SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Homogenise a liquid dairy product 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
336863  Homogenise a liquid dairy product 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
120257  Homogenise a liquid dairy product  Level 3  NQF Level 03   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for any person who has to homogenise liquid dairy products.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of homogenisation of liquid dairy products.
  • Prepare to homogenise a liquid dairy product.
  • Homogenise a liquid dairy product.
  • Perform end of homogenisation procedures. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    In the context of this unit standard, a liquid dairy product includes milk, cream and any other dairy based liquid mixture used for further processing into dairy products. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of homogenisation of liquid dairy products. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Homogenisation is defined according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of homogenisation of liquid dairy products is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation refers to:
  • The breakdown of fat globules, with its subsequent effect on the quality of the final product.
  • Accomplishment of a homogenous blend in the case of dairy mixtures.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principles of homogenisation are explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation refers to:
  • The application and the effect of pressure and temperature on the breakdown of fat globules.
  • The four stages in the transformation of fat globules.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Two examples of dairy products that require homogenisation are given. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The operating principles of a homogeniser are described according to standard dairy principles and with specific reference to single and double stage homogenisation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The components of a homogenising system are identified and the purpose of each component is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The identification and explanation refer to:
  • Pump.
  • Pistons.
  • Homogeniser head, including its main components.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The factors that influence the efficiency of homogenisation are identified and explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to homogenise a liquid dairy product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The production plan is obtained and interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations include:
  • Hygiene practices.
  • Wearing of protective clothing and safety gear.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The homogeniser is prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The relevant parameters for homogenisation are set according to standard operating procedures and site specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The reasons for specific values of the different parameters are explained according to standard dairy principles and the manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The homogeniser is started up according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Problems during start up are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Homogenise a liquid dairy product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A liquid dairy product is homogenised according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment is handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Parameters for homogenisation are monitored and controlled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Samples are taken at required intervals and are sent for analysis according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Results of sample analysis are interpreted and a conclusion is drawn on the efficiency of homogenisation in terms of site specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Homogenised liquid dairy products conform to site-specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Where a homogeniser is operated simultaneously with other production actions or processes, the homogenisation process is synchronised according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Problems are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of homogenisation procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    First line maintenance is performed according to standard operating procedures and within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    First line maintenance includes:
  • Inspection of equipment.
  • All other maintenance functions as required within the learner's scope of work.dures.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Records of the homogenisation process are kept in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The homogenising system is shut down according to standard operating procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor or moderator respectively with the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance Body (ETQA), or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA, or by another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal (provider-based) and external (ETQA-based) moderation of assessment, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems during start up, operation and shut down of a homogeniser. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Synchronising homogenisation with other production actions or processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for homogenisation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Evaluating the efficiency of homogenisation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Keeping records. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Cleaning and sanitising the homogenisation system.
  • Storing cleaning and sanitising equipment and materials.
  • Disposing of waste from the cleaning process.
  • Demonstrating knowledge of the homogenisation of liquid dairy products. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
  • Solving problems within scope of work. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 120257, " Homogenise a liquid dairy product", Level 3, 6 credits.

    Supplementary Information:

    Legal requirements:

    Where applicable, the following acts, current and future regulations and amendments should be considered:
  • Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, No. 54 of 1972.
  • Health Act, No 63 of 1977.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993.
  • Other industry specific Acts.

    Where applicable, the following International and National Standards should be considered:
  • SANS 1049-Food Hygiene Management.
  • SANS 10330-Requirements for a HACCP system.
  • ISO 22000-Food safety management systems-Requirements for organisations throughout the food chain.
  • ISO 9001-Quality Management System-Requirements.

    Definition of terms within this unit standard:
  • Standard operating procedures:
    > Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal safety and food safety practices and procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, applicable legislation, time frames, recipes and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  74250   National Certificate: Dairy Primary Processing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.