SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Occupational Certificate: Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
103154  Occupational Certificate: Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator 
ORIGINATOR
Development Quality Partner - FPMSETA (MAN) 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
-   OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Occupational Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  160  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Regular-ELOAC 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
EXCO 05164/18  2018-09-12  2023-09-12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-09-12   2027-09-12  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:
The purpose of this qualification is to equip a learner with the knowledge, skills and competencies to perform duties as a Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator.

The Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator prepares and operates blowroom and carding machines to process fibres into required opened and blended fibre and carded fibres according to specifications for yarn production processes.

A qualified learner will be able to:
  • Prepare textile blowroom and carding machine(s) and raw material for continuous production and machine optimisation as per product specifications.
  • Operate, patrol and monitor textile blowroom and carding machines to produce correct blend of fibres in a blending, mixing and carding process.
  • Identify and adhere to safety requirements including the use and care of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

    Rationale:
    In 2013, the Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) industry accounted for about 14% of manufacturing employment and represented South Africa's second largest source of tax revenue. The industry facilitates an estimated 80 000 jobs and contributes around 8% to the GDP of the country.

    The textile industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng.
    Owing to technological developments that are closing the major product gaps, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions.

    In July 2007, Cabinet endorsed the first Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) that detailed key action and timeframes for the implementation of the policy. The textile sector was selected for support due to its strategic importance for its contribution to employment and the desire to retain the core capabilities that had been developed in the industry.

    The Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme (CTCP) was introduced in 2009 and is subdivided into the Competitiveness Improvement Programme (CIP) and Production Incentive Programme (PIP). Both CIP and PIP make provision for skills development, aimed at addressing the persistent skills deficits and mismatches that continue to hamper individual and technological development. This qualification will support the above national strategies.

    Two distinct groups have been identified. Firstly, new entrants into the industry who have a school qualification or adults with limited basic schooling, and secondly, existing employees / operators who have been operating in the industry for a number of years without receiving appropriate recognition for the competencies acquired in the workplace and who are operating without the necessary underpinning knowledge.

    The textile industry is in a growth phase due to the ongoing support by government with new employment opportunities being created in specialised textiles. The replacement of an ageing workforce approaching retirement will create employment opportunities. The qualification is well suited to promote employment in the capital intensive sub-sectors in the textile industry in general. The qualification will contribute to improved productivity, efficiency and quality, increase labour stability, reduce accidents, and extend the life of production machinery and equipment.

    Qualifying learners will have acquired the competencies to operate textile blowroom and carding machines to full capacity as required by the company, detect deviations in set standards and react appropriately to address such deviations related to the machine operation, conversion process and product quality. They will have a thorough understanding of the importance of achieving and maintaining quantity standards related to aspects such as machine efficiency and minimising machine down-time as well as quality standards for opened, blended and carded products.

    Qualifying against the new qualification will increase job security and improve employability in this occupation as well as in related operational activities. In addition, the qualification will assist towards qualifying a learner for career advancement, particularly into a supervisory or artisanal role.

    Various employer organisations and a trade union participated in the process of developing this qualification by identifying representatives to participate in the working groups and supplying input and comment during the consultation processes. These are:
  • South African Cotton Textile Processing Employers' Association (SACTPEA).
  • South African Carpet Manufacturing Employers' Association (SACMEA).
  • National Manufactured Fibres Employers' Association (NMFEA).
  • National Association of Worsted Textile Manufacturers (NAWTM).
  • Narrow Fabric Manufacturers Association (NFMA).
  • South African Wool and Mohair Processors Employers' Organisation (SAWAMPEO).
  • National Textile Manufacturers' Association (NTMA).
  • South African Home Textiles Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (HOMETEX).
  • South African Blankets Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (SABMEO).
  • South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (SACTWU) (Trade Union). 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
    RPL for Access to the External Integrated Summative Assessment:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces must apply the internal assessment criteria specified in the related curriculum document to establish and confirm prior learning. Accredited providers and workplaces must confirm prior learning by issuing a statement of result or certifying a work experience record.

    RPL for Access to the Qualification:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces may recognise prior learning against the relevant access requirements.

    Entry Requirements:
  • NQF Level 1 qualification with communication.
    Or
  • 3 years of workplace experience in a Blowroom and Carding Department. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification is made up of the following compulsory Knowledge and Practical Skill Modules:
    Knowledge Modules:
  • 715101-001-00-00-KM-01, Blowroom Process Technology, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-KM-02, Carding Process Technology, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-KM-03, Textile Production and Manufacturing Concepts, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-KM-04, Applied Numerical Literacy in the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-KM-05, Applied English Literacy for the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Knowledge Modules: 34.

