SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse operations at a major airport 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243285  Analyse operations at a major airport 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Aerospace Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Physical Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will enable learners to understand the workings of aerodromes within a piloting context. Procedures and processes associated with aerodromes which govern operating features will enable the learner to work within the parameters of aerodromes from a piloting perspective. Learners will be able to use terminology associated with aerodromes and understand related areas pertaining to aerodromes such as the impact of security on piloting and ground handling methods. Learners will complete this unit standard within the context of transport piloting.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Analyse the airport as an operating system.
  • Analyse airport operations and services.
  • Analyse the environmental impact of aircraft operations in the vicinity of an airport or aerodrome.
  • Analyse aircraft-related airport emergency procedures. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication at NQF Level 4. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Airport operations include but are not limited to:
  • Large and small aircraft.
  • Turbo-jet and propeller driven aeroplanes.
  • Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules flights.
  • Short-range and long-range flights.

    The typical scope of this unit standard:
  • Assessment of the learner shall be conducted in compliance with CAA/MAA. Regulations and in accordance with safe flying practice.
  • Competence shall be assessed under actual or simulated conditions.
  • Large aircraft include but are not limited to multi-engine, long-range or inter-continental, high performance and multi-crew aircraft. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse the airport as an operating system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Airport management and operations structures are analysed to determine effective operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    National and international airport operations are compared in terms of effectiveness and synergy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Airport facilities and operational status are analysed in terms of supporting aircraft movement. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Supporting aircraft movement includes but is not limited to airfield readiness, operational areas and constraints, operations in an international context.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Centralised and decentralised terminal systems are compared to determine advantages and disadvantages. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse airport operations and services. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Operations may include but is not limited to cargo operations, ground handling and terminal operations.
  • Services include but are not limited to technical services and airport security. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The processes and procedures of handling are analysed in order to determine their support and integration of airport operations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Handling includes but is not limited to passenger, ramp, ground and cargo operations.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The processes and procedures of services are analysed in order to determine their impact on flight operations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Services include but are not limited to all structures providing support like management, Air Traffic Management (ATM), meteorological, technical, catering, and security.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The service delivery of an airline provider is assessed to determine effectiveness. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Analyse the environmental impact of aircraft operations at and in the vicinity of an airport or aerodrome. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Operations include but are not limited to cargo operations, ground handling and terminal operations.
  • Services include but are not limited to technical services and airport security. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Aircraft performance is analysed with regard to its impact on the environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Performance includes but is not limited to: General considerations; Departure performance; Approach performance.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Noise mitigating strategies are identified and compared to synthesis the impact of noise on the environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mitigating strategies include but are not limited to noise abatement procedures, curfews and aircraft certification.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Noise monitoring processes are identified and compared to determine their impact on flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Adverse weather conditions are identified and analysed in order to determine their influence on aircraft operations in the vicinity of the airport. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Analyse aircraft-related airport emergency procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of emergencies are analysed to determine their impact on airport operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The level of protection is analysed in order to determine its impact on operations and specify purpose. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Level of protection refers to fire and rescue services.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Emergency procedures are analysed to determine their effectiveness in minimising loss. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Emergency procedures include but are not limited to airport emergency plan, fire fighting and rescue procedures, aircraft removal procedures, medical services and foaming of runway.
  • Loss includes but is not limited to life, equipment and infrastructure.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA in accordance with the current ETQA regulations.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Other ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Aircraft systems.
  • AFM/POH procedures for non-normal and emergency situations that might occur during operations.
  • Air traffic control procedures.
  • Procedures specific to the airport being used.
  • Avoidance actions in the event of system failure when operating the aircraft.
  • Prescribed traffic pattern requirements and procedures.
  • Departure and arrival procedures.
  • Philosophies of terminal management.
  • Airport authority functions.
  • Cargo apron operations.
  • Cargo handling within a terminal area.
  • Flow through a cargo terminal.
  • Computerisation of cargo facilities.
  • Air traffic control services.
  • Meteorological services at an airport.
  • Aeronautical information services at an airport.
  • Structure for airport security.
  • Security procedures.
    > Range: Procedures include but is not limited to: Airside procedures; Landside procedures; Landside cargo terminal procedures.
  • Security equipment and systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Participating in workshops, completing assignments and preparing task sheets associated with the learning programmes leading to an understanding of the body of knowledge associated with civilian airport operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Learning programme workshops.
  • Completing assignments associated with the learning programmes leading to an understanding of civilian airport operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • The terminology and concepts associated with airport operations.
  • The airport as an operating system.
  • Airport noise control.
  • Aircraft operating characteristics in the vicinity of an airport.
  • Airport ground handling.
  • Airport security.
  • Passenger terminal operations.
  • Airport cargo operations.
  • Airport technical services.
  • Civilian airport operation and administration.
  • Airport aircraft emergency procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion during:
  • Learning programme workshops and presentations.
  • Preparing assignments associated with the learning programmes leading to an understanding of civilian airport operations.
  • Formative assessment associated with learning programme deployment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Reporting on civilian airport operations.
  • Analysing civilian airport operations in the aviation environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • The assessor must hold a recognised relevant civil or military flying instructor certification as applicable to the stream of assessment.
  • The assessor must be competent in the outcomes of this unit standard. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Definitions:

    Airmanship: The application of the principles of skill, proficiency and discipline. It includes but is not limited to: knowledge of equipment, knowledge of self, knowledge of the environment, risks associated with flight operations, appropriate situational awareness and good judgment. Good airmanship is displayed when there are no intentional deviations from accepted regulations, procedures or common sense.

    Situational awareness: The perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future.

    Safe practises in flight operations: Means a systematic, explicit and proactive process that minimises risks to aviation and the public whilst integrating flight operations, technical systems, financial considerations and resource management.
  • Where the term "Cockpit Resource Management" is used it also means "Crew Resource Management" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "non-normal" is used it also means the term "abnormal" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "Captain" is used it also means "Commander" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "Standard Operating Procedures" are used it also means "Operator Procedures" or "Operating Procedures" and vice versa.
  • The terms "airport" and "aerodrome" and "airfield" are used as synonyms where appropriate.
  • The information contained in this unit standard does not supersede any information contained in manufacturer's instructions or any law.

    Abbreviations:
  • AFM: Aircraft Flight Manual.
  • CAA: Civil Aviation Authority.
  • CRM: Crew Resource Management (Cockpit Resource Management).
  • MAA: Military Aviation Authority.
  • POH: Pilot Operating Handbook.
  • VFR: Visual Flight Rules.
  • IFR: Instrument Flight Rules. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58579   National Diploma: Air Traffic Control  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  58008   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.