SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of risk in a transport function 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
255801  Demonstrate an understanding of risk in a transport function 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who are required to ensure that freight, including goods, passengers or livestock, is moved from origin to destination in terms of stakeholder requirements, and in compliance with legislative requirements and international codes and practices.

This unit standard will recognise the essential knowledge and skills required to plan and provide for the management of risk and/or contingencies.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Identify and classify risk in a transport function.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the management of risk for a specific incident.
  • Plan for contingencies in a transport operation.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the requirements for an environmentally friendly transport operation. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Communications and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify and classify risk in a transport function. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Broad categories of risk within a transport operation are identified and described with reference to implications for the operation, as well as the requirements for legal compliance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Risk includes:
  • Health, safety, security, environment, commercial risk, customs liabilities, and penalties.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of insuring against risk is explained with reference to the different insurance possibilities, the cover they provide and the cost to the business. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Insurance includes:
  • Damage (spoilage); loss (theft, discrepancy, spontaneous combustion); environmental (spills; rehabilitation); accidents; loss of life; public liability.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Insurance cover is described in terms of its provisions and limitations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The description includes details of specific conditions that may invalidate claims, and compliance requirements which protect the company's interests. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Different roles within the company with respect to insurance are identified and described in terms of responsibilities for arranging insurance, checking compliance, and facilitating the claims process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Own role is differentiated from others in terms of scope and authority. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The importance of service level agreements are explained with reference to their role in defining expectations, allocating responsibility and accountability, and managing risk. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Expectations include:
  • Liabilities and terms of reference; delivery times; penalties.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The importance of establishing the facts and gathering detailed and accurate information in the event of an incident is explained with reference to company risk management procedures and the provisions of insurance cover, where applicable. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Own contribution to reducing claims is described with reference to possible corrective actions and/or good practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Liability for risk is determined for given scenarios. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
    Decisions on liability outside of own scope of competence are referred to legal experts. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate understanding of the management of risk for a specific incident. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of establishing key information with respect to the nature and seriousness of the incident is explained with reference to corporate risk and liability, and legal compliance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Responses selected for a variety of scenarios are appropriate to the provided context, and protect the interests of the company and those affected by the incident. Responses comply with current legislation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The nature of communication with transport operators at the site, direct or indirect, is explained with reference to the importance of calm and rational decision-making in the management of risk. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Operators include:
  • Drivers; pilots; ships officers; pump stations; control stations; other company personnel on-site.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Protocols, regulations and company policies and procedures governing the management of accident or incident sites are identified and explained in terms of compliance requirements, guidelines for action, and general safety provisions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Protocols and regulations include:
  • National Road Agency protocols; Marine Pollution (MARPOL).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The capacity for effective problem-solving is explained in terms of knowledge of the mechanics of the transport mode and the type of freight carried, and experience of similar incidents. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Plan for contingencies in a transport operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Planning identifies possible risks for a particular transport operation together with the probability of their occurrence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Risks include:
  • Hi-jack; accidents; theft; road closures; bad weather; arson; breakdowns; labour action; volume fluctuation.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Manageable risks are identified and internal regulations and procedures identify and prescribe appropriate behaviours and/or systems to minimise risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Provisions include clearly articulated consequences for non-compliance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Planned deployment of personnel is appropriate in terms of competence and legal requirements, and reduces risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Contingency plans developed are appropriate to the nature of the risk, the probability of occurrence, and organisational constraints. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Contingency plans include:
  • 3rd party agreements; alternative routes and modes; reallocation of resources; procedures.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Documentation for every transport operation is complete, accurate and securely stored. Documentation is readily available to authorised personnel in the event of claims. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Incident reports are accurate, complete, in the required format, and submitted within stipulated timeframes. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the requirements for an environmentally friendly transport operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    General requirements for compliance with environmental legislation and regulations are identified and described with reference to corporate provisions and implications for own practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Compliance includes:
  • Control of emissions; fuels and fuel efficiency; internal waste management (chemicals in wash bays/tank washing, rail yard housekeeping); environmental legislation and regulations for ports/harbours - MARPOL; spillages (road, rail, aerospace, pipelines).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Standards developed comply with identified legislation and establish conditions for an environmentally friendly transport operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Provisions for the monitoring of environmental compliance meet legal requirements and are consistent with established best practice in the industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Regulations governing the transport of waste are identified and explained in terms of their provisions, requirements and limitations as they apply to own transport operation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Requirements include:
  • Permits for hazardous waste.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Options:
  • Providers of learning towards this unit standard will need to meet the accreditation requirements of the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation Option:
  • The moderation requirements of the relevant ETQA must be met in order to award credit to learners for this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following is essential:
  • Company policies and procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: Risk in transport must be managed in order to deliver to expectations; this implies identifying potential problems and making provision for them, as well as dealing with them when preventative measures fail. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • Note: There are many involved in managing risk; coordinating these efforts is core to this competence. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: Ensuring that risks are identified and provision made implies careful organisation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: Gathering information in relation to each contract and task; identifying risks, making provision, communicating that to all affected parties. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • Note: There is an aspect of written and verbal communication - ensuring that risks are identified, that insurance is in place; that risks are communicated; that eventualities are investigated. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
  • Note: Information management systems will be part of this standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: Critical - the risks are factors in the world as a set of related systems; providing for risk must take all of this into account. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure that evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    The following particular issues should be taken into consideration when assessing against this unit standard:
  • Assessment can be either oral or written, but should draw on actual examples from own practice.

    Definition of Terms:
  • Terms have been clarified as far as possible through the use of range statements. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  61489   National Certificate: Transport Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Diversity technology Training Institute 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.