SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Occupational Certificate: Weaving Machine Operator 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
101384  Occupational Certificate: Weaving Machine Operator 
ORIGINATOR
Development Quality Partner - FPMSETA (MAN) 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
-   OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Occupational Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  180  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Regular-ELOAC 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:
The purpose of this qualification is to prepare a learner to operate as a Weaving Machine Operator.

A qualified learner will be able to:
  • Assist with cleaning, preparing, setting-up and loading weaving machines (looms) and drawing the yarns according to product specifications and the yarn/thread path.
  • Operate relevant weaving machines (looms) to produce woven fabrics and/or carpets.
  • Patrol and monitor weaving processes to ensure maximum machine utilisation and minimise product and process non-conformance.
  • Inspect woven products against the specification, quality standards or approved sample and respond to quality deviations.
  • Apply all safety standards and housekeeping practices when operating weaving machines (looms) to minimise hazards and waste.

    Rationale
    The Occupational Certificate: Weaving Machine Operator is designed to provide learners with basic operational knowledge of operating a weaving machine. A Weaving Machine Operator operates weaving machines (looms) to process textile yarns into woven fabrics or carpets according to specifications and output and quality standards.

    In 2013, the Clothing, Textiles, Footwear and Leather (CTFL) industry accounted for about 14% of manufacturing employment and represented South Africa's second largest source of tax revenue. The industry facilitates an estimated 80 000 jobs and contributes around 8% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. The domestic industry can be found mostly in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, with some activity taking place in Gauteng. Owing to technological developments that are closing the major product gaps, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions.

    In July 2007, Cabinet endorsed the first Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) that detailed key action and timeframes for the implementation of the policy. The textile sector was selected for support due to its strategic importance for its contribution to employment and the desire to retain the core capabilities that had been developed in the industry. The Clothing and Textiles Competitiveness Program (CTCP) was introduced in 2009 and is subdivided into the Competitiveness Improvement Program (CIP) and Production Incentive Program (PIP). Both CIP and PIP make provision for skills development, aimed at addressing the persistent skills deficits and mismatches that continue to hamper individual and technological development. This qualification will support the above national strategies. Two distinct groups have been identified. Firstly, new entrants into the industry who have a school qualification or adults with limited basic schooling, and existing employees/operators who have been operating in the industry for a number of years without receiving appropriate recognition for the competencies acquired in the workplace and who are operating without the necessary underpinning knowledge.

    The textile industry is in a growth phase due to the ongoing support by government with new employment opportunities being created in specialised textiles. The replacement of an ageing workforce approaching retirement will create employment opportunities. The qualification is very well suited to promote employment in capital intensive sub-sectors in the textile industry in general.

    This qualification will contribute in improved productivity, efficiency and quality, increase labour stability, reduction in accidents, and the extended life of the production machinery and equipment. Qualifying against the new curriculum standard due to its multi-skilling nature and structure of learning will increase job security and improve employability in this occupation as well as in related operational activities. In addition, the qualification will also assist towards qualifying for career advancement, particularly into a supervisory or artisanal role. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
    RPL for access to the external integrated summative assessment: Accredited providers and approved workplaces must apply the internal assessment criteria specified in the related curriculum document to establish and confirm prior learning. Accredited providers and workplaces must confirm prior learning by issuing a statement of result or certifying a work experience record.

    RPL for access to the qualification: Accredited providers and approved workplaces may recognise prior learning against the relevant access requirements.

    Entry Requirements:
  • Level 1 with communication.
    Or
  • 3 years of workplace experience in a Weaving Department. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification consists of compulsory Knowledge, Practical Skill and Work Experience modules at Level 2 totalling 180 Credits.

    Knowledge Modules, 40 Credits:
  • 715201000-KM-01, Weaving Process Technology, Level 2, 24 Credits.
  • 715201000-KM-02, Textile Production and Manufacturing Concepts, Level 2, 8 Credits.
  • 715201000-KM-03, Applied Numerical Literacy in the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715201000-KM-04, Applied English Literacy for the Textile Industry, Level 2, 4 Credits.

    Practical Skill Modules, 75 Credits:
  • 715201000-PM-01, Prepare weaving machines (looms) for production by cleaning, loading, threading and setting the machine, Level 2, 11 Credits.
  • 715201000-PM-02, Operate weaving machines (looms) by checking, starting, controlling (adjust/fix) and stopping the machine to ensure continuous operation and machine productivity, Level 2, 28 Credits.
  • 715201000-PM-03, Patrol and monitor weaving processes to ensure maximum machine utilisation and minimal product and process non-conformance, Level 2, 28 Credits.
  • 715201000-PM-04, Inspect quality of woven products by identifying product faults and taking appropriate action, Level 2, 4 Credits.
  • 715201000-PM-05, Ensure a clean and safe working environment by complying with safety regulations and housekeeping practices, Level 2, 4 Credits.

