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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of hostage and suicide negotiations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
256014  Demonstrate an understanding of hostage and suicide negotiations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Visible Policing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for learners who take part in hostage and suicide negotiations. This unit standard will enable learners to demonstrate an understanding of the legal framework pertaining to and the fundamentals and principles of hostage and suicide negotiations. The learners will also be able to prepare officials and individuals to survive a hostage incident. This unit standard will also contribute to the safe releasing of hostages during a hostage situation.

After completion of this unit standard the learner will be able to:
  • Evaluate the legal framework.
  • Assess fundamental knowledge.
  • Evaluate operational principles.
  • Prepare officials and individuals to survive a hostage incident. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 5. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Evaluate the legal framework. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The legal framework pertaining to negotiations is evaluated in terms of it application during hostage and suicide negotiations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concepts of defence and necessity are evaluated in terms of their differences. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Defence refers to the protection of own life and the life of others.
  • Necessity refers to the actions to protect life.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The legal requirements to tactically intervene are assessed in terms of the legal duty of law enforcement agencies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Assess fundamental concepts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The causes, types and level of conflict are explained focusing on their similarities and differences. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An explanation is given of the process of confrontation so as to ensure informed decisions are made when dealing with conflict. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The suitability of the five conflict-management strategies is assessed in terms of their applicability in hostage and suicide negotiations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Ways in dealing with an aggressive person are assessed in given hostage and suicide negotiation scenarios. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The application of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is assessed in the hostage and suicide negotiation process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The occurrence of the twelve defence mechanisms is evaluated in terms of their advantages. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The stages in group development are assessed according to their application in a hostage and suicide negotiation situation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply operational principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An explanation is given of operational structures and their priorities in place for hostage and suicide incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The duties of the first responder are described during hostage and suicide related incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Strategies and considerations are applied when dealing with the subjects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Critical matters are evaluated in terms of their effect on the hostage and suicide negotiation process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    These matters include but are not limited to negotiable and non-negotiable aspects, demands and deadlines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Indicators of progress and high risk factors are evaluated in order to make informed decisions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Safety principles and decision making criteria are applied in hostage and suicide related incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The use of third party intermediaries and interpreters is applied in hostage and suicide related incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The media is dealt with in a proficient and professional manner according to organisational policy. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Prepare officials and individuals to survive a hostage incident. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ability to identify and avoid a situation that could result in a hostage situation is demonstrated in hostage related incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An ability to behave appropriately is demonstrated in hostage related incidents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An explanation is given of the importance and methods of preserving evidence. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Legal framework pertaining to negotiations.
  • Concepts private defence and necessity.
  • Legal requirements to tactically intervene.
  • Legal duty of law enforcement agencies in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Concept causes types and level of conflict.
  • Process of confrontation.
  • Ways in dealing with conflict.
  • Suitability of the five conflict-management strategies.
  • Ways in dealing with an aggressive person.
  • Ways of dealing with a person with a firearm.
  • Application of Maslow's hierarchy of needs in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Uses of the twelve defence mechanisms in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Stages in group development.
  • Operational structures.
  • Priorities during negotiations.
  • Duties of the first responder.
  • Duties related to the management.
  • Strategies when dealing with the subjects.
  • Considerations in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Demands and deadlines.
  • Negotiable and nonnegotiable aspects.
  • Indicators of progress.
  • High risk factors in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Decision making criteria in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Safety principles in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Use of TPI's (Third Party Intermediaries) in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Use of interpreters in hostage and suicide related incidents.
  • Role of the media.
  • Ability to identify and avoid a situation that could result in a hostage situation.
  • An ability to cope during a hostage taking situation.
  • An ability to behave appropriately.
  • Preserve, collect and give evidence in line with the principles of law of evidence. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Assessing fundamental knowledge.
  • Evaluating operational principles. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Preparing officials and individuals to survive a hostage incident. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Evaluating the legal framework.
  • Assessing the fundamental knowledge.
  • Evaluating operational principles. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Preparing officials and individuals to survive a hostage incident. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Evaluating the legal framework. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.