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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
61971  National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
FPMSETA - Fibre Processing and Manufacturing Sector Education and Training Authority  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  130  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification replaces: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
35939  National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  120  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

This qualification is part of the Pulp and Paper suite of qualifications and used to address the training needs of learners wishing to progress beyond NQF Level 2 in pulp and paper operations. This competence provides the foundation needed to take responsibility for monitoring and controlling an entire process in the pulp and paper manufacturing industry. The qualification allows the learner a wide choice of elective specialisation areas associated with the different operational areas of a pulp and paper production facility. It also provides the basis upon which further related learning and career development can take place.

Qualifying learners will:
  • Interpret operating principles applicable to pulp and paper processes by using scientific and technological principles.
  • Monitor and control a selected pulp and paper process in accordance with workplace procedures.
  • Monitor product quality by using a range of analyses methods and correct deviations by applying prescribed workplace procedures.

    Social development and economic transformation are enhanced through efficient task performance, and career development and personal job satisfaction of processing personnel are facilitated through the learning process used to achieve the competency specified.

    This qualification will contribute to the full development of the learner within the pulp and paper industry by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this qualification are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the progression and economic growth within the pulp and paper processing and maintenance fraternity.

    Rationale:

    This qualification replaces the National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations NQF Level 3 (ID 35939).

    This qualification is the third in a learning pathway for people working in the pulp and paper processing industry who need to progress beyond NQF Level 2 in Pulp and Paper Operations. The NQF Level 2, 3, and 4 qualifications in Pulp and Paper Operations are aimed at the learner who wants to gain competence in the skills needed for pulp and paper manufacturing operations in a pulp and paper mill.

    The National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations NQF Level 3 allows the learner a choice of specialisation areas in the pulp and paper manufacturing industry. This competence provides the foundation needed to progress in the pulp and paper industry. Through the employment of competent personnel, employers and the industry have confidence that this critical work in the industry is efficiently carried out.

    Typical learners are operating personnel working in a chemical or a pulp and paper processing plant. The pulp and paper industry is well established in South Africa and its success is dependant upon the efficient production of products. Achievement of this objective is largely dependant upon the competence, recognised by this qualification, of the people who operate processing equipment. An adequate number of people with these skills are needed to ensure that the pulp and paper production units in South Africa operate productively. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    This qualification has been designed as the third in a series of four qualifications for pulp and paper operations in the pulp and paper processing and related manufacturing industry.

    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations NQF Level 2 or equivalent.
  • Communication and mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    Recognition of prior learning must be carried out in accordance with the policy and rules specified and used by the ETQA responsible for evaluation of people seeking RPL for a part of the whole qualification.

    Access to the Qualification:

    Access is open to anyone with access to learning opportunities and work experience on an appropriate selection of systems. The learning assumed to be in place is essential to the learning specified in this qualification. If the learner is not yet competent in this regard the shortfalls must be addressed prior to commencing with learning specified in this qualification. This is necessary to ensure the safety of the learner, co-workers, the work process and the environment.

    Access for learners with disabilities is dependant on the:
  • Type and severity of the disability.
  • Nature of the operational processes and requirements of the equipment. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    In the compulsory Fundamental Component of the qualification, a learner must demonstrate his/her competence in the 20 credits in the field of Communication plus 16 credits in the field of Mathematics.

    The unit standards in the compulsory Core Component of the qualification reflect the skills and competencies needed for building expertise in the pulp and paper manufacturing field. In the Core Component, the learner must demonstrate his/her competence in the total of 45 credits.

    The Elective component of the qualification is made up of the following three sections:

    Pulp and paper electives: Each learner is required to select a minimum of 10 credits from this section-although more credits may be chosen from this section.