    Work Experience Modules, 65 Credits:
  • 715201000-WM-01, Weaving machines (looms) prepared and loaded for the production of narrow fabrics or wide fabrics or carpets or terry cloth or circular woven fabrics, Level 2, 11 Credits.
  • 715201000-WM-02, Weaving machines (looms) operated for the production of narrow fabrics or wide fabrics or carpets or terry cloth or circular woven fabrics, Level 2, 24 Credits.
  • 715201000-WM-03, Weaving process for narrow fabrics or wide fabrics or carpets or terry cloth or circular fabrics, Level 2, 24 Credits.
  • 715201000-WM-04, Quality standards for products in a weaving or carpet manufacturing process, Level 2, 3 Credits.
  • 715201000-WM-05, Safe working and good housekeeping practices in weaving or carpet manufacturing processes, Level 2, 3 Credits. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Understand and interpret weaving specifications to ensure woven products meet customer requirements and quality standards.
    2. Pre-production processes are conducted in order to prepare and set weaving machines (looms) for production.
    3. Operate and monitor weaving machines (looms) to convert yarn into woven fabric according to set standards.
    4. Identify and rectify deviations from specifications to ensure products meet customer and quality requirements. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Specifications/job cards are read and the meaning of contents explained to demonstrate accurate interpretation and understanding.
  • Raw materials are identified from labels in order to select specified raw materials.
  • Yarn codes are correctly interpreted to ensure correct raw materials for the product are selected.
  • Diagrams for draw-ins and pattern chains are interpreted correctly to ensure specified weave pattern.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Weaving machine (loom) parts and components are identified and named from a diagram or photo.
  • Functions of weaving machine (loom) parts and components are explained using correct terminology.
  • Safety hazards and safety features of weaving machines (looms) are listed or labelled to demonstrate awareness of safety risks.
  • Personal protective equipment and clothing required are selected from a list according to work area requirements.
  • Steps in a quality changeover procedure are described in relation to own area of responsibility.
  • Cleaning of weaving machines (looms) parts is explained as required for a quality change and with regard for safety.
  • Cleaning of weaving machines (looms) is explained in relation to the importance of limiting contamination.
  • Steps and procedures for loading weaving machines (looms) are explained in correct sequence.
  • Typical loading errors are identified and explained with awareness of consequences to machine and product.
  • Safe handling of weaving machinery and equipment is explained to demonstrate understanding of safety risk areas.
  • Steps and procedures for weaving machines (looms) set-up and weaving machines (looms) settings are explained in correct sequence and with regard for accuracy.
  • Lock-out procedures are explained in relation to machine and operator safety.
  • Consequences of incorrect settings are explained in relation to machine damage and product quality standards.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • Pre-start weaving machines (looms) checks are listed, described and explained with emphasis on the importance of pre-start checks.
  • Pre-start safety checks are listed or described with emphasis on the importance of safety checks.
  • Starting procedures are explained in sequence.
  • Safe working or operating procedures are described demonstrating understanding of safety risks.
  • The importance of the woven product (sample and bulk-state) matching the specification is explained in terms of customer requirements.
  • Patrolling procedures and in-process inspections are described with reference to machine performance and quality standards.
  • Doffing (product removal) procedures are explained in sequence and in accordance with safety standards.
  • Labelling the product is explained in terms of process flow.
  • Accurate completion of production records is explained in terms of monitoring production output.
  • Weaving machine efficiency and productivity status are calculated from given data demonstrating ability to interpret data and draw conclusions from results.
  • Importance of traceability is explained in terms of quality systems and standards.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Typical product faults are identified, causes explained and corrections recommended that demonstrate an understanding of cause and effect.
  • Weaving machine (loom) faults are identified, causes explained and corrections recommended that demonstrate an understanding of cause and effect.
  • Process faults are identified, causes explained and corrections recommended that demonstrate an understanding of cause and effect.

    Integrated Assessment:
    Integrated Formative Assessment:
    The skills development provider will use the curriculum to guide them on the stipulated internal assessment criteria and weighting. They will also apply the scope of practical skills and applied knowledge as stipulated by the internal assessment criteria. This formative assessment leads to entrance into the integrated external summative assessment.

