|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|65509||Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation|
|SGB Air-conditioning Refrigeration and Ventilation|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|MERSETA - Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Manufacturing and Assembly|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||152||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification replaces:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|20721||National Certificate: Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||135||Complete|
|48966||Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||169||Complete|
This qualification is replaced by:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|103277||Occupational Certificate: Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic||Not Applicable||NQF Level 04||641||Complete|
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
The air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industry provides a service to many sectors of the country's economy such as food processing and warehousing, food transportation, distribution and retailing, deep level mining and industrial process, high rise and retail property, specialized medical care, automotive and mass transport, tourism and hospitality.
This qualification provides the learner with the skills required to service, repair, commission and operate mechanical/electrical equipment and systems in the air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation sub-field in a variety of applications, and to supervise work teams.
The current rate of urban development, the advance in technology and development of tourism creates an ever-increasing demand for air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation equipment and systems and therefore a corresponding demand for technicians to repair, maintain, install and manufacture such equipment and systems.
The technical skills required for this purpose are scarce and there is a growing demand for technicians skilled in the mechanical, electrical and thermal sciences. These qualifications are ideally suited to school-leavers (male and female) who have an interest in the engineering sciences and have practical skills. This series of qualifications also equips the learner with entrepreneurial skills which would lead to self employment in the SMME field (Most businesses in the field of air conditioning, refrigeration, and ventilation are in fact SMME's).
South Africa is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa which has established qualifications and a network of training providers countrywide. South African trained technicians are the obvious choice for work in this field in all African countries north of our borders. We also see an untapped potential for training of learners from NEPAD countries which would assist in the further development of our training resources.
This qualification specifically suits learners who have an interest in science and mathematics as well as manual dexterity (ability to use tools) and a consciousness of personal and environmental safety. It is also suitable for workers who have had advanced practical and technical experience working in the air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industry but lack the formal learning required in the qualification and who have a level to competence equivalent of the NQF Level 3 qualification in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation as determined in formal assessment by an assessor who meets the criteria for the registration of assessors.
To achieve competence in this qualification the learner must be able to:
Air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation are subfields of specialized engineering which account for the design, manufacture, installation, maintenance, and repair of systems which provide artificial cooling for the environment and the processing and preservation of foodstuffs. The development of the urban lifestyle with its concentration of population into centralized areas, the food chain from producer to consumer as well as the working environment and medical care would not be possible without these specialized engineering services.
This is the third qualification in a series of qualifications which will lead to a learner acquiring all the skills required to work in the industry in the repair, maintenance, installation, manufacture and ultimately design of the mechanical/electrical systems which provide temperature control for environmental or process needs. By qualifying at this level a learner will achieve the status of an artisan in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation and will have an advanced knowledge of systems and equipment and be able to supervise working teams.
The learner will be required to reach competence in the advanced skills of the servicing, repair and commissioning of systems and the selection of components and to understand and operate supervisory control systems. He will be required to supervise work teams and communicate at all levels in the workplace and with customers.
There are many applications of air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation which relate directly to the tourism and hospitality industry:
The future events and subsequent increase in level of tourism will create further demand for the services of trained technicians to install, service and repair cooling equipment at all skills levels.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|This qualification assumes that the candidate has already achieved the following:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
Whether a candidate attends formal courses or acquires the required skills through informal means, the same standards apply as per the matrix of unit standards. The qualification and the standards have been written in such a way that the learning has to be assessed in an integrated way. Assessors will assess evidence to establish what the learners know and can do. Such evidence may be gathered through course related activities and/or through work related activities. In cases where candidates do not attend formal courses, assessors should seek work related evidence as far as possible.
Where courses are provided for learners, institutions can use the unit standards and this qualification to assess learning achievements.
For candidates who are not able to achieve the outcomes, providers can then use the standards and qualifications to determine a specific learning programme to suit the candidates' learning needs.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
All fundamental unit standards are compulsory (56 credits).
The fundamental Component consists of the following, which is compulsory for all learners:
All core unit standards are compulsory (64 credits).
A minimum of 32 credits is required to meet requirement of this Qualification. A leaner may select any combination of credits adding up to a minimum of 32
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Demonstrate an understanding of procedures within industry and the ability to service, repair and start-up air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation systems including the use and maintenance of equipment and tooling to meet quality and output requirements, working safety and in an environmentally aware manner.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of the need for control of quality in the manufacturing, installation, maintenance and repair processes relating to air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation.
3. Demonstration an understanding of the application and procedures relating to the operation of various control devices, control systems and programmable logic systems used in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation plants.
4. Demonstrate an understanding and application of all the various types of systems used and related to the air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industry.
5. Manage subordinates, communicate with clients, peers and members of management levels by demonstrating the ability to summarise information and express opinion on given information in spoken and written form.
6. Demonstrate an understanding of options for further learning in this or a related field of learning and preparation requirements for such learning.
