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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain visual recording of a scene of incidence 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244152  Explain visual recording of a scene of incidence 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forensic Science 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
On completion of this unit standard, the learner will have an understanding of the purpose of a visual recording of a scene of incidence in the investigation of crime.

This unit standard will provide the learner with elementary principles of the working mechanism and components of cameras and video cameras underlying its purpose and use when recording a scene of incidence. The learner will know the purpose of plan drawing and be able to draw an elementary plan of a simulated scene of incidence that will indicate all the critical information for the purpose of investigation.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Explain photography as a method for recording a scene of incidence.
  • Explain videography as a method for recording a scene of incidence.
  • Compile an elementary plan of a scene of incidence. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • "Demonstrate an understanding of forensic science", ID 242712.
  • "Demonstrate an understanding of the specialised fields in forensic science", ID 242708.
  • Communication at NQF level 4.
  • Mathematics at NQF level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain photography as a method for recording a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The elementary principles of photography are explained in context to using photography on a scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Elementary principles of photography refer to but are not limited to:
  • Focussing, clarity, type of light source and elementary components and working mechanism of a camera.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Types of cameras are described for using to record a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The differences between digital and film photography are explained according to its advantages and disadvantages when recording a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The purpose of photography of different types of incidence scenes is explained in context to the investigation of a crime. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of scenes refer to:
  • Murder, rape and robbery.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Aspects that needed to be photographed are identified in context to the type of scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Aspects refer to but are not limited to:
  • Bodies, injuries, cartridges, (aspects related to evidential value).

    Types of scenes of incidence refer to:
  • Active, passive and potential scenes of incidence.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain videography as a method for recording a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The elementary principles of videography are explained in context to using a video camera on a scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Elementary principles of videography refer to but are not limited to:
  • Focussing, clarity, type of light source and elementary components, working mechanism and storage capacity of a camera.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Types of video cameras are described for using to record a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The differences between digital and magnetic videography are explained according to its advantages and disadvantages when recording a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The purpose of videography at different types of incidence scenes is explained in context to the investigation of a crime. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of scenes refer to but are not limited to:
  • Murder, rape and robbery.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Aspects that needed to be recorded on video are explained in context to the type of scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Aspects refer to but are not limited to:
  • Injuries, bodies, exhibits, cartridges and anything of evidential value.

    Types of scenes of incidence refer to:
  • Active, passive and potential scenes of incidence.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Compile an elementary plan of a scene of incidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of drawing a plan of a scene of incidence is explained in context to the investigation of crime. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The purpose should include the use of such plans to build models of the scene of incidence for investigative purposes.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Types and requirements of plans are defined for drawing a plan of a scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Plans refer to but are not limited to:
  • Scale plans, rough sketches, computer plans and sketch plans.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Views to a plan are demonstrated in a given situation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Views refer to but are not limited to:
  • Top and side views.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Critical information is indicated on a plan drawn of a scene of incidence. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Critical information refers to but is not limited to:
  • Location, reference number(s), author of plan, date and time, place, direction (North), caption signs and observations.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Measurements of a scene of incidence are taken in order to compile a scale drawing thereof 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual who wishes to be assessed against this unit standard (including assessment of RPL) may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. Assessors must be competent in the outcome of the Unit Standard.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the relevant ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Current and as amended Section 205 of the Criminal Procedure Act (Act 51 of 1977) as substituted by Section 11 of the General Law Sixth Amendment Act (Act 204 of 1993).
  • Current and as amended Civil Proceedings Evidence Act (Act 25 of 1965).
  • Current and as amended Section 212(4) (a) of the Criminal Procedure Act (Act 51 of 1977).
  • Current and as amended Inquests Act (Act 58 of 1959).
  • Current relevant occupational health and safety legislation.
  • Elementary principles of crime scene investigation.
  • Elementary principles of presentation of evidence.
  • Crime scene management principles.
  • Specialised fields of forensic science.
  • Interview techniques.
  • Observation techniques.
  • Radio procedures.
  • Elementary fingerprint theory.
  • Elementary photography for official photographers
  • Role players including and not limited to incident management; investigators; forensic pathology officials; scene and forensic science examiners and other specialists.
  • Different search methods and gathering of information.
  • Application of presumptive forensic examination tests.
  • Evidential and intelligence values of information obtained by scene investigation.
  • Detail note keeping of observations (including, but not limited to description of all evidence submitted including, date, time, location recovered and who recovers it). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical thinking, have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of written and/or oral presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, show responsibility towards the environment and the health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Glossary of Terminology:
  • Fingerprints: A reproduction of the ridge surface of the first nail joint of any finger.
  • Scene of incidence: Locations, indoors or outdoors, where a possible crime was committed. (Bell, 2004).
  • Active scenes of incidence: Scenes that include marches, illegal gatherings and protests or incidences currently taking place.
  • Passive scenes of incidence: Are scenes that has already taken place.
  • Potential scenes of incidence: Are active scenes in which perpetrators become violent and can commit crime.
  • Videography: Techniques of video recording used at crime scenes to supplement photography and other traditional forms of documentation. (Bell, 2004).
  • Scale plans: A top view of a scene or object drawn according to scale.
  • Rough sketch: A rough sketch is a plan that is drawn roughly in proportion.
  • Sketches: Hand drawings, usually refers to crime scene documentation or drawings done by police or forensic artists. (Bell, 2004).
  • Computer plans: Scale plans drawn with the aid of computer or theodolite or computerised software packages. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  57651   National Certificate: Forensic Science  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.