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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Occupational Certificate: Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
103179  Occupational Certificate: Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator 
ORIGINATOR
Development Quality Partner - FPMSETA (MAN) 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
-   OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Occupational Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  156  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Regular-ELOAC 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
EXCO 05164/18  2018-09-12  2023-09-12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-09-12   2027-09-12  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:
The purpose of this qualification is to equip a learner with knowledge and skills to perform duties as a Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator.

A Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator prepares and operates ringframe spinning and relevant yarn packaging (winding or twisting or doubling) machines to process roving into required yarn and yarn packages according to specification and customer requirements as part of yarn production.

Qualifying learners will have acquired the competencies to operate ringframe spinning and yarn packaging machines during yarn spinning and yarn winding, twisting or doubling processes to full capacity as required by the company, detect deviations in set standards and react appropriately to address such deviations related to the machine operation, conversion process and product quality. They will have a thorough understanding of the importance of achieving and maintaining quantity standards related to aspects such as machine efficiency and minimising machine down-time as well as quality standards for ring spun and wounded, twisted or doubled yarn products ensuring correct ring tube and bobbin formation processes.

A qualified learner will be able to:
  • Prepare ringframe spinning and relevant yarn packaging machines and raw material for operations.
  • Operate ringframe spinning and relevant yarn packaging machines.
  • Patrol and monitor yarn production processes ensuring optimum machine efficiency and product quality.
  • Comply with health, environment and safety standards during yarn production operation.

    Rationale:
    In 2013, the Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) industry accounted for about 14% of manufacturing employment and represented South Africa's second largest source of tax revenue. The industry facilitates an estimated 80 000 jobs and contributes around 8% to the Gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.

    The textile industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng.

    The textile industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng.

    Owing to technological developments that are closing the major product gaps, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions.

    In July 2007, Cabinet endorsed the first Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) that detailed key action and timeframes for the implementation of the policy. The textile sector was selected for support due to its strategic importance for its contribution to employment and the desire to retain the core capabilities that had been developed in the industry.

    The Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme (CTCP) was introduced in 2009 and is subdivided into the Competitiveness Improvement Programme (CIP) and Production Incentive Programme (PIP). Both CIP and PIP make provision for skills development, aimed at addressing the persistent skills deficits and mismatches that continue to hamper individual and technological development. This qualification will support the above national strategies.

    Two distinct groups have been identified. Firstly, new entrants into the industry who have a school qualification or adults with limited basic schooling, and secondly, existing employees/operators who have been operating in the industry for a number of years without receiving appropriate recognition for the competencies acquired in the workplace and who are operating without the necessary underpinning knowledge.

    The textile industry is in a growth phase due to the ongoing support by government with new employment opportunities being created in specialised textiles. The replacement of an ageing workforce approaching retirement will create employment opportunities. The qualification is well suited to promote employment in capital intensive sub-sectors in the textile industry in general. The qualification will contribute to improved productivity, efficiency and quality, increase labour stability, reduce accidents, and extend the life of production machinery and equipment.

    Qualifying against the new qualification will increase job security and improve employability in this occupation as well as in related operational activities. In addition, the qualification will assist towards qualifying a learner for career advancement, particularly into a supervisory or artisanal role.

    Various employer organisations and a trade union participated in the process of developing this qualification by identifying representatives to participate in the working groups and supplying input and comment during the consultation processes. These are:
  • South African Cotton Textile Processing Employers' Association (SACTPEA).
  • South African Carpet Manufacturing Employers' Association (SACMEA).
  • National Manufactured Fibres Employers' Association (NMFEA).
  • National Association of Worsted Textile Manufacturers (NAWTM).
  • Narrow Fabric Manufacturers Association (NFMA).
  • South African Wool and Mohair Processors Employers' Organisation (SAWAMPEO).
  • National Textile Manufacturers' Association (NTMA).
  • South African Home Textiles Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (HOMETEX).
  • South African Blankets Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (SABMEO).
  • South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (SACTWU) (Trade Union). 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):

    RPL for Access to the External Integrated Summative Assessment:
  • Accredited providers and approved workplaces must apply the internal assessment criteria specified in the related curriculum document to establish and confirm prior learning. Accredited providers and workplaces must confirm prior learning by issuing a statement of result or certifying a work experience record.

    RPL for Access to the Qualification:
  • Accredited providers and approved workplaces may recognise prior learning against the relevant access requirements.

