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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of crime prevention within a Victim Empowerment context 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243939  Demonstrate knowledge of crime prevention within a Victim Empowerment context 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Victim Empowerment 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies People/Human-Centred Development 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of the Unit Standard is to equip learners with knowledge of crime prevention theory and practice so that they can fully participate in crime prevention partnerships. They should be able to bring to crime prevention strategies and interventions an understanding of the role of other specialist partners, as well as their own specialist knowledge of victim empowerment and be able to integrate these skills and experience into multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral approaches.

Potential learners include service providers in government and civil society e.g. police officers, court personnel, nurses, teachers, emergency and security personnel and civil society who provide services to victims of crime, violence and human rights violations in the execution of their normal duties.

Learners accredited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Analysing the social, economic and political factors which impact on the development of crime.
  • Analysing the relationship between victim, offender and the opportunity for crime.
  • Analysing the cycle of crime, violence and distrust in relation to crime prevention.
  • Assessing crime prevention strategies and mechanisms from a Victim Empowerment perspective.
  • Developing a local crime prevention strategy. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse the social, economic and political factors which impact on the development of crime. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The relationship between social, economic and political factors and crime is explained in terms of its effect using examples of specific contexts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The way in which the social, economic and political contexts intersect are discussed and analysed to determine the creation of safe or unsafe conditions in relation to the number of crime related incidents and occurrences. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse the relationship between victim, offender and the opportunity for crime. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Vulnerability to victimisation and crime is analysed within a social, economic and political context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Indicators which relate to risk factors for offending behaviour are developed as guidelines in order to show where opportunities or crime take place. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Situational opportunities for crime are specified from a social, economic and political context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The relationship between a victim or offender and opportunities for crime is analysed for specific contexts. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Analyse the cycle of crime, violence and distrust in relation to crime prevention. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Victimisation and offending behaviour is analysed in terms of the various points in the Cycle of Crime Violence and Distrust in order to determine the establishment of relationships. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Victim Empowerment intervention points in the cycle of violence are analysed in order to develop relevant strategies for Victim Empowerment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The need to build trust and transparency amongst roleplayers is assessed in terms of providing empowerment of victims. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    CSIR Cycle of Crime Violence and Distrust, Three Spheres Convergence Model, Crime Prevention models.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Roleplayers responsible for interventions at different points in the Cycle of Crime, Violence and Distrust are analysed in terms of their role and responsibility and lines of communication in respect of the intervention. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Roleplayers in the Crime and Justice System and beyond include but not limited to:
  • Local Government, Education, Social Services, Health, Economic and Development, Liquor Board, Sports, Arts, Culture, Community Development Workers, NGOs and CBOs, FBOs, Volunteers, etc.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Collaborative opportunities for intervention in the cycle are analysed in terms of ways of preventing crime. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Assess crime prevention strategies and mechanisms from a victim empowerment perspective. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Victim Empowerment as a relevant crime prevention strategy is assessed and located within organisational operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Performance indicators for Victim Empowerment in the crime prevention strategy are determined to assess performance of the strategy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The Victim Empowerment component of the crime prevention strategy is assessed in order to identify gaps. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Additional resources, networks and mechanisms to address gaps are evaluated and communicated to roleplayers for effective implementation of crime prevention strategies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Develop a local crime prevention strategy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A crime prevention action plan is drawn up outlining roles and responsibilities in a specific context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Preventative elements on crime are categorised and explained in relation to the crime prevention strategy to enable effective implementation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Relevance and usefulness of own role in crime prevention is evaluated and communicated to ensure coordinated action. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard and the related Exit Level Outcomes of the relevant qualification must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in this Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • World Report on violence an health (WHO, 2002).
  • Guidance on Local Safety Audits: A Compendium of International Practice (National Crime Prevention Centre, Canada).
  • Crime, Violence and Injury (UNISA, 2006).
  • Crime Prevention Models (www.csir.co.za).
  • South African Constitution.
  • South African Local Government and Development, Social, Economic and Political policies.
  • National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS).
  • White Paper on Safety and Security.
  • Police Act.
  • Local Government White Paper.
  • Child Justice Bill.
  • Liquor Policy.
  • Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act 2005.
  • Municipal Systems Act (IDP policy).
  • Promotion of Access to Information Act 2, 2000.
  • Accelerated Shared Growth Initiative of South Africa (ASGISA). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with victim empowerment and crime prevention by applying responsible decision-making and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community on a daily basis to effectively implement victim empowerment and crime prevention strategies. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to implement victim empowerment and crime prevention strategies. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate skills in implementing victim empowerment and crime prevention strategies. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world, as a set of related systems in implementing victim empowerment and crime prevention strategies. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • Assessors must be registered as assessors with a relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessors must be in possession of a qualification in Victim Empowerment or a related sub-field of Human and Social Studies at a minimum of NQF Level 6. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Contemporary crime prevention theory and practice provides a range of approaches, each one dealing with one or some of the elements that make up the complex problem of crime today.

    It is generally understood that crime is most often the result not of immediate or spontaneous impulse, but as a result of a combination of social and environmental events and circumstances over a long period of time. Thus offenders do not become offenders overnight, there are a number of contributing factors that result in offending behavior. Similarly, victims of crime do not necessarily reflect typically vulnerable profiles but may come from all sectors of society, including those traditionally regarded as well defended against victimisations.

    The Three Spheres Convergence Crime Prevention Model developed by CSIR Crime prevention centre, articulates that crime occurs where there is a convergence of the will to offend, a victim vulnerable to the offence, and an environment that enables the offence:
  • Where there is the will to offend and an enabling environment, but no potential victim, anti-social behavior results.
  • Where there is the will to offend and a vulnerable victim but no enabling environment, there is threatening behavior, bullying and harassment - but crime itself cannot occur.
  • Where there is vulnerability and an enabling environment but no willing offender, fear and perceptions of unsafety proliferate, but once again, no actual crime happens.

    Thus, the model tells us that the three key elements of crime must not only each be present, but must also converge for a crime to occur. If crime is to be prevented, it therefore follows that intervention must occur specifically to transform the convergence by transforming the spheres that converge.

    By examining the population of each sphere i.e. the vulnerable victim, offender, or the environment, we can identify role players and potential pro-active and reactive interventions that will transform that sphere and consequently contribute to transforming the area of convergence/the prevention of crime. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  80946   National Certificate: Community Development  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  59258   National Certificate: Polygraphy  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.