SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse tactical options for crowd management and public order management 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
230026  Analyse tactical options for crowd management and public order management 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Visible Policing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for learners in the law enforcement environment who are required to plan and implement crowd management operations and to restore public order. A specific set of skills is needed to ensure the safety of public places and persons within public gatherings. Therefore learners must be adept at crowd management control principles.

This unit standard is for learners in the law enforcement environment who apply various techniques needed to manage crowds in a manner which is in line with the Constitution of South Africa and with special emphasis on Human Rights.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Tactically manage a crowd.
  • Establish neutral zones.
  • Manage the provision of protection and escorting services within a crowd.
  • Evacuate persons from a crowd. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication NQF level 4. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Tactically manage a crowd. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Communication techniques are analysed in order to determine which should be used in a specific situation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication techniques include but are not limited to:
  • Maintaining communication with law enforcement groups and personnel.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Crowd management techniques are analysed in order to select one to use in a specific situation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Techniques include but are not limited to:
  • Canalizing a crowd, blocking a crowd, encircling a crowd, pushing back a crowd, dispersing a crowd.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An operational plan is developed taking into account factors which will influence decision making. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors refer to but are not limited to:
  • Positioning of law enforcement members, traffic, area proximity of opposing parties, escape routes, breaking up of crowd into smaller manageable groups, level of force necessary, use of aids such as pyrotechnical aids, patrols.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The use of vehicles during crowd management is analysed to ascertain how vehicles will assistance and protection. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Vehicles must be utilised in such a manner as not to disrupt traffic.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Factors that influence the techniques selected for the management of a crowd are analysed in terms of their impact on operations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include but are not limited to:
  • Types of formations, uses of defensive lines, equipment, and techniques to avoid injuries.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Groups inside buildings are managed in relation to crowd management techniques. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Management include but is not limited to:
  • Removing of barricades, progressive push back, team arresting techniques.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Establish neutral zones. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A neutral zone is established to allow the freedom of movement of the reserve and to maintain freedom of action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Blocking line techniques are analysed to determine whether they are appropriate for use in a given situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Movement of law enforcement members is assessed in order to determine its effect on the neutral zone. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Manage the provision of protection and escorting services within a crowd. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Methods of providing all round protection to participants within an escort are assessed to determine whether they are appropriate for use in a given situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of deploying an escort formation are assessed to determine whether they are appropriate for use in a given situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The use of external reserves within a crowd management control situation is assessed In terms of its influence on the mandate of reserves and legal implications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Evacuate persons from a crowd. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Evacuation may also refer to the arresting of a specific person (s) within a crowd. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Evacuation plans are drawn up ensuring co-ordination between law enforcement members and taking into account the operational objectives. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Building structures, plans and the immediate environment are analysed to determine best routes for evacuation in accordance with operational objectives. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Information Gathering processes.
  • Priorities and objectives of the operations and organizations.
  • Assessment methods and processes.
  • Decision making model (IODA IOOP).
  • Tactical options for crowd management.
  • Prescriptions pertaining to the organisational guidelines on financial management.
  • Writing of operational plan and drawing of the operational layout.
  • Requirements of briefing procedures and the use of facilitation equipment.
  • Contingency plans.
  • The Constitution of South Africa.
  • Firearms Control Act.
  • Techniques for Crowd management.
  • Criminal Procedures Act.
  • Explosives Act.
  • Dangerous Weapons Act.
  • Tactical options for tactical police operations.
  • Principles and rules of operations.
  • South African Police Service Act.
  • Road Traffic Act.
  • Labour Relations Act.
  • Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act.
  • Dangerous Weapons Act.
  • Principles of Community Policing.
  • Human Rights and Policing.
  • Public Gathering Act.
  • Standing Operational Procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group organization, community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  48865   National Diploma: Policing  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-12-02  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AFRIC POLICING INSTITUTE 
    2. BOKAMOSO INSTITUTE OF SOUTH AFRICA 
    3. DAM SCHOOL OF POLICING 
    4. DAM SCHOOL OF POLICING POLOKWANE 
    5. DAM SCHOOL OF POLICING PRETORIA 
    6. DAM TECHNICALCOLLEGE PTY TD 
    7. EKHURHULENI SHOOTING AND TRAINING ACADEMY 
    8. FIRMSTONE CONSULTING AND SECURITY ACADEMY 
    9. HJN POLOKWANE BRANCH PTY LTD 
    10. HJN TRAINING CC 
    11. JEPPE COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND COMPUTER 
    12. SNAP SOLUTIONS NETWX PTY LTD 
    13. TSU PROTECTION SERVICES 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.