    Pulp and paper electives: Select a minimum of 10 credits; NLRD; Level; Credits:
  • Demonstrate understanding of the water treatment and effluent treatment processes in the pulp and paper industry; 256354; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of supercalendered paper or board; 256314; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the debarking of logs using a drum debarker; 256290; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of paper, board or tissue reels on a winder or rewinder; 256292; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production and storage of wood chips; 256356; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the cutting and slitting of paper, board, pulp or tissue material; 256299; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of calcium bisulphite cooking liquor for the production of pulp; 256301; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the evaporation process used to increase pulping spent liquor solids; 256303; Level 3; 12 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of white liquor in a causticizing process; 256291; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the generation of chlorine dioxide for pulp bleaching; 256298; Level 3;15 credits.
  • Monitor and control the bleaching of pulp used in paper, board or tissue products; 256306; Level 3;15 credits.
  • Monitor and control the coating of paper or board using a coating machine; 256311; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the preparation of chemical additives; 256334; Level 3; 4 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of mechanical pulp; 256312; Level 3; 12 credits.
  • Understand the fundamental process principles of screening and cleaning; 256305; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the process to dry and reel paper, board or tissue; 256310; Level 3; 15 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of crude tall oil; 256307; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the preparation and supply of washed and depithed bagasse; 256302; Level 3; 6 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of unslaked lime using a rotary lime kiln; 256300; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of papermaking stock; 256293; Level 3; 12 credits.
  • Monitor and control the removal of spent liquor contaminants from pulp; 256375; Level 3; 8 credits.
  • Monitor and control the production of coating slurry; 256309; Level 3; 10 credits.
  • Monitor and control the oxygen delignification process; 256308; Level 3; 10 credits.

    Product testing electives: Each learner is required to select at least one Unit standard from this section (a minimum of 4 credits-although more credits may be selected).

    Pulp and paper tests: Select at least 1 Unit standard; NLRD; Level; Credits:
  • Perform visual inspection tests to identify paper defects; 256296; Level 3; 4 Credits.
  • Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue; 256294; Level 3; 5 Credits.
  • Monitor and control product parameters in a manufacturing environment; 246474; Level 2; 5 Credits.
  • Perform physical and chemical tests on pulp; 256284; Level 3; 4 Credits.
  • Perform physical and chemical tests on pulp and paper chemicals; 256355; Level 3; 4 Credits.
  • Perform physical and chemical tests on raw materials; 256297; Level 3; 4 Credits.

    Electives: The qualification is completed by selecting sufficient credits from this section to make up 130 credits.

    Electives; NLRD; Level; Credits:
  • Act as a safety watcher during performance of maintenance activities; 244088; Level 3; 3 Credits.
  • Perform statistical process control in a process environment; 244098; Level 3; 4 Credits.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles of kinematics in physics; 244090; Level 3; 6 Credits.
  • Identify and interpret instrument control loops; 244091; Level 3; 8 Credits.
  • Read and interpret process and instrument diagrams; 244093; Level 3; 4 Credits.
  • Dismantle, assemble and install basic components in a process environment; 244095; Level 3; 6 Credits.
  • Perform and support maintenance functions; 244094; Level 3; 5 Credits.
  • Demonstrate understanding of employment relations in an organisation; 10170; Level 3; Level 3 Credits.
  • Use a GUI based word processor to enhance a document through tables and columns; 119078; Level 3; 5 Credits.
  • Use a GUI based spreadsheet application to solve a given problem; 116940; Level 3; 6 Credits.
  • Use a GUI based database application to work with simple databases; 116936; Level 3; Level 3 Credits.
  • Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with the drying of paper, board or tissue products; 114250; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with the coating of paper or board; 114271; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the operating principles, processes and variables in stock preparation in the pulp and paper industry; 114269; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products; 114253; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the processes and the variables in mechanical pulping; 114266; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with pulp bleaching; 114270; Level 4; 10 Credits.
  • Understand the process and variables in woodyard operations; 110038; Level 4; 8 Credits. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Interpret operating principles applicable to pulp and paper processes by using scientific and technological principles.

    2. Monitor and control a selected pulp and paper process in accordance with workplace procedures.

    3. Monitor product quality by using a range of analyses methods and correct deviations by applying prescribed workplace procedures.

    Critical cross-field outcomes.

    Each critical cross-field outcome was considered in terms of its applicability to each of the specific outcomes for each unit standard. Where it was found to be applicable, the nature of the skills being developed was specified by the working group and captured in the standard.

    Critical cross-field outcomes are assessed per unit standards and are part of all exit level outcomes.

    Critical cross-field outcomes have been addressed by the exit level outcomes as follows:

    While performing integrated pulp and paper operations, qualifying learners can:

    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Responding to emergencies in a pulp and paper processing environment.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2.
  • Monitoring and controlling quality assurance practices.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4.
  • Applying operating procedures.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3, 4.
  • Controlling variables impacting on operations.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2, 3, 4.