    Integrated summative assessment:
    An external integrated summative assessment, conducted through the relevant Quality Council for Trades and Occupations (QCTO) Assessment Quality Partner is required for the issuing of this qualification. The external integrated summative assessment will focus on the Exit Level Outcomes and Associated Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The Occupational Certificate: Weaving Machine Operator has been compared to National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector in India and applicable units from the Certificate II in Textile Production (Intermediate) (LMT20107) of the Australian Government and Industry Skills Council.

    The Indian National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector focus on specific jobs in a Weaving Department to run different looms efficiently so as to get maximum output with minimum defects giving due importance to safety and environmental aspects. The National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector applicable to this qualification are:
  • TSC/Q 2201: Automatic shuttle loom operator.
  • TSC/Q 2202: Shuttleless Loom Weaver - Projectile.
  • TSC/Q 2203: Shuttleless Loom Weaver - Rapier.
  • TSC/Q 2204: Shuttleless Loom Weaver - Airjet.

    The content of these National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector cover compulsory occupational aspects such as shift hand-over, operating machinery, machine cleaning and maintenance, working in a team, health and safety in the workplace, compliance with standard operating procedures, conformity to production and quality standards, completion of documentation/reporting records, communication with supervisors and so forth. The National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector are structured to reflect all Weaving Machine Operator occupational tasks individually per type of weaving machine such as Shuttle-Less Loom Weaver (Projectile, Rapier, Air jet) and Automatic Shuttle Loom Operator. The Indian National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector have components referring to knowledge and understanding, as well as workplace requirements and organisational context. However, there is no reference to the practical skills that the learner will acquire.

    Credits and duration have not been determined and no comparison could be performed. The National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector are at National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) Level 4.

    Performance criteria, which will serve the purpose of assessment for different weaving machines have been developed consisting of performance criteria with assigned marks proportional to its importance.

    Units from the Certificate II in Textile Production (Intermediate) (LMT20107) cover various generic aspects related to occupational safety, general working practices such as teamwork, computer operation, productivity, sustaining process improvements and competitiveness. It also includes aspects related to generic machine operation such as machine safety, materials handling, product quality, minor machine maintenance, changeover activities, raw material identification and description, fault finding and access and use of textile production information.

    The units specifically relating to weaving operations are:
  • LMTTX2006B Operate a weaving loom.
  • LMTTX2016B Perform knotting for weaving operations.

    The units LMTTX2006B Operate a weaving loom and LMTTX2016B Perform knotting for weaving operations are process driven and not machine specific. These units deal with the skills and knowledge required by a weaver to prepare, operate, monitor and adjust a weaving loom and these core skills correlate well to the occupational tasks and process knowledge defined in the occupational qualification for a Weaving Machine Operator.

    Entry requirements are not specified in the Australian Qualification. Therefore it is unclear whether the prerequisites would in fact refer to entry level requirements or other prerequisites.

    No credits or weighting of skills and knowledge are specified in the Australian units, neither is the duration. Therefore no comparison could be made.

    The Australian qualification is set at Level 2 on the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF), whereas the South African qualification is set at NQF Level 2 on the South African National Qualifications Framework.

    The Australian qualification specifies assessment in the Evidence Guide. In addition the document mentions that assessment may occur "on the job or in an appropriately simulated environment" and it may be "assessed independently or in combination with other relevant units".

    Conclusion:
    The content of these qualifications regarding the skills and knowledge needed by an operator of a weaving loom are similar and covers weaving contexts and processes. It can be concluded that these qualifications compares well and that this qualification is on par with the requirements of the National Occupational Standards for the Textile Sector as well as the Certificate II in Textile Production (Intermediate) (LMT20107). 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification allows possibilities for both horizontal and vertical articulation.

    Horizontal Articulation:
  • National Certificate: N2 Weaving Mechanician: Narrow Loom; Level 2; 40 Credits.
  • National Certificate: N2 Weaving Mechanician: Rapier, Projectile, Air Jet and Shuttle Loom; Level 2, 40 Credits.
  • National Certificate: N2 Weaving Preparation: Technical Controller; Level 2; 40 Credits.

    Vertical Articulation:
  • National Certificate: N3 Weaving Mechanician: Narrow Loom; Level 3, 40 Credits.
  • National Certificate: N3 Weaving Mechanician: Rapier, Projectile, Air Jet and Shuttle Loom; Level 3, 40 Credits.
  • National Certificate: N3 Weaving Preparation: Technical Controller; Level 3, 40 Credits.
  • National Certificate: N3: Gripper Loom Mechanician; Level 3, 40 Credits. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    N/A 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    N/A 

    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.