SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of forensic chemistry analysis 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244155  Demonstrate an understanding of forensic chemistry analysis 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forensic Science 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for learners who will be required to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of elementary principles in forensic chemistry as basis for understanding the different applications within the field of forensic chemistry.

On completion of this unit standard the learner will be able to understand the elementary concepts of properties of matter, measurement in chemistry and chemical reactions and be able to apply this knowledge to identify the fields of forensic chemistry. In addition the learner will be able to apply the elementary principles of forensic chemistry to understand the elementary principles underlying instrumental analysis in a forensic chemistry analysis process. The learner will also be able to adhere to health and safety regulations within a forensic chemical laboratory environment and be able to identify and report such irregularities.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Identify the fields of forensic chemistry.
  • Explain the elementary concepts of properties of matter.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the elementary concepts of measurement in chemistry.
  • Explain the elementary principles of chemical reactions.
  • Adhere to health and safety regulations in a forensic chemistry laboratory.
  • Define the elementary principles of operation for instruments used in chemical instrumental analysis. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • "Demonstrate an understanding of forensic science", ID 242712.
  • "Demonstrate an understanding of the specialised fields in forensic science", ID 242708.
  • Communication at NQF level 4.
  • Physical Science at NQF level 4.
  • Mathematics at NQF level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the fields of forensic chemistry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The field of forensic inorganic chemistry is defined according to chemistry concepts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemistry concepts refer to but are not limited to:
  • The periodic table, molar concepts, quantitative calculations, acids and bases and wave and particle theories of light which must include protons neutrons, electrons, atomic number and atomic mass.

    Forensic inorganic chemistry refers to but is not limited to:
  • The analysis of soil samples, x-ray diffraction, identification of minerals, precious metal analysis, and gold identification.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The field of forensic organic chemistry is defined according to chemistry concepts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemistry concepts refer to but are not limited to:
  • Chemical and molecular reactivity and chemical structures of the relevant compounds.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The field of forensic physical chemistry is defined according to chemistry concepts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemistry concepts refer to but are not limited to:
  • Physical and chemical calculations, properties of phases of solids, liquids and gasses.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The field of forensic analytical chemistry is defined according to chemistry concepts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemistry concepts refer to but are not limited to:
  • Quantitative and qualitative characteristics.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the elementary concepts of properties of matter. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Gases, liquids, and solids are characterized according their elementary properties of matter. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Properties of matter refer to but are not limited to:
  • Molecular weight, stoichiometry, Ideal gas law, periodicity, electronic structure, chemical reactivity and inorganic and organic compounds.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Pressure, temperature, and volume relationships for gases are explained according to gas laws. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Gas laws refer to but are not limited to:
  • Ideal gas law, Charles's Law and Boyle's Law.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Common chemical materials are characterized based on their physical and chemical properties. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Physical and chemical properties refer to but are not limited to:
  • Boiling point, dew point, humidity, relative humidity, density/specific gravity, freezing point, cloud point, flash point, hardness, pH, viscosity, heat of combustion, colour, pour point, fire point, specific heat, solubility, vapour and pressure/temperature, physical properties for a variety of chemical products identified from the specification sheets (refer to Material Safety Data Sheets) of local industries.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The physical properties of strength and hardness are defined for metals according to units and substances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Strength refers to but is not limited to:
  • Tensile, impact, flexure and shear.

    Hardness refers to but is not limited to:
  • Rockwel and Brinell.

    Metals include:
  • Silver, gold, platinum, aluminium.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Elementary principles of stereo chemistry are defined in order to characterise chemical compounds. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Stereo chemistry refers to but is not limited to:
  • Optical rotation (structural isomers, cis and trans stereoisomers, enantiomers and diastereomers, +/- , D/L and R/S notation), refractive index (Brix and Baume scales) and absolute configuration described by giving examples of molecular configurations.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the elementary concepts of measurement in chemistry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of measurement in chemistry is described in context to chemical analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts must include:
  • Precision, accuracy, mean, median, mode, confidence interval and standard deviation must be explained, concept of frequency distribution chart and control chart.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Measurement errors are explained by using measurement data sets. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Measurement errors refer to but are not limited to:
  • Systematic and random errors, out of control measurements and significant figures.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Use of volumetric glassware is demonstrated according to good laboratory practise (GLP). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Use refers to but is not limited to:
  • Identifying, selecting and demonstrating use.

