SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Evaluate an Early Childhood Development (ECD) service 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244481  Evaluate an Early Childhood Development (ECD) service 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Early Childhood Development 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 05 - Education, Training and Development Early Childhood Development 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is for people who wish to enter or obtain recognition at an entry level of Early Childhood Development (ECD).

People credited with this Unit Standard are capable of:
  • Preparing for evaluation.
  • Carrying out an evaluation.
  • Compiling an evaluation report. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • It is assumed that learners are competent in Communication at NQF Level 4 or equivalent.
  • It is recommended that learners have an understanding of the development of babies, toddlers and young children. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    For the purposes of this Unit Standard, learners are to be provided with a given evaluation instrument that calls for reflection and evaluation against given criteria. The given evaluation criteria should ask for evidence on the quality, value and effectiveness of the service. The given evaluation instrument is to cover the following key elements of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) service:
  • Planning and preparing of programmes, resources, activities, the environment and self.
  • Facilitation.
  • Assessment of child progress.
  • Care of children.
  • Resources, facilities, Early Childhood Development (ECD) environment (safety, hygiene).
  • Administration (records).
  • Stakeholder satisfaction (e.g. stakeholders: staff, parents, local authorities, funders, children, etc).

    Although the evaluation instrument will provide structure and criteria, it is expected that the learner will present their findings in some narrative form rather than simply via marking a checklist. The narrative may be in the form of a personal journal or a formal report.

    Assessors of this Unit Standard are to take into consideration the possibility that learners may not have access to all the information they require for a complete evaluation. This Unit Standard is applicable to Early Childhood Development (ECD) services in a variety of settings including prisons, toy libraries, Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres, homes and workplaces. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare for an evaluation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The evaluation process selected is relevant to the context and meets the requirements of the evaluation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Evaluation criteria are confirmed as objective, measurable, sufficient and suited to the agreed purpose of the evaluation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Expectations of stakeholders are confirmed and checked in terms of evaluation criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Adaptations to the evaluation instrument ensure relevance to context while maintaining the integrity of the evaluation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Those involved in the evaluation are informed in good time of the process, their role and ethical considerations and expectations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Access is obtained to sources of information for the evaluation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sources include but are not limited to children, adults or documents.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Carry out an evaluation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explanations and examples are provided to show distinctions between one's perceptions versus objective evidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information gathered and used is relevant, up to date and covers all the required elements of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) service offered. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Information is checked to be reliable, verifiable and sufficient for evaluation purposes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The evaluation is carried out in line with ethical and value considerations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Ethical and value considerations include but are not limited to confidentiality, cultural sensitivities, ant-bias, respect, honesty, fairness and sensitivity to special needs of those involved.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Information is analysed and interpreted against agreed criteria and without bias. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The evaluation identifies strengths and weaknesses of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Evaluation findings are supported by verifiable evidence. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Compile an evaluation report. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The detail and structure of the report provides clarity on the evaluation process and findings. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Descriptions of background or contextual information, the evaluation purpose, evaluation methodology, findings, possible solutions and recommendations.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The report clearly identifies strengths and weaknesses of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) service, supported by explanations for findings where applicable. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Recommendations are formulated in consultation with relevant stakeholders. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Recommendations respond to the evaluation findings, are achievable within the relevant Early Childhood Development (ECD) context, build on identified strengths and address identified weaknesses. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Recommendations for own professional development as well as what needs to be done in the Early Childhood Development (ECD) setting.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • This Unit Standard will be assessed by an assessor and moderated by a moderator, registered with the relevant accredited ETQA responsible for the quality assurance of this Unit Standard.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the appropriate quality assuring ETQA, or Learning Programme approval with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the quality assuring ETQA.
  • Verification (external moderation) of assessment and moderation by the provider, will be conducted by the relevant quality assuring ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant Qualification and the agreed ETQA policy and procedures.
  • An individual wishing to be assessed through RPL against this Unit Standard, may apply to an assessment agency or provider institution accredited by the relevant quality assuring ETQA, or by an ETQA that has a formal agreement/accreditation with the relevant quality assuring ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following knowledge is embedded within the Unit Standard, and will be assessed directly or indirectly through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the assessment criteria:
  • Evaluation principles and methods.
  • Approaches to criterion-based evaluation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems using critical and creative thinking when preparing for the evaluation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Organize and manage oneself and ones activities throughout the evaluation process. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information related to the Early Childhood Development (ECD) service as per the evaluation criteria. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively with stakeholders, children and co-workers. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate understanding of the world as a set of related systems through the understanding of the impact of Early Childhood Development (ECD) services on child development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Be culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts by carrying carry out the evaluation in a culturally sensitive way. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Glossary:

    Activities - refer to the active involvement of babies, toddlers and young children with a range of resources, materials and actions that contribute towards their development. This includes routine-based and play-based activities.