7. Demonstrate and understanding of the processes involved in the use of appropriate mathematics literacy and financial skills and the skills in written and oral communication applicable to the workplace and life in general.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
The following indicates the critical cross-field outcomes relative to the exit level outcomes of the qualification:
Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have made when:
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation and community during:
Organise oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively when:
Communicate effectively using visual and language skills when:
Understand the world as a set of related systems when:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 1:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 2:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 3:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 4:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 5:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit-Level-Outcome 6:
Integrated assessment at the level of this qualification will evaluate the learner's capacity to integrate engineering principles, processes and behaviour across a range of workplace domains and thus be able to carry out maintenance, repair and installation work under supervision for the benefit of his employer.
Integrated assessment must specifically evaluate the learner's ability to:
This will require assessment methodologies which will include demonstration, oral and written responses, both summative and formative, and evidence of these in the form of portfolios or projects. Since this is a basic qualification, the learner must show sufficient evidence of ability to understand engineering principles and workplace behaviour and procedures. Such ability may be obtained in a formal learnership, by practice gained in the workplace (RPL) or by a combination of formal learning and practice in the workplace. The assessment must also ensure that learners have achieved the critical outcomes.
Through the European Federation of National Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Associations (ERA. comprising 21 EU states), there is a move towards the harmonisation of EU refrigeration training and certification. This stems from the current lack of a singular reference point in respect of competence levels and a resulting measurement of compliance to EU refrigeration codes.
For example, there is an EU legislative requirement (EC842-2006 for F Gas handling) which requires refrigeration workers to achieve certification in the handling of gases.
This can be achieved through (City and Guild 2078) or CITB.
Equivalent qualifications to the South African Qualifications in Britain include the 6087 series, that is:
South African air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation qualifications at NQF Levels 2-4 are equivalent to the expansive NVQ and SVQ's (Scottish) levels1, 2, 3 and some elements of their Level 4.
On the other hand, the City and Guilds equivalents are found in the following range: 207- Level 2 (refrigeration and air conditioning craft certificate); 207- Level 3 (refrigeration and air conditioning advanced certificate and 257 technician certificate.
SADC and beyond:
Many SADC countries are still in the early stages of developing their NQF's. Equivalents for the qualifications under review were not found.
South African NQF Level 3 and 4 qualifications compare relatively favourably with those of New Zealand (Level 3: 1415, Level 4:1416, Level 4: 0124, Level 4: 0130). It is note that the New Zealand Qualifications Authority allows for specialization in the following areas: Automotive Heating etc. Automotive machining, Diesel Fuel injection and Motorsport. The New Zealand Qualification Authority (NZQA) has listed an equivalent qualification as a Heating, Ventilation an Air-conditioning (HVAC) qualification which would be a component of an Engineering Qualification (e.g. Mechanical Engineering, Motor Industry Engineering or Building maintenance).
The International comparability exercise has revealed the following:
|This Qualification allows for both horizontal and vertical articulation.
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|This qualification replaces the following qualifications:
The assessment criteria for each unit standard are to be used by the assessor as the basis for assessment judgments, first in relation to each unit standard, and then in relation to integration at exit outcome level.
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||116698||Carry out elementary airflow measurements and calculations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||12488||Complete feasibility and commissioning reports||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||116699||Determine, define and evaluate operating parameters of a refrigeration system||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||116463||Fault find, repair and maintain AC motors, circuitry and controls as applied to air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation installations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Core||116466||Inspect and maintain electrical control panels and circuitry as used for air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation installations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Core||116464||Sketch and construct three-phase circuits as used in air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation installations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Core||116379||Demonstrate knowledge of the OHS Act applicable to technicians employed in the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industries||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||116406||Diagnose operational faults in refrigeration systems and take remedial action or propose corrective action||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||262178||Interpret the effect of operating conditions on components, safety and control devices||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||116380||Supervise workers at levels 2 and 3||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||116392||Understand, implement, maintain and monitor general quality standards within the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industries||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Fundamental||119458||Analyse and respond to a variety of literary texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119466||Interpret a variety of literary texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119470||Evaluate literary texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119461||Make and motivate judgements on selected literary texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||116695||Determine the properties of air from a psychometric chart and carry out basic calculation involving heat and mass transfer||Level 3||NQF Level 03||7|
|Elective||116701||Handle and place in position equipment used within the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industries||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||116716||Install eutectic and multi compartment transport refrigeration systems||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||116714||Lead a team, plan, allocate and assess their work||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||116710||List the commonly applied air-conditioning systems, state their application and explain their operation||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||116704||Maintain safety in the handling of ammonia refrigerant||Level 3||NQF Level 03||9|
|Elective||7465||Collect and use data to establish complex statistical and probability models and solve related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||116460||Demonstrate an understanding of logic controllers as used in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation applications||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||262158||Perform maintenance and repair on specialised marine refrigerated containers and generator sets||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Elective||116421||Repair and overhaul air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation equipment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||116403||Service a refrigeration system and set it in operation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||116389||Write a technical report||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||262159||Inspect and evaluate the conformance of air-conditioning and refrigeration pressure equipment||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
|1.||IFIHLILE TRAINING ACADEMY GAUTENG (PTY) LTD (Halfway House)(TP)|
|2.||Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP)|
|3.||INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC|
|4.||Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP)|
|5.||Shukela Training Centre|
|6.||Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP)|
|7.||Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus|
|9.||Winters Business Enterprise T/A Winters Tradesman Technical Tuition (PRETORIA) (TP)|