    Volumetric glassware refers to but is not limited to:
  • Burettes, graduated cylinders, flasks and pipettes.

    Good laboratory practise (GLP) must include quality control procedures.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Use of equipment is demonstrated according to good laboratory practise (GLP). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment refers to but is not limited to:
  • Centrifugation, conductivity metre, analytical balances, pH metre and thermometer.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Conversion of units of measurements is demonstrated for given measurement data sets. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Units of measurements refer to but are not limited to:
  • International system of Units (SI).
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the elementary principles of chemical reactions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The elementary concepts of bonding are explained in context to chemical reactions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The elementary concepts of kinetics are explained in context to chemical reactions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemical reactions refer to but are not limited to:
  • First order and second order reactions.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The elementary concepts of chemical equilibrium are explained in context to chemical reactions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Elementary concepts of chemical equilibrium here refer to but are not limited to:
  • Acid-base equilibrium, solubility and complex-ion equilibrium and thermodynamics.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Reaction types are described in context to chemical reactions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reaction types refers to but are not limited to:
  • Stereoselective, stereospecific, regioselective and regiospecific reactions and free radical reactions, SN1 reactions, SN2 reactions, E1 reactions, E2 reactions, oxidation reactions, reduction reactions and electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Systematic and common names are provided for molecules in given situations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Systematic and common refers to:
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) names (alkene, alkyne, halogen, alcohol, ether, ketone, aldehyde, carboxylic acid, ester, amide, and amine groups respectively) and street names.

    Given situations here refers to typical organic and inorganic compounds.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Adhere to health and safety regulations in a forensic chemical environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The maintenance program of equipment is explained in context to its contribution towards safety and efficient laboratory operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Volumetric glassware is maintained in a chemistry laboratory environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Maintenance refers to but is not limited to:
  • Cleaning, and storing.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The storage and transportation of chemicals are explained in terms of health and safety requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemicals refer to but are not limited to:
  • Gas, liquids and solids.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of safe handling procedures for chemicals is explained according to safety sheets. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chemicals include but are not limited to:
  • Gas, liquids and solids.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Pressure regulators for gases and other materials under pressure and vacuum are described in terms of the health and safety regulations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Define the elementary principles of operation for instruments used in chemical instrumental analysis. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Principles refer to but are not limited to:
  • Application and limitations. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Sample preparation techniques are described in the context of chemical instrumental analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sample preparation techniques here refer to but are not limited to:
  • Crystallisation and extractions (liquid/liquid, liquid/gas, gas/solids, liquid/solid).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Elementary principles of molecular spectroscopy are explained in context of chemical instrumental analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Molecular spectroscopy refers to but is not limited to:
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infra red (IR), mass spectrometry (MS).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Elementary principles of atomic spectroscopy are explained in context to chemical instrumental analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Atomic spectroscopy refers to:
  • Atomic absorption, X-ray spectroscopy, inductive coupled plasma (ICP), inductive coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Elementary principles of chromatography are explained in context to chemical instrumental analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chromatography refers to but is not limited to:
  • Gas chromatography (GC), thin layer chromatography (TLC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and electrophoresis.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Elementary principles of X-ray spectroscopy and microscopy are explained in context to chemical instrumental analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    X-ray spectroscopy refers to but is not limited to:
  • X-ray diffraction and fluorescence.

