SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Monitor and control the coating of paper or board using a coating machine 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
256311  Monitor and control the coating of paper or board using a coating machine 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
246640  Coat paper or board using a coating machine  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10   
114248  Coat paper or board using a coating machine  Level 4  NQF Level 04  17   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to monitor and control the production of coated paper or board from the point of receiving the uncoated paper or board and the coating slurry up to the rewinder or supercalender.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the different ancillary systems interacting with the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the coating process. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence against Communication and Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical context of this unit standard covers the process from the coating plant to rewinder or supercalender.

    Range statements, which are applicable to the unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria are found beneath the applicable assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the coating process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of the coating process is explained in terms of the final product manufactured. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles of the coating process are explained by making use of a generic flow diagram. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The coating process is explained in relation to its suppliers and customer's processes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The flow of material through the coating section is traced and all equipment is identified using standard industry terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The purpose and functioning of each piece of equipment used in the coating section is explained in terms of its role in the overall process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment include but is not limited to blade, knife, rod, roll and coaters.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The functions of all chemicals and additives used within the process are explained in terms of their chemical and physical properties. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemicals include but are not limited to clay, calcium carbonate, latex, starch, relevant coating additives.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Monitor and control the different ancillary systems interacting with the coating process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Ancillary systems refer to the interface between mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, instrumentation and utilities and the coating process. It only includes those parts of each ancillary system which interact directly with the coating process and not the full ancillary system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Mechanical equipment used in the coating process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mechanical equipment may include bulk handling equipment, conveying equipment, weighing equipment, storage equipment, transport equipment and packaging equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Electrical equipment used in the coating process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Electrical equipment may include electrical motors, switchgear and drive equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Instrumentation used in the coating process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Instrumentation includes the key process indicators, control valves and controllers used to monitor and control the process.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Utilities used in the coating process are identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Utilities may include air, steam, electricity and cooling water.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Typical ancillary equipment problems within the coating process are discussed and solutions offered in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Ancillary systems are monitored and any deviations from operating parameters are corrected in accordance with operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Process materials include all incoming paper, coated paper, coating slurry and any other chemicals forming part of the coating process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The properties of process materials are explained in terms of key characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The purpose of process material quality control procedures as well as the consequences of not adhering to these procedures are explained with regards to the impact thereof on the final product produced. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The quality requirements of incoming paper, coating slurry and any other chemicals are explained according to general and workplace specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specifications are defined by machine or mill operating instructions. Specifications may include, but are not limited to, slurry type, sheet moisture level, smoothness, base paper weight, cobb, viscosity, solids content, rheology, colour, coating slurry weight and formulation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Typical raw material problems and its impact on the final paper or board properties and costs are discussed in terms of the purpose of the process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Raw material problems include but are not limited to: Paper: Moisture, smoothness, base paper weight, cobb, coating formulation, viscosity, solids content, coating type.
    Final product properties include but are not limited to the coating cover, coating weight, colour, coating slurry formulation as identified by the workplace quality control system.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Corrective action to be taken in the case of non-conforming raw materials is discussed in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Product variations are evaluated and corrective action taken in accordance with workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Product deviations include but are not limited to the coating cover, coating weight, colour and coating slurry formulation.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Monitor and control the coating process. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Monitor and control the coating process according to operational requirements and standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The coating process is monitored and parameters recorded in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The impact of process variables on the product properties is explained in terms of final products and costs. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Process variables include but are not limited to coating slurry flow, viscosity, blade/air knife, metering rod condition, drying rate, base paper, water retention, rheology, base sheet moisture.
  • Product properties include but are not limited to coating cover, grams per square metre, colour, coating mix, coating weight, base sheet moisture.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Typical equipment problems within the coating process are discussed and solutions offered in accordance to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment problems include but are not limited to speed, applicator settings, dryer settings.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Variations in the product are evaluated and corrective action taken in accordance with workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Product deviations include but are not limited to coating cover, coating weight, colour, coating slurry formulation.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 3 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Only an Assessor with considerable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an Assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions is required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners understand and can:

    Explain the names, functions and locations of:
  • All items of installed equipment.
  • Raw material/s.
  • Finished product/s.

    Describe the properties and characteristics of:
  • Raw material/s.
  • Product/s.
  • Process equipment.
  • Auxiliary equipment.
  • Process system/s.

    Explain the purpose of the:
  • Process, in terms of product/s, efficiencies and quality.

    Explain the causes, effects and implications of:
  • Process variables.
  • Raw material variables (suppliers).
  • Product variables (customers).
  • Not complying with quality standards.
  • Not complying with standard operating procedures.

    Demonstrate procedures and techniques of:
  • Monitoring and controlling the process.
  • Recording and reporting data.

    Explain the regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Standard Operating procedures.
  • Quality specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by
  • Identifying and addressing variations in ancillary system operation.
  • Identifying and addressing variations in material quality.
  • Identifying and addressing variations in the coating process.
  • Bringing all deviations into control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome(s):
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the coating process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Maintaining sound relations with co-workers.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome(s):
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the coating process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Working to achieve consistent results required by the process/customers.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome(s):
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the coating process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Using various sources of information pertaining to the coating process, including basic scientific and engineering theory.
  • Monitoring and recording process, product and equipment variables.
  • Carrying out physical quality checks and tests.
  • Explaining the impact of non-conforming materials in terms of final products and costs.
  • Describing the relationship of the process to suppliers, customers and the overall coating process.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations during:
  • Recording of variables and actions taken to rectify.
  • Responding to questions and requests for additional information.
  • Liasing with relevant operational support units.
  • Drawing and interpreting diagrams and sketches.
  • Completing relevant documentation in accordance with workplace requirements.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Monitoring the process.
  • Bringing process, product and equipment variables into control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome(s):
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the coating process.
  • Monitor and control the coating process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by:
  • Explaining the purpose of the process as well as the relationship to the supplier and customer's processes.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large by:
  • Understanding the role of monitoring plant and process in a processing environment and the effect it has on the growth and development of the organisation, its customers and employees.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 114248, "Coat paper or board using a coating machine", Level 4, 17 credits.

    Supplementary Information:

    Terms and Definitions:
  • Standard operating procedures: The documented practice(s) defining the who, what, and when of quality activities.
  • Process: Process means the manufacturing process where a product is manufactured using machinery and equipment with limited guidance or control from the learner
  • Process and operating specifications: The measurements and indications of all variables monitored during operations including temperatures, pressures, speed, flow rates, power consumption, noise, vibration and visual indicators. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61971   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    2. Mpact Operations Paper Springs 
    3. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.