    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Working in a coordinated team during pulp and paper processing operations.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
  • Coordinating one's work with that of others in the direct surrounding area, internal and external operations.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2, 3,4.

    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Using operating instructions to control process plant conditions.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
  • Implementing the steps to solve operating problems in a process plant.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3.
  • Applying quality procedures in a process environment to maintain product quality.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 4.

    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Monitoring operational parameters.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.
  • Collating and sorting product quality data.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.
  • Monitoring and interpreting product quality data and data obtained from product analysis.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.
  • Managing records, reports and stock.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2, 3, 4.

    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Recording and interpretation of instrument readings.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.
  • Preparing and presenting reports.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.

    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Working according to health and safety regulations.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 2, 3, 4.
  • Controlling technologically advanced production equipment according to operating procedures.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2, 3, 4.
  • Working and interpreting technologically advanced instrumentation and computer systems.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.

    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
  • Monitoring and controlling quality assurance practices.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3, 4.
  • Adjusting equipment and machinery while taking cognisance of the downstream impact.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 3, 4.

    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large by:
  • Maintaining and applying safety practices in the production environment.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 1, 2, 3, 4.
  • Maintaining and applying quality practices in the production environment.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3, 4.
  • Performing core operating functions.
    > Evident in Exit Level Outcome 3. 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • The principles of chemistry and chemical reactions are used to explain pulp and paper processes.
  • The technological principles of screening and cleaning operations are interpreted for an applicable pulp or paper process.

    Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level outcome 2:
  • Detailed knowledge of a selected process is applied to monitor a pulp and paper process in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • A process is controlled by implementing standard operating procedures.
  • Operating problems in a process plant are solved by making use of relevant knowledge of process and associated technologies
  • Process emergencies can be addressed with minimum risk or loss in terms of prescribed workplace procedures.
  • Corrective action is taken to maintain process integrity, environmental integrity and safety in own workplace.

    Associated assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Detailed knowledge of a selected process is applied to monitor product quality in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • The quality of process materials are established and maintained by applying various prescribed physical analyses methods.
  • Corrective action is taken to maintain product quality of own section's products within the prescriptions of workplace procedures.

    Integrated Assessment:

    The applied competence (practical, foundational and reflexive competencies) of this qualification will be achieved if a candidate is able to achieve all the exit Level outcomes of this qualification.

    Appropriate methods and tools must be used to assess practical, foundational and reflexive competence of the learner in all the exit Level outcomes listed above, as well as to determine a learner's ability to solve problems, work in a team, organise him/herself, use applied science, and understand the implications of actions and reactions in the world as a set of related systems. Such an assessment process will determine development of the whole person, and the integration of applied knowledge and skills.

    Assessors should develop, conduct, and ensure integration of, assessment by making use of a range of formative and summative assessment methods against the unit standards that make up the qualification. Combinations of applied, foundational and reflective competencies, including critical cross-field outcomes, should be assessed wherever possible.

    Moderators should ensure that assessment is valid, consistent and integrated into work or learning, and that there is sufficient and authenticated evidence of learner competence against the whole qualification. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    An extensive international comparability comparison was made including Australia, New Zealand, Britain, Scotland, Canada, the USA, Sweden, Finland, Germany and relevant African countries.

    USA, Canada, Scandinavia and Germany:

    Despite the fact that the pulp and paper industry is very well-developed in all the countries in the extreme northern areas of the world, most operators are still trained on the job with some short courses offered by equipment suppliers.

    In the USA staff is mostly trained on the specific machines they operate at the time of establishing a new mill. TAPPI (a technical association for the pulp, paper and converting industry) offers a wide range of short, technical courses for operating staff. A number of pulp and paper related university degrees are also offered in the USA.

    Canada has the largest pulp operations in the world, but has no formal national qualifications registered. As is the international trend, most operator training is done on the job. However, a number of colleges offer a Pulp and Paper Operations Certificate (post school) training course. The courses generally train the learners from 7 to 9 months in general pulp and paper mill operations for entry Level machine and utility operators. As in the USA, pulp and paper related degrees are offered by local universities.