    Microscopy refers to but is not limited to:
  • Polarised microscopy, electron microscopy and spectral electron microscopy.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual who wishes to be assessed against this unit standard (including assessment of RPL) may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. Assessors must be competent in the outcome of the unit standard.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the relevant ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Current and as amended Civil Proceedings Evidence Act (Act 25 of 1965).
  • Current and as amended Section 212(4) (a) of the Criminal Procedure Act (Act 51 of 1977).
  • Current relevant occupational health and safety legislation.
  • Elementary concepts of natural science.
  • Elementary concepts of scientific calculations.
  • Elementary knowledge of laboratory environments and laboratory equipment and consumables.
  • Elementary concepts of forensic science investigations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical thinking, have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of written and/or oral presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, show responsibility towards the environment and the health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively.
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities.
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Glossary Of Terminology:

    Absolute configuration:
  • The actual three dimensional arrangement of atoms in a chiral molecule.

    Acid:
  • In general an acid is a substance that, when dissolved in water, gives a solution with a pH of less than 7. In science one refers to an acid as a molecule or ion that is able to give up a proton (H+ ion) to a base, or accept an unshared pair of electrons from a base. An acid reacts with a base in a neutralization reaction to form a salt.

    Atomic mass:
  • The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom.

    Atomic number:
  • The number, equal to the number of protons in an atom that determines its chemical properties.

    Atomic absorption spectroscopy:
  • An analytical technique based on the observation of absorption of light energy by atoms. A solution of the element is aspirated (atomised) by a flame so that the large proportion of the elements atoms remain in the ground state. The ground state atoms will absorb electromagnetic radiation characteristic to their own resonance frequency. The observation of the absorption of the light energy is proportional to the density of the elemental atoms in the flame.

    Base:
  • A substance which dissociates (separates) in aqueous solution to yield hydroxyl ions (OH-). A base reacts with an acid to form a salt.

    Boiling point:
  • The temperature at which a liquid boils.

    Chemical reactivity:
  • Relative susceptibility to chemical reaction.

    Chromatography:
  • Any of various techniques for the qualitative or quantitative separation of the components of mixtures of compounds.

    Confidence limit:
  • For a statistical sample a pair of values that delimit the interval for which there is a certain probability that the true value of some deduced variable lies between those values.

    Complex-ion:
  • An ion that is constituted from a combination of atoms: i.e. when a metal ion reacts with a Lewis base.

    Density:
  • A measure of the amount of matter contained in a given volume.

    Dew point:
  • The temperature at which the air becomes saturated and water vapour condenses to form dew.

    Diasteriomers:
  • Stereo-isomers that are not enantiomers (mirror-image stereo-isomers) are called diastereomers.

    Electrons:
  • The subatomic particle having a negative charge and orbiting the nucleus; the flow of electrons in a conductor constitutes electricity.

    Electrophilic reactions:
  • A form of substitution reaction in which the leaving functional group (normally hydrogen) is replaced with an electrophile.

    Fire point:
  • The temperature at which a liquid accelerant produces a sufficient amount of vapour to sustain combustion (S Bell, "The Facts on File Dictionary of Forensic Science", 2004).

    Flash point:
  • The lowest temperature at which a liquid can form an ignitable mixture in air near the surface of the liquid.

    Freezing point:
  • The temperature at which a liquid freezes: the solid and liquid phases are in equilibrium.

    Humidity:
  • The amount of water vapour in the air.

    Ideal gas law:
  • The equation of state of an ideal gas: PV = nRT where pressure (P), volume (V), quantity of gas in moles (n), gas constant (R), temperature (T) in Kelvin, are taken into accoun.

    Inorganic compounds:
  • Any compound not containing carbon atoms.

    IUPAC:
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry is a recognised international entity that develops standards for the naming of the chemical elements and their compounds.

    Median:
  • The measure of central tendency of a set of n values.

    Microscopy:
  • Any instrument for imaging very small objects.

    Mode:
  • In a statistical distribution the mode is described as the variable that occurs with the greatest frequency in the data set.

    Molarity:
  • The concentration of a substance in solution, expressed as the number moles of solute per litre of solution.

