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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain the expected effects of therapeutic massage treatment on a normal and a diseased body 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
262378  Explain the expected effects of therapeutic massage treatment on a normal and a diseased body 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Integrated Health Professions 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Promotive Health and Developmental Services 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  20 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will enable the learner to understand the effects of massage techniques on anatomy, physiology where pathology exists and apply these techniques to alleviate the problem.

Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Explain the relationship of symptoms of pathology presented to the anatomical and physiological functioning of body systems.
  • Explain massage techniques and demonstrate the movements.
  • Interpret observed evidence of abnormal functioning in a presented body system within specific massage paradigm. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the relationship of symptoms of pathology presented to the anatomical and physiological functioning of body systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The body systems are described in terms of the evidence of both normal and abnormal functioning. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Body systems include:
  • Communicative, digestive, excretory, protective, reproductive.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Mechanisms which contribute to imbalances in a body system are described according to evidence from patient observation and/or data provided. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Symptoms are identified in terms of the presented condition and abnormalities of the relevant musculo-skeletal, nervous, circulatory systems, endocrine and/or integumentary systems are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate massage techniques and demonstrate the movements for each technique. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Body systems:
  • Musculoskeletal, nervous, circulatory, endocrine, integumentary. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Classical massage techniques are described, and their expected effects explained in terms of the body systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Massage techniques:
  • Effleurage, petrissage, vibration, tapotement.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Classical massage movements are described, and their effects explained in terms of the body systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Effects include impact on:
  • Pressure, speed, rhythm, flow, patient comfort, depth, general contra-indications and specific contra-indications.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    General effects of massage on the body are described with reference to the stimulating and relaxing elements of massage. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Interpret observed evidence of abnormal functioning in a presented body system within specific massage paradigms. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Interpretation includes:
  • Conclusions on the balance of the system and actions to facilitate the normalisation of the system. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Observed indicators are specified and these interpretations are consistent with presented abnormalities and the specified paradigm. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Actions are recommended should facilitate the normalisation of the systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Own observations of specific indications are documented along with pertinent comments from the patient, for future reference. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems and making decisions using critical and creative thinking are demonstrated by the learner's ability to apply learning to practical problems. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community is demonstrated by the learner's ability to work with other professionals in the field. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively are demonstrated by the learner's ability to manage own learning and application of skills. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information are demonstrated by the learner's ability to interpret and identify different body systems and massage techniques. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations is demonstrated by the learner's ability to successfully carry out a therapeutic massage. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others are demonstrated by the learner's ability to understand and apply concepts and utilise technology in treatment contexts. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation is shown in the learner's ability to identify the different components of the human body and relate in terms of how they are affected by massage. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  65609   National Diploma: Allied Health Therapies  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.