    Babies, toddlers and young children:
  • Babies - refers to an approximate range of 0-12 months, taking into account individual variations in development.
  • Toddlers - refers to an approximate range of 12-30 months, taking into account individual variations in development.
  • Young children - refers to an approximate range of 30 months to 5 years old, taking into account individual variations in development.

    Developmentally appropriate although it is accepted that there are multiple and contested ways in which the term may be used and understood, at its heart, "developmentally appropriate" is intended to convey the sense that children do develop in recognisable ways, even if at different rates and in line with different models of development. Hence, we may speak of something being developmentally appropriate if it meets the developmental needs of babies, toddlers and young children, supported by justifiable theories will inform the programme.

    Early Childhood Development (ECD) Service - the care, facilitation, observation, reporting and working with families and others in a variety of settings for the development of babies, toddlers and young children.

    Early Childhood Development (ECD) Settings - any place where a child is or children are, including but not limited to Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres, institutions such as prisons and hospitals, and at home.

    Facilitate - means the use of a range of activities, all of which combine in various ways to contribute to the holistic development of babies, toddlers and young children.

    Framework - guidelines to outline the range of Early Childhood Development (ECD) services, programmes and legal, health and social practices.

    Inclusion - the inclusion of all children including those with special needs.

    Programme - refers to the routines or schedules that spell out the sequence of daily and weekly events. The schedules may be very loose or highly structured depending on context and preference. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  58761   Further Education and Training Certificate: Early Childhood Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  80946   National Certificate: Community Development  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 3 At Work Recruitment Agency 
    2. Aba Health 
    3. ABASUNGULI TRAINING SPESIALISTS (PTY) LTD 
    4. Abongwe Amangwane NPC 
    5. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    6. Adziambei Academy 
    7. Agriventions Consulting 
    8. Amogelang Marketing and Training 
    9. Arden School of Management 
    10. Aubrey Nyiko Business Enterprise cc 
    11. Avax Training & Development 
    12. Bacdeen Montessori Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Bambanani Community Development Organisation NPO 
    14. Basadi Africa Management 
    15. Bavelile Consultants and Training 
    16. Bazalwane Business Partners 
    17. BERITAM PROJECTS AND TRAINING SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    18. Berry Rose Project Consultants & Service Providers 
    19. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events cc 
    20. Boitjhorisong Resource Centre 
    21. BOLAND COLLEGE 
    22. BORDERGATE EVENTS MANAGEMENT AND PROJECTS 
    23. Brain Boosters Business Education (PTY) LTD 
    24. Brainwave Projects 1997 CC 
    25. Browers Entertainment 
    26. Buhlebodwa Trading Enterprise 1 
    27. Camblish Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Candy Nxusani Trading 
    29. Centre for Creative Education/Iziko Labantu be Afrika 
    30. CMA Investments 34 (Pty) Ltd 
    31. CMM Training and Development (Pty) Ltd 
    32. College of Cape Town - Athlone Campus 
    33. College on Hills (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Compass Academy of Learning 
    35. Conferencing LK Company 
    36. Continuing Education For Africa 
    37. Custoda Trust 
    38. Cutting Edge Training Solution Learning Resources 
    39. D M Management and Consulting 
    40. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
    41. DALUXOLO HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT 
    42. DEVELO CC 
    43. Dicla Training and Projects 
    44. Dintshang Trading 
    45. Directflo 
    46. Drewmach Branding Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    47. Early Inspiration 
    48. Early Learning Resource Unit (ELRU) 
    49. EASTCAPE MIDLANDS COLLEGE BUSINESS UNIT (Uitenhage) (WA) 
    50. EBENEZER TRAINING HOUSE FOR EARLY LEARNING 
    51. Edu Experts SA 
    52. EDU-Bless College 
    53. Edu-Build Institute 
    54. EDUTAK PRE-SCHOOL TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    55. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    56. Elgin Community College 
    57. Enjo Consultants 
    58. Environment and Language Education Trust 
    59. Esigangeni General Trading 
