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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand the process and variables in woodyard operations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
110038  Understand the process and variables in woodyard operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Persons credited with this unit standard are able to demonstrate understanding of the process and variables in woodyard operations. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Learners attempting this unit standard are required to understand process descriptions, physical phenomena, process equipment, interacting variables and product properties, it is therefore required that the learner is familiar with the operation of woodyard equipment and has achieved NQF level 3 or equivalent accreditation. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
This unit standard covers the understanding of the process and variables in woodyard operations. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Qualifying learners can discuss and explain the basic equipment and process configuration. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners can discuss and explain the basic equipment and process configuration for woodyard operations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Generic and alternative woodyard operations are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Log storage, debarking, chipping, slashing, chip screening.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The purpose of the process as well as the relationship to the supplier and customer`s processes is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Equipment used for woodyard operations is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Off-loading equipment, debarkers, conveyors, chippers, chip screens, chip storage and reclamation equipment.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The equipment arrangement in woodyard operations is discussed and explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
The learner is able to discuss and explain the inputs to woodyard/fibre supply (bagasse) operations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The properties of fibrous materials required for woodyard operations are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Wood species, bought-out woodchips, bagasse.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Utilities required for the woodyard operations are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Water, power.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
The learner would have learned to discuss and explain the process variables. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
The learner would have learned to discuss and explain the process variables and their interrelationships and effect on product properties for the different woodyard operations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The process variables and their effect on product quality for woodyard operations are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Wood species, wood quality, chipper settings.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The interrelationships of the process variables for the woodyard operations are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Wood species, wood quality, chipper settings.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Physical properties of wood chips/bagasse leaving the woodyard operation are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Chip size, chip moisture, dirt content, pith content (bagasse).
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
The learner is able to discuss and explain typical process problems and typical solutions. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
The learner is able to discuss and explain typical process problems and typical solutions to the problems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Typical product deviations leaving the process are discussed and explained and solutions are offered. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Bark, chips, wood size, moisture content, dirt.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Typical equipment problems within the process are discussed and explained and solutions are offered. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Debarker problems, chipper problems.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Typical raw material problems within the process are discussed and explained and solutions are offered. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Wood variability, bought out chips, bark content.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Environmental impacts are discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Gaseous emissions, liquid emissions.
 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Things the learner knows and can explain:

Names, Functions and Locations of:
  • The equipment pertaining wood storage, chip storage, debarking, bark processing, chipping, chip screening, chip and wood transport.

    Description, properties and characteristics of:
  • Raw Materials (wood).
  • Product/s (wood chips, logs).
  • Process Equipment (wood storage, chip storage, debarking, bark processing, chipping, chip screening, chip and wood transport).
  • A typical layout of a wood and chip plant for different pulping configurations.

    The Purpose of:
  • Process in terms of product/s, efficiencies and quality.

    Causes, effects and implications of:
  • The process variables/conditions associated with wood storage, chip storage, debarking, bark processing, chipping, chip screening, chip and wood transport equipment.
  • Raw Material (wood properties).
  • Product Variables (chip properties, size, density, size distribution).
  • Hazards.

    Interrelationships:
  • Between the variables of wood and chip, the process equipment and process conditions.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Environmental impact of gaseous and liquid emissions.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Length.
  • Temperature.
  • Geometry [chipper].
  • Storage systems.
  • Biological degradation of wood. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Describe typical wood and chip process problems and solutions to these problems.
  • Describe the basic scientific theory behind typical processes and problems and generate alternative solutions based on theory. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage self and activities:
  • Participate in life long learning.
  • Develop analytic skills in managing process operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Use various sources of information pertaining to wood and chip including basic scientific and engineering theory. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Give written or oral descriptions pertaining to wood and chip.
  • Respond to questions.
  • Identify and solve problems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  35939   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Woodyard Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-01  Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  61971   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    2. Mpact Operations Paper Springs 
    3. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.