SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Occupational Certificate: Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
103148  Occupational Certificate: Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator 
ORIGINATOR
Development Quality Partner - FPMSETA (MAN) 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
-   OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Occupational Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  170  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Regular-ELOAC 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
EXCO 05164/18  2018-09-12  2023-09-12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-09-12   2027-09-12  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:
The purpose of this qualification is to equip a learner with the knowledge, skills and competencies to perform duties as a Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator. The Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator operates textile dry finishing and heat setting machines to improve the appearance and handle of fabric or other textile products to customer specifications or for subsequent processing at optimum efficiency levels. The learner will be expected to select two of the following processes: calendaring, embossing, moré finishing, decatizing, heat setting, stentering or stretching.

Qualifying learners will have acquired the competencies to operate textile dry finishing and heat setting machines during calendaring, embossing, moré finishing, decatizing, heat setting, stentering or stretching processes to full capacity as required by the company, detect deviations in set standards and react appropriately to address such deviations related to the machine operation, conversion process and product quality. They will have a thorough understanding of the importance of achieving and maintaining quantity standards related to aspects such as machine efficiency and minimising machine down-time as well as quality standards for finished and heat set products.

A qualified learner will be able to:
  • Identify correct substrates for textile dry finishing and heat setting processing.
  • Operate textile dry finishing and heat setting machines and monitor processes and products.
  • Recognise the principles of textile dry finishing and heat setting processes and identify quality requirements related to textile dry finishing and heat setting products.
  • Comply with company safety, housekeeping and waste control measures related to textile dry finishing and heat setting processes.

    Rationale:
    The textile industry is in a growth phase due to the ongoing support by government with new employment opportunities being created in specialised textiles. The replacement of an ageing workforce approaching retirement will create employment opportunities. The Occupational Certificate: Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator are well suited to promote employment in capital intensive sub-sectors in the textile industry in general. The qualification will contribute to improved productivity, efficiency and quality, increase labour stability, reduce accidents, and extend the life of production machinery and equipment.

    In July 2007, Cabinet endorsed the first Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) that detailed key action and timeframes for the implementation of the policy. The textile sector was selected for support due to its strategic importance for its contribution to employment and the desire to retain the core capabilities that had been developed in the industry. The Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Programme (CTCP) was introduced in 2009 and is subdivided into the Competitiveness Improvement Programme (CIP) and Production Incentive Programme (PIP). Both CIP and PIP make provision for skills development, aimed at addressing the persistent skills deficits and mismatches that continue to hamper individual and technological development. This qualification will support the above national strategies.

    In 2013, the Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) industry accounted for about 14% of manufacturing employment and represented South Africa's second largest source of tax revenue. The industry facilitates an estimated 80 000 jobs and contributes around 8% to the Gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.

    The textile industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng. Two distinct groups have been identified. Firstly, new entrants into the industry who have a school qualification or adults with limited basic schooling, and secondly, existing employees/operators who have been operating in the industry for a number of years without receiving appropriate recognition for the competencies acquired in the workplace and who are operating without the necessary underpinning knowledge.

    Owing to technological developments that are closing the major product gaps, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions.

    This qualification intends to increase job security and improve employability in this occupation as well as in related operational activities. In addition, the qualification will assist towards qualifying a learner for career advancement, particularly into a supervisory or artisanal role.

    Various employer organisations and a trade union participated in the process of developing this qualification by identifying representatives to participate in the working groups and supplying input and comment during the consultation processes. These are:
  • South African Cotton Textile Processing Employers' Association (SACTPEA).
  • South African Carpet Manufacturing Employers' Association (SACMEA).
  • National Manufactured Fibres Employers' Association (NMFEA).
  • National Association of Worsted Textile Manufacturers (NAWTM).
  • Narrow Fabric Manufacturers Association (NFMA).
  • South African Wool and Mohair Processors' Employers' Organisation (SAWAMPEO).
  • National Textile Manufacturers' Association (NTMA).
  • South African Home Textiles Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (HOMETEX).
  • South African Blankets Manufacturers Employers' Organisation (SABMEO).
  • South African Clothing and Textile Workers Union (SACTWU) (Trade Union). 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
    RPL for Access to the External Integrated Summative Assessment:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces must apply the internal assessment criteria specified in the related curriculum document to establish and confirm prior learning. Accredited providers and workplaces must confirm prior learning by issuing a statement of result or certifying a work experience record.

    RPL for Access to the Qualification:
    Accredited providers and approved workplaces may recognise prior learning against the relevant access requirements.

    Entry Requirements:
  • NQF Level 1 qualification with communication.
    Or
  • 3 years of workplace experience in a Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Department. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification consists of compulsory Knowledge, Practical Skills and Work Experience modules at Level 2 totalling 170 Credits.

