SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Monitor and control hygiene practices in grain storage 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
242969  Monitor and control hygiene practices in grain storage 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Secondary Agriculture: Processing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Secondary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to implement hygiene practices in grain storage.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Identify the types of contamination and the causative agents that can occur in grain.
  • Monitor and control the moisture content of stored grain.
  • Monitor and control fungal and bacterial contamination of stored grain.
  • Monitor and administer pest control in stored grain. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that the learner is competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the types of contamination and the causative agents that can occur in stored grain. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to:

    Fungi, bacteria, insects, rodents, moisture, contaminated grain, poor ventilation, infrequent fumigation, poor pest control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The various fungal infestations that may contaminate stored grain are described according to standard industry criteria. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The fungal contamination are described in terms of, but not limited to:

    Origin, identification characteristics, common industry names, causative factors, the impact that the fungus has on the stored grain, preventative measures, health hazards, phyto-sanitary regulations.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The various bacterial infestations that may contaminate stored grain are described according to standard industry criteria. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The fungal contamination are described in terms of, but not limited to:

    Origin, identification characteristics, common industry names, causative factors, the impact that the bacteria has on the stored grain, preventative measures, health hazards, phyto-sanitary regulations.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The possible results that a rodent infestation may have on stored grain are described in terms of the impact of the contamination on grain storage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The various factors that result in a high moisture content in stored grain are detailed as applicable to grain storage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The effects and impact that a high moisture content has on stored grain are described as applicable to grain storage. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Monitor and control the moisture content of stored grain. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to:

    Relative humidity, ventilation, visual moisture detection, SOPs, sprouting. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The moisture content of stored grain is monitored in accordance with the methods described in the standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Visual inspection on the stored grain is conducted to identifying signs of sprouting according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The temperature of stored grain is monitored to identify signs of temperature increase from respiration according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Deviations in temperature are corrected by adjusting and controlling ventilation according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The consequences of failing to address a high moisture content are explained as applicable to stored grain. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Monitor and control fungal and bacterial contamination of stored grain. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to:

    Inspection procedures, fungal contamination, bacterial contamination, fumigation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Stored grain is inspected for signs of fungal or bacterial contamination in terms of the methods detailed in workplace standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Fungal or bacterial contamination is eradicated with the use of fumigation according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of not addressing the fungal or bacterial contamination are explained as applicable to grain storage. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Monitor and administer pest control in stored grain. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to:

    Pest control, hygiene, frequency of cleaning, littering, housekeeping, standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Hygienic conditions of the grain storage facilities are monitored in terms of the workplace standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The cleaning and frequency of cleaning of grain storage facilities are monitored and maintained according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The necessity of monitoring and restricting littering in the grain storage facilities is explained according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The facility's housekeeping conditions are monitored and maintained in terms of workplace policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The effectiveness of the pest control practices are monitored and maintained according to standard operating procedures (SOPs). 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established principles. Practical assessment activities will be used, which are appropriate to the contents in which qualifying learners are working. These activities will include an appropriate combination of self and peer assessment, practical and oral assessments, observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge be assessed. The specific outcomes must be assessed in its own right, through oral and practical evidence. It cannot be assessed by observation only.

    The specific outcomes and essential knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge, but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, then they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a learner is able to perform specific outcomes, but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found, both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected in the assessment criteria for each specific outcome and must be assed in its own right, through oral and written evidence. Observation cannot be the only assessment. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively.
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities.
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts.
  • Exploring education and career opportunities.
  • Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by:
  • Detecting defects and selecting appropriate corrective measures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    The learner is able to work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or communities by:
  • Supervising and monitoring inspection processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Planning and performing corrective processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner is able to collect, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Receiving and inspection results. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation by:
  • Enforcing and monitoring adherence to SOP's. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    The learner is able to use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Understanding the impact of contamination on grain quality.
  • Utilising substances for cleaning and fumigation processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    The learner is able to contribute to the full personal development of themselves and the social and economic development of the society at large.
  • Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors must:
  • Be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • Hold an assessor certificate according to the current requirements.
  • Have experience or an in depth knowledge of the Animal Feeds Manufacturing industry or Grain Handling. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The Learner:
  • Is expected to perform the specific outcomes reflected in this unit standard without direct supervision.
  • Should have access to work site procedures.
  • Should demonstrate an application of ethics and values.
  • Must apply basic principles of general safety and customer care.
  • Should demonstrate an awareness of the expectations and obligations of basic employee/employer relations including industrial relations principles.

    At this level the communication/reporting of issues arising in the workplace, is embedded in the specific outcomes and the related assessment criteria.

    It is understood that, due to the nature of the work environment and the skills level of the Learner, that the aspects of teamwork form an integral part of the necessary specific outcomes and related assessment criteria.

    The points included under the notes, should be included when the qualifying Learners are being assessed. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48659   Further Education and Training Certificate: Grain Milling  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.