    The Scandinavian pulp and paper industry (including Sweden, Norway and Finland) follows the same trend. Most training is done on the job, with no vocational training leading to a qualification. As in the USA there are a variety of pulp and paper degrees on offer at universities in all three these countries.

    Three year Paper Technology Diplomas are offered by several German Universities. Although these diplomas have a strong workplace emphasis, they are comparable to South African diplomas rather than vocational training qualifications. Subject content is similar to that contained in the technical part of the South African qualification, namely: industry background, machine operations and components, maintenance functions, computer skills with a technical project to complete the diploma.

    Africa:

    African countries with manufacturing facilities (including SADC countries) were searched for applicable qualifications or training programmes, but no relevant qualifications are offered in any of these countries. Similar to international companies, the majority of training is provided by equipment suppliers with three to five day short training courses. The only pulp and paper facility in the SADC outside South Africa is in Swaziland - learners from this facility will be trained according to the South African qualification.

    New Zealand:

    A comparison with the NZQA was included, because it is an educational structure comparable to the NQF. An internet search of the NZQA revealed three registered qualifications (National Certificates) ranging from Levels 2 to 4 in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.

    The New Zealand "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 2)" is an introduction to pulp and paper operations containing a compulsory core component consisting of units standards in communication, teamwork, employment relations, health, safety, quality, environmental protection and manufacturing process knowledge. The learner has to choose 10 credits from Elective Group A which contains unit standards dealing with specific pulp and paper industry skills and 19 credits from Elective Group B which is made up of general unit standards such as workplace safety, distribution, business administration and computer skills.

    The compulsory core sections of the National Certificates in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Levels 3 and 4 are common so that people wishing to progress from the Level 3 qualification to the Level 4 qualification have a common grounding in the principles of pulp and paper manufacturing. This core component consist of unit standards with a technical focus such as pumps and valves, chemistry and physics and the fundamentals of process control systems make up for competence in the "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 3)" the learner needs to prove competence in the 28 credits core unit standards, 35 credits from pulp and paper specialisation areas and 27 general electives. The general elective sections of both Level 3 and 4 qualifications also provide recognition for a range of manufacturing and generic industry skills; and cover areas such as workplace safety, distribution, business administration, and communications.

    Just as in the South African NQF Level 4 qualification, learners completing the "National Certificate in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (Level 4)" specialise in either, pulpmaking, papermaking or chemical recovery. The learner needs to prove competence in a total of 120 credits which consist of 28 credits core unit standards and 35 credits specialisation electives. If all 28 credits for the core were obtained in the Level 3 qualification these credits are reflected here again.

    The South African qualifications compare very well with the New Zealand qualifications, but the fact that the South African qualifications have a fundamental component of communication and mathematical unit standards is advantageous for the South African learner.

    Australia:

    An internet search of the AQF revealed that the following four qualifications are registered on the AQF:
  • "Certificate I in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing".
  • "Certificate II in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing".
  • "Certificate III in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing".
  • "Certificate IV in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing".

    The Australian qualifications, being very similar to the British and New Zealand qualifications, but somewhat more detailed, were chosen for the benchmark comparison. In addition the Australian pulp and paper industry is of a comparable size and sophistication as the South African pulp and paper industry. The new Australian "Certificate I in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing" contains only a compulsory core consisting of five units in communication, safety, quality and the use of hand held tools which all have to be achieved. This qualification is not compulsory for entry to the pulp and paper qualifications as the majority of trainees enter the industry at Certificate II Level.

    The Level 2 to 4 qualifications all have a compulsory core consisting mainly of communication, safety and quality. The Level 3 and 4 qualifications also include a compulsory unit on problem solving.

    From Level 2 onwards the learner has to choose specialisation units from the following range of specialisation areas: Primary resources, pulping operations, chemical recovery and waste paper handling, waste paper operations, stock preparation, wet end operations, dry end operations, paper coating and finishing and converting. The Level 2 and 3 qualifications are completed with a choice of two elective units. The Level 2 and 3 elective components consist of a range of safety, emergencies, first aid, training, cranage and specialist technical skills Unit Standards.

