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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply basic research methodology and ethics 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
255762  Apply basic research methodology and ethics 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Criminology and Criminal Justice 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
115227  Explain and apply basic research methodology and ethics in the field of crime and victimisation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for learners and practitioners interested in doing basic research in a specific work environment in which ethical norms and values are a prerequisite. The benefit of this unit standard to society is that a learner who completes it will contribute to improving practice in the work environment through increased knowledge of the factors influencing the work.

Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Distinguish between the scientific method and common sense knowledge.
  • Plan research.
  • Collect and process information for research.
  • Write a basic research report. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that the learner has the following knowledge and skills:
  • Communication at NQF Level 3.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3.
  • Computer Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Different sources of knowledge refer to authority, tradition, common sense, media myths, personal experience and the scientific approach.
  • The respective description of the positivist, interpretive and constructionist paradigms includes the ontological, epistemological and methodological dimensions of scientific enquiry.
  • Research design refers to quantitative and qualitative data collection procedures, techniques and analyses, and evidence-based research. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Distinguish between the scientific method and common sense knowledge. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Scientific method and common sense knowledge are identified using published and alternative sources. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Alternative source includes interviews and site visits.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The norms are analysed in terms of scientific methods and common sense knowledge. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Ethical norms/standards are applied when conducting research. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Plan a research project. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The research problem is identified in a work-related environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Operational definitions are developed which are applicable to the research problem. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A research design is developed in terms of workplace requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Collect and process information for research. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information is recorded using an applicable collection technique. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Data is interpreted using an applicable research method. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An understanding is demonstrated of how professional and ethical relationships are maintained between role-players. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Write a research report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The format of the research report is applied in terms of standard norms and requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The format refers to title, introduction, body text, conclusion and referencing/bibliography.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The research objectives are stated within the research report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The methodology used to collect information is stated in the report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The research findings are stated in the report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Conclusions are drawn according to the stated objectives. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Recommendations are made based on the research findings. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners should understand and explain:
  • The difference between scientific enquiry and common sense knowledge.
  • The philosophical grounding of research.
  • Differences between quantitative and qualitative research designs and evidence-based research.
  • Steps in the research process.
  • Report writing.
  • Research ethics. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Collecting and processing information for research. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Collecting and processing information for research. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • Planning research. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Collecting and processing information for research. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Writing a basic research report. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Planning research. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 115227, "Explain and apply basic research methodology and ethics in the field of crime and victimisation", Level 4, 8 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  61451   Further Education and Training Certificate: Criminology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  63369   National Diploma: Trade Union Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2020-07-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  90657   National Certificate: Prosecuting  Not Applicable  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Motheo Training Institute Trust 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.