SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Install and maintain castable/mouldable refractory materials 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13975  Install and maintain castable/mouldable refractory materials 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for anyone who has to practice self-management principles responsibly and effectively during the installation and re-installing of castable/mouldable refractory materials by applying scientific techniques and solving related problems during refractory installation or maintenance processes.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • collect information and organise activities for castable/mouldable refractory materials installation and repair,
  • install castable/mouldable refractory materials,
  • remove and re-instate damaged castable/mouldable refractory materials,
  • perform end of work activities.

    This unit will contribute to the full development of the learner within the refractory construction environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of construction. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and progression within the construction and civil engineering contexts. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills, knowledge and understanding on:
  • Literacy and numeracy NQF 2,
  • Mixing of refractory monolithics,
  • Interpreting and understanding engineering drawings,
  • The use of measuring equipment.
  • The use of hand held engineering power tools.
  • The use and care for lifting tackle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the process requires a range of well-developed skills and offers a significant choice of procedures. Some relevant theoretical knowledge, interpretation of available information, discretion and judgement, as well as a range of known responses to familiar problems are employed. The application of this unit standard is to qualify the person for certification in skilled occupations.

    The credit value assigned to this unit standard is appropriate and reflects the average length of time for an average qualifying learning to become competent.

    Recommended contact time and individual learning = 30 h
    Recommended time spent in structured learning in the workplace and assessment = 20h
    Total notional hours = 50h 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Collect information and organise activities. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Collect information and organise activities for castable/mouldable refractory materials installation and repair. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Engineering sketches, specifications and instructions are interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The work area, background area, tools, equipment and materials are prepared according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Background surfaces may include metal, wooden, plastic, concrete, brick, insulation boards or ceramic blankets.
  • Mechanical aids and handling equipment may include conveyor belts, forklifts or cranes.
  • Types of rammers may include hand held tamping tool or pneumatic driven tools.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Castable/mouldable refractory materials are prepared and verified according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Non-conforming castables/mouldables may include setting time expired, contaminated castables/ mouldables, unworkable or inconsistent castables/mouldables.
  • Cutting mouldables may include trimming lining surface by spade, trimming lining surface with scraper, Scutch hammer, hammer with bolster or surface rougher.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Information and procedural activities are communicated to relevant parties according to standard operating procedures and basic business and team ethics. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Install castable/mouldable refractory materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Installation techniques and processes using castable/mouldable refractory materials are applied and controlled according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Castable/mouldable refractory materials installation techniques and processes refer to layering, anchorage and positioning.
  • Anchorage may include refractory anchors, metal or stainless steel fasteners or ceramic anchor bricks.
  • Shutters may include timber planks, wooden boards and plywood or metal panels.
  • Formers may include wooden, plastic or metal pre-assembled units.
  • Breather holes may include spiked holes.
  • Contraction/ expansion joints may include hand made joints.
  • Bonding refers to ramming mouldable into previously placed mouldables.
  • Hazards during installation of monolithics may include heights, burns, gasses, brick chips, heat or dust.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Non-conforming and waste castable/mouldable refractory materials are discarded according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Non-conforming castables/mouldables include materials with expired setting time, contaminated castables/mouldables, unworkable and inconsistent castables/mouldables.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Castable/mouldable refractory materials are protected and cured according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Curing refers to covering with wet blankets/plastic sheets, water/chemical sprays/coating.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Test samples are taken according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Test samples may include standard test cubes, panels.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Common problems are solved within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem solving includes:
  • Recognition of signs of problems,
  • Identification of common problems, their causes and methods for prevention,
  • Description of the consequences of the problem.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Remove and re-instate damaged castable/mouldable refractory materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Non-conforming castable/mouldable refractory materials are identified, segregated and corrective action taken according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Non-conforming castables/mouldables include materials with expired setting time, contaminated castables/mouldables, unworkable and inconsistent castables/mouldables.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The work area, tools, equipment and materials are prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Damaged refractory linings and waste are handled and removed according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Methods and process for reinstating the integrity of the refractory structure are applied according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Quality assurance and control reports are recorded and communicated according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of work activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The work area, equipment, tools and materials are cleaned and stored according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Waste from the cleaning process is handled and stored or dispatched according standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Process records are kept according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Completion of activities is communicated according to standard operating procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of installing and re-installing castable/mouldable refractory materials for refractory installations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome and critical cross-field outcomes.
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain material, technique, safety, and legislative contexts.

    Materials knowledge
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • The types and functions and placing of castable/mouldable refractory materials used within refractory installations.
  • Types, use and function of refractory monolithic materials.
  • The characteristics of non-conforming castable/mouldable refractory material.

    Technique and equipment knowledge
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • The principles of mixing refractory mortar, concrete and monolithic materials.
  • The principles of applying and placing of castable/mouldable refractory materials.
  • Selection of application method(s) for applying castable/mouldable refractory materials.
  • The usage and function of equipment and tools such as guniting, vibrating equipment, mechanical equipment.
  • Applicable standard operating procedures.
  • Advanced principles of mixing.
  • Use and functions of vibrators, pneumatic rammers.
  • Methods of preparing background surfaces.
  • Principles of anchorage.
  • Principles of placing refractory monolithics.
  • Principles of curing refractory linings.

    Safety and legislation
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • Use and function of protective equipment.
  • Relevant safety requirements, hazards and procedures at his/her workplace,
  • Applicable legislation and specification within this sub-field

    Life skills
  • Time management
  • Teamwork
  • Solving problems 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems within scope of work, selection of materials, equipment and application techniques. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Working in line with site-schedules. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for work area, personal and environmental safety. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Collect information and organise activities for castable/mouldable refractory materials installation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication methods and keeping records. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by.
  • Installation and re-instating procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Legal requirements:

    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable:
  • Mines and Works Act,
  • National Building Regulations,
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993,
  • Applicable SABS and/or International standards and requirements,
  • ISO 9000 & 14000

    Definition of terms within this unit standard:

    Mechanical aids refer to overhead cranes, forklifts and conveyer belts.

    Vibrators refer to hand held or fixed pneumatic, hydraulic, electric, mechanical driven tools.

    Standard operating procedures refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal, equipment and environmental safety procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, time frames, applicable legislation and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22992   National Certificate: Refractories Masonry  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  66449   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 
    Elective  57692   Further Education and Training Certificate: Carbonate Materials Manufacturing Processes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. PPC LTD SANDTON OFFICE 
    2. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    3. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    4. Thekweni TVET College 
    5. West Coast TVET College 
    6. Zwartkop Training Centre 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.