SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain the principles of business and the role of information technology 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114050  Explain the principles of business and the role of information technology 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • To provide conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • For those working in, or entering the workplace in the area of Information Technology
  • As additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe fundamental business concepts
  • Describe systems theory with respect to information systems
  • Explain how IT can be used in business
  • Explain the relationship between a business and its data requirements
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having the prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental Communication Skills at NQF Level 4
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental Mathematics (at least NQF Level 3) 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe fundamental business concepts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes types of business organisations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sole trader, Partnership, Limited Co, Private Co, Public Ltd Company.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description outlines the common objectives within which businesses operate. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Buying & Selling activity, Profit, Charity, Social Clubs.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description outlines the environment within which businesses operate. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe systems theory with respect to information systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description defines the concept of a system. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    A "whole" composed of "parts" in an orderly arrangement according to a plan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies theoretical components of a system. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Input - Process - Output
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes types of information systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Transaction Processing System (TPS), Knowledge Work System (KWS), Management Information Systems(MIS), Decision Support Systems(DSS), Management/Executive Support Systems(ESS) (any three types)
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain how IT can be used in business. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Wordprocessor- Document creation, editing, printing. Spreadsheet - Grid of rows & columns - (calculations, graphs), Databases- Mostly based on tables - (record keeping), Graphics - Presentations; Integrated - MS-Office, Lotus Smartsuite, Corel Suite. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation identifies the purpose of computer applications in business. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation outlines the functions of computer applications in business. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation illustrates the effects of IT on business systems. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the relationship between a business and its information needs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation distinguishes data and information. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data is raw unprocessed material. Information is processed data.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation outlines the role of information in decision making. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication, Price control, Quality control, Marketing, Business performance.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation identifies the main threats to data security and integrity. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Unauthorised access, Viruses, Disgruntled staff (sabotage).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The explanation identifies the sub-systems that make up a business and the information needs associated with each sub-system. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    HR (employment), Production (manufacture), Marketing (branding), Financial (cash flow), Administration (general) (any two).
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards

    Moderation Process:
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.

    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.

    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.

    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but is not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems systems. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of an organisation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and or language skills in the modes of oral and/ or written persuasion when engaging with systems development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Works effectively with others by working co-operatively to achieve a security goals.

    Supplementary information:
    None.