    Knowledge Modules, 40 Credits:
  • 715206-003-00-00-KM-01 Textile Production and Manufacturing Concepts, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-KM-02 Applied Numerical Literacy in the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-KM-03 Applied English Literacy for the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-KM-04 Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Processes Technology, Level 2, 24 Credits.

    Practical Skill Modules, 70 Credits:
  • 715206-003-00-00-PM-01 Operate relevant Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machines to produce Improved Surface and required Finish to Textile Products, Level 2, 24 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-PM-02 Monitor relevant Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machines to achieve and maintain Optimum Production Efficiency Level, Level 2, 21 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-PM-03 Check, Inspect and Maintain Quality Standards by identifying Product Faults of relevant Textile Dry Finished and Heat Set Products and take Remedial Actions, Level 2, 18 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-PM-04 Comply with Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, Housekeeping Practices and Waste Control Measures in a relevant Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Department, Level 2, 7 Credits.

    Work Experience Modules, 60 Credits:
  • 715206-003-00-00-WM-01 Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operation, Level 2, 25 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-WM-02 Optimum Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Process Efficiency Levels, Level 2 16 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-WM-03 Monitoring Textile Dry Finished and Heat Set Products Quality Achieved and Maintained Level 2, 16 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00-WM-04 Occupational, Health and Safety, Housekeeping and Waste Control Compliance in the Finishing and Heat Setting Department, Level 2, 3 Credits. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Prepare the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machines and load them with the required raw materials as specified in the product specification in order to ensure that the machines are fully prepared for the efficient operation of textile dry finishing and heat setting processes.
    2. Operate the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machines adhering to all safety rules and regulations by starting, stopping and inching the machines and doffing the completed product in order to achieve smooth machine operation and achieve optimum output levels.
    3. Patrol and monitor the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machines and processes regularly in order to identify and take corrective action timeously on any machine and process abnormalities.
    4. Inspect and monitor the quality of the products being produced during production process and at the exit point of the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machines and take corrective action on all defect products in order to maintain the quality of finished products as specified in product specifications.
    5. List and apply the safety, housekeeping and waste control procedures and practices in compliance with health, safety and environmental legislation and adhere to company policies and procedures for the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machines/processes. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Details of the product specification are identified and applied for the textile dry finishing and heat setting process and the correct substrates to be used are identified and recognised.
  • Machine parts are identified and pre-start checks and inspection procedures and basic machine maintenance are carried out.
  • Machine settings such as fabric tension, temperature, fabric width, length of product, tension rollers and selvedge guides of the relevant machine are identified and adjusted.
  • Specified substrates are loaded as per standard operating procedure onto the textile dry finishing and heat setting machine.
  • Information is identified and recorded on production documentation for traceability purposes.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Procedures for activating machine controls and starting and stopping the relevant machine are identified and applied.
  • Completed rolls of the product are doffed adhering to all safety requirements and documentation procedures.
  • Various types of machine stoppages and factors affecting machine efficiency attended to.
  • Availability of the substrates throughout the process is ensured for optimization of textile dry finishing and heat setting processes.
  • Safety and environmental company procedures are applied during operations.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • The correct patrolling sequence of the relevant machine and process is applied and the consequences of incorrect patrolling sequence are described.
  • Types of machine and process deviations are identified and attended to.
  • Procedures and purpose of calibrating the measuring tools and equipment are applied and justified.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Product faults are identified and possible causes are described and corrective action is taken.
  • Product is checked and regularly inspected for faults during the production process and necessary corrective action is taken on all quality deviations.
  • Product is monitored and inspected at exit point for quality deviations and necessary corrective action is taken.
  • The quality standards and customer requirements are achieved.
  • Active participation in quality change activities is demonstrated as per standard operating procedures for the relevant textile dry finishing and heat setting machine.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
  • The importance of health and safety procedures and environmental practices for the textile dry finishing and heat setting machine are justified and complied with.
  • Housekeeping and waste control procedures are conducted and the consequences of non-compliance are described.
  • Production information and data are recorded in appropriate production documentation.

    Integrated Assessment:
    Integrated Formative Assessment:
    The skills development provider will use the curriculum to guide them on the stipulated internal assessment criteria and weighting. They will also apply the scope of practical skills and applied knowledge as stipulated by the internal assessment criteria. This formative assessment leads to entrance into the integrated external summative assessment.

