SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain how data is stored on computers 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14944  Explain how data is stored on computers 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those working in, or entering the workplace in the area of Information Systems and Technology Management
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe the roles of IS departments in organisations
  • Describe the structures of IS departments in organisations
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3).
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of computer data types. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration distinguishes between data types and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits (0,1) , Bytes, Numbers , Integers (+- values, whole items), Floating point (temperature, voltage, etc), Boolean (0/1 on/off).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description of the use of coding systems in a business environment distinguishes categories of coding systems and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    BCD, EBCDIC (IBM mainframes), ASCII (micro & mini computers), UNICODE.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration illustrates how data manipulation operations are performed on data types. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe computer data structures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes types of computer data structures and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits, Bytes, Characters, Fields, Records, Files, Databases.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description distinguishes types of computer files and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Master, Transaction, Temporary, Document , Serial, Sequential, Indexed, Direct.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes types of computer databases and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hierarchical, Network, Relational, SQL (Completeness, Non-redundancy, Structure).
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but is not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but is not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
    Systems Development 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  50479   Further Education and Training Certificate: Advertising  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    2. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    3. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    4. Academy of Training and Development 
    5. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    6. Advanced Assessments and Train 
    7. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty 
    8. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    9. Affirmations Training 
    10. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    11. Afrika Tikkun 
    12. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    13. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Amilak Training Center 
    15. Amitek Business College 
    16. Angie Technologies 
    17. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    18. APEXEA 
    19. Artshub Institute 
    20. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    21. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    22. ATTI Kimberley 
    23. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    24. Atvance Academy Pty Ltd 
    25. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    26. Atvance Learning PTY LTD 
    27. Aurora IT & Security Solutions 
    28. Awona Technologies cc 
    29. AWRISE 
    30. Azania Academy 
    31. Bacom Computers 
    32. Balefile Trading and Services 
    33. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    34. Bavelile Consultants and Training Pty Ltd 
    35. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    36. Bells Technical College 
    37. Blue Ora Pty Ltd 
    38. Boland College 
    39. Bonitas Unversity College 
    40. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    41. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    42. Bristol Training College 
    43. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    44. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    45. Capenexis Data Solutions 
    46. Careers IT 
    47. City College 
    48. Claas Illustration 
    49. Clean Heat Academy 
    50. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    51. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    52. Comfortable Tech 
    53. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    54. Competence computer and business management 
    55. Compus training institution 
    56. Creatividad Consulting CC 
    57. CSL Accountants 
    58. CTU Training Solutions 
    59. CYBAX SYSTEMS 
    60. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    61. DAB Health Care Centre 
    62. DC Dynamic College of Commerce 
    63. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    64. Delight Computer Training 
    65. Dibana Business Consultants 
    66. Dicla Training and Projects (p 
    67. Digital Media Arts College 
    68. Digital Paper (Pty) Ltd 
    69. DOGOODCIRCLE 
    70. DVG Media Training 
    71. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    72. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    73. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    74. ED-U Options Academy 
    75. Edging Forward Training and Co 
    76. EHLANZENI TVET COLLEGE 
    77. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    78. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    79. Elchees Software Solutions 
    80. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    81. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    82. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    83. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    84. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    85. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    86. Footprint Media academy Pty ltd 
    87. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    88. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    89. Four Stars Communication 
    90. Fourways Private College 
    91. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    92. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    93. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    94. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    95. Gauteng City College 
    96. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    97. GCABS 
    98. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    99. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    100. Global Institute for Capacity 
    101. Godisang Development 
    102. Gold Class Group 
    103. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    104. Goldman College (Pty) Ltd 
    105. Greenview Training and Development Skills Centre 
    106. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    107. Guest Resource Services 
    108. Guildford College 
    109. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    110. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    111. Heartlines College 
    112. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    113. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    114. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    115. HOPE TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    116. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    117. Icebolethu Academy 
    118. iCollege College 
    119. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    120. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    121. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    122. Impact Sourcing Academy - NPO 
    123. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    124. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
    125. Initium 
    126. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    127. Institutional Higher Education 
    128. intelliscient Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    129. Isivande Projects 