    60. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    61. EWCC Incorporating Skills Development 
    62. FALSE BAY TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING COLLEGE 
    63. Faranang Business and Training Solutions PTY(LTD) 
    64. Footballers Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    65. FURNITURE WORLD TRAINING CENTRE 
    66. Future Discovery Training Academy CC 
    67. Future Performance Training and Development 
    68. Future-Teacher (Pty) Ltd 
    69. Gateway Training Pty Ltd 
    70. Gauteng Baobab Early Learning Training Programme 
    71. George Steven Academy 
    72. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Central Office 
    73. Get Informed Youth Development Centre 
    74. Giver of Givers Foundation Organisation 
    75. Golang Kulani ELC 
    76. Goldfields TVET College 
    77. Gotsec Skills Training 
    78. Grassroots Adult Education and Training Trust 
    79. GWALA TRAINING SERVICES 
    80. HEIRS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD 
    81. Helpers For Life NPC 
    82. HOPE ACADEMIC AND SKILL CENTRE 
    83. HUGENOTE COLLEGE 
    84. HWW Africa Region NPC 
    85. ICM t/a Institute for Career Management 
    86. Igugu Training and Investments 
    87. Ikusasa Lothisha t/a ECD Training Provider 
    88. Innovation College (Pty)Ltd 
    89. Institute of Professional Studies and Services 
    90. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
    91. Isibani Skills Academy 
    92. Isibani Soluntu Development Trust 
    93. Itireleng Bokamoso Trading Development Services and Associates 
    94. J and N Ikwekwezi Yokusa Development Training 
    95. Jabulani Training & Development 
    96. Jasintha Pty Ltd 
    97. Jonglad Trading Enterprise 
    98. K Boneng Consulting Services Pty Ltd 
    99. Katehong Early Learning Resourse Unit (KELRU ) 
    100. Katiso-kuno Consulting 
    101. Kay-Madume Business Enterprise 
    102. Keletsong Community Training & Resource Centre 
    103. Kenako Jwale Skills Development and Training Centre 
    104. Kgang-Kgolo Consulting 
    105. KHANIMAMBA TRAINING AND RESOURCE CENTRE 
    106. Khululeka Community Education Centre 
    107. Kids Academy 
    108. Kitso Bokamoso Training Solution 
    109. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    110. Klein Karoo Resource Centre 
    111. Kwa-Thema Stimulation Day Care Centre 
    112. KYM MANAGEMENT CONSULTING 
    113. Legacy African Global Skills Academy Pty Ltd 
    114. Legacy Leap Skills Developmemt Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    115. Leratham Supply Distribution and Enterprise 
    116. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    117. LESEDI EDUCARE ASSOCIATION 
    118. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    119. Lesias Educational Services 
    120. Li Lichule Trading cc 
    121. Little Elephant Training Centre For Early Educationt/a LETCEE 
    122. LITTLE LEADERS GROUP (PTY) LTD 
    123. Loago Business Consulting 
    124. Loago Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    125. Lynne Hobbs cc 
    126. Maab Training Management ( Pty) Ltd 
    127. Majahd Educational Services Multi-Purpose Primary Co-operative Limited 
    128. Marematlou Training Institute 
    129. MASIKHULE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT CENTRE 
    130. Masmab 
    131. Mass Computer Training and Printers 
    132. MATHS CENTRE INCORPORATING SCIENCES 
    133. Meals on Wheels Community Services - South Africa 
    134. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    135. MIDLANDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE 
    136. Mintirho Development Services 
    137. Mmuso and Associates 
    138. Mochochonono Training Solutions cc 
    139. Motheo Training Institute Trust 
    140. MPIC Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    141. MTL Training and Projects 
    142. Muthu Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    143. NATAL EARLY LEARNING RESOURCE UNIT TRUST 
    144. Ndoma Mathodi Trading Enterprise 
    145. Netgrow Training Solutions 
    146. Networx for Career Development 
    147. New Beginnings Training and Development Organisation 
    148. New Hope Revival Organisation 
    149. Next Step Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    150. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    151. Noni Community Development 
    152. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
    153. Northern Cape Urban College: Kimberley Campus 
    154. Northlink College 
    155. Northshore Trading 19CC t/a Makakhaunye Training and Development Agency 
    156. NTATAISE TRUST 
    157. Ntevho-Ketso Training and Recruitement Consultancy cc 
    158. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    159. Nyelati Trading Enterprise 
    160. Orange Language Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    161. Orbit FET College - Central Office 
