SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Test and repair integrated fuel injection and engine control 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
376640  Test and repair integrated fuel injection and engine control 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners accredited with this standard will have knowledge of integrated fuel injection and ignition systems including diesel injection as used on modern vehicles and variants such as Single point injection/common rail systems. The standard involves the application of both the theory and skills to achieve these autotronics-specific outcomes. This is an important set of competencies for an individual embarking on the NQF Level 4/5 autotronics qualification. The unit standard is differentiated from other unit standards in that its primary focus is on testing and diagnosis of the electrical/electronic elements of these systems as applicable to the autotronics specialist. The learner completing this unit standard should also have an understanding of how mechanical aspects on the engine can affect the functioning of the ignition/fuel injection system.

Learners credited with this standard will be able to:
  • Differentiate between the main types of injection systems.
  • Use wiring and technical diagrams/information to obtain information on these systems.
  • Identify and explain the purpose/functions of common components for combined ignition and injection systems.
  • Explain the purpose/functions of sub-systems of combined fuel injection/ignition systems.
  • Test and repair common rail fuel injection/combined ignition and engine control systems on petrol and diesel vehicles. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard is intended to cover a wide variety of systems and may include variants of common rail petrol and diesel systems, direct and port/manifold injection systems and single point petrol injection systems. It also includes all common variants of spark ignition systems which are combined with and integrated into the fuel injection/engine control system. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Differentiate between the main types of injection systems. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Injection systems may include combined ignition and injection systems/direct and port/manifold diesel and petrol common rail systems, and variants thereof such as unit injector systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Petrol and diesel injection systems are discussed in terms of key differences and similarities between them. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The main technical differences between single and multi-point systems are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Direct injection versus port/or manifold injection systems are discussed and differentiated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The differing fuel pressures and reasons therefore on the various fuel injection systems are explained in order to facilitate correct testing and diagnosis of the system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Fuel injection systems are discussed in terms of key developments and progression from the older mechanical systems to the newer integrated type systems and variants thereof. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mechanical systems include the K-Jetronic and similar systems and integrated type systems include Motronic type systems and variants thereof.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Use wiring and technical diagrams/information to obtain information on these systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Components and systems are identified on diagrams/information systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Circuits are traced using technical information and diagrams. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Components are identified and located using technical information. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify and explain the purpose/functions of all common components for combined ignition and injection systems. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Ignition components that form part of the integrated fuel injection and engine control system may include but are not limited to electronic distributor, coil packs, coils, spark plugs, HT leads, control devices, sensors and the wiring harness.

    Input devices for the injection/ignition system may include but are not limited to, camshaft sensor , manifold air pressure sensor (map sensor), manifold air temperature sensor (mat sensor), manifold air temperature sensor (mat sensor), knock sensor, ignition switch, park/neutral/clutch safety switch, Lambda sensor, EGR position sensor, air intake sensor/air flow sensor, electronic air flow sensors, air mass sensor, throttle valve angle sensor/throttle position sensor, engine temperature sensor, rail pressure sensor, air temperature sensor, engine speed sensor, crank Sensor and distributor sensors

    Output devices may include but are not limited to fuel injectors, air conditioner, circuit relay, solenoid valve/fuel pump regulator, fuel pump relay, Electronic Spark Timing, Ignition Coil, Radiator Fan, Fuel Pump Operation with Solenoid, Fuel accumulator, Fuel pressure regulator, ignition Timing, Engine Fan , EGR valve, secondary air pump, throttle body/controller, quantity control valve and camshaft adjusters.