    130. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    131. iStudent Academy 
    132. IT Academy 
    133. IT Labs Consulting 
    134. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    135. Ithemba IT Solution 
    136. ITI 
    137. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    138. Johannesburg Institute of Engi 
    139. Jonda Learning Academy 
    140. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    141. Keep The Dream 285 
    142. Kgolo Institute 
    143. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    144. Kingswood Academy 
    145. KMT Training and Business Solutions 
    146. KT Mobile Services 
    147. Kundani Trading 
    148. KVR Training and Business Solutions 
    149. Lamus Training Academy 
    150. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    151. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    152. Lephalale Business & Technical 
    153. Leseding Computer Systems 
    154. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    155. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    156. Limptech Computer Training 
    157. LINKINGNOTES 
    158. Loomee Group 
    159. LUPHINDI BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    160. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    161. Makhophila Training 
    162. Malope IT Solutions 
    163. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    164. MANAGED OUTSOURCED TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    165. Mapubo Consulting 
    166. Mash Computer Training 
    167. Matiwane Computer Networks (Pty) Ltd 
    168. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    169. Mcebo Technologies 
    170. Mecer Inter-ED 
    171. Mentec Group PTY LTD 
    172. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    173. Mmamohule General Traders 
    174. Mmanape Private Technical Coll 
    175. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    176. MND Training and Projects 
    177. Mo Afrika Ithlokomele Education Projects 
    178. Mogapi Education Group 
    179. MOKALENG IT 
    180. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    181. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    182. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    183. Mpande Technologies cc 
    184. MSC Business College 
    185. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    186. Multi Tech College 
    187. Musengavhadzimu Media 
    188. MVM Multimedia 
    189. Nape Angwato Trading 
    190. Nashua (Pty)Ltd 
    191. NBC Technologies 
    192. NCC - Vereeniging 
    193. Nchebeko Skills Consultancy (PTY) LTD 
    194. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    195. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    196. Netcampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    197. New Trend Computers cc 
    198. NEWDAY UNITED NPC 
    199. NEWLEIGH BUSINESS COLLEGE 
    200. Nkangala Skills Centre 
    201. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    202. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    203. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    204. Nyathela Business College 
    205. Ocule IT 
    206. Olrich Home of Technology 
    207. OMNIVISION INSTITUTE 
    208. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    209. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    210. Overcomers Training College (P 
    211. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    212. Pelican Training (Pty) Ltd 
    213. Peo Entle HIV Wellness Management and Youth Skills Development NPO 
    214. Petcon Capacity Building Solut 
    215. Phumelela Consulting Pty Ltd 
    216. PHUTHUMA TEL PTY LTD 
    217. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    218. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    219. Pretoria Technical College 
    220. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    221. Progressive School of Business 
    222. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    223. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    224. QUALITATIVE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS 
    225. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    226. Rand Training College 
    227. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    228. Resisa Logistics cc 
    229. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    230. RHULLYS INNOVATIVE SKILLS TRAI 
    231. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    232. Rivoni Training N Communicatio 
    233. Rofane Consulting 
    234. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    235. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    236. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    237. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    238. Sead Training and Learning Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    239. Sebata Municipal Solutions (Pt 
    240. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    241. SILVER SOLUTIONS 
    242. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    243. SM SAFETY AND TECHNICAL LEARNI 
    244. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    245. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    246. South African Business and Tec 
    247. Southern Africa Youth Project 
    248. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    249. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    250. Spina Consultancy 
    251. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    252. Star Light Consulting 
    253. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    254. Success Christian Training Cen 
    255. Successors Training Institute 
    256. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    257. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    258. T-SYSTEMS SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    259. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    260. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    261. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    262. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    263. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    264. Terry Computer Services cc 
    265. Thasullulo F.E.T College (Pty) Ltd 
    266. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    267. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    268. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    269. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    270. Tinotel Communications 
    271. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    272. Titan Trade Technologies 
    273. Tlatlana Trading (PTY) LTD 
    274. Tlou Foundation College 
    275. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    276. Triple Desire Trading & Projects 43 
    277. Tshiredo Training Academy 
    278. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    279. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    280. TSP COLLEGE 
    281. Two Aces Learnerships 
    282. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    283. Umbuso Training Services (Pty) Ltd. 
    284. Urban Journey 
    285. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    286. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    287. VERGE PTY LTD 
    288. Visionary Skill Academy 
    289. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    290. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    291. Vuselela TVET College 
    292. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    293. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    294. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    295. Westrand Youth Development 
    296. Whitestone College 
    297. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    298. Working Solution International 
    299. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    300. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    301. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    302. Yonet Training Academy 
    303. Youth Media Movement 
    304. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    305. Zikode Development Trust 
    306. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.