SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain water and sanitation services 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114917  Apply labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain water and sanitation services 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will be able to plan and set out for labour intensive construction (LIC) water and sanitation works, understand and explain basic LIC methods, Perform Labour intensive water, sanitation, and appurtenant works, and identify faults and perform LIC water and sanitation repair and maintenance works.

The Unit Standard contributes to the development of a professional community of Construction Supervisors. The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between learners and new competencies to be achieved.

Labour Intensive Construction is a mechanism for the provision of work and for the entry of unemployed labour into the industry It also contributes to socio-economic transformation in that learners would be able to undergo RPL-assessment and thereby receive recognition for previous learning and experience. The employability and career prospects of learners can therefore be enhanced by this qualification 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
NQF level 1 Numeracy and Literacy 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The learning outcomes in this unit standard will enable a learner to supervise a labour intensive team/single activity, within one field or area of works.

1. Water and Sanitation Labour Intensive Construction activities include a broad spectrum of works involving the excavating of trenches in a variety of materials, laying and joining of water and sanitation pipes and fittings, loading, handling, hauling, unloading, spreading, placing, mixing, levelling, and compacting of various natural and manufactured construction materials.

2. Setting out for water and sanitation works using LIC methods includes:
  • Straight lines
  • Reference pegs
  • Offsets
  • Horizontal curves
  • Height and level
  • Slope and gradient
  • Vertical curves
  • Measurement

    3. Basic LIC methods include:
  • Clearing and grubbing
  • Stripping topsoil
  • Excavation and trenching
  • Shoring and bracing
  • Transportation of construction materials
  • Placing of bedding and backfilling (around pipes and fittings as well as bulk backfilling)
  • Laying and jointing of pipes and fittings
  • Watering, mixing, spreading and levelling of materials
  • Compaction
  • Measurement and
  • Implementation of quality process and acceptance control principles and methods

    4. Water and sanitation construction activities include:
  • Earthworks and trenching
  • Laying and jointing of pipes and fittings
  • Minor Concrete works
  • Anchor and thrust blocks
  • Stone masonry
  • Construction of manholes including benching, valve chambers, scour and air valve chambers, hydrants, meter boxes, rodding and inspection eyes, septic tanks, soak-aways, French drains, conservancy tanks, flushing tanks, etc
  • Finishing works such as stone pitching and erosion protection, fencing and landscaping/grassing, placing of markers

    5. Maintenance includes: routine, periodic, and preventative, as well as unscheduled and emergency maintenance.

    6. Fittings include: tees, hydrant tees, bends, end caps, valves, reducers, compression fittings, couplings, repair couplings, junctions, channels, and both pressure and non-pressure joints, and flanged joints.

    7. Water, Sewer and drainpipes include: uPVC, HDPE, earthenware (Vitrified clay), and fibre reinforced cement.

    8. Trench excavations include for battering of side slopes in non-cohesive soils, and for shoring.

    9. Cleaning of sewer and drainpipes includes rodding, and jetting.

    10. Manholes include the use of concrete cast in-situ and precast, brick masonry, precast concrete rings, and prefabricated manholes. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation activity 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and explain basic LIC methods used in water and sanitation activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Methods used in water and sanitation works are described according to established LI construction norms 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Principles and characteristics of natural gravels and soils are explained according to construction and testing principles 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    LIC quality control procedures are explained 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    LIC principles for water and sanitation activities are described 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the activities 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quantities are measured for completed activities and tasks according to LIC procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Appurtenant works activities are identified timeously and implemented 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the appurtenant activities 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quantities are measured for completed activities and tasks according to LIC procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify faults and perform Labour intensive water and sanitation repair and maintenance works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Faults are identified and corrected using LIC methods 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Maintenance interventions for water and sanitation works are identified and described according to LIC principles 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The recommendations of a maintenance management system are implemented 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Productivity of maintenance activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quantities are measured for completed maintenance activities and tasks according to LIC procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented for maintenance activities according to project specifications 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA for this unit standard or a similar unit standard at a higher NQF Level.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the CETA - ETQA.
  • The relevant ETQA, or any other appropriate ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA, would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Labour Intensive Construction Principles, and methods pertaining to construction, repair, and maintenance of water and sanitation systems.
  • Terms and words used in water and sanitation works.
  • The concept of tasks and task norms.
  • LIC Compaction techniques and backfilling methods.
  • Measurement and payment of earthworks, pipeworks and appurtenant works according to specifications and pay items.
  • Fault-finding techniques and clearing of blocked reticulation pipes.
  • Pressure and air testing, and sterilisation of pipes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation activities
  • Identify faults and perform Labour intensive water and sanitation repair and maintenance works

    and assessment criteria
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods
  • Faults are identified and corrected using LIC methods
  • Maintenance interventions for water and sanitation works are identified and described according to LIC principles 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation activities

    and assessment criteria
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the activities
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Employ self management
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation activities

    and assessment criteria
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the activities
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods
  • Quantities are measured for completed activities and tasks according to LIC procedures
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Manage information
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works

    and assessment criteria
  • Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation activity
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation activities

    and assessment criteria
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC water and sanitation activity
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Demonstrate scientific and technological competence
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works

    and assessment criteria
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand Contextual world-systems
    Evident in specific outcome
  • Plan and set out for LIC water and sanitation works
  • Perform Labour intensive water and sanitation appurtenant works

    and assessment criteria
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures
  • Appurtenant works activities are identified timeously and implemented 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Learner and societal development 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Evident in specific outcome and assessment criteria. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49411   General Education and Training Certificate: Construction  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  49410   National Certificate: Construction  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.