    Integrated Summative Assessment:
    An external integrated summative assessment, conducted through the relevant Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) Assessment Quality Partner is required for the issuing of this qualification. The external integrated summative assessment will focus on the Exit Level Outcomes and Associated Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The Indian National Occupational Standards focusses on a range of jobs within the textile finishing sub-sector production covering key processes such as stentering, singeing, desizing, calendaring and sanforising. The following Indian Textile units have been identified for comparison:
  • Stenter Machine Operator.
  • Singeing and Desizing Machine Operator.
  • Calendering Machine Operator.
  • Finishing Machine Operator (Zero-Zero/Compact).

    It focusses on machine operation and monitoring so as to minimise machine stoppages and to achieve maximum production. It also focusses on the tasks of drying, heat setting and finishing of fabric with proper control of parameters to give the desired effect. These tasks require the individual to have a thorough knowledge of process flow and material flow in a processing mill for fabric production.

    The content of the four National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector from India covers compulsory occupational standards such as: shift hand-over; operating machinery as per specified task; machine cleaning and maintenance; working in a team; health and safety in the workplace; compliance with standard operating procedures, conformity to production and quality standards, completion of admin/reporting records; communication with supervisors; and so forth. It prepares the operator for carrying out preparatory activities in the machine, operating the Sanforizing machine for the specified task as per work order, checking the fabric for feel, lustre and other parameters as specified, checking the quality of finished fabric and maintaining work area and tools by doing basic cleaning. The operator is also responsible for identifying, reporting and correcting defects during the process.

    The Indian National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector reflects the occupational standards for specific jobs in drying, heat setting and finishing of fabric separately and has components referring to knowledge and understanding, as well as workplace requirements and organizational context. There is, however, no reference to the practical skills that the learner will acquire. Credits and duration have not been determined and no comparison could be performed. Performance criteria, which will serve the purpose of assessment for different yarn preparation machines, have been developed consisting of performance criteria with assigned marks proportional to its importance.

    Australia:
    Units from the Certificate II in Technical Textiles and Non-wovens cover various generic aspects related to occupational safety and general working practices such as teamwork, computer operation, productivity, sustaining process improvements and competitiveness. They also include aspects related to generic machine operation such as: machine safety; handling of materials; product quality; minor machine maintenance; changeover activities; raw material identification and description; fault finding; and access and use of textile production information. The units specifically relating to textile dry finishing operations are:
  • Conduct Heat Setting on Technical Textiles.
  • Conduct Technical Textile Mechanical Finishing Processes.

    With regards to heat setting, the Australian units include compulsory operational standards and performance criteria such as: prepare for heat setting process; load technical textile; operate and monitor heat setting machines; conduct pre-heat settings tests; read and interpret work specifications; set machine controls such as temperature, speed, fans, etc.; comply with work instructions and standard operating procedures; adhere to shift handover procedures; carry out machine cleaning and maintenance; work within a team; comply with health and safety in the workplace; and waste control practices.

    The Australian units state that heat setting is mainly conducted on synthetic technical textiles especially nylon and polyester and that the machines include stenters, dryers, curing and heat setting ovens and steamers. They have a focus on textile products that have been manufactured for special technical performance and applications. They specifically mention that clothing, carpet or furnishing textile products are generally not regarded as technical textile unless a specific technical feature which is normally found in clothing, carpet or furnishing has been added, such as special fire retardant treatment.

    Entry requirements are not specified in the Australian qualification therefore it is unclear whether the prerequisites would in fact refer to entry level requirements or other prerequisites.

    This qualification is set at Level 2 on the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Credits or hours of learning are not specified.

    Conclusion:
    It can be concluded that the Occupational Certificate: Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator compares well with the above cited international qualifications. The level of complexity is similar and reflects what one would expect to find in a work based qualification for a Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    Horizontal Articulation:
  • Occupational Certificate: Textile Dry Fringing Machine Operator, Level 2.

    Vertical Articulation:
  • National Certificate: Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) Mechanician Processes, Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    Qualifying for External Assessment:
    In order to qualify for an external assessment, learners must provide proof of completion of all required modules by means of statements of results and work experience records.

    Additional Legal or Physical Entry Requirements:
  • None

    Criteria for the Accreditation of Providers:
    Accreditation of providers will be done against the criteria as reflected in the relevant curriculum on the Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) website.
    The curriculum title and code is: Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator: 715206-003-00-00.

    Encompassed Trades:
    This qualification encompasses the following trades as recorded on the National Learners' Records Database (NLRD):
  • This is not a trade qualification.

    Qualifications Related to the Textile Dry Finishing Machine Operator Occupation:
  • 715206-001-00-00, Textile Dry Fringing Machine Operator, Level 2, 150 Credits.
  • 715206-002-00-00, Textile Dry Product Surface Preparation Machine Operator, Level 2, 170 Credits.
  • 715206-003-00-00, Textile Dry Finishing and Heat Setting Machine Operator, Level 2, 170 Credits. 

  • LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.