    The control unit(s) form part of the input and output circuits. Associated components and systems that are not directly input or output devices such as the intake air system, fuel rail and data bus may also be included. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Differing components are identified in terms of their purpose to ensure correct understanding of the components functioning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Various components are discussed in terms of their purpose and the possible effects of faulty components are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tests for various components are discussed and or demonstrated if required or if technically possible. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the purpose/functions of sub-systems of combined fuel injection/ignition systems. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Sub-systems may include but are not limited to:
  • Glow systems, variable intake manifold and port adjustment, camshaft adjusters, Catalytic converter, exhaust gas recirculation, evaporative controls, secondary air injection and similar techniques, safety systems, alternator control and cruise control. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Various sub-systems are identified and discussed in terms of their purpose. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The sub-systems and/or their components are identified on the vehicle to enable correct diagnosis and testing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Faulty sub-system/s are discussed in terms of their possible effects on the motor vehicle. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Test and repair common rail fuel injection/combined ignition and engine control systems on petrol and diesel vehicles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The safety requirements when working with petrol and diesel devices are discussed to protect self, others and the environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The correct information and equipment are selected to carry out testing and diagnosis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Different types of diagnosis are conducted using appropriate test equipment according to procedure. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of diagnosis may include using self diagnosis, conducting measurements and tests, using electronic scanning and diagnostic equipment and other related methods. Diagnosis may include diagnosis by code checking, using diagnostic testers, checking the harness, sensors, wiring connectors, the control unit, comparative testing, conducting measurements and similar tests and using the senses to detect problems.

    Test equipment may include manufacturer and other special tools and equipment, timing light, generic testers, LED Test lamps, exhaust gas analysis testers, Multimeters, engine analysers/motor testers, fuel/pressure/vacuum gauges and oscilloscope.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Faults are identified by following a logical sequence and rectified according to procedure. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Faults may include wiring, fuel, air, sub-systems, sensors, actuators, controller failures or problems.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Testing equipment and tools are shut down and stored properly after use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The vehicle is restored to a serviceable condition and tested for serviceability and fault codes are cleared. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    All work is performed in a manner that does not damage the vehicle, tools and equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    A report is prepared to document aspects of the work done. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Input sensors.
  • Output sensors.
  • Electronic control unit.
  • Wiring and connectors.
  • Sub-systems (glow plug, emission control, injection control and boost pressure control).

    Purpose of:
  • Electronic control unit.
  • Closed loop control systems.
  • Input and output sensors.
  • Emission control measures and various sub-systems.
  • Testing of circuits and components.
  • Applying electronic safety.
  • Diagnosing fault conditions.
  • Test equipment.
  • Compression testing.
  • Engine and associated timing settings.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Engine management systems.
  • Differing fuels.
  • Piezo sensors/injectors.
  • Solenoid operated injectors.
  • Hall/inductive/resistive and other sensors.
  • Electronic control units.
  • Electronic and other test equipment.
  • Principles of Combustion in petrol and diesel engines.

    Sensory cues:
  • Use of senses to detect faulty component in a circuit such as sight, sound and hearing.

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Causes of damage and injury.
  • Implications of using incorrect source voltages.
  • Implications incorrect testing applications.
  • Implications of incorrect component selection.
  • Implications of not observing manufacturer's specifications.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Safety procedures.
  • Fault finding procedures for combination/integrated fuel injection/ignition systems.
  • Diagnostic techniques for fault location.
  • Repair and test procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies and standards:
  • Relevant manufacturer's standards.
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental legislation.

    Theory: rules, principles laws:
  • Air system.
  • Fuel system.
  • Other related topics.

    Relationships and systems:
  • Relationship between engine management system and other networked vehicle systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Differentiating between the main types of injection systems including combined ignition and injection systems/diesel/petrol common rail systems.
  • Testing and repairing common rail fuel injection/combined ignition and engine control systems on petrol and diesel vehicles. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize and manage oneself and one's activities responsively and effectively when:
  • Use wiring and technical diagrams/information to obtain information on these systems.
  • Identifying and explaining the purpose/functions of common components for combined ignition and injection systems.
  • Explaining the purpose/functions of sub-systems of combined fuel injection/ignition systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyze, organize and critically evaluate information to:
  • Determine the cause of a fault or system failure.
  • Differentiate between the main types of injection systems including combined ignition and injection systems/diesel/petrol common rail systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation to:
  • Explain to peers and customers the reason for a system failure.
  • Explain the purpose and functioning of the fuel injection and ignition system and its components. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others by:
  • Using equipment and tools as per manufacturer's specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that the problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation and that faults on other vehicle systems can affect the functioning of the engine management system. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  78883   Further Education and Training Certificate: Autotronics  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    2. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    3. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    4. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    5. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    6. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    7. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.