SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Occupational Certificate: Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
103182  Occupational Certificate: Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator 
ORIGINATOR
Development Quality Partner - FPMSETA (MAN) 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
-   OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Occupational Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  157  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Regular-ELOAC 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
EXCO 05164/18  2018-09-12  2023-09-12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-09-12   2027-09-12  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:
The purpose of this qualification is to equip a learner with the knowledge, skills and competencies to perform duties as a Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator.

The Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator prepares and operates carding and drawframe machines to process fibres into required carded sliver or drawn sliver according to specifications for yarn production processes.

Qualifying learners will have acquired the competencies to operate textile carding and drawframe machines to full capacity as required by the company, detect deviations in set standards and react appropriately to address such deviations related to the machine operation, conversion process and product quality. They will have a thorough understanding of the importance of achieving and maintaining quantity standards related to aspects such as machine efficiency and minimising machine down-time as well as quality standards for carded and drafted sliver products.

A qualified learner will be able to:
  • Prepare relevant textile carding and drawframe machine(s) and raw material for continuous production and machine optimisation as per product specifications.
  • Preperate, patrol and monitor textile carding and drawframe machines to produce carded sliver and drawn sliver.
  • Identify and adhere to safety requirements including the use and care of personal protective clothing.

    Rationale:
    In 2013, the Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) industry accounted for about 14% of manufacturing employment and represented South Africa's second largest source of tax revenue. The industry facilitates an estimated 80 000 jobs and contributes around 8% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country.

    The textile industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng. Owing to technological developments that are closing the major product gaps, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions.

    In July 2007, Cabinet endorsed the first Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) that detailed key action and timeframes for the implementation of the policy. The textile sector was selected for support due to its strategic importance for its contribution to employment and the desire to retain the core capabilities that had been developed in the industry.

    The Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme (CTCP) was introduced in 2009 and is subdivided into the Competitiveness Improvement Programme (CIP) and Production Incentive Programme (PIP). Both CIP and PIP make provision for skills development, aimed at addressing the persistent skills deficits and mismatches that continue to hamper individual and technological development. This qualification will support the above national strategies.

    Two distinct learner target groups have been identified. Firstly, new entrants into the industry who have a school qualification or adults with limited basic schooling, and secondly, existing employees/operators who have been operating in the industry for a number of years without receiving appropriate recognition for the competencies acquired in the workplace and who are operating without the necessary underpinning knowledge.

    The textile industry is in a growth phase due to the ongoing support by government with new employment opportunities being created in specialised textiles. The replacement of an ageing workforce approaching retirement will create employment opportunities. The qualification is well suited to promote employment in capital intensive sub-sectors in the textile industry in general. The qualification will contribute to improved productivity, efficiency and quality, increase labour stability, reduce accidents, and extend the life of production machinery and equipment.

    Qualifying against the new qualification will increase job security and improve employability in this occupation as well as in related operational activities. In addition, the qualification will assist towards qualifying a learner for career advancement, particularly into a supervisory or artisanal role.

    Various employer organisations and a trade union participated in the process of developing this qualification by identifying representatives to participate in the working groups and supplying input and comment during the consultation processes. These are:
  • South African Cotton Textile Processing Employers' Association (SACTPEA).
  • South African Carpet Manufacturing Employers' Association (SACMEA).
  • National Manufactured Fibres Employers' Association (NMFEA).
  • National Association of Worsted Textile Manufacturers (NAWTM).
  • Narrow Fabric Manufacturers Association (NFMA).
  • South African Wool and Mohair Processors' Employers' Organisation (SAWAMPEO).
  • National Textile Manufacturers' Association (NTMA).
  • South African Home Textiles Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (HOMETEX).
  • South African Blankets Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (SABMEO).
  • South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (SACTWU) (Trade Union). 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
    RPL for Access to the External Integrated Summative Assessment:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces must apply the internal assessment criteria specified in the related curriculum document to establish and confirm prior learning. Accredited providers and workplaces must confirm prior learning by issuing a statement of result or certifying a work experience record.