    The new Australian "Certificate IV in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing" has a compulsory core consisting of communication, productivity calculations, OHS policy and procedures, quality and advanced problem solving. This learner already specialises in one specific area and has to make a choice of one specialisation unit from the following range of specialisation areas: resources, pulping operations, chemical recovery and paper manufacture. The qualification is completed with a choice of three elective units ranging from leadership, workplace relationships, customer care, training and assessment, to cranage and sampling units.

    The South African qualification includes similar core qualification structures and progressions from NQF Level 2 to NQF Level 4 and also uses separate qualifications to address pulp and paper production and tissue manufacturing. The main difference is that the Australian qualification requires of the learner to choose a specialisation area in Level 2, whereas the South African qualification offers the learner the opportunity to gain an overview of all the pulp and paper processes on Level 2 before choosing a specialisation area in Level 3.

    Britain:

    A comparison with the British qualification was included, because the British pulp and paper industry is very well developed and the NVQ is an educational structure comparable to the NQF. An internet search of the British NVQ and the Scottish SVQ revealed the following Level 2 and 3 qualifications:
  • The PAA\VQSET Level 2 Certificate in Paper Technology.
  • The PAA\VQSET Level 3 Certificate in Paper Technology.

    The South African NQF Level 2 qualification compares very well with the British Level 2 qualification which is made up of six compulsory units in Health and Safety, quality, raw materials, papermaking processes, plant services and process control. The main difference is that the British qualifications contain no fundamental communication and mathematical units.

    The PAA\VQSET Level 3 Certificate in Paper Technology has a compulsory core containing units on Health and Safety, quality, teamwork and problem solving. The learner has to choose between Group B units and Group C units to complete the qualification. Group B contains only papermaking units, whereas Group C contains general pulp and paper operations units such as chemical recovery, coating and finishing operations.

    Being the highest pulp and paper qualification registered on the QCA, this Level 3 qualification compares with the content of the South African NQF 3 and 4 qualifications, but it is clear that the South African qualification provides the learner with more theoretical knowledge and practical competence. The South African NQF 4 qualification also provides the learner with the opportunity to progress to tertiary education.

    Summary:

    Both local and international qualifications place considerable emphasis on safety, quality and problem solving skills and allow the learner to choose from a range of specialisation areas in the paper industry.

    The Pulp and Paper Operations qualifications compare well with the best international qualifications and training programmes offered. The compulsory fundamental and technical content incorporated in the qualification will serve to support qualifying learners to make better informed, autonomous decisions within a more compact timeframe than most international learners and will increase transportability of the qualification considerably. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification follows a vertical progression from the introductory NQF Level 1, Chemical Operations Qualification and will enable the qualifying learner to progress to a technologist role through the National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Technology, NQF Level 5. In addition, each of these qualifications have elective specialisation areas associated with the different operational areas of a pulp and paper production facility.

    Vertical articulation can occur within the pulp and paper industry to the reviewed draft NQF Level 4, Further Education and Training Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations. Vertical articulation into related industries can occur with the following registered NQF Level 4 qualifications:
  • ID 48915: Further Education and Training Certificate: Manufacturing and Assembly Operations Supervision, NQF Level 4.
  • ID 48919: Further Education and Training Certificate: Measurement, Control and Instrumentation, NQF Level 4.
  • ID 58538: Further Education and Training Certificate: Chemical Operations, NQF Level 4.
  • (Under Construction): Further Education and Training Certificate: Pulp and paper hygiene products manufacturing, NQF Level 4.

    The expertise obtained through these qualifications will also enable qualifying learners to progress horizontally to obtain other process related qualifications within the pulp and paper, chemical and proposed secondary agriculture industries. Horizontal articulation can occur with the following registered NQF Level 3 qualifications:
  • ID 22940: Process Plant Operation, NQF Level 3.
  • ID 58537: National Certificate: Chemical Operations, NQF Level 3.
  • (Under Construction): National Certificate: Pulp and paper hygiene products manufacturing, NQF Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this Qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation; in terms of agreements reached around assessment and moderation between ETQAs (including professional bodies); and in terms of the moderation guideline detailed immediately below.
  • Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards, exit Level outcomes as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    In order to assess this qualification, the assessor needs:
  • Assessors to meet the requirements of the generic assessor standards.
  • Competence against the unit standard "Conduct outcomes-based assessments".
  • Detailed documentary proof of educational qualification, practical training undergone, and/or experience gained at an appropriate Level in the work concerning pulp and paper operations. This must meet the relevant ETQA policies and guidelines. The subject matter expertise of the assessor can be established through the recognition of prior learning.
  • Registration with, or recognition by, the relevant ETQA as specified through an appropriate memorandum of understanding. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    NOTES 
    This qualification replaces qualification 35939, "National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations", Level 3, 120 credits.