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
    Information Systems and Technology Management 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49469   National Diploma: Complex Procurement  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Core  58473   National Diploma: Freight Handling Logistics  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Fundamental  57607   National Certificate: 3D Animation and Visual Effects  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  63769   National Certificate: Business Analysis Support Practice  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  48872   National Certificate: Information Technology (Systems Development)  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  48573   National Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Support  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  58348   National Certificate: Perishable Produce Export Technology  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Elective  49627   Further Education and Training Certificate: e Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Elective  58601   National Certificate: Land Transport Planning  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    2. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    3. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    4. Academy of Training and Development 
    5. Accenture Learning Solution (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    7. Added Advantage Academy 
    8. Advanced Assessments and Train 
    9. Affirmations Training 
    10. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    11. Afrika Tikkun 
    12. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    13. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    14. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Amilak Training Center 
    16. Angie Technologies 
    17. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    18. APEXEA 
    19. Artshub Institute 
    20. ASMO INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS AN 
    21. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    22. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    23. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    24. Atvance Academy Pty Ltd 
    25. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    26. Aurora IT & Security Solutions 
    27. Azania Academy 
    28. Balefile Trading and Services 
    29. Bavelile Consultants and Training Pty Ltd 
    30. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    31. BEE Clinic Pty Ltd 
    32. Belgium Campus 1 
    33. Bells Technical College 
    34. Blue Ora Pty Ltd 
    35. Bopang Consulting Services (PT 
    36. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    37. Bristol Training College 
    38. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    39. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    40. Capenexis Data Solutions 
    41. Careers IT 
    42. CHILI PEPPER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS 
    43. Circleway College 
    44. Clean Heat Academy 
    45. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    46. Comfortable Tech 
    47. Computer and Careers 
    48. CREATIVE ARTS COLLEGE 
    49. CTU Training Solutions 
    50. CYBAX SYSTEMS 
    51. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    52. DAB Health Care Centre 
    53. DC Academy (PTY)LTD 
    54. Dee-Bravo Training Centre 
    55. Delight Computer Training 
    56. Dicla Training and Projects (p 
    57. Digital Media Arts College 
    58. Digix Computers Services 
    59. DVG Media Training 
    60. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    61. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    62. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    63. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    64. Elchees Software Solutions 
    65. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    66. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    67. EXPLORE SOFTWARE 
    68. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    69. Facilitation Development (PTY) LTD 
    70. FACULTY TRAINING INSTITUTE PTY LTD 
    71. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    73. FORGE ACADEMY 
    74. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    75. Fourways Private College 
    76. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    77. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    78. Gauteng City College 
    79. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    80. Geeks4learning (Pty)Ltd 
    81. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    82. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    83. GirlCode 
    84. Global Institute for Capacity 
    85. Godisang Development 
    86. Gold Class Group 
    87. Goldman College (Pty) Ltd 
    88. Greenview Training and Development Skills Centre 
    89. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    90. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    91. HAVOHEJ CONSULTANCY 
    92. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    93. Heartlines College 
    94. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    95. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    96. HOPE TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    97. Hyperion Development 
    98. Icebolethu Academy 
    99. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    100. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    101. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    102. InfinityTraining Solution Pty Ltd 
    103. Infomage PTY LTD 
    104. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    105. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
    106. Initium 
    107. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    108. Intelligence Transfer Centre 
    109. intelliscient Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    110. Isivande Projects 
    111. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    112. iStudent Academy 
    113. IT Academy 
    114. IT Labs Consulting 
    115. Ithemba IT Solution 
    116. ITI 
    117. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    118. Johannesburg Institute of Engi 
    119. Jonda Learning Academy 
    120. JUMPCO PTY LTD 
    121. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    122. Keep The Dream 285 
    123. Kgolo Institute 
    124. Khulisa Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    125. Kingswood Academy 
    126. KT Mobile Services 
    127. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    128. Learning 4 Life (Pty) Ltd 
    129. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    130. Lephalale Business & Technical 
    131. Leseding Computer Systems 
    132. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    133. Limptech Computer Training 
    134. Limsa Training Institute 
    135. LINKINGNOTES 
    136. LUPHINDI BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    137. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    138. Makhophila Training 
    139. Makwedeng Training 
    140. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    141. Mash Computer Training 
    142. MASITHUTHUKE HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 
    143. Matiwane Computer Networks (Pty) Ltd 
    144. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    145. Mecer Inter-ED 
    146. Mentec Group PTY LTD 
    147. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    148. Midnight Feast Properties 116 
    149. MINDWORX CONSULTING GAUTENG PTY LTD 
    150. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    151. MND Training and Projects 
    152. Mo Afrika Ithlokomele Education Projects 
    153. Mogapi Education Group 
    154. MOKALENG IT 
    155. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    156. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    157. Mpande Technologies cc 
    158. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    159. Nashua (Pty)Ltd 
    160. Natfin Holdings Pty Ltd 
    161. NCC - Vereeniging 
    162. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    163. Ndulita Solutions 
    164. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    165. Netcampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    166. New Trend Computers cc 
    167. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    168. Novia One Group (Pty) Ltd 
    169. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    170. Nyathela Business College 
    171. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    172. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    173. Open Window (Pty) Ltd 
    174. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    175. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    176. Petcon Capacity Building Solut 
    177. PHUTHUMA TEL PTY LTD 
    178. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    179. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    180. Posh Multimedia 
    181. Pracical Audio Solution 
    182. Pretoria Technical College 
    183. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    184. Progressive School of Business 
    185. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    186. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    187. Providence Software Solutions 
    188. QUALITATIVE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS 
    189. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    190. RAKGAKALA INSTITUTE OF EDUCATI 
    191. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    192. Redefine Human Capital (PTY) L 
    193. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    194. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    195. Rofane Consulting 
    196. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    197. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    198. SA Maritime School and Transport College 
    199. Sead Training and Learning Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    200. Sebata Municipal Solutions (Pt 
    201. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    202. SILVER SOLUTIONS 
    203. Sisekelo Sustainability Institute 
    204. Siyafunda CTC 
    205. SM SAFETY AND TECHNICAL LEARNI 
    206. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    207. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    208. South African Business and Tec 
    209. SOUTH AFRICAN CORPORATE TRAINI 
    210. Southern Africa Youth Project 
    211. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    212. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    213. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    214. Spina Consultancy 
    215. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    216. Star Light Consulting 
    217. Step Ahead Computer Training Centre 
    218. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    219. Successors Training Institute 
    220. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    221. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    222. T-SYSTEMS SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    223. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    224. Talent Development 
    225. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    226. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    227. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    228. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    229. Terry Computer Services cc 
    230. Thasullulo F.E.T College (Pty) Ltd 
    231. The Cyber Academy 
    232. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    233. The Media Workshop 
    234. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    235. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    236. Tholulwazi Training Institutio 
    237. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    238. TIC-IT Telecoms 
    239. Tinotel Communications 
    240. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    241. Titan Trade Technologies 
    242. Tlou Foundation College 
    243. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    244. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    245. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    246. TSP COLLEGE 
    247. Two Aces Learnerships 
    248. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    249. Umbusi Consulting Services 
    250. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    251. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    252. Vee 
    253. VERGE PTY LTD 
    254. Visionary Skill Academy 
    255. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    256. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    257. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    258. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    259. We Think Code 
    260. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    261. Whitestone College 
    262. Woosh Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    263. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    264. Working Solution International 
    265. World Wise Industries & Systems Engineering 
    266. WW.IT-IQ Training & Solutions 
    267. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    268. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    269. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    270. Youth Media Movement 
    271. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    272. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.