    Entry Requirements:
  • NQF Level 1 qualification with communication.
    Or
  • 3 years of workplace experience in a Ringframe Spinning Production Department. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification is made up of the following compulsory Knowledge, Practical Skills and Work Experience Modules:

    Knowledge Modules:
  • 715102-001-00-00-KM-01, Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Processes Technology, Level 2, 18 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-KM-02, Textile Production and Manufacturing Concepts, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-KM-03, Applied Numerical Literacy in the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-KM-04, Applied English Literacy for the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Knowledge Modules: 34.

    Practical Skill Modules:
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-01, Load, Thread, Start, Stop, Control and Doff relevant Ringframe Spinning Machines for Production, Level 2, 17 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-02, Patrol and Monitor Ringframe Spinning Processes to ensure the Correct Yarn Bobbin Formation, Level 2, 10 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-03, Monitor Ring Spun Product Quality to ensure Conformance to Yarn Quality Standards, Level 2, 10 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-04, Load, Thread, Start, Stop, Control and Doff relevant Yarn Packaging Machines to Produce Packaged Ring Spun Yarns, Level 2, 13 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-05, Patrol and Monitor Yarn Packaging Processes to ensure Correct Ring Spun Yarn Packaging Formation, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-06, Monitor the Quality of Wound or Twisted or Doubled Ring Spun Yarn Produced to ensure Conformance to Product Specification, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-PM-07, Apply Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Standards when Operating Ringframe Spinning Machines and Yarn Packaging Machines, Level 2, 4 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Practical Skill Modules: 70.

    Work Experience Modules:
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-01, Ringframe Spinning Machine Preparation and Operation, Level 2, 14 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-02, Ringframe Spinning Bobbin Formation Process, Level 2, 10 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-03, Ringframe Spinning Product Quality, Level 2, 10 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-04, Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices in a Ringframe Spinning Department, Level 2, 2 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-05, Yarn Packaging Machine Preparation and Operation, Level 2, 10 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-06, Ring Spun Yarn Packaging Process Continuity, Level 2, 8 Credits.715102-001-00-00-WM-07, Ring Spun Yarn Packages Quality, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715102-001-00-00-WM-08, Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices in a Ring Spun Yarn Packaging Department, Level 2, 2 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Work Experience Modules: 64. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Prepare and set up the ringframe spinning machines and one of the yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) machines for operations according to product specifications.
    2. Operate (start, run, stop, doff) the relevant ringframe spinning machinery and relevant yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) machines to achieve continuous production.
    3. Patrol the ringframe spinning machines and selected yarn packaging machines and monitor the spinning and twisting, winding or doubling processes to ensure continuous production and maximum efficiency.
    4. Inspect and maintain the quality of end products according to product specification and waste control measures for the ringframe spinning and a selected yarn packaging (either twisting, winding or doubling) process.
    5. Apply all safety, housekeeping and record keeping standards for the ringframe spinning process and one yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) process. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Input materials and output products are identified by interpreting product specifications for ringframe spinning process and one of the yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) processes, for production.
  • Ringframe spinning machines and relevant yarn packaging machine, machine parts, attachments, equipment and tools are identified and cleaned and verified as functional and safe for use.
  • Assistance with preparing and setting machines for production and quality change requirements is provided for ringframe spinning and one yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) processes.
  • Specified raw materials are loaded for processing in ringframe spinning and yarn packaging operations.
  • Specified raw materials are threaded according to thread path for ringframe spinning machines and yarn packaging machines.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Start-up procedures to process roving into required yarn and yarn packages are implemented.
  • Ringframe spinning machines and yarn packaging machines are run and operated according to standard operating procedures for production in spinning and yarn packaging processes.
  • Machines are stopped according to procedures for ringframe spinning and yarn packaging machines.
  • Doffing procedures are applied for ringframe spinning end products and yarn packaging end products.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Machines are patrolled to ensure continuous production for the ringframe spinning process and a yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) process.
  • Machines are adjusted to prevent and correct machine faults and minimise machine downtime for ringframe spinning machines and a yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) machines.
  • Processes and products of ringframe spinning and a yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) processes are identified.
  • Process conditions for the ringframe spinning process and a yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) process are monitored and observed.
  • Efficiency is maintained and optimum production is achieved for the ringframe spinning process and a yarn packaging (winding, twisting or doubling) process.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Product quality faultsare identified.
  • Corrective actionis takenfor machine and process faults.
  • Waste control measures are applied for the ringframe spinning process and products and yarn packaging processes and products.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
  • Compliance with safety standards relevant to the ringframe spinning department and a yarn packaging department is achieved.
  • Good housekeeping practices are applied in the ringframe spinning and yarn packaging departments.
  • Production records relevant to the ringframe spinning and yarn packaging processesare accurately completed.