    Molecular spectroscopy:
  • Process via which the lines of light emitted from excited atoms are measured as the electrons drop back through their orbitals. The measured lines indicate the energy and distances of the electronic orbitals.

    Molecular weight:
  • The sum of the atomic weights of every atom in a molecule.

    Neutrons:
  • A subatomic particle forming part of the nucleus of an atom and having no charge.

    Optical rotation:
  • The direction of polarisation can be changes when polarised light passes through a substance containing chiral molecules. Optical rotation is also referred to as optical activity.

    Organic compounds:
  • Any compound containing carbon atoms covalently bound to other atoms.

    Out-of-control measurements:
  • Measurements taken when controls fall out of range.

    Oxidation reactions:
  • A reaction in which the atoms of an element lose electrons and the valence of the element increases.

    Periodic table:
  • A tabular chart of the chemical elements according to their atomic numbers so that elements with similar properties are in the same column.

    pH:
  • Indicates acidity and is numerically equal to the negative logarithm of H+ concentration expressed in molarity.

    Precision:
  • The ability of a measurement to be reproduced consistently.

    Protons:
  • A positively charged subatomic particle forming part of the nucleus of an atom and determining the atomic number of an element.

    Random errors:
  • Errors in precision that affect the reproducibility of results from test to test.

    Reduction reactions:
  • A reaction in which electrons are gained and valence is reduced; often by the removal of oxygen or the addition of hydrogen.

    Refractive index:
  • The refractive index is a measure of the degree of refraction (the change in direction) induced by the medium through which light or an electromagnetic wave passes. It is the ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to the speed of light in the medium.

    Regioselective reactions:
  • Regioselectivity refers to a chemical change that will occur with greater frequency at one position than at other potential sites of similar type. Regioselectivity usually involves a structural or positional isomer.

    Regiospecific reactions:
  • A chemical reaction that occurs specifically in one of two possible ways.

    Relative humidity:
  • The ratio of the actual amount of water vapour (absolute humidity) present in the air to the saturation point at the same temperature.

    Significant figures:
  • Measured digits that are known with certainty, thus reliable digits in a measurement.

    SN1 reactions:
  • A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

    SN2 reactions:
  • A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

    Specific gravity:
  • The ratio of the mass of a substance to that of an equal volume of water at 4C (or to some other reference substance).

    Standard deviation:
  • Measure of how values are distributed around the mean, defined as the square root of the variance.

    Stereoselective reactions:
  • Chemical reaction where one diastereomeric product is generated at a higher rate (preferentially) than another diastereomeric product.

    Stereospecific reactions:
  • Chemical reaction where two stereo-isomers yield distinct diastereomeric products.

    Stoichiometry:
  • The study and calculation of quantitative (measurable) relationships of the reactants and products in chemical reactions (chemical equations).

    Structural isomers:
  • Molecular isomers are compounds that have identical empirical formulas but differ in the nature of the bonding of their atoms (also constitutional isomers) or in the arrangement of the atoms in space (stereoisomers).

    Substitution reactions:
  • A reaction in which one functional group is replaced with another.

    Systematic errors:
  • Systematic errors are errors that produce a result that differs from the true value by a fixed amount.

    Viscosity:
  • A quantity expressing the magnitude of internal friction in a fluid, as measured by the force per unit area resisting uniform flow.

    X-ray diffraction:
  • The scattering of X-rays by the regular lattice of atoms or molecules in a crystal.

    List Of Abbreviations:
  • GC: Gas Chromatography.
  • GLP: Good Laboratory Practice.
  • HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography.
  • ICP: Inductive Coupled Plasma.
  • ICP-MS: Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy.
  • IR: Infra red.
  • IUPAC: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
  • n: Quantity of gas in moles.
  • NMR: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.
  • P: Pressure.
  • pH: -log [H]+: indicates acidity .
  • R: Gas constant.
  • SI: International system of Units.
  • T: Temperature in Kelvin.
  • TLC: Thin Layer Chromatography.
  • V: Volume. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  57651   National Certificate: Forensic Science  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
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    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.