    162. Palat Rophe Skills and Training (PTY) LTD 
    163. Peddie Development Centre 
    164. People Upliftments t/a POPUP Upliftment 
    165. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd 
    166. PHAKAMANI AGENCY CC 
    167. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    168. PMA Holding (Pty) Ltd 
    169. PND Academy of Learning cc 
    170. Pro-Ed Training 
    171. PROFESSIONAL CHILD CARE COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    172. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    173. Progressive School of Business and Engineering (Pty) 
    174. QT Training (Pty) Ltd 
    175. RAMAZWI SECURITY SERVICES CC 
    176. Rampadise Education Training & Development Centre 
    177. Read Educational Trust 
    178. Realeboga Development Services 
    179. Realeboga-Bakubung Training and Development Agency 
    180. Redefined Skills Training and Development 
    181. Regen Institute of Leadership and Management Education 
    182. REGIONAL EDUCARE COUNCIL 
    183. Renaissance Training Services cc 
    184. Retshetse Training Project 
    185. Reyapele Human and Organisational Development 
    186. Rhodes University 
    187. Rhuboni 
    188. Right 4 u College 
    189. RSA Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    190. Safe and Sound Learning Association 
    191. SANTS College 
    192. Seanapyane Resources (Pty) Ltd 
    193. Shelintons Enterprise 
    194. Sherq Global (Pty) Ltd 
    195. Sinovuyolethu Trading Pty Ltd 
    196. Siphosikho Skills Dev. Centre 
    197. Siragelaphambili Abet Skills Development 
    198. Sisanda Traders (Pty) Ltd 
    199. Sisazi Consulting 
    200. SITHUTHUKILE TRUST 
    201. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    202. Siyahluma Education Institute 
    203. SIYANQOBA SEMINARS 
    204. SIYATHELA EARLY LEARNING ASSOCIATION 
    205. SK Empire Consultancy 
    206. Skills Catalyst Consultants 
    207. Skills Development and Training Company (Pty) Ltd 
    208. South African Congress For Early Childhood Development 
    209. South Cape Public FET College - George Campus 
    210. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL) 
    211. Southern African Youth Movement 
    212. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    213. Spotru Training Centre 
    214. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    215. Sustainability Institute Trust 
    216. T Mabuya & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    217. Takatso Educare Training and Development Services 
    218. Teachers Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    219. Tembe Service Providers 
    220. Tendazwau Trading 8 (PTY) LTD 
    221. Thabelanang t/a Thabelanang Trading Enterprise 
    222. The College of Modern Montessori 
    223. The Finishing College (Pty) Ltd 
    224. The Iscariota Group (Pty) Ltd 
    225. The Legacy Four 
    226. THE MATTHEW GONIWE SCHOOL OF LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE 
    227. The Port Elizabeth Early Learning Centre 
    228. The Renaissance National Skills Development Centre 
    229. Thembekile training consulting 
    230. Thobologo Training and Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    231. THUKAKGALADI INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 
    232. THUSANANG TRUST 
    233. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    234. Thuto-Botshabelo Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    235. Tiakeni Training Centre 
    236. TJH Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    237. Too See Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    238. Training and Resources in Early Education (TREE) 
    239. TRAINING AT WORK PTY LTD 
    240. Tshehang Training and Development 
    241. TSHEPANG EDUCARE TRUST 
    242. Tshukudu MZM Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    243. Tsoelopele Leadership Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    244. Ubuntu Care and Development 
    245. UKWAKHILE TRAINING 
    246. Ulwazi Training & Development 
    247. Umnotho We Afrika Foundation 
    248. Unathi Training 
    249. UNIVERSAL COLLEGE OUTCOMES SA 
    250. Vala Nge Bhetshu Human Capital Development (Pty) Ltd 
    251. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    252. Vukuthu Training Development 
    253. Vuselela TVET College 
    254. Waterberg TVET College 
    255. Wazi Educational Support 
    256. WilRatty Consultants (PTY) Ltd 
    257. Winston Academy 
    258. World Pace Development and Training Institute 
    259. World Wide Education Providers(Pty)Ltd 
    260. Woz'obona Early Childhood Community Service Group 
    261. Yellow Media Learning Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    262. Zamokuhle Our Little People 
    263. Zuzulwazi Development 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.