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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the theory of collective bargaining 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
258101  Demonstrate an understanding of the theory of collective bargaining 
ORIGINATOR
Task Team - Trade Unions 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 05 - Education, Training and Development Adult Learning 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners credited with this Unit Standard will be able to understand the history of collective bargaining in South Africa, the principles of collective bargaining and the levels at which collective bargaining take place. Collective bargaining is a critical concept within trade union practice and is one of the key aspects of the work of a trade union organiser.

Learners credited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Tracing the history of collective bargaining with specific reference to South Africa.
  • Describing collective bargaining structures and levels.
  • Explaining the theories of collective bargaining.
  • Exploring collective bargaining issues. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in Communication at NQF Level 4 or equivalent It is recommended that learners should achieve the US entitled 'Demonstrate an understanding of the legislative framework governing collective bargaining from a trade union perspective' before attempting this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Trace the history of collective bargaining with specific reference to South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The international origins and history of collective bargaining are discussed in term of their impact on the evolution of collective bargaining in South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The history of collective bargaining during the apartheid era and the post apartheid era is described to show the difference in approach to collective bargaining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Collective bargaining is explained in terms of how it impacts on workers' rights and conditions of employment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The gender dynamics in the process of collective bargaining are analysed to promote the interest of women. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The development of centralised collective bargaining is discussed to emphasise greater voice for the unions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The principles of collective bargaining are discussed in terms of how the have been translated into rights through legislation and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) convention. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Principles includes but is not limited to freedom of association, right to strike, child labour, right to bargain, access to information, organisational rights.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe collective bargaining structures and levels. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An overall mapping of the collective bargaining environment is conducted to present a holistic view of the processes, structures and levels of collective bargaining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The establishment, powers and functions of collective bargaining councils are discussed to clarify issues of jurisdiction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The concept of centralised collective bargaining is discussed in terms of its possibility to increase the unions'/workers' negotiating power. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The roles and responsibilities of the various structures involved in collective bargaining across sectors are distinguished in terms of and their similarities and differences. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Structures include but are not limited to Statutory Councils, bargaining councils, plant-level, sectoral and national structures.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The levels at which collective bargaining is conducted are identified and described so that the importance of each level is understood. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the theories of collective bargaining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The different theories of collective bargaining and their implications are discussed in terms of furthering a working class perspective. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Different theories include but are not limited to corporatist, unitrist, pluralist, Marxist or radical theories.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The impact of class and organisational cultures and intra-organisational bargaining on the collective bargaining process is explained in terms of how they influence collective bargaining outcomes over time. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The role of collective bargaining in the class struggle is described in terms of how it influences socio-economic transformation in society. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Collective bargaining as an instrument to build worker solidarity is discussed to show how different and disparate groupings can cooperate on common issues and concerns. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Collective bargaining processes are explored in terms of their impact on trade union power and trade union democracy. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explore collective bargaining issues. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Traditional and contemporary issues are identified and discussed and the differences and commonalities, if any, between them are highlighted. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Issues include but are not limited to wages, condition of employment, living wage and social income, gender, HIV and Aids, race, immigrant workers, employment equity, skills development.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The challenges facing collective bargaining councils currently are described and analysed in terms of how they address non-traditional CB issues. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Case studies in collective bargaining are analysed to explore a range of issues. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Issues include but are not limited to processes, strategies, and the exercise of power.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in this Unit Standard as well as the integrated competence described in the Exit Level Outcome of the Qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Collective bargaining - history, principles and challenges.
  • Theories of collective bargaining.
  • Collective agreements.
  • Roles and responsibilities of bargaining councils.
  • Human rights.
  • Legislation:
    > Basic Conditions of Employment Act (75 of 1997).
    > Employment Equity Act (55 of 1998).
    > Skills Development Act (97 of 1998). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Identifying collective bargaining issues.
  • Differentiating between collective bargaining and collective agreements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsively and effectively when:
  • Analysing collective bargaining as a construct in the South African trade union context. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information to:
  • Assess the importance of collective bargaining in trade union activity. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  63369   National Diploma: Trade Union Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2020-07-30  ETDP SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.