    RPL for Access to the Qualification:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces may recognise prior learning against the relevant access requirements.

    Entry Requirements:
    Entry Requirements:
  • NQF Level 1 qualification with communication.
    Or
  • 3 years of workplace experience in a Carding and Drawframe Department. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification is made up of the following compulsory Knowledge and Practical Skill Modules:
    Knowledge Modules:
  • 715101-003-00-00-KM-01, Drawframe Process Technology, Level 2, 8 Credits
  • 715101-003-00-00-KM-02, Carding Process Technology, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-KM-03, Textile Production and Manufacturing Concepts, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-KM-04, Applied Numerical Literacy in the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-KM-05, Applied English Literacy for the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
    Total number of credits for Knowledge Modules: 33.

    Practical Skill Modules:
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-01, Operate Carding Machines to Achieve Continuous Production, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-02, Patrol and Monitor Carding Machine Processes for Formation of Carded Sliver as Required, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-03, Monitor Quality of Carded Sliver Produced according to Quality Specifications, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-04, Apply all Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Standards to Carding Processes, Level 2, 2 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-05, Operate Drawframe Machines to Achieve Continuous Regulated Drafted Sliver Production, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-06, Patrol and Monitor Drawframe Machines and Processes for Formation of Drafted Sliver as Required, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-07, Monitor Quality of Drawframe Drafted Sliver Products according to Quality Specifications, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-PM-08, Apply all Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Standards to Drawframe Processes, Level 2, 2 Credits.
    Total number of credits for Practical Skill Modules: 62.

    This qualification also requires the following Work Experience Modules:
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-01, Continuous Production of Carding Processes, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-02, Carding Process Patrolling and Monitoring, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-03, Maintain Quality Standards for Carded Products, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-04, Carding Room Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices, Level 2, 2 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-05, Continuous Drawframe Production, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-06, Drawframe Process Patrolling and Monitoring, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-07, Maintain Quality Standards for Drawframe Products, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00-WM-08, Drawframe Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices, Level 2, 2 Credits.
    Total number of credits for Work Experience Modules: 62. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Prepare carding and drawframe machines for production of sliver (select raw material, load, conduct pre-start inspection).
    2. Operate (start, stop and doff) carding and drawframe machines to achieve continuous production.
    3. Patrol and monitor carding and drawing processes to optimise production of carded and drawn sliver.
    4. Monitor quality of carded and drawframe products according to specification requirements.
    5. Apply all safety, housekeeping and waste control standards to carding and drawframe machine processes. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Interpret product and raw material specifications to ensure the correct blend of fibre is presented at the commencement of two discontinuous carding and drawing processes.
  • Check the carding and drawframe machines and ensure they are functional and safe to use.
  • Conduct pre-start-up sequence for carding and drawframe machines.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Apply the start-up sequence of textile carding and drawframe machines.
  • Operate machines to achieve continuous production for carding and drawing processes.
  • Perform stopping and doffing procedures as required for carding and drawframe machines.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Apply the correct patrolling system and monitoring process for achieving the correct product quality and production for carding and drawing production processes.
  • Apply appropriate production procedures and identify any non-conformances in carding and drawframe machines and machine parts which may result in inferior product being produced for carding and drawing production processes.
  • Observe the carding and drawing production processes ensuring there is no interference with production flow.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Monitor the fibre and sliver with the objective to identify and rectify non-conformances in the products for carding and drawing processes.
  • Monitor the formation of the fibre web to identify breaks and take corrective action should any non-conformances occur in the carding process.
  • Monitor the correct formation of sliver from both the carding and drawframe machines.
  • Identify appropriate quality requirements and any non-conformances in the blending of fibres and production of sliver and take corrective action.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
  • Perform safety checks when starting carding and drawframe machines and during operation of machines.
  • Apply good housekeeping practices including the segregation of various types of waste for carding and drawing production processes.
  • Record and report incidents and occurrences accurately for carding and drawing processes.
  • Observe and report changes in the environment for carding and drawing processes.

