SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate understanding of basic surface coatings technology and its applications 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243034  Demonstrate understanding of basic surface coatings technology and its applications 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is aimed at learners who work or intend to work in the surface coatings industry and/or upstream or downstream industries.

This unit will contribute to the full development of the learner by providing recognition and mobility within the field of manufacturing and assembly. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth within the chemical manufacturing environment.

The learner who demonstrates competence in this standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the most important processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of different types of substrates and surface coatings systems
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The components of surface coatings are stated and their functions described with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concept of "primary colours" is explained with reference to pigment colours. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The perception of the colour of an object is explained in simple terms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The meanings of the terms dark, medium and pastel colours are explained with the aid of suitable examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Terminology commonly used with surface coatings are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Opacity, gloss, hardness, flexibility, viscosity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The drying/film forming mechanisms of two types of surface coatings are explained using appropriate examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Examples are given of paints displaying Newtonian and thixotropic (non-Newtonian) flow. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    One method for the measurement of the viscosity of coatings is demonstrated and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Eflux cup, shear stress viscometer.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The relationship between opacity and the dry film thickness of a coating is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The steps in the manufacturing process of surface coatings are explained in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of achieving the specified degree of dispersion of pigments and stabilisation of the mill base/pigment dispersion is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Optimum use of pigments, cost, flocculation, quality of product.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The operating principles of one type of equipment used for the dispersion of pigments are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    High speed disperser, bead/pebble mill.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The appropriate safety, health and environmental procedures to be observed during manufacture are explained with reference to relevant legislation and Standard Operating Procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The use of appropriate Personal Protective Equipment to be used is described and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The GMP principles carried out prior to and during surface coatings manufacture are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Raw material assembly, equipment operation, loading of raw materials.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The company specific procedure to be taken when any unusual deviation occurs is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Missing/inadequate raw materials, equipment not working, power failure.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The GMP principles with regard to the storage conditions of raw materials and surface coatings are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of different types of surface coatings systems and substrates which are normally painted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Three typical substrates which are normally painted are described and the reasons for painting explained in simple terms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The meaning of a coatings system is explained with the aid of suitable examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Water based emulsion and alkyd resin based systems.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The main functions of each component of a typical solvent-based coatings system are described. (This could be enhanced - but not essential - by a range statement). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Three component system for cement plaster or mild steel.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The three basic requirements for good surface preparation before painting are stated and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The procedure used in the preparation of a substrate for painting is described briefly with the aid of a suitable example. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    New unpainted surface or previously painted surface.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Two common methods used in the application of paints are described and the situations in which they are used are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Brushing, rolling, spraying.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The preparation work and the procedure used when painting the walls of a room are described briefly. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment, materials, protection, cleanup.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • The relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body will oversee assessment and moderation of assessment, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments of the unit standard, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Chemical and physical technology used in the design of surface coatings materials.
  • Purpose and application of equipment used in the manufacturing and application of coatings.
  • Technology underlying the purpose and use of surface coatings.
  • Types of surface coatings and the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made.
  • Demonstration of the relationship between opacity and coating; and Explanation of the dispersion of pigments.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community - this is inferred in the ability to apply GMP.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • All explanations in the unit standard point to the ability to collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of different types of surface coatings systems and substrates which are normally painted. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • All explanations in the unit standard point to the ability to communicate effectively by using language skills, either orally or in writing.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of different types of surface coatings systems and substrates which are normally painted.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
  • This unit standard points to the ability to explain concepts of science and technology and observance of relevant legislation.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Relationship between opacity and coating; understanding the importance of the dispersion of pigments; Consequences of deviation when not applying GMP principles; Understanding of coatings systems; requirements and methods for painting substrates.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of different types of surface coatings systems and substrates which are normally painted.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.
  • Understanding the surface coatings technology, including aspects of quality, health, safety and environment, Company requirements and the need for the painting of buildings.

    Evident in Specific outcomes
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of surface coatings technology.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the processes in the manufacturing of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the GMP principles applied in the manufacture of surface coatings.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of different types of surface coatings systems and substrates which are normally painted.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the procedures and processes used in the preparation and painting of substrates. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Range and terminology
  • Surface coating/paint means a liquid chemical material that dries to form a thin film on the substrate/surface. (Sorry, I can't get the bullet to line up.).
  • Substrate/surface means the underlying or exposed surface.
  • Types of surface coatings may include waterborne undercoats/primers and solvent based primers, undercoats and topcoats.
  • Substrates may include cement plaster, wood, mild steel, galvanized steel.
  • Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's) mean controlled documentation and/or verbal instructions by a superior pertaining to tasks that are specific to the process and /or equipment being used.
  • Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) is that part of Quality Assurance which ensures that a product is manufactured consistently and controlled to quality standards appropriate to their intended use.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) includes gloves, masks, respirators, aprons, overcoats, safety shoes, ear protection and eye protection.
  • Relevant legislation means legislation pertaining to the chemical manufacturing environment and include acts and regulations that control occupational health and safety, water and the environment. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57879   National Certificate: Manufacturing of Surface Coatings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CHIETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.