SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Perform spatial statistical analysis 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116830  Perform spatial statistical analysis 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Geographical Information Sciences 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Physical Planning, Design and Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard has been developed for the GISc occupational area and is intended for persons who aim to achieve career advancement by gaining GISc skills leading to a qualification based on unit standards. A person who has successfully completed this unit standard is able to perform spatial error analysis.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Display a knowledge and understanding of spatial sampling.
  • Display a knowledge and understanding of correlation analysis.
  • Display a knowledge and understanding of linear spatial analysis techniques.
  • Display a knowledge and understanding of non-linear spatial analysis techniques. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • NQF mathematics (measurement, descriptive statistics, probability, probability distributions).
  • NQF level 4 Language, literacy and communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Range statements are included with specific outcomes as necessary. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Display a knowledge and understanding of spatial sampling. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Z-test, P2-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney test, t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, k sample test. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Sampling of parametric data is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Sampling of non-parametric data is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Hypothesis testing is understood and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Display a knowledge and understanding of correlation analysis. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Pearson's, Spearman's rank, Kendall's tau, Biserial, Phi coefficient, Product-moment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Correlation coefficients are understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Significance testing is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Problems of correlation techniques in spatial analysis are understood and ex-plained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Display a knowledge and understanding of linear spatial analysis techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Multiple linear regression is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Multivariate analysis of variance is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Factor analysis is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Principal components analysis is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Discriminant function analysis is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Cluster analysis is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Canonical correlation analysis is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The use of linear spatial analysis techniques is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Display a knowledge and understanding of non-linear spatial analysis techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Non-linear regression analysis is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Spatial autoregressive analysis is understood and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The use of non-linear spatial analysis techniques is demonstrated. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Moderation
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or will assess this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA and registered with FE / HE registrar.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accred-ited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge is dealt with under the specific outcomes section where "Demonstrate KNOWLEDGE and UNDERSTANDING" is required. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conduct-ing assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is un-manageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real perform-ance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which as-sessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through question-ing techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment crite-ria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the pre-scribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the can-didate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, man-ageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Fundamental  49063   National Certificate: Geographical Information Sciences  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.