    Integrated Assessment:
    Integrated Formative Assessment:
  • The skills development provider will use the curriculum to guide them on the stipulated internal assessment criteria and weighting. They will also apply the scope of practical skills and applied knowledge as stipulated by the internal assessment criteria. This formative assessment leads to entrance into the integrated external summative assessment.

    Integrated Summative Assessment:
  • An external integrated summative assessment, conducted through the relevant Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) Assessment Quality Partner is required for the issuing of this qualification. The external integrated summative assessment will focus on the Exit Level Outcomes and Associated Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    India:
    This qualification has been compared with the National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector in India and a selection of units from the New Zealand National Certificate in Textiles Manufacturing (Operations) (Level 2).

    The Indian National Occupational Standards focus on a range of jobs within the yarn spinning sector covering key processes such as spinning, winding and twisting and on the responsibility to minimise machine stoppages as well as to achieve maximum production. The following Indian Textile Occupational Standards have been identified for comparison with the South African Qualification:
  • Ring Frame Tenter.
  • Ring Frame Doffer.
  • Open-end Spinning Tenter.
  • Autoconer Tenter.
  • Cone Winding Operator.
  • Two for One Twister.
  • Packing Checker (inspection of cone packages).

    The content of the seven National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector from India covers compulsory occupational standards such as shift hand-over, operating machinery, machine cleaning and maintenance, piecing of broken yarn and doffing activities, working in a team, health and safety in the workplace, compliance with standard operating procedures, conformity to production and quality standards, completion of admin/reporting records, communication with supervisors and so forth. The Indian National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector reflect the occupational standards for specific jobs in spinning and post-spinning separately. They include components referring to knowledge and understanding, as well as workplace requirements and organisational context. There is however, no reference to the practical skills that the learner will acquire. Credits and duration have not been determined and no comparison could be performed.

    Performance criteria, which will serve the purpose of assessment for different yarn preparation machines, have been developed consisting of performance criteria with assigned marks proportional to their importance.

    New Zealand:
    This qualification aims at preparing people for employment as machine operators in the textile manufacturing industry. It is structured to include unit standards in all strands of the textile manufacturing industry, with compulsory unit standards aimed at core yarn processing information and skills which are then combined with a selection from elective units which are specific to the textile sub-sector in which the learner will seek employment.

    The compulsory section of the qualification covers aspects such as safe working practices and a general knowledge of textile manufacturing operations, processes and products. The elective section pertaining to the Occupational Certificate: Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator includes aspects related to: demonstrating knowledge of the spinning process and equipment; preparing and operating spinning, winding and twisting machines and equipment, identifying and fixing operational and product faults and keeping the machine and work area clean. Units with skills more specific to spinning, twisting and winding include:
  • Twist yarn on a ring twisting machine.
  • Twist yarn on a 2 for 1 twisting machine.
  • Reel yarn.
  • Wind yarn.
  • Spin yarn on a woollen ring spinning machine.
  • Process yarn in a Twist set machine.

    Conclusion:
    The contents of these qualifications regarding the skills and knowledge needed by an operator of a yarn production machine are similar and cover yarn preparation contexts and processes. It can be concluded the South African qualification compares well with the Indian National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector as well as the New Zealand National Certificate in Textiles Manufacturing (Operations) (Level 2). 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification articulates horizontally with the:

    Horizontal Articulation:
  • National Certificate: N2 Spinning Machine Mechanician; Level 02.

    This qualification articulates vertically with the.

    Vertical Articulation:
  • National Certificate: N3 Spinning Mechanician: Long Staple - Worsted, Level 03. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    Qualifying for External Assessment:
  • In order to qualify for an external assessment, learners must provide proof of completion of all required modules by means of statements of results and work experience records.

    Additional Legal or Physical Entry Requirements:
  • None.

    Criteria for the Accreditation of Providers:
    Accreditation of providers will be done against the criteria as reflected in the relevant curriculum on the Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) website.

    The curriculum title and code is: Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator: 715102-001-00-00.

    Encompassed Trades:
    This qualification encompasses the following trades as recorded on the National Learners National Learners' Records Database (NLRD):
  • This is not a trade qualification.

    Qualifications Related To The Yarn Production Machine Operator Occupation:
  • 715102-001-00-00 Occupational Certificate: Ringframe Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator, Level 2, 168 Credits.
  • 715102-002-00-00 Occupational Certificate: Rotor Spinning and Yarn Packaging Machine Operator, Level 2, 162 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00 Occupational Certificate: Speciality Yarn Assembly Machine Operator, Level 2, 114 Credits. 

  • LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.