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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Control factors causing deterioration in heritage 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114530  Control factors causing deterioration in heritage 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Heritage Management Studies 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 02 - Culture and Arts Cultural Studies 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  16 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner completing this unit standard will have been introduced to preventative and interventative conservation techniques used in heritage institutions to care for their material collections. This unit standard has been designed as part of a series in Heritage Management Studies which accredits the learner with the competency of applying techniques to combat the factors which causes the deterioration objects in the collections of heritage institutions. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Heritage Management Studies: an introduction to be completed before commencing with this unit standard. Work experience within the heritage sector or prior learning at NQF Level 3 is an advantage. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The learner must be able to use the proper instrumentation to measure conditions when making recommendations with regard to appropriate strategies to control the environment where conditions are conducive to deterioration.

Moving objects would fall within the range of inside as well as to venues outside the institution. In the case of loans, the documentation accompanying such material should also be completed. These are the condition report; the loan agreement form with the conditions; venue facilities questionnaire for borrowing institutions; and progress condition reports for items travelling to more than one venue.

These measures can be investigated either in a theoretical sense or through practical examples by examining possible precautions and responses to natural disasters; fire, theft and vandalism.

Specialist techniques include:
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or specimens are applied when cleaning and transporting organic, inorganic and synthetic material.
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or specimens are demonstrated when cleaning and transporting organic, inorganic and synthetic material in a Wet collection.
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or specimens are demonstrated when cleaning and transporting organic, inorganic and synthetic material in a Pinned collection.
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or specimens are demonstrated when cleaning and transporting organic, inorganic and synthetic material in Paper or Fine artwork.
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or speciments are demonstrated when cleaning and transporting geological, palaeotological specimens.
  • Techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or loss to objects or speciments are demonstrated when cleaning and transporting specimens in a herbarium. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Protect objects from harmful factors in the environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Resources are protected from the effects of temperature and relative humidity, appropriately and effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Resources are protected from the effects of light (UV and illuminance levels), appropriately and effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Resources are protected from the effects of bio-deterioration, appropriately and effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Resources are protected from the effects of insects and pests, appropriately and effectively. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Resources are protected from the effects of gaseous and particulate pollutants, appropriately and effectively. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Apply specialised preparation techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or losses. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Apply specialised preparation techniques to minimise or eliminate damage or losses of museum objects or specimens. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The need for specialist preventive conservation and/or cleaning is accurately identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A specialist technique appropriate to the purpose and material is selected. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Selected specialist technique is accurately applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Completed specialist conservation and cleaning is evaluated for effectiveness, remedial action is taken where appropriate and process is reflected on to inform future conservation and cleaning activities on same materials. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Specify specialist security measures for the protection of museum buildings and its contents. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The need for specialist security is accurately identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Specialist security measures are accurately selected and recommended. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Specialist security Measures are recommended to ensure the protection of buildings and its contents. This includes:
  • Insurance against loss.
  • Physical security-protection against theft, fire and vandalism. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Specialist security is evaluated for success according to the identified needs. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Prepare a disaster plan for a specialist, non-routine collection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Disaster damage principles and practices are applied to minimise the impact of disaster, relating to a specialist, non-routine collection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A disaster plan for an institution is examined with priority actions and responsibilities identified, relating to a specialist, non-routine collection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A network of specialists and services are identified and developed that need to be called on in the event of a disaster, relating to a specialist, non-routine collection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Disaster plan is reviewed at set intervals to accommodate changing internal and external conditions, relating to specialist, non-routine collections. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Assessment of learner achievements takes place at providers accredited by a relevant ETQA (RSA, 1998b) for the provision of programs that result in the outcomes specified for this unit standard.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with a relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with a relevant ETQA.
  • The relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures will oversee moderation of assessment and is responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Credited learners understand and can explain:
  • Using the appropriate instruments to measure the climatic conditions?
  • Identifying and grouping causes of deterioration according to source.
  • Specifying measures taken to control or eliminate causes of deterioration. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems when protecting objects from harmful environmental factors. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others when preparing a specialist disaster plan. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves when applying specialist preservation techniques. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Evaluate information when identifying the need for specialist security. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively when preparing a specialist disaster plan. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology when compiling a specialist disaster plan. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems when controlling factors causing heritage deterioration in general. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  64069   Further Education and Training Certificate: Archives and Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  48812   Further Education and Training Certificate: Heritage Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Avenida (Pty) Ltd 
    2. NTI College 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.