SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Operate and monitor a lathe 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
258679  Operate and monitor a lathe 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Manufacturing, Engineering, Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
13205  Operate and monitor a lathe to produce simple components  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of mechanical engineering.

Qualifying learners can carry out turning operations to produce simple components using a range of standard machine tools to predetermined specifications.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to turning operations.
  • Prepare for turning operations.
  • Perform turning operations.
  • Apply quality checks on drilled component and report on the operations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    This unit standard has been designed as the start of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for turning in the engineering machining skills area.

    The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that a learner has already learned to:
  • Select, use and care for engineering hand tools.
  • Select, use and care for engineering power tools.
  • Select, use and care for engineering measuring equipment.
  • Read, interpret and produce basic engineering drawings.
  • Maintain a safe and productive work area. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes.

    All work is performed under supervision. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principle operation, function and processes of the machine is explained to reflect understanding of different machine types. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The components and accessories of the lathe are identified and explained in terms of their functions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Components include but not limited to head stock, tail stock, apron, saddle, taper attachment.
  • Accessories include but not limited to steadies, centers, taper turning attachments, 3/4 jaw chuck, face plate, tool holders.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Cutting fluids and/or lubricants are explained in terms of their relevance to different types of materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The implications of using the incorrect sequence of turning activities, operations and decisions are explained in terms of safety, damage and quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Turning speeds and feeds are explained in terms of the formulas used for different materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Safety theory is explained in terms of its applicability to turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Pre-operational checks are explained according to machining specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pre-operational checks include but not limited to check oil level, machine guards, machine brake, and level of machine.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Personal protective equipment are selected to meet legal and organisational safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Machine is prepared for turning operations including lubrication, routine maintenance and pre-operational checks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Drawings are interpreted to determine sequence of step by step operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Materials and tools required at workstation are checked in accordance with drawing specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools include but not limited to cutting tools, knurling tool, chucks, centres, chucks and keys, centre drills drill bits, reamers, counter sinks.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Measuring equipment required for a work piece is selected in accordance with drawing specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Measuring equipment include but not limited to micrometers and vernier equipment and gauges, protractors, dial test indicators.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The sequence of operations is determined according to drawing specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Turning speeds and feeds are determined and selected for different materials in accordance with manufacturing specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Required turning accessories are selected in accordance with the work piece requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Accessories/attachments include but not limited to fixed and travelling steady, drilling attachment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The work piece is set-up and secured without damage to work piece or machine. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform turning operations. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The range of turning operations covered in this standard must include facing off, drilling, parallel cutting, recessing, parting off, radius cutting, boring, tapping, knurling, chamfering and reaming. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Lathe is started up and shut down in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The sequence of operations is applied in accordance with the requirements of the specific work piece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Lathe is monitored while in operation, making adjustments to speeds and feeds where required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Problems are recognised and reported in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Turning operations are performed in accordance with occupational health and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Turning operations are performed in accordance with the dimensions, drawing specifications and the specified tolerances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The maximum tolerance is +- 0, 05 mm.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply quality checks on turned component and report on operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Turned component is measured to determine that it meets specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A clean and tidy work environment is maintained to adhere to housekeeping requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Turned components and equipment are stored in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Job and time sheets are completed in accordance with organisational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Incidents reflecting changes or unsafe conditions during turning operation are reported in accordance with workplace and occupational health and safety requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the relevant Education and Training Quality Assuror (ETQA) that has jurisdiction over this field of learning.

    The assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a relevant qualification and be a subject matter expert in this learning area and at least have 3 years experience in the skills specific area.

    The learner can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification.
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Assessment of a portfolio of evidence.
  • Direct observation in simulated and/or controlled work conditions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names, functions and locations of:
  • Main parts and functions of lathe.
  • Machine controls.
  • Accessories.
  • Work holding fixtures.
  • Tools (geometry and composition).
  • Measuring equipment.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Common defects.

    Purpose of processes and procedures of:
  • Turning.
  • Material preparation.
  • Safety checks.

    Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
  • Material types.
  • Coolant types.

    Cause and effect, implications of:
  • Implications of selecting inappropriate accessories, work holding fixtures, tools, cutting speeds and feeds.
  • Implications of incorrect installation of accessories, work holding fixtures and tools.
  • Implications of component not meeting specifications, e.g. poor finishes, uneven surface textures, incorrect size.
  • Implications and consequences of situations such as, e.g. damaged or faulty equipment, allowing faulty processes to continue, delaying reports about changing conditions.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Set up procedures for lathe.
  • Turning operations and procedures covered by this unit standard.
  • Measuring procedures.
  • Machine cleaning procedures.
  • Machine safety procedures.
  • Recording and reporting procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards.

    Theory - rules, laws, principles:
  • Applicable basic machining theory covering speeds and feeds, material properties and the underlying principles of turning.
  • Applicable mathematical concepts including geometry, trigonometry and algebra.
  • Applicable underlying scientific concepts.

    Relationships, systems:
  • The relationship of the drawing to the machined component. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Recognise problems while machining components and respond appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job requirements and set up machine appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Collect sensory and numeric information from the process and the machined component.
  • Classify the information and identify deviations from the norm. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Record outputs, incidents, measurements.
  • Report incidents and conditions.
  • Respond to questions or requests for more details. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Understand and explain machining theory and mathematical and scientific concepts underpinning the machining operation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • The relationship of the drawing to the final machined component.
  • The manufacturing purpose of the machined component. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 13205, "Operate and monitor a lathe to produce simple components", Level 2, 12 credits.

    The range of turning operations in using a lathe covered in this standard must include facing off, drilling, parallel cutting, recessing, parting off, radius cutting, boring, tapping, knurling, chamfering and reaming. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  67629   National Certificate: Mechatronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  78923   National Certificate: Autotronics  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  66449   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    2. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    3. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    4. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    5. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    6. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    7. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    8. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    9. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    10. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    11. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    12. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    13. SG Coal (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    14. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    15. The Automobile Association of South Africa NPC T/A The AA Technical College(MIDRAND) (TP) 
    16. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    17. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    18. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    19. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    20. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.