    Practical Skill Modules:
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-01, Operate Blowroom Machines to Achieve Continuous Production, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-02, Patrol and Monitor Blowroom Machines and Processes for Opening, Blending and Cleaning of Fibres, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-03, Monitor Quality of Open and Blended Fibre in Blowroom Process according to Quality Specifications, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-04, Apply all Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Standards to Blowroom Processes, Level 2, 2 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-05, Operate Carding Machines to Achieve Continuous Production, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-06, Patrol and Monitor Carding Machine Processes for Formation of Carded Fibres as Required, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-07, Monitor Quality of Carded Carded Fibres Produced according to Quality Specifications, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-PM-08, Apply all Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Standards to Carding Processes, Level 2, 2 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Practical Skill Modules: 62.

    This qualification also requires the following Work Experience Modules:
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-01, Continuous Production in the Blowroom, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-02, Blowroom Process Patrolling and Monitoring, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-03, Maintain Quality Standards for Mixed and Blended Fibre Products from Blowroom Process, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-04, Blowroom Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices, Level 2, 2 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-05, Continuous Production of Carding Processes, Level 2, 12 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-06, Carding Process Patrolling and Monitoring, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-07, Maintain Quality Standards for Carded Products, Level 2, 9 Credits.
  • 715101-001-00-00-WM-08, Carding Room Safety Standards and Housekeeping Practices, Level 2, 2 Credits.
    Total number of Credits for Work Experience Modules: 64. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Prepare the textile blowroom and carding machines for production of carded fibres (load, select raw material, conduct pre-start inspection).
    2. Operate (start, stop and doff) the relevant textile blowroom and carding machines to achieve continuous production.
    3. Patrol and monitor textile blowroom and carding processes for the mixing, blending and carding of fibres and production of carded fibres to optimise production of the blended fibre and the carded fibres.
    4. Monitor quality of blended fibre and carded fibre products according to specification requirements.
    5. Apply all safety, housekeeping and waste control standards to textile blowroom and carding machine processes. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Correctly interpret product and raw material specifications to ensure that the correct blend of fibres is laid down in commencement of the blowroom process.
  • Check all blowroom and carding machines to ensure that they are functional and safe to use.
  • Conduct pre-start-up sequence ensuring safety mechanisms are functional and moving parts of blowroom and carding machines are in good working order for relevant processes.
  • Ensure that sufficient raw material is available to ensure continuity of supply after start-up of machines for blowroom and carding processes.
  • Identify appropriate quality requirements and any non-conformances in the blending of fibres and production of sliver and take corrective action for the carding process.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Apply the start-up sequence of blowroom and carding machines.
  • Operate blowroom and carding machines to achieve continuous production for two processes.
  • Perform stopping and doffing procedures as required for blowroom and carding production processes.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Apply the correct patrolling system and monitoring process for achieving the correct product quality and production for blowroom and carding processes.
  • Apply appropriate production procedures and identify any non-conformances in blowroom and carding machines and machine parts which may result in inferior product being produced for the two processes.
  • Observe the blowroom and carding processes ensuring there is no interference with blowroom and carding machine production flow and removal of trash during the production process.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Monitor the blending and opening of fibre with the objective to identify and rectify non-conformances in the blowroom process.
  • Monitor the formation of the fibre web to identify breaks and take corrective action should any non-conformances occur in the carding process and monitor the proper formation of sliver from the web and detect product faults such as uneven sliver, process faults such as disturbance in the web and machine faults such as coiler being blocked and ensure that corrective action is taken to address deviations for the carding process;
  • Identify appropriate quality requirements and any non-conformances in the blending of fibres and production of sliver and take corrective action for the carding process.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
  • Perform safety checks when starting machines and during operation of blowroom and carding machines.
  • Apply good housekeeping practices including the segregation of various types of waste for blowroom and carding production processes.
  • Accurately record and report incidents (safety) and occurrences for blowroom and carding processes.
  • Observe and report changes in the environment of blowroom and carding production processes.

    Integrated Assessment:
    Integrated Formative Assessment:
    The skills development provider will use the curriculum to guide them on the stipulated internal assessment criteria and weighting. They will also apply the scope of practical skills and applied knowledge as stipulated by the internal assessment criteria. This formative assessment leads to entrance into the integrated external summative assessment.

    Integrated Summative Assessment:
    An external integrated summative assessment, conducted through the relevant Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) Assessment Quality Partner is required for the issuing of this qualification. The external integrated summative assessment will focus on the Exit Level outcomes and Associated Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The Indian National Occupational Standards focus on a range of jobs within the textile spinning preparatory sub-sector production covering key processes such as blowroom and carding operations. These NOS refer to the spinning preparatory department and continuous processes and an operator is expected to operate the machines in sequence. The context of operation also includes the continuous feed of fibre from the blowroom machines to the carding machine.