    Range Statements:

    This qualification addresses the knowledge and competencies required by learners in the pulp and paper industries.
    Knowledge relating to the pulp and paper processing industries includes process specific technology, communication, mathematics, applied science, and SHEQ.
    This qualification may be applicable to other processing operations. This is subject to its acceptance by appropriate subject matter experts. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  244241  Apply knowledge of chemical reactions in a processing environment  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244086  Apply quality procedures in a process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244108  Apply safety, health and environment protection procedures in a process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244085  Respond to emergencies in a process environment  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244087  Solve operating problems in a process plant  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  256305  Understand the fundamental principles of screening and cleaning operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244084  Use operating instructions to control process plant conditions  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Fundamental  119472  Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9010  Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9013  Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119457  Interpret and use information from texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9012  Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119467  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  7456  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119465  Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  246479  Monitor and control product parameters in a manufacturing environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  244088  Act as the Safety Watcher during the performance of maintenance activities  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256294  Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  10170  Demonstrate understanding of employment relations in an organisation  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244090  Demonstrate understanding of the principles of kinematics in physics  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256354  Demonstrate understanding of the water and effluent treatment processes in the pulp and paper industry  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244095  Dismantle, assemble and install basic components in a process environment  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244091  Identify and interpret instrument control loops  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256306  Monitor and control the bleaching of pulp used in paper, board or tissue products  Level 3  NQF Level 03  15 
    Elective  256311  Monitor and control the coating of paper or board using a coating machine  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256299  Monitor and control the cutting and slitting of paper, board, pulp or tissue material  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256290  Monitor and control the debarking of logs using a drum debarker  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256303  Monitor and control the evaporation process used to increase pulping spent liquor solids  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Elective  256298  Monitor and control the generation of chlorine dioxide for pulp bleaching  Level 3  NQF Level 03  15 
    Elective  256308  Monitor and control the oxygen delignification process  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256302  Monitor and control the preparation and supply of washed and depithed bagasse  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256334  Monitor and control the preparation of chemical additives  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256310  Monitor and control the process to dry and reel paper, board or tissue  Level 3  NQF Level 03  15 
    Elective  256356  Monitor and control the production and storage of wood chips  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256301  Monitor and control the production of calcium bisulphite cooking liquor for the production of pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256309  Monitor and control the production of coating slurry  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256307  Monitor and control the production of crude tall oil  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256312  Monitor and control the production of mechanical pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Elective  256292  Monitor and control the production of paper, board or tissue reels on a winder or rewinder  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256293  Monitor and control the production of papermaking stock  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Elective  256314  Monitor and control the production of supercalendered paper or board  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256291  Monitor and control the production of white liquor in a causticizing process  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  256375  Monitor and control the removal of spent liquor contaminants from pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256300  Monitor and control the unslaked lime process using a rotary lime kiln  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  244094  Perform and support maintenance functions  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256284  Perform physical and chemical tests on pulp  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256355  Perform physical and chemical tests on pulp and paper chemicals  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256297  Perform physical and chemical tests on raw materials  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244098  Perform statistical process control in a process environment  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  256296  Perform visual inspection checks to identify paper defects  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244093  Read and interpret process and instrumentation diagrams  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  116936  Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based database application to work with simple databases  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  116940  Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based spreadsheet application to solve a given problem  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  119078  Use a GUI-based word processor to enhance a document through the use of tables and columns  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  114270  Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with pulp bleaching  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  114250  Understand the operating principles, processes and variables associated with the drying of paper, board or tissue products  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  114271  Understand the operating principles, processess and variables associated with the coating of paper or board  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  114269  Understand the operating principles, processess and variables in stock preparation in the pulp and paper industry  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  114253  Understand the printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  110038  Understand the process and variables in woodyard operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  114266  Understand the processes and variables in mechanical pulping  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    2. MPACT 
    3. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



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