SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Harvest agricultural crops: Procedures 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116111  Harvest agricultural crops: Procedures 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner achieving this unit standard will be able to harvest crops according to basic procedures making use of basic harvesting tools.

Learners will gain specific knowledge and skills in harvesting techniques and will be able to operate in a plant production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in plant production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The improvement in production technology will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that a learner attempting this unit standard will demonstrate competence against the following unit standards or equivalent:
  • NQF 1: Harvest agricultural crops.
  • NQF 2: Utilise and perform minor repair and maintenance tasks on implements, equipment and infrastructure.
  • NQF 1: Collect agricultural data. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Select and use appropriate tools / equipment for pre-determined harvesting method. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Harvesting methods according to specific production context include, but are not limited to harvesting by hand, machine harvesting, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools that will be needed to harvest the particular crop is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools, according to specific production context include, but are not limited to hands, trays, crates, picking bags, shears, ladders, etc.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The way to ensure that the harvesting equipment is in good working condition is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The way tools will be used according to established and familiar industry procedures is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Carry out sampling for maturity indexing according to established and familiar procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Sampling may include, but are not limited to sampling by hand, etc. It may include but is not limited to, harvesting a given number or mass of the produce according to a specific plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The way the sample will be harvested and how it will be handled (processed) is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The way to harvest the sample and process it is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The reason for taking a sample is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Your understanding of the routine with which the sample has to be taken is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Harvest crops. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Familiar procedures include, but are not limited to quality specifications, maturity specifications, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Harvesting procedure for the specific crop is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The basic maturity level of the crops as advised is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The handlig the harvested crop immediately after harvesting is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Any specifications which need to be followed as advised is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specifications include but are not limited to remove from direct sunlight, rain, do not throw, watch speed of harvester etc.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Harvest crops considering the necessary health, hygiene and safety during the procedure. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Health, safety and hygiene include but are not limited to clean hands, sterilized equipment, covered hair, covered wounds, report open wounds etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The use of safety clothes or gear according to prescribed procedures is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The different personal hygiene practices that must be implemented at all times are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    When it is necessary to disclose certain aspects of personal health is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reason why certain hygiene procedures must be followed is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The process of reporting when conditions are not according to the standards prescribed is described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Ensure the collection and transportation of waste. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Waste includes, but is not limited to any biodegradable or non bio-degradable materials that are not accepted as the primary product. Biodegradable materials include parts of plants, fruit, flowers, etc. Non-biodegradable materials include, but are not limited to plastics, glass, metals, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The way waste is dealt with according to specific procedures is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The process with which the waste is processed according to the different categories is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The reason it is important to dispose of waste in a prescribed and particular fashion is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The plan that you are given to process the waste from the particular agricultural enterprise is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The records that are kept of the waste and how it is disposed of is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Record refers to keeping of data, e.g. counting of loads, volumes, where disposed of and how etc.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Care and maintain equipment used in cooperation with, and guiding others. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Care and maintaining of equipment may include but is not limited to cleaning sterilizing, oiling sharpening etc of hand tools, machinery, power tools etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Caring for equipment according to procedures is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of cleaning and caring for the equipment is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The place and way of storing equipment is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The way of dealing with defaults in equipment is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The routine and basic procedures that are dealt with at particular level is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The way in which problems are reported and recorded is discussed. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • The principles of harvesting a crop.
  • Names and functions of tools and materials for the harvesting process.
  • Safe handling procedures of tools and materials utilised.
  • The various harvesting methods.
  • Plant physiology and anatomy required for the harvesting of different crops.
  • Importance of harvesting area being clean from waste material.
  • Occupational Health and Safety and other applicable legislation.
  • Use of sensory cues to show harvest readiness. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem Solving: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Harvest crops.
  • Harvest crops considering the necessary health, hygiene and safety during the procedure. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-Management: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information interpretation:relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of Systems: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Carry out sampling for maturity indexing according to established and familiar procedures.
  • Harvest crops considering the necessary health, hygiene and safety during the procedure.
  • Ensure the disposal of waste requirements are adhered to.
  • Care for and maintain equipment used. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Self-development: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48975   National Certificate: Plant Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    3. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    4. ELSENBURG AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 
    5. Escay Catering and other Services 
    6. Goldfields FET College 
    7. Heedmorine Training 
    8. HL Hall and Sons Pty Ltd 
    9. Impact Plus Training Consultants 
    10. KayDee Project Management Cc 
    11. Kgopane Trading Enterprise 
    12. Kimbali Holdings 
    13. KMK Training Services (PTY) Ltd 
    14. Knowledge For Ever 
    15. Leruo ke Matla Training and Enterprise Development Services 
    16. Madzivhandila Agricultural College 
    17. Maishamalema Development Training 
    18. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    19. Mathapuso Construction and Projects 
    20. Matotomana Training & General Trading 
    21. Mobile Agri Skills Development and Training NPC 
    22. Mogaladi Business Enterprise 
    23. Montshepetsa Bosui Farming & Training Cnt 
    24. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    25. Mpontshe Training 
    26. Mulivhuwa Holdings 
    27. Mvelo Consultant 
    28. National Institute For The Deaf - NID 
    29. Ngwato Wa Mphela Agriculture Training Services 
    30. Nophelo Training Centre 
    31. Novi General Services 
    32. Peritum Agri Institute 
    33. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    34. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    35. Setlakala Business Development 
    36. Siyafundisa I Africa 
    37. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    38. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    39. Take Note Trading 227 cc 
    40. The Skills Development Hub (Pty) Ltd 
    41. Thuto Boshwa Skills Development Services 
    42. TM Mashwara and Projects 
    43. Tompi Seleka Agricultural College 
    44. Tripple R Training Provider 
    45. Unang Business Enterprise 
    46. Vari Holdings (Pty)Ltd 
    47. Zilungisele Business Enterprise cc 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.