    Integrated Assessment:
    Integrated Formative Assessment:
    The skills development provider will use the curriculum to guide them on the stipulated internal assessment criteria and weighting. They will also apply the scope of practical skills and applied knowledge as stipulated by the internal assessment criteria. This formative assessment leads to entrance into the integrated external summative assessment.

    Integrated Summative Assessment:
    An external integrated summative assessment, conducted through the relevant Quality Council for Trades and Occupation (QCTO) Assessment Quality Partner is required for the issuing of this qualification. The external integrated summative assessment will focus on the Exit Level Outcomes and Associated Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The Occupational Certificate: Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator was compared with National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector from India and applicable units from the New Zealand National Certificate in Textile Manufacture (Operations) (Level 2).

    India:
    The Indian National Occupational Standards focus on a range of jobs within the textile spinning preparatory sub-sector production covering key processes such as carding and drawing operations. These NOS refer to the spinning preparatory department in which an operator is expected to operate the machines in sequence. The context of operation also includes the continuous feed of fibre from the carding machines to the drawframe machine.

    The following Indian textile occupational standards have been identified for comparison:
  • Carding Operator.
  • Drawframe Operator.

    The content of the two National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector from India covers compulsory occupational aspects such as shift hand-over, operating machinery, machine cleaning and maintenance, working in a team, health and safety in the workplace, compliance with standard operating procedures, conformity to production and quality standards, completion of admin/reporting records, communication with supervisors and so forth.

    Content which is specific to carding operations includes operating the carding machine, piecing-up of sliver, doffing procedures, monitoring quality of the sliver being produced, attending to machine stoppage, segregating waste and so forth.

    Content which is specific to drawframe operations includes operating the drawframe machine which includes: cleaning, maintenance and material handling activities, ensuring proper feeding of carded or combed sliver, piecing-up of sliver on breakage, doffing the sliver and transport the delivery cans to the storage area. It is also expected from the operator to carry out tenting, creeling and monitoring quality of the sliver.

    Credits and duration have not been determined and no comparison could be performed. Performance criteria, which will serve the purpose of assessment for different yarn preparation machines, have been developed consisting of performance criteria with assigned marks proportional to their importance.

    New Zealand:
    The New Zealand National Certificate in Textile Manufacture (Operations) (Level 2) is structured to cover a number of strands in the textile industry from which the learner could select categories of elective units appropriate to the work context. Not all units within the qualification are therefore applicable to the carding and drawframe machine departments and operations.

    Units cover various generic aspects related to occupational safety and general working practices such as productivity, product quality, sustaining process improvements and competitiveness. They also include aspects related to generic machine operation such as machine safety, handling of materials, product quality, minor machine maintenance, raw material identification and description, fault finding and access to and use of textile production information.

    The units specifically relating to carding machine operations were selected from the Core Yarn Processing, Top-Making, Semi-Worsted and Worsted Processing, Woollen Yarn Processing and Wool Scouring categories and include:
  • Hand fettle and clean a textile carding machine.
  • Undertake carding processes.
  • Vacuum fettle a textile carding machine.
  • Card fibre on a semi-worsted or worsted card.
  • Card fibre on a woollen card.

    These units cover concepts of skills development, performance criteria, acquisition of skills and a sound basis of technical knowledge. The essential skills and knowledge are listed, but the level purported to be specified, is absent. The New Zealand qualification is set at Level 2 on the New Zealand Qualifications Framework (NZQF) but entry requirements are not specified. It is therefore unclear whether the prerequisites would in fact refer to entry level requirements or other prerequisites.

    Conclusion:
    The contents of the above cited qualifications have similarities with this qualification in terms of the practical skills, knowledge needed by an operator and operational context and processes. It can be concluded that the South African qualification is comparable with the National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector as well as with the National Certificate in Textile Manufacture (Operations) (Level 2). 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    Horizontal Articulation:
    This qualification articulates horizontally with the:
  • Occupational Certificate: Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator; Level 2.

    Vertical Articulation:
    This qualification articulates vertically with the:
  • National Certificate: N3 Spinning Mechanician: Long Staple - Worsted; Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    N/A 

    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.