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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Produce cores by hand 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
264096  Produce cores by hand 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people who work, or intend to work in a manufacturing process or similar environment where foundry moulds are required for the metal product casting process. The skills, knowledge and values reflected in this unit standard will contribute towards the achievement of a National Certificate in Foundry Operations at NQF Level 3. Equipment operated in this unit standard is against a set of specific instructions.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Plan to produce core by hand.
  • Prepare corebox.
  • Produce core by hand.
  • Strip and finish core. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that the learner has a National Certificate in Foundry Operations NQF Level 2 or an equivalent qualification. It also assume that the learner is working towards a qualification as part of a learning programme, which integrates all the required unit standards.

    The learning time will increase if the learner does not have:
  • A relevant NQF 2 qualification.
  • Experience in a relevant field.
  • Demonstrated competence in the interpretation of technical drawings.
  • Relevant quality awareness principles and procedures.

    The learning time will be decreased if the learner has experience in this field because:
  • The learning programme will be adjusted to build on what the learner already knows.
  • The learner can apply to have prior learning recognised. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope and level of this unit standard is indicated by range statements related to the specific outcomes:
  • Cores include cores with runner and feeder systems, reinforcement, core irons and lifting points.
  • Coremaking equipment includes coreboxes, trowels, rammers, scrappers, vent wire.
  • Coremaking materials include sand, core irons, chills.
  • Coremaking consumables include sleeves, coating, nylon vents, glue.
  • Ramming methods include pneumatic rammers, hand rammers and vibrators.
  • Core coatings include water-based and spirit-based paints.
  • Types of sand include chromate, resin-bonded, no bake, zircon, green sand and oil sands. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan to produce core by hand. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Production schedule is interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Method card is interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Consumables, materials and equipment requirements are established from method card. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Corebox is checked against pattern index. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Resources and materials required before and during the coremaking process are scheduled for and ordered in advance according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Team members are informed of planned work activity according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare corebox. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Corebox is inspected and readied for use according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Coremaking materials and consumables are prepared according to method card. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Produce core by hand. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Runner and feeder system is inserted where applicable according to method card. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Sand, reinforcements and vents are inserted sequentially into corebox according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Corebox is filled with correct type of sand according to method card. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Sand is rammed, vented and gassed where necessary according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are adhered to according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Strip and finish core. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Core is stripped from corebox according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Core is finished according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Correct core coating is selected and applied to core according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are adhered to according to standard operating procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 4 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency. Only an Assessor with suitable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following items reflect the type of knowledge that the assessor will evaluate:

    Names and functions of:
  • Core production materials and equipment.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Types and properties of materials.

    Sensory cues:
  • Relating to producing cores by hand.

    Purpose of:
  • Producing cores by hand.

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Alarms.
  • Quality assurance.
  • Fires.
  • Evacuation drills.
  • Power failures.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Planning techniques.
  • Production process; Coremaking.
  • Names, location and function of coremaking consumables, equipment and materials.
  • Measuring techniques.
  • Worksite procedures.
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures.
  • Relevant quality awareness principles and procedures.
  • Interpretation of method card and sketches.
  • Interpretation of mould and corebox indexes.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental legislation and regulations.

    Theory; Rules, principles, laws:
  • Basic geometry.
  • Basic calculation.
  • Teamwork principles.

    Relationships, systems:
  • The relationship between producing cores by hand and the moulding process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Identify and solve problems how to overcome production constraints. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
  • Work effectively with others as a member of a team group, organization or community by ensuring cores are produced timeously for moulds. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
  • Organise and manage my activities and myself by planning my own work before producing cores by hand. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
  • Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information on technical drawings in order to determine how to produce core. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Communicate effectively by reporting on production progress. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Use science and technology effectively and critically by reading and interpreting technical drawings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems how faulty coremaking equipment will affect the quality of the finished core. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66449   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    2. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    3. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.