    The following Indian Textile units have been identified for comparison:
  • Blowroom Operator.
  • Carding Operator.

    The content of the two National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector from India covers compulsory occupational aspects such as shift hand-over, operating machinery, machine cleaning and maintenance, working in a team, health and safety in the workplace, compliance with standard operating procedures, conformity to production and quality standards, completion of admin/reporting records, communication with supervisors and so forth.

    Content which is specific to blowroom operations includes correct laydown of bales, running the machines, working with a bale opener and ensuring quality of product and proper segregation of contaminations, ensuring proper functioning of all machines and thus ensuring the opened and cleaned fibre gets transported to the carding department via chute/lap feed system. Content referring to work experience is included as technical skills with a focus on procedures and compliance to procedures.

    Content which is specific to carding operations includes operating the carding machine, piecing-up of sliver, doffing procedures, monitoring quality of the sliver being produced, attending to machine stoppage, segregating waste and so forth.

    Credits and duration have not been determined and no comparison could be performed. Performance criteria, which will serve the purpose of assessment for different yarn preparation machines, have been developed consisting of performance criteria with assigned marks proportional to their importance.

    New Zeeland:
    The New Zealand National Certificate in Textile Manufacture (Operations) (Level 2) is structured to cover a number of strands in the textile industry from which the learner could select categories of elective units as appropriate to the work context. Not all units within the qualification are therefore applicable to the blowroom and carding machine departments and operations.

    Units cover various generic aspects related to occupational safety and general working practices such as productivity, product quality, sustaining process improvements and competitiveness. They also include aspects related to generic machine operation such as machine safety, handling of materials, product quality, minor machine maintenance, raw material identification and description, fault finding and access and use of textile production information.

    The units specifically relating to blowroom and carding machine operations were selected from the Core Yarn Processing, Top-Making, Semi-Worsted and Worsted Processing, Woollen Yarn Processing and Wool Scouring categories and include:
  • Process fibres in a blending system.
  • Hand fettle and clean a textile carding machine.
  • Blend and open greasy wool.
  • Press wool.
  • Undertake carding processes.
  • Vacuum fettle a textile carding machine.
  • Card fibre on a semi-worsted or worsted card.
  • Card fibre on a woollen card.

    These units cover concepts of skills development, performance criteria acquisition of skills and a sound basis of technical knowledge. The essential skills and knowledge are listed, however the level purported to be specified, is absent. The New Zealand qualification is set at Level 2 on the New Zealand Qualifications Framework (NZQF) but entry requirements are not specified. It is therefore unclear whether the prerequisites would in fact refer to entry level requirements or to other prerequisites.

    Conclusion:
    The above mentioned qualifications have similarities with this qualification regarding the practical skills, knowledge needed by an operator and operational context and processes. It can be concluded that the South African qualification compares well with the National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector as well as the National Certificate in Textile Manufacture (Operations) (Level 2). 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    Horizontal Articulation:
    This qualification articulates horizontally with the:
  • Occupational Certificate: Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator, Level 2.

    Vertical Articulation:
    This qualification articulates vertically with the:
  • National Certificate: N3 Spinning Mechanician: Long Staple - Worsted, Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    Qualifying for External Assessment:
    In order to qualify for an external assessment, learners must provide proof of completion of all required modules by means of statements of results and work experience records.

    Additional Legal or Physical Entry Requirements:
    None.

    Criteria for the Accreditation of Providers:
  • Accreditation of providers will be done against the criteria as reflected in the relevant curriculum on the Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) website.
    The curriculum title and code is: Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator: 715101-001-00-00.

    Encompassed Trades:
    This qualification encompasses the following trades as recorded on the National Learners' Records Database (NLRD):
  • This is not a trade qualification.

    Qualifications Related To The Fibre Preparation Production Machine Operator Occupation:
  • 715101-001-00-00, Occupational Certificate: Textile Blowroom and Carding Machine Operator, Level 2, 160 Credits.
  • 715101-002-00-00, Occupational Certificate: Textile Drawframe and Speedframe Machine Operator, Level 2, 159 Credits.
  • 715101-003-00-00, Occupational Certificate: Textile Carding and Drawframe Machine Operator, Level 2, 157 Credits.
  • 715101-004-00-00, Occupational Certificate: Textile Sliver Lap, Combing and Drawframe Machine Operator, Level 2, 195 Credits. 

  • LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.