SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Prepare products for hand staining 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117160  Prepare products for hand staining 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Furniture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The person credited with this unit standard is able to prepare products for hand staining and applying materials in a sound safe working process. The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Preparing materials for hand staining.
  • Applying stains.
  • Applying grain fillers.
  • Applying sealers and primers.
  • Confirming surfaces for polishing. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence in basic numeracy and literacy equivalent to ABET Level 4. They will also have achieved, or be able to demonstrate equivalent competence to the National Certificate in Furniture Making, NQF level 1. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The following elements include but are not limited to:
  • Materials: traditional stain; modern stain; grain filler; sealer and primer, brushes; cloths; rags; sponge; masking tape
  • Specification; written; oral; colour chart; colour sample
  • Queries; inaccuracies; errors; unclear information
  • Adjustments; to colour; consistency
  • Application: brush; rag; sponge
  • Work piece: components; sub-assemblies; assemblies
  • Surfaces: solid timber; veneers; composite board; flat panel; curves; profiles
  • Traditional stains: oil; water; spirit
  • Modern stains: mixed solvent; water; pigmented
  • Application faults: poor wetting; drips; runs; marks in wood; blotching; uneven colour; grease marks; streaks; finger marks
  • Grain fillers: oil based; solvent based
  • Faults: over-thinned grain filler; incorrectly mixed grain filler; non removal of excess grain filler
  • Sealers: traditional shellac sealer; traditional shellac polishes
  • Primers: traditional; oil based
  • Application: by brush; by pad
  • Surface changes: nibs; depth of colour; holes; scratches; chips; dents; cracks; adhesive; blisters; blemishes
  • Materials: filling wax; stopping; abrasives
  • Tools: filler knife; trimmer knife; tak rag 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare materials for hand staining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Specification is checked and work is organised accordingly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Queries regarding specification are clarified with the relevant person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Workstation is clean and free of debris and dust. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Appropriate materials are selected according to specification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    .Selected materials are correctly prepared and tested to meet specification requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Spillage's and splashes are dealt with promptly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Unused materials are labeled and stored safely. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The process is performed safely and within the time allocated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Apply stains. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Surfaces are cleaned and finished to accept stains. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Surfaces not be stained are adequately masked. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Stains meet colour sample specification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Stain is applied according to specification and finish required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Spillage's and splashes are dealt with promptly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Application faults are accurately identified, rectified or reported to the relevant person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Unused stains are labeled and returned to storage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Relevant information is recorded onto appropriate document. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The process is performed safely and within the time allocated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply grain fillers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Surfaces to be grain filled are identified according to specification requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Surfaces are free of dust and foreign objects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Grain filler conforms to specification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Grain filler is applied correctly according to specification and finish requirement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Filled surface is flat, clean and de-nibbed as required, ready for next stage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Application faults are identified, rectified or reported to the relevant person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Unused grain fillers are returned to storage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Relevant information is recorded onto appropriate document. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The process is performed safely and within the time allocated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply sealers and primers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Sealers and primers meet specification requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Sealers and primers are applied according to specification and finish requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Faults are identified, rectified or reported to the relevant person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Unused sealers and primers are returned to storage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Relevant information is recorded onto appropriate document. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The process is performed safely and within the time allocated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Confirm surfaces for polishing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Abrasive materials are suitable for dealing with required surface changes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Surfaces are de-nibbed and suitable for finishing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work piece and materials are stored safely and without damage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The process is completed in the time allocated. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Assessors assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the FIETA ETQA.

    Institutions offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the FIETA ETQA. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    A sound understanding of the nature, use and application of grain filler, stains, primer and sealer

    A sound understanding of stains, including:
  • When and why staining is necessary
  • Preparation requirements
  • Colour matching
  • Importance of regular mixing to bring solutions into correct suspensions
  • Preparation and use of pre-mixed stains
  • Drying times
  • Recognition of application faults

    A broad understanding of preparation and use of grain filler, including:
  • Importance of removing excess grain filler
  • Types and scope of grain filler available
  • Compatibility of grain filler with subsequent coatings
  • Drying times of grain filler
  • Correct storage of grain filler

    A broad understanding of preparation and use of sealers and primers, including drying times

    Relevant masking materials; how and when to use them

    A sound knowledge of sanding techniques and dust removal

    Relevant health and safety requirements including:
  • Safe storage of materials
  • Safe disposal of rags 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify & solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when preparing for the hand staining processes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to ensure work is carried out according to quality and performance requirements, without compromising safety for self and colleagues. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using language skills when communicating with supervisors and work colleagues. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation, that when preparation and application steps are taken that they do not pose a safety risk and that failure to maintain rate and quality of production will negatively impact upon all parts of the furniture production cycle. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49091   National Certificate: Furniture Making: Wood  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
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    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.