SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Contribute to the implementation, post-implementation review and maintenance of information systems 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13099  Contribute to the implementation, post-implementation review and maintenance of information systems 
ORIGINATOR
SGB HET Accountancy and Financial Management 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
FASSET - Financial and Accounting Services SETA 
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Finance, Economics and Accounting 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to describe and participate in the study, acquisition, implementation and maintenance information systems in an accounting environment. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Unit standard, Analyse and participate in the design of Information Technology systems, NQF level 6. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
"Implementation" is used to mean the process of both "building/developing", and "installing" information systems. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Describe the basic concepts of information systems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The concepts of "systems" and "systems thinking" are be explained and the types of systems (e.g. stable, simple, open, closed) are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The common characteristics of systems (e.g. subsystems, system boundaries, redundancy, entropy) are named and illustrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The elements of a control/feedback system and the function of each element (e.g. input, process, output, sensor, criteria, activator) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The nature, types, sources and characteristics of information are compared. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The relationship between data and information are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The uses, significance and competitive advantage of information are defined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. The characteristics of each category of system which can be identified by who in an organisation uses the output from the system (e.g. transaction processing, MIS) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. The characteristics of each category of system which can be identified by where and when the processing is done (e.g. batch, on-line, centralised, distributed, client-server) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
9. The phases in the systems development life cycle, and the deliverables from each phase are described and the roles and responsibilities of the people involved in developing or maintaining systems are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
10. The diagrammatic representation of systems (e.g. data flow, diagrams, hierarchical charts) is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
11. An individual's right to privacy and the possible conflicts between these rights and the use of information systems (e.g. unwanted consequences of sharing information (junk mail) is described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify basic issues that determine the way computer-based information systems are implemented. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Identify the basic issues that determine the way in which computer-based information systems are implemented, evaluated and maintained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The opportunities, advantages and risks of using computers in business are advised on. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The advantages and disadvantages of purchasing versus developing application software are contrasted. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The methods, advantages and disadvantages of developing an information system (e.g. end-user computing, in-house development, prototyping, application development tools) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The procedures to be followed, advantages and disadvantages of using software houses/bureaus to develop information systems (e.g. request for quotation) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The changing role of the user in systems implementation (e.g. from a passive spectator to end-user computing and joint application development sessions) is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The impact of computer/information technology on society (e.g. ethics, privacy, property rights/intellectual property) is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. The impact of computers/information technology on organisations and the work environments (e.g. change of culture, computer crime, human error and computer malfunction, quality of work life) is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. The impact of computers/information technology on information systems (e.g. increased value of information, risks, controls) is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
9. The impact of computers/information technology on current legislation (e.g. copyright and privacy laws) is described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Participate in conducting feasibility studies. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The categories of systems feasibility (e.g. technical, economic, operational, schedule, legal) are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Cost/benefit analyses of information systems are prepared. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Using common techniques to make system selection evaluations (e.g. bench-mark tests, volume sizing, systems sizing) are assisted with. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Specify user information systems requirements. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
These criteria apply only to systems which will be used by the candidates to perform appropriate business functions (e.g. financial systems) 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The functions of, and information required from a system which is to be implemented are specified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The characteristics required of the system which is to be implemented (e.g. availability, maintainability, usability) are suggested. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The appropriate person-machine interfaces of the system are specified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The corporate information required for the company's database which the system must provide is identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The systems control requirements which will enable the system to be audited (e.g. audit trail, levels/types of security) are suggested. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Contribute to the implementation of information systems. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
"Implementation" is used to mean the process of both "building/developing", and "installing" information systems 
OUTCOME RANGE 
These criteria apply only to systems which will used by the candidates to perform appropriate business functions (e.g. financial systems) 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Project team contribution in system implementation is conducted in a participative manner. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. End-user computing facilities (associated with an information centre) are utilised to implement systems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The types of testing and the goal of each type, which should be concluded before a system is installed is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Appropriate test data and test procedures which should be performed successfully before the user accepts a system are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The steps in installing information systems, and who is responsible for each step (e.g. hardware acquisition, staff training, site preparation) are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The advantages and disadvantages of the types of systems conversion/methods of changeover (e.g. direct conversion, phased conversion, parallel conversion, pilot conversion) are named. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Conduct post-implementation reviews of informationsystems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Appropriate timeframes to follow different types of post implementation review procedures (e.g. event-driven reviews, time-driven reviews) are determined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The factors which must be considered during a post implementation review (e.g. link between organisation's mission and the system, system's performance, implementation costs) are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The actual performance of all system components with their expected performance (e.g. hardware, software, networks, procedures, personnel) are compared. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The success of the system (e.g. extent to which documented user requirements met) is measured. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. A system's benefits and costs are determined. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
Identify types of system maintenance and describe techniques for maintaining and upgrading systems. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Identify the types of system maintenance and describe techniques for maintaining and upgrading systems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The causes of changes which may need to be made to installed systems (e.g. new user request, technical enhancements, errors in design) are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The types of maintenance, and when each type is appropriate (e.g. patch, release) are identified and described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The relationship between maintenance and design (e.g. good design, less expensive maintenance) is defined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The financial implication of maintenance (e.g. increase in system's age increases maintenance costs) is determined and described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 8 
Establish and evaluate procedures for acquiring information system components. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The advantages and disadvantages of purchasing, leasing or renting hardware are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The advantages and disadvantages of building or buying application software are named. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The steps which should be followed when selecting system components (e.g. document user requirements, document request for proposal, select appropriate software, evaluate possible hardware options) are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The factors which should be considered when selecting application software (e.g. functionality, quality cost, vendor support, hardware platform required) are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. The factors which should be considered when evaluating hardware options (e.g. performance, cost, vendor support) are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The factors to consider when selecting a vendor (e.g. financial availability, quality of after sales service, extent of user training offered) are listed. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Accreditation for this unit standard shall be obtained from the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance Body, through summative assessment by a registered assessor

Moderation activity comments by SGB's, organisations and individuals may be forwarded to NSB03 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
A demonstrated understanding of:
  • Feasibility studies (research), information system acquisition, implementation, review and maintenance

    Terminology:
  • IS (Management Information Systems) 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Solve problems 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team/group 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and critically evaluate information 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematics and language skills in the modes of oral and written presentations 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    "Implementation" is used to mean the process of both "building/developing", and "installing" information systems. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  83026   National Certificate: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Software Testing  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  67460   National Diploma: Public Administration  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  63909   National Certificate: Business Analysis  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.