterprises 
    204. Maqhawe College 
    205. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    206. Masemase Consultancy CC. 
    207. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    208. MGUKA FET COLLEGE PTYLTD 
    209. Mgwezane Training and Events Management CC. 
    210. Miczo's Enterprise 
    211. MIKYLE CONSULTING CC 
    212. Mimoisa Business Solutions CC 
    213. Mission Point Consulting 
    214. MJ Mafunisa Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    215. Mkoneni Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    216. Mmalethabo Consulting 
    217. MML Consulting CC. 
    218. Mod-Mosh Projects and Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    219. Modise Computer College 
    220. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    221. Mortarboard Training Solutions 
    222. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    223. Mosako Wa Kitso 
    224. MOSHAKGA BUSINESS ENTERPRISE 
    225. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    226. Mpande Technologies cc 
    227. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    228. Mpondo Zengwenya Trading Cc 
    229. MSC Education Holdings Pty Ltd 
    230. MSV WEALTH MANAGEMENT 
    231. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    232. Multiple Productive Management Solutions 
    233. National Computer College Carletonville 
    234. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    235. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    236. Ndrendre Building & General Services 
    237. Nebsol IT Solutions 
    238. Neftin Computers & Electronics 
    239. Nemalale Eagles Consultancy CC 
    240. NERDIE-TECH T/A INNOVATIVE IDEAS TRAINING ACADEMY SATELLITE 
    241. NET2G Technologies (Pty) Ltd t/a IT SCHOOL 
    242. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    243. Networx for Career Development 
    244. New Era Computer Training Centre (Hidobyte CC) 
    245. Nextgen Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    246. Nghano Training and Development Centre 
    247. Ngubeni Corporation 
    248. Nhlahle Development Agency 
    249. NJ & L Trading Enterprise CC. 
    250. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    251. NS Global Academy 
    252. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    253. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    254. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    255. Ocule IT cc 
    256. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    257. Outeniqua Leadership Institute 
    258. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    259. PanAfrican Supply Chain Academy 
    260. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    261. Pebetse Training and Consulting 
    262. Phokophela Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    263. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    264. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    265. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    266. Power Rush Trading 170 CC. 
    267. Powernexus 
    268. PROEXPERT TRAINING 
    269. Prompt It Solutions 
    270. PTDEV (Pty) Ltd 
    271. Pudi's Educational Services And Youth Development 
    272. Qhakaza Management Services 
    273. Quantum Career Development (PTY) LTD 
    274. Quick Leap Investment 
    275. Rainbow Nation Skills Development (Pty) Ltd. 
    276. Rand Training College 
    277. Regent Business School (Pty) Ltd t/a Regent Business School 
    278. Regent-Comp 
    279. Resonance Institue of Learning 
    280. Riakona Computer Training Centre 
    281. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    282. RITEPATH COLLEGE 
    283. Rivoni Training N Communications 
    284. Ron and Becky Trading 
    285. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    286. SA BUSINESS SCHOOL 
    287. Sanchaa Connection 
    288. Sasalethu Consulting and Associates 
    289. SAZM TRADING AND PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    290. SEBATA Institute of Consulting and Development 
    291. Sed General Trading Enterprise 
    292. SEDIBENG 
    293. Setlagole Telecentre 
    294. SEVEN ARROWS PROTECTION ALLIANCE CC 
    295. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    296. Sinokuhle Konke Trading Enterprise 
    297. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    298. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    299. Software Support And Training 
    300. Solstice Networks CC. 
    301. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    302. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    303. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    304. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    305. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    306. Star Light Consulting 
    307. STARPLEX 408 CC 
    308. Summat Training Institute 
    309. SWARANANG MANAGEMENT CONSULTING CC 
    310. Taballos Business Services 
    311. TACHFIN HOLDINGS PTY LTD 
    312. Talent Emporium Academy (PTY) Ltd 
    313. TALENT SCULPTURE ACADEMY 
    314. Tankimo Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    315. Targagenix Training Center (Pty) Ltd 
    316. Technology Corporate Management (Pty) Ltd 
    317. Tembe Service Providers 
    318. Terry Computer Services cc 
    319. Tfutfukani Technology Training Centre 
    320. Thalita Koume Directions (Pty) Ltd 
    321. The Crimson CO CC. 
    322. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    323. The Orbital ICT Centre Cc 
    324. The Ulwazi Computer Training Center 
    325. Thuto Lere Community Empowerment Programme 
    326. Thuto-Boswa Education and Training Solution 
    327. Tira Telecoms 
    328. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    329. Tlaletso Consultants 
    330. Tloumogale Business Development & Consulting 
    331. Torque Technical Computer Training (Pty) Ltd 
    332. Tradesman Consulting and Training Solutions 
    333. Triads Management Services 
    334. Tsebo Kitso Trainings 
    335. Tsebong Training Centre 
    336. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    337. Tshelopele Development Institution 
    338. Tshiredo Training Academy Cc 
    339. Tshwane Training Institute (PTY) LTD. 
    340. TSIBA EDUCATION 
    341. TTTC 
    342. Turfloop Training Services Cc 
    343. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    344. Twin Peak Technologies 
    345. UBUHLE TECHNOLOGY & MULTIPURPOSE PRIMARY CO-OPERATIVE LIMITED 
    346. Ukhamba Quality Skills 
    347. Umbrella Training and Development 
    348. Umfolozi FET College 
    349. Umqondo Consultancy 
    350. Umsenge SDCS 
    351. University of Venda 
    352. Vantage Training 
    353. Vicmat Consultants 
    354. Victory Ticket 580 cc 
    355. Virtual Afrika Business Solutions cc 
    356. Visionary Academy 
    357. Vukani Solutions 
    358. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    359. Waterberg TVET College 
    360. Whispers ETD Consulting 
    361. Whitestone College 
    362. WOMEN IN BUSINESS TODAY PTY LTD 
    363. Work Skills Resources 
    364. Xtensive ICT Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    365. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    366. Y2K COLLEGE 
    367. Ya Hina Management Consulting and projects 
    368. Youmessi Trading cc 
    369. Young Angels Centre for Technology 
    370. Zinjiva Trading 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.